Abstract

An external cavity laser has been designed for rapid but stable wavelength-tuning. To enhance the tuning stability, cavity modes are suppressed by rapidly changing the cavity length as part of the wavelength-scanning mechanism. The ~27 cm cavity length is modulated at speeds up to 1190 m/s, corresponding to ~90% of one wavelength in an optical round-trip time. The laser scans from 1370–1464 nm and back at a rate of 15.5 kHz with a measured instantaneous linewidth of ~0.3 nm. This high speed modeless laser has several advantages over traditional designs which will be discussed here.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Wippich and K.L. Dessau, “Tunable lasers enhance fiber sensors,” Laser Focus World 39, 89–94 (2003).
  2. L.A. Kranendonk, J.W. Walewski, K. Tongwoo, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile sensor applied for HCCI engine measurements,” in Proceedings of 30th International Symposium on Combustion, (Elsevier, Chicago, IL, 2004), pp. 1619–1627.
  3. S.H. Yun, J.F. Tearney, J.F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B.E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt Express11, 2953–2963 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2953.
  4. S.H. Yun, C. Boudoux, G.J. Tearney, and B.E. Bouma, “High-speed wavelength-swept semiconductor laser with a polygon-scanner-based wavelength filter,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1981–1983 (2003).
  5. J.S Pilgrim, “Wavelength agile external cavity diode laser for trace gas detection,” Trends Opt. Photonics69, (2002).
  6. M.J. Lim, C.I. Sukenik, T.H. Stievater, P.H. Bucksbaum, and R.S. Conti, “Improved design of a frequency-shifted feedback diode laser for optical pumping at high magnetic field,” Opt. Commun. 147, 99–102 (1998).
  7. A. Yoshizawa and H. Tsuchida, “Chirped-comb generation in frequency-shifted feedback laser diodes with a large frequency shift,” Opt. Commun. 155, 51–54 (1998).
  8. L.A. Kranendonk, A.W. Caswell, A.M. Myers, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile laser sensors for measuring gas properties in engines,” SAE Paper 2003-01-1116.
  9. J. Wang, S.T. Sanders, J.B. Jeffries, and R.K. Hanson, “Oxygen measurements at high pressures using vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 865 (2001).
  10. L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).
  11. J.W. Walewski and S.T. Sanders, “High-resolution wavelength-agile laser source based on pulsed super-continua,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 415–418 (2004).
  12. S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile fiber laser using group-velocity dispersion of pulsed super-continua and application to broadband absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 799–802 (2002).

2004 (1)

J.W. Walewski and S.T. Sanders, “High-resolution wavelength-agile laser source based on pulsed super-continua,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 415–418 (2004).

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile fiber laser using group-velocity dispersion of pulsed super-continua and application to broadband absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 799–802 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. Wang, S.T. Sanders, J.B. Jeffries, and R.K. Hanson, “Oxygen measurements at high pressures using vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 865 (2001).

1998 (2)

M.J. Lim, C.I. Sukenik, T.H. Stievater, P.H. Bucksbaum, and R.S. Conti, “Improved design of a frequency-shifted feedback diode laser for optical pumping at high magnetic field,” Opt. Commun. 147, 99–102 (1998).

A. Yoshizawa and H. Tsuchida, “Chirped-comb generation in frequency-shifted feedback laser diodes with a large frequency shift,” Opt. Commun. 155, 51–54 (1998).

Barbe, A.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Benner, D.C.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Birk, M.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Boudoux, C.

Bouma, B.E.

S.H. Yun, C. Boudoux, G.J. Tearney, and B.E. Bouma, “High-speed wavelength-swept semiconductor laser with a polygon-scanner-based wavelength filter,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1981–1983 (2003).

S.H. Yun, J.F. Tearney, J.F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B.E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt Express11, 2953–2963 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2953.

Brown, L.R.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Bucksbaum, P.H.

M.J. Lim, C.I. Sukenik, T.H. Stievater, P.H. Bucksbaum, and R.S. Conti, “Improved design of a frequency-shifted feedback diode laser for optical pumping at high magnetic field,” Opt. Commun. 147, 99–102 (1998).

Carleer, M.R.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Caswell, A.W.

L.A. Kranendonk, A.W. Caswell, A.M. Myers, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile laser sensors for measuring gas properties in engines,” SAE Paper 2003-01-1116.

Chackerian, C.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Chance, K.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Conti, R.S.

M.J. Lim, C.I. Sukenik, T.H. Stievater, P.H. Bucksbaum, and R.S. Conti, “Improved design of a frequency-shifted feedback diode laser for optical pumping at high magnetic field,” Opt. Commun. 147, 99–102 (1998).

