Abstract

Several different compositions of tellurium-thallium oxide glasses were fabricated and tested for their Raman gain performance. The addition of PbO to the glass matrix increased the surface optical damage threshold by 60–230%. The maximum material Raman gain coefficient experimentally obtained was (58±3) times higher than the peak Raman gain of a 3.18 mm thick Corning 7980-2F fused silica sample (Δν=13.2 THz). The highest peak in the Raman gain spectrum of the tellurium-thallium glass is attributed to the presence of TeO3 and TeO3+1 structural units with thallium ions in the vicinity at a frequency shift near 21.3 THz.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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  31. A. Berthereau, E. Fargin, A. Villezusanne, R. Olazcuaga, G. Le Flem, and L. Ducasse, “Determination of local geometries around tellurium in TeO2-Nb2O5 and TeO2-Al2O3 oxide glasses by XANES and EXAFS: investigation of electronic properties of evidenced oxygen clusters by ab initio calculations,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 126, 143–151 (1996).
    [Crossref]

2004 (3)

R. Slusher, G. Lenz, J. Hodelin, J. Sanghera, L. Brandon Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Large Raman gain and nonlinear phase shifts in high-purity As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1146–1155 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Dai, F. Tassone, A. L. Bassi, V. Russo, C. E. Bottani, and F. D’Amore, “TeO2-based glasses containing Nb2O5, TiO2, and WO3 for discrete Raman fiber amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1011–1013 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman Gain Coefficients in Tellurite Glasses,” J. of Non-Cryst. Solids 345–356, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (4)

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

A. Mori, H. Masuda, K. Shikano, K. Oikawa, K. Kato, and M. Shimizu, “Ultra-wideband tellurite-based Raman fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1142–1143 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (3)

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, “Raman amplification or loss compensation in dispersion compensating fibre modules,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1136–1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, “Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form,” Opt. Mater. 10, 155–159 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. Jeansannetas, P. Marchet, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and B. Frit, “New investigations within the TeO2-rich part of the Tl2O-TeO2 system,” J. of Mat. Chem. 8 (4), 1039–1042 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

I. Kang, T. Krauss, and F. Wise, “Sensitive measurement of nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption by spectrally resolved two-beam coupling,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1077–1079 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Jeansannetas, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and B. Frit, “Crystal structure of Tl2Te3O7,” Mat. Res. Bull. 32 (1), 51–58 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

A. Berthereau, E. Fargin, A. Villezusanne, R. Olazcuaga, G. Le Flem, and L. Ducasse, “Determination of local geometries around tellurium in TeO2-Nb2O5 and TeO2-Al2O3 oxide glasses by XANES and EXAFS: investigation of electronic properties of evidenced oxygen clusters by ab initio calculations,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 126, 143–151 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

J. Dexpert-Ghys, B. Pirio, S. Rossignol, J. M. Réau, B. Tanguy, J. J. Videau, and J. Portier, “Investigations by Raman scattering of the [TeO2-RMO0.5] (M=Ag or Tl) glasses and of the related ionic conductors [TeO2-RMO0.5](1-x)[AgI]x,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 170, 167–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and F. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mat. 3, 187– 203 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

M. E. Lines, “Oxide glasses for fast photonic switching: A comparative study,” J. Appl. Phys. 69, 6876– 6884 (1991).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, “The intensity of Raman scattering in glasses containing heavy metal oxides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289–307 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

M. E. Lines, “Raman gain estimates for high-gain optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 4363–4370 (1987)
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

F.L Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, “The relative Raman cross sections of vitreous SiO2, GeO2, B2O3, and P2O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34–36 (1978).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, “Origin and frequency dependence of nonlinear optical susceptibilities of glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 11, 964–967 (1975).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, “Raman gain in glass optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys.Lett. 22, 273–276 (1972).

Aggarwal, I. D.

Bassi, A. L.

