Abstract

A combination of direct current (d.c.) electric field and moderately elevated temperature is applied to a glass with embedded spherical silver nanoparticles in the near surface region. The field-assisted dissolution of silver nanoparticles leads to the formation of a layer of percolated silver clusters with modified optical properties beneath the glass surface. The distance between this produced buried layer and the surface of the sample can be controlled by the magnitude of the applied voltage. The same holds for the interferential colors observable in reflection. The presented technique is easy to implement and paves a route towards the engineering of the optical properties of metal-doped nanocomposite glasses via modification of the spatial distribution of metallic inclusions.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  2. V. M. Shalaev, Optical Properties of Nanostructured Random Media, (Springer, Berlin, 2001).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Wenzel, J. Bosbach, A. Goldmann, F. Stietz, F. Träger, “Shaping nanoparticles and their optical spectra with photons,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 513 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Stietz, “Laser manipulation of the size and shape of supported nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. A 72, 381 (2001).
  6. M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K.-J. Berg, G. Seifert, H. Graener, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1200 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, “Femtosecond laser assisted production of dichroitic 3D structures in composite glass containing Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. A (online first, 25 November 2004).
  8. A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, P. G. Kazansky, “Dissolution of silver nanoparticles in glass through an intense DC electric field,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(46), 17699(2004). Also see: O. Deparis, P.G. Kazansky, A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, H. Graener, “Poling-assisted bleaching of metal-doped nanocomposite glass,” Appl. Phys, Lett. 85, 872 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. S.E. Paje, J. Llopis, M.A. Villegas, J.M. Fernandez Navarro, “Photoluminesence of a silver-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 431 (1996).
  13. P.B. Johnson, R.W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. Bohren, D.R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles, (Wiley Science Paperback Series, New York 1998).
  15. G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, “Surface plasmon resonance of sputtered Ag films: substrate and mass thickness dependence,” Appl. Phys. A (online first, 28 January 2004).

Appl. Phys. A

F. Stietz, “Laser manipulation of the size and shape of supported nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. A 72, 381 (2001).

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, “Femtosecond laser assisted production of dichroitic 3D structures in composite glass containing Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. A (online first, 25 November 2004).

S.E. Paje, J. Llopis, M.A. Villegas, J.M. Fernandez Navarro, “Photoluminesence of a silver-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 431 (1996).

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, “Surface plasmon resonance of sputtered Ag films: substrate and mass thickness dependence,” Appl. Phys. A (online first, 28 January 2004).

Appl. Phys. B

T. Wenzel, J. Bosbach, A. Goldmann, F. Stietz, F. Träger, “Shaping nanoparticles and their optical spectra with photons,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 513 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K.-J. Berg, G. Seifert, H. Graener, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1200 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F.C. Garcia, I.C.S. Carvalho, E. Hering, W. Margulis, B. Lesche, “Inducing a large second order optical nonlinearity in soft glasses by poling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3252 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, P. G. Kazansky, “Dissolution of silver nanoparticles in glass through an intense DC electric field,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(46), 17699(2004). Also see: O. Deparis, P.G. Kazansky, A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, H. Graener, “Poling-assisted bleaching of metal-doped nanocomposite glass,” Appl. Phys, Lett. 85, 872 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, G.C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

P.G. Kazansky, P.St.J. Russel, “Thermally poled glass: frozen-in electric field or oriented dipoles?,” Opt. Commun. 110, 611 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

P.B. Johnson, R.W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. D

K.-J. Berg, A. Berger, H. Hofmeister, "Small silver particles in glass-surface layers produced by sodium-silver ion-exchange- their concentration and size depth profile,” Z. Phys. D 20, 309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other

U. Kreibig, M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters, (Springer Series in Materials Science, Springer, Berlin 1995).

V. M. Shalaev, Optical Properties of Nanostructured Random Media, (Springer, Berlin, 2001).

F. Bohren, D.R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles, (Wiley Science Paperback Series, New York 1998).

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