Abstract

GaAs nanocrystals have been prepared by a mechanical ball milling technique. The optical limiting properties of colloidal ethanol suspensions of these crystals were investigated by use of a nanosecond optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Nd:YAG system. Not only at a wavelength of 1064 nm but also in the 490–670 nm visible region, colloidal GaAs nanocrystals with a concentration of 0.023 mg/mL exhibit strong optical limiting performance, which is better than that of C60 in toluene with the same linear transmittance at a wavelength of 532 nm. Two-photon absorption is regarded as the dominant mechanism for this technique, and the two-photon absorption coefficients of GaAs nanocrystals are estimated to be 5.6 and 21.1–37.0 cm/GW in the near-infrared and visible regions, respectively.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2004 (1)

2003 (3)

B. J. Zhang and S.-J. Jeon, “Two-photon properties of bis-1,4-(p-diarylaminostyryl)-2,5-dicyanobenzene derivatives: two-photon cross-section tendency in multi-branched structures,”Chem. Phys. Lett. 377, 210–216 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. F. Xu, R. Czerw, S. Webster, D. L. Carroll, J. Ballato, and R. Nesper, “Nonlinear optical transmission in VOx nanotubes and VOx nanotube composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1711–1713 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

Y. Morel, A. Irimia, P. Najechalski, Y. Kervella, O. Stephan, P. L. Baldeck, and C. Andraud, “Two-photon absorption and optical power limiting of bifluorene molecule,” J. Chem. Phys. 114, 5391–5396 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

C. W. Spangler, “Recent development in the design of organic materials for optical power limiting,” J. Mater. Chem. 9, 2013–2020 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, “Organic optical limiting materials. From fullerenes to nanoparticles,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18, 43–90 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

B. A. Smith, D. M. Waters, A. E. Faulhaber, M. A. Kreger, T. W. Roberti, and J. Z. Zhang, “Preparation and ultrafast optical characterization of metal and semiconductor colloidal nano-particles,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 9, 125–137 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. E. Ehrlich, X. L. Wu, I.-Y. S. Lee, Z.-Y. Hu, H. Rockel, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Two-photon absorption and broadband optical limiting with bis-donor stilbenes,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1843–1845(1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, and N. Y. Prasad, “Nonlinear multiphoton processes in organic and polymeric materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 59, 1041–1070 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, “Optical limiting effect in a two-photon absorption dye doped solid matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433–2435 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, “A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299–338 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Butler, G. Redmond, and D. Fitzmaurice, “Preparation and spectroscopic characterization of highly confined nanocrystallites of gallium arsenide in decane,” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 10,750–10,755 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

1990 (1)

M. A. Olshavsky, A. N. Goldstein, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Organometallic synthesis of GaAs crystallites exhibiting quantum confinement,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112, 9438–9439 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. A. B. Miller, and D. S. Chemla, “Theory of the linear and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor microcrystallites,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 8113–8125 (1987).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

T. F. Boggess, A. L. Smirl, S. C. Moss, I. W. Boyd, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Optical limiting in GaAs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 488–494 (1985).
[Crossref]

Albota, M.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alivisatos, A. P.

M. A. Olshavsky, A. N. Goldstein, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Organometallic synthesis of GaAs crystallites exhibiting quantum confinement,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112, 9438–9439 (1990).
[Crossref]

Anderson, J.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Andraud, C.

Y. Morel, A. Irimia, P. Najechalski, Y. Kervella, O. Stephan, P. L. Baldeck, and C. Andraud, “Two-photon absorption and optical power limiting of bifluorene molecule,” J. Chem. Phys. 114, 5391–5396 (2001).
[Crossref]

Baldeck, P. L.

Y. Morel, A. Irimia, P. Najechalski, Y. Kervella, O. Stephan, P. L. Baldeck, and C. Andraud, “Two-photon absorption and optical power limiting of bifluorene molecule,” J. Chem. Phys. 114, 5391–5396 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ballato, J.

J. F. Xu, R. Czerw, S. Webster, D. L. Carroll, J. Ballato, and R. Nesper, “Nonlinear optical transmission in VOx nanotubes and VOx nanotube composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1711–1713 (2002).
[Crossref]

Banyai, L.