G. Dai, F. Tassone, A. L. Bassi, V. Russo, C. E. Bottani, and F. D’Amore, “TeO2-based glasses containing Nb2O5, TiO2, and WO3 for discrete Raman fiber amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1011–1013 (2004).
[Crossref]

Berthereau, A.

A. Berthereau, E. Fargin, A. Villezusanne, R. Olazcuaga, G. Le Flem, and L. Ducasse, “Determination of local geometries around tellurium in TeO2-Nb2O5 and TeO2-Al2O3 oxide glasses by XANES and EXAFS: investigation of electronic properties of evidenced oxygen clusters by ab initio calculations,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 126, 143–151 (1996).
[Crossref]

Blanchandin, S.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bosquet, B.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bottani, C. E.

G. Dai, F. Tassone, A. L. Bassi, V. Russo, C. E. Bottani, and F. D’Amore, “TeO2-based glasses containing Nb2O5, TiO2, and WO3 for discrete Raman fiber amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1011–1013 (2004).
[Crossref]

Brandon Shaw, L.

Canioni, L.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cardinal, T.

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman Gain Coefficients in Tellurite Glasses,” J. of Non-Cryst. Solids 345–356, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1126–1128 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Champarnaud-Mesjard, J. C.

M. Dutreilh-Colas, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and E. Fargin “New TeO2 based glasses for nonlinear optical applications: study of the Tl2O-TeO2-Bi2O3, Tl2O-TeO2-PbO and Tl2O-TeO2-Ga2O3 systems,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 44, 349–352 (2003).

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. Jeansannetas, P. Marchet, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and B. Frit, “New investigations within the TeO2-rich part of the Tl2O-TeO2 system,” J. of Mat. Chem. 8 (4), 1039–1042 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. Jeansannetas, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and B. Frit, “Crystal structure of Tl2Te3O7,” Mat. Res. Bull. 32 (1), 51–58 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cherlow, J.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, “Origin and frequency dependence of nonlinear optical susceptibilities of glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 11, 964–967 (1975).
[Crossref]

Churbanov, M. F.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, I. A. Grishin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Raman band intensities of tellurite glasses,” manuscript in preparation.

Couzi, M.

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman Gain Coefficients in Tellurite Glasses,” J. of Non-Cryst. Solids 345–356, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

D’Amore, F.

G. Dai, F. Tassone, A. L. Bassi, V. Russo, C. E. Bottani, and F. D’Amore, “TeO2-based glasses containing Nb2O5, TiO2, and WO3 for discrete Raman fiber amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1011–1013 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dai, G.

G. Dai, F. Tassone, A. L. Bassi, V. Russo, C. E. Bottani, and F. D’Amore, “TeO2-based glasses containing Nb2O5, TiO2, and WO3 for discrete Raman fiber amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1011–1013 (2004).
[Crossref]

Delfyett, P.

Dexpert-Ghys, J.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, B. Pirio, S. Rossignol, J. M. Réau, B. Tanguy, J. J. Videau, and J. Portier, “Investigations by Raman scattering of the [TeO2-RMO0.5] (M=Ag or Tl) glasses and of the related ionic conductors [TeO2-RMO0.5](1-x)[AgI]x,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 170, 167–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, I. A. Grishin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Raman band intensities of tellurite glasses,” manuscript in preparation.

Ducasse, L.

A. Berthereau, E. Fargin, A. Villezusanne, R. Olazcuaga, G. Le Flem, and L. Ducasse, “Determination of local geometries around tellurium in TeO2-Nb2O5 and TeO2-Al2O3 oxide glasses by XANES and EXAFS: investigation of electronic properties of evidenced oxygen clusters by ab initio calculations,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 126, 143–151 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dutreilh-Colas, M.

M. Dutreilh-Colas, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and E. Fargin “New TeO2 based glasses for nonlinear optical applications: study of the Tl2O-TeO2-Bi2O3, Tl2O-TeO2-PbO and Tl2O-TeO2-Ga2O3 systems,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 44, 349–352 (2003).

