Abstract

A new diarylethene doped with poly(methyl methacrylate) film is developed and its characteristics of volume holographic recording are investigated. The maximum diffraction efficiency of the 10µm thick film is 1.2%, and the rewritable hologram recording exhibits its high resolution, fatigue resistance, negligible shrinkage, and long lifetime, which are critical to apply this material to high-density rewritable holographic data storage.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, and D. H. Raguin, “CROP holographic storage media for optical data storage at greater than 100 bits/um2,” Pro. SPIE 5216, 10–25 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  3. X. J. Ke, X. Z. Yan, N. Srisanit, M. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. F. Huang, and S. Z. Zhong, “Holographic storage in carbazole-azo binary compound doped polymer,” Opt. Comm. 217, 69–74 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, N. Kim, and J. H. Kim, “Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene-doped photochromic films,” ETRI Journal 25, 253–257 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Ushamani, K. Sreekumar, C. S. Kartha, and R. Joseph, “Fabrication and Characterization of Methylene-Blue-Doped Polyvinyl Alcohol-Polyacrylic Acid Blend for Holographic Recording,” Appl.Opt. 43, 3697–3703 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Guo, Y. Liao, L. Cao, G. Liu, Q. He, and G. Jin, “Improvement of photorefractive properties and holographic applications of lithium niobate crystal,” Opt. Express 12, 5556–5561 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-22-5556.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. Irie, “Diarylethenes for Memories and Switches,” Chem.Rev. 100, 1685–1716 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Chen, D. X. Zeng, and M. G. Fan, “Synthesis and photochromic properties of functional diarylethene with a 2,5-dihydrothiophene bridging unit,” Org. Lett. 5, 1435–1437 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. SJ Luo, GD Liu, QS He, and GF Jin, “Holographic grating Formation in photochromic diarylethene-doped polymeric thin films,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 107–109 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. T. Kardinahl and H. Franke, “Photoinduced refractive-index changes in fulgide-doped PMMA films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 23–27 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  11. N. Hampp and T. Juchem, “Improvement of the diffraction efficiency and kinetics of holographic gratings in photochromic media by auxiliary light,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2911–2913 (2004).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. R. M. Shellby, D. A. Waldman, and R. T. Ingwall, “Distortions in pixel-matched holographic data storage due to lateral dimensional change of photopolymer storage media,” Opt. Lett. 25, 713–715 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  15. U. Gubler, D. Wright, W. E. Moerner, and M. B. Klein, “Photochromic polymers for the optical homodyne detection of ultrasonic surface displacements,” Opt. Lett. 27, 354–356 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  16. G. H. Zhao and P. Mouroulis, “Diffusion-model of hologram formation in dry photopolymer materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929–1939, (1994).
    [Crossref]

2005 (1)

SJ Luo, GD Liu, QS He, and GF Jin, “Holographic grating Formation in photochromic diarylethene-doped polymeric thin films,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 107–109 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

2003 (4)

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, and D. H. Raguin, “CROP holographic storage media for optical data storage at greater than 100 bits/um2,” Pro. SPIE 5216, 10–25 (2003).
[Crossref]

X. J. Ke, X. Z. Yan, N. Srisanit, M. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. F. Huang, and S. Z. Zhong, “Holographic storage in carbazole-azo binary compound doped polymer,” Opt. Comm. 217, 69–74 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, N. Kim, and J. H. Kim, “Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene-doped photochromic films,” ETRI Journal 25, 253–257 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, D. X. Zeng, and M. G. Fan, “Synthesis and photochromic properties of functional diarylethene with a 2,5-dihydrothiophene bridging unit,” Org. Lett. 5, 1435–1437 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

1995 (1)

T. Kardinahl and H. Franke, “Photoinduced refractive-index changes in fulgide-doped PMMA films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 23–27 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

J. T. Gallo and C. M. Verber, “Model for the effects of material shrinkage on volume holograms,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6797–6804 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. H. Zhao and P. Mouroulis, “Diffusion-model of hologram formation in dry photopolymer materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929–1939, (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1966 (1)

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).
[Crossref]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).
[Crossref]

Ballman, A. A.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).
[Crossref]

Boyd, G. D.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).
[Crossref]

Butler, C. J.

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, and D. H. Raguin, “CROP holographic storage media for optical data storage at greater than 100 bits/um2,” Pro. SPIE 5216, 10–25 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cao, L.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, D. X. Zeng, and M. G. Fan, “Synthesis and photochromic properties of functional diarylethene with a 2,5-dihydrothiophene bridging unit,” Org. Lett. 5, 1435–1437 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, S. Y.

E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, N. Kim, and J. H. Kim, “Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene-doped photochromic films,” ETRI Journal 25, 253–257 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).
[Crossref]

Fan, M. G.