Bedworth, P. V.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

Beljonne, D.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhawalkar, J. D.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, and N. Y. Prasad, “Nonlinear multiphoton processes in organic and polymeric materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 59, 1041–1070 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, “Optical limiting effect in a two-photon absorption dye doped solid matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433–2435 (1995).
[Crossref]

Boggess, T. F.

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, “A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299–338 (1993).
[Crossref]

T. F. Boggess, A. L. Smirl, S. C. Moss, I. W. Boyd, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Optical limiting in GaAs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 488–494 (1985).
[Crossref]

Boyd, I. W.

T. F. Boggess, A. L. Smirl, S. C. Moss, I. W. Boyd, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Optical limiting in GaAs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 488–494 (1985).
[Crossref]

Bredas, J.L.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butler, L.

L. Butler, G. Redmond, and D. Fitzmaurice, “Preparation and spectroscopic characterization of highly confined nanocrystallites of gallium arsenide in decane,” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 10,750–10,755 (1993).
[Crossref]

Carroll, D. L.

J. F. Xu, R. Czerw, S. Webster, D. L. Carroll, J. Ballato, and R. Nesper, “Nonlinear optical transmission in VOx nanotubes and VOx nanotube composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1711–1713 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chemla, D. S.

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. A. B. Miller, and D. S. Chemla, “Theory of the linear and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor microcrystallites,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 8113–8125 (1987).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.-T.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z. J.

Z. G. Liu, C. L. Liu, Q. S. Li, Z. J. Chen, and Q. H. Gong, “Synthesis, characterization and nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gallium arsenide nanocrystals,” submitted to Nanotechnology.

Creekmore, S.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Czerw, R.

J. F. Xu, R. Czerw, S. Webster, D. L. Carroll, J. Ballato, and R. Nesper, “Nonlinear optical transmission in VOx nanotubes and VOx nanotube composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1711–1713 (2002).
[Crossref]

Diaz, A.

Ding, J. W.

Ehrlich, J. E.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Ehrlich, X. L. Wu, I.-Y. S. Lee, Z.-Y. Hu, H. Rockel, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Two-photon absorption and broadband optical limiting with bis-donor stilbenes,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1843–1845(1997).
[Crossref]

Faulhaber, A. E.

B. A. Smith, D. M. Waters, A. E. Faulhaber, M. A. Kreger, T. W. Roberti, and J. Z. Zhang, “Preparation and ultrafast optical characterization of metal and semiconductor colloidal nano-particles,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 9, 125–137 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fitzmaurice, D.

L. Butler, G. Redmond, and D. Fitzmaurice, “Preparation and spectroscopic characterization of highly confined nanocrystallites of gallium arsenide in decane,” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 10,750–10,755 (1993).
[Crossref]

Fu, J. Y.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goldstein, A. N.

M. A. Olshavsky, A. N. Goldstein, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Organometallic synthesis of GaAs crystallites exhibiting quantum confinement,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112, 9438–9439 (1990).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q. H.

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Liu, C. L. Liu, Q. S. Li, Z. J. Chen, and Q. H. Gong, “Synthesis, characterization and nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gallium arsenide nanocrystals,” submitted to Nanotechnology.

Hagan, D. J.

He, G. S.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, and N. Y. Prasad, “Nonlinear multiphoton processes in organic and polymeric materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 59, 1041–1070 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, “Optical limiting effect in a two-photon absorption dye doped solid matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433–2435 (1995).
[Crossref]

Heikal, A. A.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hess, S. E.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, Z.-Y.

Irimia, A.

Y. Morel, A. Irimia, P. Najechalski, Y. Kervella, O. Stephan, P. L. Baldeck, and C. Andraud, “Two-photon absorption and optical power limiting of bifluorene molecule,” J. Chem. Phys. 114, 5391–5396 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jeon, S.-J.

B. J. Zhang and S.-J. Jeon, “Two-photon properties of bis-1,4-(p-diarylaminostyryl)-2,5-dicyanobenzene derivatives: two-photon cross-section tendency in multi-branched structures,”Chem. Phys. Lett. 377, 210–216 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jung, S. S.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Kervella, Y.