M. Dutreilh-Colas, “Nouveaux matériaux pour l’optique nonlinéaire: synthèse et étude structurale de quelques phases cristallisées et vitreuses appartenant aux systèmes TeO2-Tl2O-Ga2O3 et TeO2-Tl2O-PbO,” Thesis (University of Limoges2001).

Fargin, E.

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman Gain Coefficients in Tellurite Glasses,” J. of Non-Cryst. Solids 345–356, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Dutreilh-Colas, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and E. Fargin “New TeO2 based glasses for nonlinear optical applications: study of the Tl2O-TeO2-Bi2O3, Tl2O-TeO2-PbO and Tl2O-TeO2-Ga2O3 systems,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 44, 349–352 (2003).

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Berthereau, E. Fargin, A. Villezusanne, R. Olazcuaga, G. Le Flem, and L. Ducasse, “Determination of local geometries around tellurium in TeO2-Nb2O5 and TeO2-Al2O3 oxide glasses by XANES and EXAFS: investigation of electronic properties of evidenced oxygen clusters by ab initio calculations,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 126, 143–151 (1996).
[Crossref]

Frit, B.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. Jeansannetas, P. Marchet, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and B. Frit, “New investigations within the TeO2-rich part of the Tl2O-TeO2 system,” J. of Mat. Chem. 8 (4), 1039–1042 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. Jeansannetas, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and B. Frit, “Crystal structure of Tl2Te3O7,” Mat. Res. Bull. 32 (1), 51–58 (1997).
[Crossref]

Galeener, F.L

F.L Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, “The relative Raman cross sections of vitreous SiO2, GeO2, B2O3, and P2O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34–36 (1978).
[Crossref]

Geils, R. H.

F.L Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, “The relative Raman cross sections of vitreous SiO2, GeO2, B2O3, and P2O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34–36 (1978).
[Crossref]

George, A. K.

Gordon, J. P

Grishin, I. A.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, I. A. Grishin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Raman band intensities of tellurite glasses,” manuscript in preparation.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, “Raman amplification or loss compensation in dispersion compensating fibre modules,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1136–1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

Hansen, P. B.

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, “Raman amplification or loss compensation in dispersion compensating fibre modules,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1136–1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

Harbold, J. M.

Haus, H. A.

Hellwarth, R.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, “Origin and frequency dependence of nonlinear optical susceptibilities of glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 11, 964–967 (1975).
[Crossref]

Hodelin, J.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Ippen, E. P.

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, “Raman gain in glass optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys.Lett. 22, 273–276 (1972).

Islam, M.N.

M.N. Islam, “Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 548– 559 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jacobovitz-Veselka, G.

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, “Raman amplification or loss compensation in dispersion compensating fibre modules,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1136–1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jankovic, L.

Jeansannetas, B.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. Jeansannetas, P. Marchet, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and B. Frit, “New investigations within the TeO2-rich part of the Tl2O-TeO2 system,” J. of Mat. Chem. 8 (4), 1039–1042 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. Jeansannetas, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and B. Frit, “Crystal structure of Tl2Te3O7,” Mat. Res. Bull. 32 (1), 51–58 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. Jeansannetas, “Synthèse et caractérisation de quelques phases cristallisées et vitreuses du ternaire thallium-tellure-oxygène: vers de nouveaux matériaux por l’optique nonlinéaire,” Thesis (University of Limoge1998).

Joshi, S.

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, “Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form,” Opt. Mater. 10, 155–159 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kang, I.

Kato, K.

A. Mori, H. Masuda, K. Shikano, K. Oikawa, K. Kato, and M. Shimizu, “Ultra-wideband tellurite-based Raman fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1142–1143 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

Knight, J. C.

Koltashev, V. V.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, I. A. Grishin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Raman band intensities of tellurite glasses,” manuscript in preparation.

Krauss, T.

Lawrence, B.