Y. Chen, D. X. Zeng, and M. G. Fan, “Synthesis and photochromic properties of functional diarylethene with a 2,5-dihydrothiophene bridging unit,” Org. Lett. 5, 1435–1437 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Franke, H.

T. Kardinahl and H. Franke, “Photoinduced refractive-index changes in fulgide-doped PMMA films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 23–27 (1995).
[Crossref]

Friesem, A. A.

Gallo, J. T.

Gubler, U.

Guo, Y.

Hampp, N.

He, Q.

He, QS

SJ Luo, GD Liu, QS He, and GF Jin, “Holographic grating Formation in photochromic diarylethene-doped polymeric thin films,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 107–109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Huang, X. F.

X. J. Ke, X. Z. Yan, N. Srisanit, M. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. F. Huang, and S. Z. Zhong, “Holographic storage in carbazole-azo binary compound doped polymer,” Opt. Comm. 217, 69–74 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ingwall, R. T.

Irie, M.

M. Irie, “Diarylethenes for Memories and Switches,” Chem.Rev. 100, 1685–1716 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jin, G.

Jin, GF

SJ Luo, GD Liu, QS He, and GF Jin, “Holographic grating Formation in photochromic diarylethene-doped polymeric thin films,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 107–109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Joseph, R.

M. Ushamani, K. Sreekumar, C. S. Kartha, and R. Joseph, “Fabrication and Characterization of Methylene-Blue-Doped Polyvinyl Alcohol-Polyacrylic Acid Blend for Holographic Recording,” Appl.Opt. 43, 3697–3703 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Juchem, T.

Kardinahl, T.

T. Kardinahl and H. Franke, “Photoinduced refractive-index changes in fulgide-doped PMMA films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 23–27 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kartha, C. S.

M. Ushamani, K. Sreekumar, C. S. Kartha, and R. Joseph, “Fabrication and Characterization of Methylene-Blue-Doped Polyvinyl Alcohol-Polyacrylic Acid Blend for Holographic Recording,” Appl.Opt. 43, 3697–3703 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ke, X. J.

X. J. Ke, X. Z. Yan, N. Srisanit, M. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. F. Huang, and S. Z. Zhong, “Holographic storage in carbazole-azo binary compound doped polymer,” Opt. Comm. 217, 69–74 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, E.

E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, N. Kim, and J. H. Kim, “Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene-doped photochromic films,” ETRI Journal 25, 253–257 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. H.

E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, N. Kim, and J. H. Kim, “Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene-doped photochromic films,” ETRI Journal 25, 253–257 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, N.

E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, N. Kim, and J. H. Kim, “Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene-doped photochromic films,” ETRI Journal 25, 253–257 (2003).
[Crossref]

Klein, M. B.

Krongauz, V. A.

Levinstein, J. J.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).
[Crossref]

Liao, Y.

Liu, G.

Liu, GD

SJ Luo, GD Liu, QS He, and GF Jin, “Holographic grating Formation in photochromic diarylethene-doped polymeric thin films,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 107–109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Luo, SJ

SJ Luo, GD Liu, QS He, and GF Jin, “Holographic grating Formation in photochromic diarylethene-doped polymeric thin films,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 107–109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Moerner, W. E.

Mouroulis, P.

G. H. Zhao and P. Mouroulis, “Diffusion-model of hologram formation in dry photopolymer materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929–1939, (1994).
[Crossref]

Nassau, K.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, N. Kim, and J. H. Kim, “Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene-doped photochromic films,” ETRI Journal 25, 253–257 (2003).
[Crossref]

Raguin, D. H.

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, and D. H. Raguin, “CROP holographic storage media for optical data storage at greater than 100 bits/um2,” Pro. SPIE 5216, 10–25 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shellby, R. M.

Smith, R. G.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).
[Crossref]

Sreekumar, K.

M. Ushamani, K. Sreekumar, C. S. Kartha, and R. Joseph, “Fabrication and Characterization of Methylene-Blue-Doped Polyvinyl Alcohol-Polyacrylic Acid Blend for Holographic Recording,” Appl.Opt. 43, 3697–3703 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Srisanit, N.

X. J. Ke, X. Z. Yan, N. Srisanit, M. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. F. Huang, and S. Z. Zhong, “Holographic storage in carbazole-azo binary compound doped polymer,” Opt. Comm. 217, 69–74 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ushamani, M.

M. Ushamani, K. Sreekumar, C. S. Kartha, and R. Joseph, “Fabrication and Characterization of Methylene-Blue-Doped Polyvinyl Alcohol-Polyacrylic Acid Blend for Holographic Recording,” Appl.Opt. 43, 3697–3703 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Verber, C. M.

Waldman, D. A.