Coudert, L.H.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Dana, V.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

de Boer, J.F.

S.H. Yun, J.F. Tearney, J.F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B.E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt Express11, 2953–2963 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2953.

Dessau, K.L.

M. Wippich and K.L. Dessau, “Tunable lasers enhance fiber sensors,” Laser Focus World 39, 89–94 (2003).

Devi, V.M.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Flaud, J.M.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Gamache, R.R.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Goldman, A.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Hanson, R.K.

J. Wang, S.T. Sanders, J.B. Jeffries, and R.K. Hanson, “Oxygen measurements at high pressures using vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 865 (2001).

Hartmann, J.M.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Iftimia, N.

S.H. Yun, J.F. Tearney, J.F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B.E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt Express11, 2953–2963 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2953.

Jacquemart, D.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Jeffries, J.B.

J. Wang, S.T. Sanders, J.B. Jeffries, and R.K. Hanson, “Oxygen measurements at high pressures using vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 865 (2001).

Jucks, K.W.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Kranendonk, L.A.

L.A. Kranendonk, A.W. Caswell, A.M. Myers, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile laser sensors for measuring gas properties in engines,” SAE Paper 2003-01-1116.

L.A. Kranendonk, J.W. Walewski, K. Tongwoo, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile sensor applied for HCCI engine measurements,” in Proceedings of 30th International Symposium on Combustion, (Elsevier, Chicago, IL, 2004), pp. 1619–1627.

Lim, M.J.

M.J. Lim, C.I. Sukenik, T.H. Stievater, P.H. Bucksbaum, and R.S. Conti, “Improved design of a frequency-shifted feedback diode laser for optical pumping at high magnetic field,” Opt. Commun. 147, 99–102 (1998).

Maki, A.G.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Mandin, J.Y.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Massie, S.T.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Myers, A.M.

L.A. Kranendonk, A.W. Caswell, A.M. Myers, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile laser sensors for measuring gas properties in engines,” SAE Paper 2003-01-1116.

Orphal, J.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Perrin, A.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Pilgrim, J.S

J.S Pilgrim, “Wavelength agile external cavity diode laser for trace gas detection,” Trends Opt. Photonics69, (2002).

Rinsland, C.P.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Rothman, L.S.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Sanders, S.T.

J.W. Walewski and S.T. Sanders, “High-resolution wavelength-agile laser source based on pulsed super-continua,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 415–418 (2004).

S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile fiber laser using group-velocity dispersion of pulsed super-continua and application to broadband absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 799–802 (2002).

J. Wang, S.T. Sanders, J.B. Jeffries, and R.K. Hanson, “Oxygen measurements at high pressures using vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 865 (2001).

L.A. Kranendonk, A.W. Caswell, A.M. Myers, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile laser sensors for measuring gas properties in engines,” SAE Paper 2003-01-1116.

L.A. Kranendonk, J.W. Walewski, K. Tongwoo, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile sensor applied for HCCI engine measurements,” in Proceedings of 30th International Symposium on Combustion, (Elsevier, Chicago, IL, 2004), pp. 1619–1627.

Smith, M.A.H.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Stievater, T.H.

M.J. Lim, C.I. Sukenik, T.H. Stievater, P.H. Bucksbaum, and R.S. Conti, “Improved design of a frequency-shifted feedback diode laser for optical pumping at high magnetic field,” Opt. Commun. 147, 99–102 (1998).

Sukenik, C.I.

M.J. Lim, C.I. Sukenik, T.H. Stievater, P.H. Bucksbaum, and R.S. Conti, “Improved design of a frequency-shifted feedback diode laser for optical pumping at high magnetic field,” Opt. Commun. 147, 99–102 (1998).

Tearney, G.J.

Tearney, J.F.

S.H. Yun, J.F. Tearney, J.F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B.E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt Express11, 2953–2963 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2953.

Tennyson, J.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Tolchenov, R.N.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Tongwoo, K.

L.A. Kranendonk, J.W. Walewski, K. Tongwoo, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile sensor applied for HCCI engine measurements,” in Proceedings of 30th International Symposium on Combustion, (Elsevier, Chicago, IL, 2004), pp. 1619–1627.

Toth, R.A.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Tsuchida, H.

A. Yoshizawa and H. Tsuchida, “Chirped-comb generation in frequency-shifted feedback laser diodes with a large frequency shift,” Opt. Commun. 155, 51–54 (1998).

Vander Auwera, J.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Varanasi, P.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Wagner, G.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Walewski, J.W.