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, “Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form,” Opt. Mater. 10, 155–159 (1998).
[Crossref]

Le Boiteux, S.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

Le Flem, G.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Berthereau, E. Fargin, A. Villezusanne, R. Olazcuaga, G. Le Flem, and L. Ducasse, “Determination of local geometries around tellurium in TeO2-Nb2O5 and TeO2-Al2O3 oxide glasses by XANES and EXAFS: investigation of electronic properties of evidenced oxygen clusters by ab initio calculations,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 126, 143–151 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lenz, G.

Lines, M. E.

M. E. Lines, “Oxide glasses for fast photonic switching: A comparative study,” J. Appl. Phys. 69, 6876– 6884 (1991).
[Crossref]

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, “The intensity of Raman scattering in glasses containing heavy metal oxides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289–307 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. E. Lines, “Raman gain estimates for high-gain optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 4363–4370 (1987)
[Crossref]

Lyons, K. B.

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, “The intensity of Raman scattering in glasses containing heavy metal oxides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289–307 (1988).
[Crossref]

Marchet, P.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. Jeansannetas, P. Marchet, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and B. Frit, “New investigations within the TeO2-rich part of the Tl2O-TeO2 system,” J. of Mat. Chem. 8 (4), 1039–1042 (1998).
[Crossref]

Martin, M. O.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

Masuda, H.

A. Mori, H. Masuda, K. Shikano, K. Oikawa, K. Kato, and M. Shimizu, “Ultra-wideband tellurite-based Raman fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1142–1143 (2001).
[Crossref]

McKinley, T. M.

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, “Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form,” Opt. Mater. 10, 155–159 (1998).
[Crossref]

Merle-Mejean, T.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mikkelsen, J. C.

F.L Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, “The relative Raman cross sections of vitreous SiO2, GeO2, B2O3, and P2O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34–36 (1978).
[Crossref]

Miller, A. E.

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, “The intensity of Raman scattering in glasses containing heavy metal oxides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289–307 (1988).
[Crossref]

Mochida, N.

T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mori, A.

A. Mori, H. Masuda, K. Shikano, K. Oikawa, K. Kato, and M. Shimizu, “Ultra-wideband tellurite-based Raman fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1142–1143 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mosby, W. J.

F.L Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, “The relative Raman cross sections of vitreous SiO2, GeO2, B2O3, and P2O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34–36 (1978).
[Crossref]

Nassau, K.

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, “The intensity of Raman scattering in glasses containing heavy metal oxides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289–307 (1988).
[Crossref]

Nazabal, V.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, V. Q.

Ohtsuka, A.

T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
[Crossref]

Oikawa, K.

A. Mori, H. Masuda, K. Shikano, K. Oikawa, K. Kato, and M. Shimizu, “Ultra-wideband tellurite-based Raman fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1142–1143 (2001).
[Crossref]

Olazcuaga, R.

A. Berthereau, E. Fargin, A. Villezusanne, R. Olazcuaga, G. Le Flem, and L. Ducasse, “Determination of local geometries around tellurium in TeO2-Nb2O5 and TeO2-Al2O3 oxide glasses by XANES and EXAFS: investigation of electronic properties of evidenced oxygen clusters by ab initio calculations,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 126, 143–151 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pirio, B.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, B. Pirio, S. Rossignol, J. M. Réau, B. Tanguy, J. J. Videau, and J. Portier, “Investigations by Raman scattering of the [TeO2-RMO0.5] (M=Ag or Tl) glasses and of the related ionic conductors [TeO2-RMO0.5](1-x)[AgI]x,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 170, 167–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, I. A. Grishin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Raman band intensities of tellurite glasses,” manuscript in preparation.

Portier, J.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, B. Pirio, S. Rossignol, J. M. Réau, B. Tanguy, J. J. Videau, and J. Portier, “Investigations by Raman scattering of the [TeO2-RMO0.5] (M=Ag or Tl) glasses and of the related ionic conductors [TeO2-RMO0.5](1-x)[AgI]x,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 170, 167–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pureza, P. C.

Ravi Kanth Kumar, V. V.