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, and D. H. Raguin, “CROP holographic storage media for optical data storage at greater than 100 bits/um2,” Pro. SPIE 5216, 10–25 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. M. Shellby, D. A. Waldman, and R. T. Ingwall, “Distortions in pixel-matched holographic data storage due to lateral dimensional change of photopolymer storage media,” Opt. Lett. 25, 713–715 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

X. J. Ke, X. Z. Yan, N. Srisanit, M. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. F. Huang, and S. Z. Zhong, “Holographic storage in carbazole-azo binary compound doped polymer,” Opt. Comm. 217, 69–74 (2003).
[Crossref]

Weiss, V.

Wright, D.

Yan, X. Z.

X. J. Ke, X. Z. Yan, N. Srisanit, M. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. F. Huang, and S. Z. Zhong, “Holographic storage in carbazole-azo binary compound doped polymer,” Opt. Comm. 217, 69–74 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. W.

X. J. Ke, X. Z. Yan, N. Srisanit, M. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. F. Huang, and S. Z. Zhong, “Holographic storage in carbazole-azo binary compound doped polymer,” Opt. Comm. 217, 69–74 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zeng, D. X.

Y. Chen, D. X. Zeng, and M. G. Fan, “Synthesis and photochromic properties of functional diarylethene with a 2,5-dihydrothiophene bridging unit,” Org. Lett. 5, 1435–1437 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, G. H.

G. H. Zhao and P. Mouroulis, “Diffusion-model of hologram formation in dry photopolymer materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929–1939, (1994).
[Crossref]

Zhong, S. Z.

X. J. Ke, X. Z. Yan, N. Srisanit, M. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. F. Huang, and S. Z. Zhong, “Holographic storage in carbazole-azo binary compound doped polymer,” Opt. Comm. 217, 69–74 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (1)

T. Kardinahl and H. Franke, “Photoinduced refractive-index changes in fulgide-doped PMMA films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 23–27 (1995).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).
[Crossref]

Appl.Opt. (1)

M. Ushamani, K. Sreekumar, C. S. Kartha, and R. Joseph, “Fabrication and Characterization of Methylene-Blue-Doped Polyvinyl Alcohol-Polyacrylic Acid Blend for Holographic Recording,” Appl.Opt. 43, 3697–3703 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem.Rev. (1)

M. Irie, “Diarylethenes for Memories and Switches,” Chem.Rev. 100, 1685–1716 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

SJ Luo, GD Liu, QS He, and GF Jin, “Holographic grating Formation in photochromic diarylethene-doped polymeric thin films,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 107–109 (2005).
[Crossref]

ETRI Journal (1)

E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, N. Kim, and J. H. Kim, “Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene-doped photochromic films,” ETRI Journal 25, 253–257 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

G. H. Zhao and P. Mouroulis, “Diffusion-model of hologram formation in dry photopolymer materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929–1939, (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Comm. (1)

X. J. Ke, X. Z. Yan, N. Srisanit, M. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. F. Huang, and S. Z. Zhong, “Holographic storage in carbazole-azo binary compound doped polymer,” Opt. Comm. 217, 69–74 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Org. Lett. (1)

Y. Chen, D. X. Zeng, and M. G. Fan, “Synthesis and photochromic properties of functional diarylethene with a 2,5-dihydrothiophene bridging unit,” Org. Lett. 5, 1435–1437 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pro. SPIE (1)

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, and D. H. Raguin, “CROP holographic storage media for optical data storage at greater than 100 bits/um2,” Pro. SPIE 5216, 10–25 (2003).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Scheme 1.
Scheme 1.

Photoisomerization of the diarylethene.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Absorption of the diarylethene doped PMMA film at open-ring form 1a (solid line) and closed-ring form1b (dashed line).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Theoretical simulation of normalized concentration of molecules 1b for T 0<T 1<T 2<T 3 under illumination. The grating form changes from a sinusoidal shape at low exposures (linear part) to a “rectangular” shape at high exposures (nonlinear part)

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Diffraction efficiency dynamics during holographic recording

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental setup for holographic recording and readout. HP1 and HP2: half-wave plates, S1 and S2: shutters, M1 and M2: reflecting mirrors, PBS: polarized beam-splitting prism, EL: beam-expanding lens, FL1 and FL2: Fourier lens, RC: resolution chart.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Original resolution chart image without the sample film in the beam path; (b) attenuated see-through resolution chart image with the sample film in the beam path; (c) resolution chart image reconstructed with the reference beam (d) resolution chart image reconstructed with the reference beam after 100 write/erase cycles.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The reconstruction of the recorded hologram after the sample had been kept for ten months in darkness at room temperature.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

u b ( x , t ) = u 0 exp { t τ [ 1 + m cos ( 2 π x Λ ) ] } ,
u b ( x , t ) = u b 0 ( t ) + u b 1 ( t ) cos ( 2 π x Λ )
= u 0 exp ( t τ ) u 0 m t τ exp ( t τ ) cos ( 2 π x Λ ) ,
η = k [ u 0 mt τ exp ( t τ ) ] 2 ,

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