Abstract

We present a novel technique to directly fabricate permanent computer-generated holograms inside silica glass with femtosecond laser pulses. The Fourier transform of an object is performed using a computer and the complex amplitude distribution is encoded by the detour phase method. The resulted cell-oriented hologram is directly written inside a bulk of silica glass by femtosecond laser-induced microexplosion. The image is then reconstructed with a collimated He-Ne laser beam.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

E. N. Glezer, E.Mazur, �??Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882-884 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh and X. Sun, �??Holographic data storage on nonphotosensitive glass with a single femtosecond laser pulse,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1952-1954 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii and Y. Jiang, �??Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508- 1510 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Chinese Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Li, D. Wang, L. Luo, H. Yang, Z. Xia, and Q. Gong, �??Feasibility of femtosecond laser writing multilayered bit planes in fused silica for three-dimensional optical data storage,�?? Chinese Phys. Lett. 18, 541-543 (2001)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

H. Guo, H. Jiang, Y. Fang, C. Peng, H. Yang, Y. Li and Q. Gong, �??The pulse duration dependence of femtosecond laser induced refractive index modulation in fused silica,�?? J. Opt. A 6, 787�??790 (2004)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Japanese J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, �??Holographic encoding of permanent gratings embedded in diamond by two beam interference of a single femtosecond near-infrared laser pulse,�?? Japanese J. Appl. Phys. Part 2, 39, L767-L769 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

D. G. Grier, �??A revolution in optical manipulation,�?? Nature 424, 810-816 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, �??Microfluidic laser embedded in glass by three-dimensional femtosecond laser microprocessing,�?? Opt. Lett. 29, 2007-2009 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marcinkevicius, S. Juodkazis, M. Watanabe, M. Miwa, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, J. Nishii, �??Femtosecond laser-assisted three-dimensional microfabrication in silica�??, Opt. Lett. 26, 277-279 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, D. Kuroda, J. Nishii, Y. Y. Jiang, �??Three-dimensional hole drilling of silica glass from the rear surface with femtosecond laser pulses,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 1912-1914 (2001)
[CrossRef]

E. N. Glezer, M. Milosavljevic, L. Huang, R. J. Finlay, T. H. Her, J. P. Callan, E. Mazur, �??Three-dimensional optical storage inside transparent materials,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 2023-2025 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, K. Hirao, �??Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 1729-1731 (1996)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, J. F. Garcia, E. Mazur, �??Micromachining bulk glass by use of femtosecond laser pulses with nanojoule energy,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 93-95 (2001)
[CrossRef]

A. M. Streltsov, N. F. Borrelli, �??Fabrication and analysis of a directional coupler written in glass by nanojoule femtosecond laser pulses,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 42-43 (2001)
[CrossRef]

W. Watanabe, T. Asano, K. Yamada, K. Itoh and J. Nishii, �??Wavelength division with three-dimensional couplers fabricated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 2491-2493 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Progress in Optics (2)

W. H. Lee, �??Computer-generated holograms: Techniques and applications�?? in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1978), Vol. 16, pp. 119�??132
[CrossRef]

O. Bryngdahl and F. Wyrowski, �??Digital holography - computer-generated holograms�?? in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1990), Vol. 28, pp. 1�??86
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Object image with 64×64 pixels - logo of Peking University; (b) Simulation of reconstruction from the CGH encoded by detour phase method.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Top left of the CGH encoded by the detour phase method. The whole CGH is divided into 64×64 equally spaced cells; (b) One of the cells. Each cell consists of 8×8 dots and a rectangular aperture is drawn inside it. The aperture’s height, hmn , and the center with respect to the center of the cell, cmn , are determined by the wavefront A m n ( x , y ) e i φ m n ( x , y ) taken at x=md and y=nd, where d is the sampling distance along x and y coordinates. The width, wmn =w=d/2, is constant for all apertures.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Schematic setup for direct writing of a CGH inside silica glass with femtosecond laser pulses at 800 nm. The CGH is 300µm beneath the front surface. The incident energy is 0.7µJ per pulse at 1kHz; (b) Top left of the fabricated CGH. The designed counterpart is shown in Fig. 2 (a).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Schematic setup for reconstruction from the fabricated CGH; (b) Reconstructed object image and high order images as well as their conjugate images; (c) An enlarged version of the upper part in (b).

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