Réau, J. M.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, B. Pirio, S. Rossignol, J. M. Réau, B. Tanguy, J. J. Videau, and J. Portier, “Investigations by Raman scattering of the [TeO2-RMO0.5] (M=Ag or Tl) glasses and of the related ionic conductors [TeO2-RMO0.5](1-x)[AgI]x,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 170, 167–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Richardson, K.

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman Gain Coefficients in Tellurite Glasses,” J. of Non-Cryst. Solids 345–356, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1126–1128 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Delfyett, “Raman gain measurements in bulk glass samples,” manuscript in preparation.

Richardson, K. A.

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, “Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form,” Opt. Mater. 10, 155–159 (1998).
[Crossref]

Rivero, C.

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman Gain Coefficients in Tellurite Glasses,” J. of Non-Cryst. Solids 345–356, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1126–1128 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Delfyett, “Raman gain measurements in bulk glass samples,” manuscript in preparation.

Rodriguez, V.

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman Gain Coefficients in Tellurite Glasses,” J. of Non-Cryst. Solids 345–356, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rossignol, S.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, B. Pirio, S. Rossignol, J. M. Réau, B. Tanguy, J. J. Videau, and J. Portier, “Investigations by Raman scattering of the [TeO2-RMO0.5] (M=Ag or Tl) glasses and of the related ionic conductors [TeO2-RMO0.5](1-x)[AgI]x,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 170, 167–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. St. J.

Russo, V.

G. Dai, F. Tassone, A. L. Bassi, V. Russo, C. E. Bottani, and F. D’Amore, “TeO2-based glasses containing Nb2O5, TiO2, and WO3 for discrete Raman fiber amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1011–1013 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sanghera, J.

Sanghera, J. S.

Sarger, L.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schulte, A.

Segonds, P.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sekiya, T.

T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shaw, L. B.

Shikano, K.

A. Mori, H. Masuda, K. Shikano, K. Oikawa, K. Kato, and M. Shimizu, “Ultra-wideband tellurite-based Raman fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1142–1143 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, M.

A. Mori, H. Masuda, K. Shikano, K. Oikawa, K. Kato, and M. Shimizu, “Ultra-wideband tellurite-based Raman fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1142–1143 (2001).
[Crossref]

Slusher, R.

Snitzer, F.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and F. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mat. 3, 187– 203 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sokolov, V. O.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, I. A. Grishin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Raman band intensities of tellurite glasses,” manuscript in preparation.

Stegeman, G.

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman Gain Coefficients in Tellurite Glasses,” J. of Non-Cryst. Solids 345–356, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1126–1128 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Delfyett, “Raman gain measurements in bulk glass samples,” manuscript in preparation.

Stegeman, R.

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman Gain Coefficients in Tellurite Glasses,” J. of Non-Cryst. Solids 345–356, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1126–1128 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Delfyett, “Raman gain measurements in bulk glass samples,” manuscript in preparation.

Stentz, A. J.

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, “Raman amplification or loss compensation in dispersion compensating fibre modules,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1136–1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, J. P Gordon, W. J. Tomlinson, and H. A. Haus, “Raman response function of silica-core fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1159–1166 (1989).
[Crossref]

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, “Raman gain in glass optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys.Lett. 22, 273–276 (1972).

Tanguy, B.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, B. Pirio, S. Rossignol, J. M. Réau, B. Tanguy, J. J. Videau, and J. Portier, “Investigations by Raman scattering of the [TeO2-RMO0.5] (M=Ag or Tl) glasses and of the related ionic conductors [TeO2-RMO0.5](1-x)[AgI]x,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 170, 167–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tassone, F.

G. Dai, F. Tassone, A. L. Bassi, V. Russo, C. E. Bottani, and F. D’Amore, “TeO2-based glasses containing Nb2O5, TiO2, and WO3 for discrete Raman fiber amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1011–1013 (2004).
[Crossref]

Thielen, P. A.

Thomas, P.

M. Dutreilh-Colas, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and E. Fargin “New TeO2 based glasses for nonlinear optical applications: study of the Tl2O-TeO2-Bi2O3, Tl2O-TeO2-PbO and Tl2O-TeO2-Ga2O3 systems,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 44, 349–352 (2003).