J.W. Walewski and S.T. Sanders, “High-resolution wavelength-agile laser source based on pulsed super-continua,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 415–418 (2004).

L.A. Kranendonk, J.W. Walewski, K. Tongwoo, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile sensor applied for HCCI engine measurements,” in Proceedings of 30th International Symposium on Combustion, (Elsevier, Chicago, IL, 2004), pp. 1619–1627.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, S.T. Sanders, J.B. Jeffries, and R.K. Hanson, “Oxygen measurements at high pressures using vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 865 (2001).

Wippich, M.

M. Wippich and K.L. Dessau, “Tunable lasers enhance fiber sensors,” Laser Focus World 39, 89–94 (2003).

Yoshizawa, A.

A. Yoshizawa and H. Tsuchida, “Chirped-comb generation in frequency-shifted feedback laser diodes with a large frequency shift,” Opt. Commun. 155, 51–54 (1998).

Yun, S.H.

S.H. Yun, C. Boudoux, G.J. Tearney, and B.E. Bouma, “High-speed wavelength-swept semiconductor laser with a polygon-scanner-based wavelength filter,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1981–1983 (2003).

S.H. Yun, J.F. Tearney, J.F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B.E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt Express11, 2953–2963 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2953.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

J. Wang, S.T. Sanders, J.B. Jeffries, and R.K. Hanson, “Oxygen measurements at high pressures using vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 865 (2001).

J.W. Walewski and S.T. Sanders, “High-resolution wavelength-agile laser source based on pulsed super-continua,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 415–418 (2004).

S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile fiber laser using group-velocity dispersion of pulsed super-continua and application to broadband absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 799–802 (2002).

Laser Focus World (1)

M. Wippich and K.L. Dessau, “Tunable lasers enhance fiber sensors,” Laser Focus World 39, 89–94 (2003).

Opt. Commun. (2)

M.J. Lim, C.I. Sukenik, T.H. Stievater, P.H. Bucksbaum, and R.S. Conti, “Improved design of a frequency-shifted feedback diode laser for optical pumping at high magnetic field,” Opt. Commun. 147, 99–102 (1998).

A. Yoshizawa and H. Tsuchida, “Chirped-comb generation in frequency-shifted feedback laser diodes with a large frequency shift,” Opt. Commun. 155, 51–54 (1998).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

J.S Pilgrim, “Wavelength agile external cavity diode laser for trace gas detection,” Trends Opt. Photonics69, (2002).

L.A. Kranendonk, A.W. Caswell, A.M. Myers, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile laser sensors for measuring gas properties in engines,” SAE Paper 2003-01-1116.

L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.C. Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L.H. Coudert, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

L.A. Kranendonk, J.W. Walewski, K. Tongwoo, and S.T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile sensor applied for HCCI engine measurements,” in Proceedings of 30th International Symposium on Combustion, (Elsevier, Chicago, IL, 2004), pp. 1619–1627.

S.H. Yun, J.F. Tearney, J.F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B.E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt Express11, 2953–2963 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2953.

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: AVI (411 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (765 KB)     

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(0.411 MB)..Movie of the new single pass wavelength agile, modeless, external cavity diode laser described in this paper. The animation includes instantaneous cavity speed (V), change in cavity length in an optical round trip (ΔL), spectral resolution, and wavelength (λ) values using a 1200 grooves/mm grating.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(0.765 MB)..Movie of a novel double pass external cavity diode laser design with instantaneous cavity speed (V), change in cavity length in an optical round trip (ΔL), spectral resolution, wavelength (λ), and total path length using a 1050 grooves/mm grating.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

- Elimination of cavity modes. The bottom panel is the laser signal as set up for Fig. 1 (λ 1-λ 2 is 1370–1464 nm). The middle panel shows a slower mirror oscillation, with λ12=1398-1441 nm. Finally, the top panel shows a very slow change in cavity length, and the cavity mode effect (λ 1-λ 2=1418.5-1419.5). Corresponding Vmax , ΔLmax and Rmax values are given.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

- Raw data signals taken from a high pressure (7 bar) cell at room temperature. I is the signal recorded after the cell, and Io is the signal directly out of the laser. A fiber splitter was used to record I and Io simultaneously.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

- A sample water spectrum measured in a high pressure cell at room temperature. The top panel shows the corresponding spectrum generated from the HITEMP database.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Results from computer simulations., where single pass geometry is shown in Fig. 1, and double pass is shown in Fig. 2.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R = Δ f F S R
Δ f = V c f = V λ = Δ L τ λ = Δ L · c 2 L λ
R = Δ f F S R = Δ L c 2 L λ c 2 L = Δ L λ

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