Abstract

We demonstrate compression of ultrashort light pulses in the ultraviolet (UV) by impulsively excited molecular wave-packets in nitrogen filled in a 25 cm long hollow waveguide of 128 µm diameter. After compression with CaF2 prisms the pulse duration was determined by XFROG to be 23 fs with a time-bandwidth product of 0.50. The advantages of our technique are high efficiency and the possibility to use it also for pulses at wavelength shorter than 200 nm. The experimental observations are explained by a theoretical model.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. M. Nisoli, S. De. Silvestri, O. Svelto, �??Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new compression technique,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996)
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane and T. Kobayashi, �??Pulse-front-matched optical parametric amplification for sub-10-fs pulse generation tunable in the visible and near infrared ,�?? Opt. Lett. 23, 1292-1294 (1998)
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, �??Generation of Single Intense Short Optical Pulses by Ultrafast Molecular Phase Modulation,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901/1-4 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, �??Pulse compression without chirp compensation and frequency detuning by high-order coherent Raman scattering in impulsively excited media,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 456-458 (2001)
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Nabekawa and K. Midorikawa, �??Group-delay-dispersion-matched sum-frequency mixing for the indirect phase control of deep ultraviolet pulses in the sub-20-fs regime,�?? Appl. Phys. B 78, 569-581 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  6. Peter Baum, Stefan Lochbrunner, and Eberhard Riedle, �??Tunable sub-10-fs ultraviolet pulses generated by achromatic frequency doubling,�?? Opt. Lett. 29, 1686-1688 (2004)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Backus, J. Peatross, Z. Zeek, A. Rundquist, G. Taft, Margaret M. Murnane, Henry C. Kapteyn, �??16-fs, 1-µJ ultraviolet pulses generated by third-harmonic conversion in air,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 665-667 (1996)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Charles G. Durfee III, Sterling Backus, Henry C. Kapteyn, Margaret M. Murnane, �??Intense 8-fs pulse generation in the deep ultraviolet,�?? Opt. Lett. 24, 697-699 (1999) and L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, �??Generation of Broadband VUV Light Using Third-Order Cascaded Processes,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601/1-4 (2001)
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, �??Attosecond metrology,�?? Nature 414, 509-513 (2001)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, �??Ultrabroadband phase-amplitude modulation and compression of extremely short uv and vuv pulses by Raman-active molecular modulators,�?? Phys. Rev. A 67, 031801/1-4 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, Chris H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, �??Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903/1-4 (2002)
  12. Vladimir Kalosha, Michael Spanner, Joachim Herrmann, and Misha Ivanov, �??Generation of Single Dispersion Precompensated 1-fs Pulses by Shaped-Pulse Optimized High-Order Stimulated Raman Scattering,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901/1-4 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Leibscher, I. Sh. Averbukh, and H. Rabitz, �??Enhanced molecular alignment by short laser pulses,�?? Phys. Rev. A 69, 013402/1-10 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, �??Ultrawide spectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, uv-vuv, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering,�?? Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812/1-24 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Maroulis, �??Accurate electric multipole moment, static polarizability and hyperpolarizability derivatives for N2,�?? J. Chem. Phys. 118, 2673 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  16. O. Christiansen, J. Gauss, and J. F. Stanton, �??The effect of triple excitations in coupled cluster calculations of frequency-dependent polarizabilities,�?? Chem. Phys. Lett. 292, 437 (1998)
    [CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Y. Nabekawa and K. Midorikawa, �??Group-delay-dispersion-matched sum-frequency mixing for the indirect phase control of deep ultraviolet pulses in the sub-20-fs regime,�?? Appl. Phys. B 78, 569-581 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De. Silvestri, O. Svelto, �??Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new compression technique,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996)
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

O. Christiansen, J. Gauss, and J. F. Stanton, �??The effect of triple excitations in coupled cluster calculations of frequency-dependent polarizabilities,�?? Chem. Phys. Lett. 292, 437 (1998)
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Maroulis, �??Accurate electric multipole moment, static polarizability and hyperpolarizability derivatives for N2,�?? J. Chem. Phys. 118, 2673 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, �??Attosecond metrology,�?? Nature 414, 509-513 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

M. Leibscher, I. Sh. Averbukh, and H. Rabitz, �??Enhanced molecular alignment by short laser pulses,�?? Phys. Rev. A 69, 013402/1-10 (2004)
[CrossRef]

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, �??Ultrawide spectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, uv-vuv, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering,�?? Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812/1-24 (2003)
[CrossRef]

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, �??Ultrabroadband phase-amplitude modulation and compression of extremely short uv and vuv pulses by Raman-active molecular modulators,�?? Phys. Rev. A 67, 031801/1-4 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, Chris H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, �??Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903/1-4 (2002)

Vladimir Kalosha, Michael Spanner, Joachim Herrmann, and Misha Ivanov, �??Generation of Single Dispersion Precompensated 1-fs Pulses by Shaped-Pulse Optimized High-Order Stimulated Raman Scattering,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901/1-4 (2002)
[CrossRef]

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, �??Generation of Single Intense Short Optical Pulses by Ultrafast Molecular Phase Modulation,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901/1-4 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup; D1, D2 optical delay lines; DM1 dielectric mirror for overlapping of the fundamental and the THG; P1, P2 CaF2 prism; L1 MgF2 lens, CM1 curved mirror, focal length 20cm, HWG hollow waveguide holder with MgF2 windows; XTAL 10 µm BBO crystal. All mirrors shown as filled in black color and CM1 were metal coated (UV enhanced Al).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Contour plot of spectra of the UV-pulses versus delay, 500 mbar N2 (left) and 530 mbar D2 (right), note the different time scales. The pump energy was 400 µJ at the entrance of the hollow waveguide having a diameter of 128 µm and a length of 25 cm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Selected probe pulse spectra from the recovery at 4.1 ps (Fig. 2) in comparison to the input spectrum, 500 mbar N2, 128 µm capillary, 25 cm long.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

XFROG trace (left), and intensity and phase (right) of the shortest UV-pulse with a duration of 23 fs obtained with a 128 µm waveguide, 25 cm long.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Left side - Calculated evolution of the alignment function <cos2θ> in N2 at the time τ after the pump pulse Right side - Calculated change of the probe wavelength due to phase modulation.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Power spectrum (red curve) and spectral phase (blue curve) of a probe pulse with 50 fs duration at delay τ=4.133 ps.

Metrics