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, “Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 146, 329–335 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. Jeansannetas, P. Marchet, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and B. Frit, “New investigations within the TeO2-rich part of the Tl2O-TeO2 system,” J. of Mat. Chem. 8 (4), 1039–1042 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. Jeansannetas, P. Thomas, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, and B. Frit, “Crystal structure of Tl2Te3O7,” Mat. Res. Bull. 32 (1), 51–58 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tomlinson, W. J.

Tonokawa, M.

T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
[Crossref]

Videau, J. J.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, B. Pirio, S. Rossignol, J. M. Réau, B. Tanguy, J. J. Videau, and J. Portier, “Investigations by Raman scattering of the [TeO2-RMO0.5] (M=Ag or Tl) glasses and of the related ionic conductors [TeO2-RMO0.5](1-x)[AgI]x,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 170, 167–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, A.

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, “Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form,” Opt. Mater. 10, 155–159 (1998).
[Crossref]

Villezusanne, A.

A. Berthereau, E. Fargin, A. Villezusanne, R. Olazcuaga, G. Le Flem, and L. Ducasse, “Determination of local geometries around tellurium in TeO2-Nb2O5 and TeO2-Al2O3 oxide glasses by XANES and EXAFS: investigation of electronic properties of evidenced oxygen clusters by ab initio calculations,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 126, 143–151 (1996).
[Crossref]

Vogel, E. M.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and F. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mat. 3, 187– 203 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. S.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and F. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mat. 3, 187– 203 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Yang, T.-T.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, “Origin and frequency dependence of nonlinear optical susceptibilities of glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 11, 964–967 (1975).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F.L Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, “The relative Raman cross sections of vitreous SiO2, GeO2, B2O3, and P2O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34–36 (1978).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys.Lett. (1)

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, “Raman gain in glass optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys.Lett. 22, 273–276 (1972).

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, “Raman amplification or loss compensation in dispersion compensating fibre modules,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1136–1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Mori, H. Masuda, K. Shikano, K. Oikawa, K. Kato, and M. Shimizu, “Ultra-wideband tellurite-based Raman fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1142–1143 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M.N. Islam, “Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 548– 559 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. E. Lines, “Raman gain estimates for high-gain optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 4363–4370 (1987)
[Crossref]

M. E. Lines, “Oxide glasses for fast photonic switching: A comparative study,” J. Appl. Phys. 69, 6876– 6884 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

J. Dexpert-Ghys, B. Pirio, S. Rossignol, J. M. Réau, B. Tanguy, J. J. Videau, and J. Portier, “Investigations by Raman scattering of the [TeO2-RMO0.5] (M=Ag or Tl) glasses and of the related ionic conductors [TeO2-RMO0.5](1-x)[AgI]x,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 170, 167–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, “The intensity of Raman scattering in glasses containing heavy metal oxides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289–307 (1988).
[Crossref]

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V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, I. A. Grishin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Raman band intensities of tellurite glasses,” manuscript in preparation.

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M. Dutreilh-Colas, “Nouveaux matériaux pour l’optique nonlinéaire: synthèse et étude structurale de quelques phases cristallisées et vitreuses appartenant aux systèmes TeO2-Tl2O-Ga2O3 et TeO2-Tl2O-PbO,” Thesis (University of Limoges2001).

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Delfyett, “Raman gain measurements in bulk glass samples,” manuscript in preparation.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Dispersion in the absorption coefficient for the tellurite glasses tested for Raman gain.

Figs. 2.
Figs. 2.

(a), (b), and (c). Raman gain curve of (a) 59.5TeO2 – 25.5TlO0.5 – 15PbO, (b) 63TeO2 – 27TlO0.5 – 10PbO, and (c) 66.5TeO2 – 28.5TlO0.5 – 5PbO

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Raman gain coefficients of TeO4ν=20 THz) units and TeO3 and/or TeO3+1 units (Δν=21.3 THz) resonances and optical surface damage thresholds

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