Y. Morel, A. Irimia, P. Najechalski, Y. Kervella, O. Stephan, P. L. Baldeck, and C. Andraud, “Two-photon absorption and optical power limiting of bifluorene molecule,” J. Chem. Phys. 114, 5391–5396 (2001).
[Crossref]

Khoo, I. C.

Kim, J. H.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Koch, S. W.

Kogej, T.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kost, A.

L. W. Tutt and A. Kost, “Optical limiting performance of C60 and C70 solutions,” Nature 356, 225–266 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kreger, M. A.

B. A. Smith, D. M. Waters, A. E. Faulhaber, M. A. Kreger, T. W. Roberti, and J. Z. Zhang, “Preparation and ultrafast optical characterization of metal and semiconductor colloidal nano-particles,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 9, 125–137 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lee, I.-Y. S.

J. E. Ehrlich, X. L. Wu, I.-Y. S. Lee, Z.-Y. Hu, H. Rockel, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Two-photon absorption and broadband optical limiting with bis-donor stilbenes,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1843–1845(1997).
[Crossref]

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

Levin, M. D.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, F. S.

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, Q. S.

Z. G. Liu, C. L. Liu, Q. S. Li, Z. J. Chen, and Q. H. Gong, “Synthesis, characterization and nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gallium arsenide nanocrystals,” submitted to Nanotechnology.

Lindberg, M.

Liu, C. L.

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Liu, C. L. Liu, Q. S. Li, Z. J. Chen, and Q. H. Gong, “Synthesis, characterization and nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gallium arsenide nanocrystals,” submitted to Nanotechnology.

Liu, Z. G.

Z. G. Liu, C. L. Liu, Q. S. Li, Z. J. Chen, and Q. H. Gong, “Synthesis, characterization and nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gallium arsenide nanocrystals,” submitted to Nanotechnology.

Mansour, K.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

E. W. Van Stryland, Y. Y. Wu, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Soileau, and K. Mansour, “Optical limiting with semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1980–1988 (1988).
[Crossref]

Marder, S. R.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Ehrlich, X. L. Wu, I.-Y. S. Lee, Z.-Y. Hu, H. Rockel, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Two-photon absorption and broadband optical limiting with bis-donor stilbenes,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1843–1845(1997).
[Crossref]

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

McCord-Maughon, D.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miles, P.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

Miller, D. A. B.

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. A. B. Miller, and D. S. Chemla, “Theory of the linear and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor microcrystallites,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 8113–8125 (1987).
[Crossref]

Morel, Y.

Y. Morel, A. Irimia, P. Najechalski, Y. Kervella, O. Stephan, P. L. Baldeck, and C. Andraud, “Two-photon absorption and optical power limiting of bifluorene molecule,” J. Chem. Phys. 114, 5391–5396 (2001).
[Crossref]

Moss, S. C.

T. F. Boggess, A. L. Smirl, S. C. Moss, I. W. Boyd, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Optical limiting in GaAs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 488–494 (1985).
[Crossref]

Mott, A.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Najechalski, P.

Y. Morel, A. Irimia, P. Najechalski, Y. Kervella, O. Stephan, P. L. Baldeck, and C. Andraud, “Two-photon absorption and optical power limiting of bifluorene molecule,” J. Chem. Phys. 114, 5391–5396 (2001).
[Crossref]

Namkung, M.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Nesper, R.

J. F. Xu, R. Czerw, S. Webster, D. L. Carroll, J. Ballato, and R. Nesper, “Nonlinear optical transmission in VOx nanotubes and VOx nanotube composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1711–1713 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ng, D.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

Olshavsky, M. A.

M. A. Olshavsky, A. N. Goldstein, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Organometallic synthesis of GaAs crystallites exhibiting quantum confinement,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112, 9438–9439 (1990).
[Crossref]

Peng, X.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Perry, J. W.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Ehrlich, X. L. Wu, I.-Y. S. Lee, Z.-Y. Hu, H. Rockel, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Two-photon absorption and broadband optical limiting with bis-donor stilbenes,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1843–1845(1997).
[Crossref]

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pompey, C.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Prasad, N. Y.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, and N. Y. Prasad, “Nonlinear multiphoton processes in organic and polymeric materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 59, 1041–1070 (1996).
[Crossref]

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, “Optical limiting effect in a two-photon absorption dye doped solid matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433–2435 (1995).
[Crossref]

Qu, J. L.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Redmond, G.

