Abstract

A novel scheme for a tunable all-optical logic NOR gate is presented that is based on a semiconductor fiber ring laser. In this new configuration a semiconductor optical amplifier is employed not only as the operational medium for cross-gain modulation effect to form a logic gate, but also as the active medium for a fiber ring laser that is designed to replace the continuous-wave light required in many other schemes. All-optical logic NOR operation is successfully demonstrated experimentally by use of 10 Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) signals. An output extinction ratio higher than 10.3 dB can be obtained over the 40 nm tuning range except for a 4 nm gap around the input wavelength.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, K. Vlachos, T. Papakyriakopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, F. Girardin, G. Guekos, R. Dall�??Ara, S. Hansmann, and H. Burkhard, �??All-Optical XOR in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Assisted Fiber Sagnac Gate,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 334�??336 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall�??Ara, �??20 Gb/s All-Optical XOR with UNI Gate,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834�??836 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, �??Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 1863-1864 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R.P. Webb, R.J. Manning, G.D. Maxwell, and A.J. Poustie, �??40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,�?? Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, C. Janz, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, B. Dagens, and M. Renaud, �??10Gbit/s all-optical logic OR in monolithically integrated interferometric wavelength converter,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 813-815 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J.H. Kim, Y.M. Jhon, Y.T. Byun, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, �??All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input Beam,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436�??1438 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Hamie, A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, and B. Pucel, �??All-Optical Logic NOR Gate Using Two-Cascaded Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1439�??1441 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Sun, D. Liu, and D. Huang, �??All-optical AND gate at 10 Gbit/s based on cascaded single-port-couple SOAs,�?? Opt. Express 12, 361-366 (2004), <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-3-361">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-3-361</a>.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Soto, D. Erasme, and G. Guekos, �??5 Gb/s XOR Optical Gate Based on Cross-Polarization Modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 335�??337 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Soto, C.A. Diaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, and G. Guekos, �??All-Optical AND Gate Implementation Using Cross-Polarization Modulation in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 498�??500 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Chan, C.K. Chan, L.K. Chen, and F. Tong, �??Demonstration of 20 Gb/s All-Optical XOR Gate by Four-Wave-Mixing in Semiconductor Optical Amplifier with RZ-DPSK Modulation Inputs,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897�??899 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Z.G. Lu, S.A. Boothroyd, and J. Chrostowski, �??Tunable Wavelength Conversion in a Semiconductor-Fiber Ring Laser�??, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 806�??808 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Vlachos, G. Theophilopoulos, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, �??30 Gb/s All-Optical Clock Recovery Circuit,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 705�??707 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, �??Ultrafast Semiconductor-Based Fiber Laser Sources,�?? IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147�??154 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, �??Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 1863-1864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R.P. Webb, R.J. Manning, G.D. Maxwell, and A.J. Poustie, �??40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,�?? Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, C. Janz, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, B. Dagens, and M. Renaud, �??10Gbit/s all-optical logic OR in monolithically integrated interferometric wavelength converter,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 813-815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, �??Ultrafast Semiconductor-Based Fiber Laser Sources,�?? IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147�??154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (9)

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, K. Vlachos, T. Papakyriakopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, F. Girardin, G. Guekos, R. Dall�??Ara, S. Hansmann, and H. Burkhard, �??All-Optical XOR in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Assisted Fiber Sagnac Gate,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 334�??336 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall�??Ara, �??20 Gb/s All-Optical XOR with UNI Gate,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834�??836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.H. Kim, Y.M. Jhon, Y.T. Byun, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, �??All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input Beam,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436�??1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Hamie, A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, and B. Pucel, �??All-Optical Logic NOR Gate Using Two-Cascaded Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1439�??1441 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Soto, D. Erasme, and G. Guekos, �??5 Gb/s XOR Optical Gate Based on Cross-Polarization Modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 335�??337 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Soto, C.A. Diaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, and G. Guekos, �??All-Optical AND Gate Implementation Using Cross-Polarization Modulation in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 498�??500 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C.K. Chan, L.K. Chen, and F. Tong, �??Demonstration of 20 Gb/s All-Optical XOR Gate by Four-Wave-Mixing in Semiconductor Optical Amplifier with RZ-DPSK Modulation Inputs,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897�??899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z.G. Lu, S.A. Boothroyd, and J. Chrostowski, �??Tunable Wavelength Conversion in a Semiconductor-Fiber Ring Laser�??, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 806�??808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Vlachos, G. Theophilopoulos, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, �??30 Gb/s All-Optical Clock Recovery Circuit,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 705�??707 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic diagram for NOR gate. (b) Principle of operation. (c) Corresponding truth able.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup for logic NOR gate.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental results for NOR at 10 Gb/s.

Fig.4 .
Fig.4 .

Output extinction ratio versus wavelength.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Illustration of output performance.

Metrics