L. Butler, G. Redmond, and D. Fitzmaurice, “Preparation and spectroscopic characterization of highly confined nanocrystallites of gallium arsenide in decane,” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 10,750–10,755 (1993).
[Crossref]

Riggs, J. E.

Y. P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, “Organic optical limiting materials. From fullerenes to nanoparticles,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18, 43–90 (1999).
[Crossref]

Roberti, T. W.

B. A. Smith, D. M. Waters, A. E. Faulhaber, M. A. Kreger, T. W. Roberti, and J. Z. Zhang, “Preparation and ultrafast optical characterization of metal and semiconductor colloidal nano-particles,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 9, 125–137 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rockel, H.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Ehrlich, X. L. Wu, I.-Y. S. Lee, Z.-Y. Hu, H. Rockel, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Two-photon absorption and broadband optical limiting with bis-donor stilbenes,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1843–1845(1997).
[Crossref]

Rumi, M.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Said, A. A.

Sasabe, H.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

Schmitt-Rink, S.

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. A. B. Miller, and D. S. Chemla, “Theory of the linear and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor microcrystallites,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 8113–8125 (1987).
[Crossref]

Seo, J. T.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Sheik-Bahae, M.

Smirl, A. L.

T. F. Boggess, A. L. Smirl, S. C. Moss, I. W. Boyd, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Optical limiting in GaAs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 488–494 (1985).
[Crossref]

Smith, B. A.

B. A. Smith, D. M. Waters, A. E. Faulhaber, M. A. Kreger, T. W. Roberti, and J. Z. Zhang, “Preparation and ultrafast optical characterization of metal and semiconductor colloidal nano-particles,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 9, 125–137 (1997).
[Crossref]

Soileau, M. J.

Spangler, C. W.

C. W. Spangler, “Recent development in the design of organic materials for optical power limiting,” J. Mater. Chem. 9, 2013–2020 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stephan, O.

Y. Morel, A. Irimia, P. Najechalski, Y. Kervella, O. Stephan, P. L. Baldeck, and C. Andraud, “Two-photon absorption and optical power limiting of bifluorene molecule,” J. Chem. Phys. 114, 5391–5396 (2001).
[Crossref]

Subramaniam, G.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y. P.

Y. P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, “Organic optical limiting materials. From fullerenes to nanoparticles,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18, 43–90 (1999).
[Crossref]

Temple, D.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Tian, M.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

Tutt, L. W.

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, “A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299–338 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. W. Tutt and A. Kost, “Optical limiting performance of C60 and C70 solutions,” Nature 356, 225–266 (1992).
[Crossref]

Van Stryland, E. W.

Wada, T.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wang, A.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Wang, J.

Wang, Q.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Waters, D. M.

B. A. Smith, D. M. Waters, A. E. Faulhaber, M. A. Kreger, T. W. Roberti, and J. Z. Zhang, “Preparation and ultrafast optical characterization of metal and semiconductor colloidal nano-particles,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 9, 125–137 (1997).
[Crossref]

Webb, W. W.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Webster, S.

J. F. Xu, R. Czerw, S. Webster, D. L. Carroll, J. Ballato, and R. Nesper, “Nonlinear optical transmission in VOx nanotubes and VOx nanotube composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1711–1713 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wei, T. H.

Wu, X. L.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Ehrlich, X. L. Wu, I.-Y. S. Lee, Z.-Y. Hu, H. Rockel, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Two-photon absorption and broadband optical limiting with bis-donor stilbenes,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1843–1845(1997).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.-Y.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. Y.

Xu, C.

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J. F.

J. F. Xu, R. Czerw, S. Webster, D. L. Carroll, J. Ballato, and R. Nesper, “Nonlinear optical transmission in VOx nanotubes and VOx nanotube composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1711–1713 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Young, J.

Yu, W.

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

Zhang, B. J.

B. J. Zhang and S.-J. Jeon, “Two-photon properties of bis-1,4-(p-diarylaminostyryl)-2,5-dicyanobenzene derivatives: two-photon cross-section tendency in multi-branched structures,”Chem. Phys. Lett. 377, 210–216 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. Z.

B. A. Smith, D. M. Waters, A. E. Faulhaber, M. A. Kreger, T. W. Roberti, and J. Z. Zhang, “Preparation and ultrafast optical characterization of metal and semiconductor colloidal nano-particles,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 9, 125–137 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. F.

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, “Optical limiting effect in a two-photon absorption dye doped solid matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433–2435 (1995).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, “Optical limiting effect in a two-photon absorption dye doped solid matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433–2435 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. F. Xu, R. Czerw, S. Webster, D. L. Carroll, J. Ballato, and R. Nesper, “Nonlinear optical transmission in VOx nanotubes and VOx nanotube composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1711–1713 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

B. J. Zhang and S.-J. Jeon, “Two-photon properties of bis-1,4-(p-diarylaminostyryl)-2,5-dicyanobenzene derivatives: two-photon cross-section tendency in multi-branched structures,”Chem. Phys. Lett. 377, 210–216 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. Li, C. L. Liu, F. S. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “Optical limiting performance of two soluble multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 201–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. F. Boggess, A. L. Smirl, S. C. Moss, I. W. Boyd, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Optical limiting in GaAs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 488–494 (1985).
[Crossref]

Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

Y. P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, “Organic optical limiting materials. From fullerenes to nanoparticles,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18, 43–90 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

M. A. Olshavsky, A. N. Goldstein, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Organometallic synthesis of GaAs crystallites exhibiting quantum confinement,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112, 9438–9439 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

Y. Morel, A. Irimia, P. Najechalski, Y. Kervella, O. Stephan, P. L. Baldeck, and C. Andraud, “Two-photon absorption and optical power limiting of bifluorene molecule,” J. Chem. Phys. 114, 5391–5396 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (1)

S. Creekmore, J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, Q. Wang, J. Anderson, C. Pompey, D. Temple, X. Peng, J. L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Nonlinear optical properties of cadmium telluride semiconductor nanocrystals for optical power-limiting application,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 42, S143–S148 (2003).

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

C. W. Spangler, “Recent development in the design of organic materials for optical power limiting,” J. Mater. Chem. 9, 2013–2020 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

L. Butler, G. Redmond, and D. Fitzmaurice, “Preparation and spectroscopic characterization of highly confined nanocrystallites of gallium arsenide in decane,” J. Phys. Chem. 97, 10,750–10,755 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. (1)

B. A. Smith, D. M. Waters, A. E. Faulhaber, M. A. Kreger, T. W. Roberti, and J. Z. Zhang, “Preparation and ultrafast optical characterization of metal and semiconductor colloidal nano-particles,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 9, 125–137 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

L. W. Tutt and A. Kost, “Optical limiting performance of C60 and C70 solutions,” Nature 356, 225–266 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. A. B. Miller, and D. S. Chemla, “Theory of the linear and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor microcrystallites,” Phys. Rev. B 35, 8113–8125 (1987).
[Crossref]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, “A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299–338 (1993).
[Crossref]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, and N. Y. Prasad, “Nonlinear multiphoton processes in organic and polymeric materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 59, 1041–1070 (1996).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J. Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Rockel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X. L. Wu, and C. Xu, “Design of of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,” Science 281, 1653–1656 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-Y. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorption response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

Z. G. Liu, C. L. Liu, Q. S. Li, Z. J. Chen, and Q. H. Gong, “Synthesis, characterization and nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gallium arsenide nanocrystals,” submitted to Nanotechnology.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Linear transmittance spectrum of colloidal GaAs nanocrystals in ethanol.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical limiting properties of colloidal GaAs nanocrystals in ethanol at a wavelength of 1064 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical limiting properties of colloidal GaAs nanocrystals in ethanol at wavelength of 490 nm and 670 nm

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Comparison of optical limiting properties of colloidal GaAs nanocrystals (∙) in ethanol and C60 in toluene (Ο) at a wavelength of 532 nm.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Linear Transmittance and TPA Coefficients of GaAs Nanocrystals

Equations (2)

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I o = α I i α exp ( α l ) + [ exp ( α l ) 1 ] β I i ,
E g = E gb + 2 π 2 2 R 2 ( 1 m e + 1 m h ) 1.8 e 2 4 π ε ε 0 R ,

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