Abstract

Dispersive optical interference coatings (chirped mirrors - CMs) are designed by computer optimization of an analytically calculated initial multilayer. Traditionally, the relevant properties of the CM (reflectance and the frequency-dependence of the phase shift upon reflection) are optimized to match frequency-domain targets. We propose a novel target function that quantifies directly the capability of a multilayer to control the temporal shape of the reflected optical pulse. Employing this time-domain analysis/optimization one can design dispersive multilayers having air as medium of incidence and supporting the generation of pulses with durations in the sub-5-fs-range, as demonstrated in a proof-of-principle compression experiment.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  13. F. X. Kärtner , N. Matuschek , T. Schibli , U. Keller , H. A. Haus , C. Heine , R. Morf , V. Scheuer , M. Tilsch , and T. Tschudi , “ Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 831 – 833 ( 1997 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  16. N. Matuschek , L. Gallmann , D. H. Sutter , G. Steinmeyer , and U. Keller , “ Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics ,” Appl. Phys. B   71 , 509 – 522 ( 2000 ).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Szipöcs and A. Köházi-Kis , “ Theory and design of chirped dielectric laser mirrors ,” Appl. Phys. B   65 , 115 ( 1997 ).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Tempea , F. Krausz , Ch. Spielmann , and K. Ferencz , “ Dispersion control over 150 THz with chirped dielectric mirrors ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   4 , 193 ( 1998 ).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. Tempea , V. Yakovlev , B. Bacovic , F. Krausz , and K. Ferencz , “ Tilted-front-interface chirped mirrors ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   18 , 1747 ( 2001 ).
    [CrossRef]
  20. B. Schenkel , J. Biegert , U. Keller , C. Vozzi , M. Nisoli , G. Sansone , S. Stagira , S. De Silvestri , and O. Svelto , “ Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum ,” Opt. Lett.   28 , 1987 – 1989 ( 2003 ).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. G. Steinmeyer , “ Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for high-fidelity dispersion compensation and bandwidths exceding one optical octave ,” Opt. Express   11 , 2385 – 2396 ( 2003 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. G. Tempea , V. Yakovlev , and F. Krausz “ Interference coatings for ultrafast optics ,” in: “Optical Interference Coatings,” ( N. Kaiser and H. Pulker , editors), in: Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg ( 2003 ).
  25. G. Steinmeyer , “ Dispersion oscillations in ultrafast phase-correction devices ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   39 , 1027 ( 2003 ).
    [CrossRef]
  26. G. Tempea and V. S. Yakovlev , “ Time-domain analysis of multilayer mirrors for ultrafast optics ,” Optical Interference Coatings Topical Meeting 27.06.2004–02.07.2004, Tucson (AZ), USA ( 2004 ).
  27. V. Yakovlev and G. Tempea , “ Chirped mirror optimization ,” Appl. Opt.   41 , 6514 ( 2002 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. S. Sartania , Z. Cheng , M. Lenzner , G. Tempea , Ch. Spielmann , F. Krausz , and K. Ferencz , “ Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 1562 – 1564 ( 1997 ).
    [CrossRef]
  29. V. S. Yakovlev , P. Dombi , G. Tempea , C. Lemell , J. Burgdörfer , T. Udem , and A. Apolonski , “ Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment ,” Appl. Phys. B   76 , 329 – 333 ( 2003 ).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

C. P. Hauri , W. Kornelis , F.W. Helbing , A. Heinrich , A. Couairon , A. Mysyrowicz , J. Biegert , and U. Keller , “ Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 673 – 677 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

2003 (6)

2002 (1)

2001 (3)

2000 (1)

N. Matuschek , L. Gallmann , D. H. Sutter , G. Steinmeyer , and U. Keller , “ Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics ,” Appl. Phys. B   71 , 509 – 522 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

G. Tempea and T. Brabec , “ Nonlinear source for the generation of high-energy few-cycle optical pulses ,” Opt. Lett.   23 , 1286 – 1288 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

G. Tempea , F. Krausz , Ch. Spielmann , and K. Ferencz , “ Dispersion control over 150 THz with chirped dielectric mirrors ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   4 , 193 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

F. X. Kärtner , N. Matuschek , T. Schibli , U. Keller , H. A. Haus , C. Heine , R. Morf , V. Scheuer , M. Tilsch , and T. Tschudi , “ Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 831 – 833 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sartania , Z. Cheng , M. Lenzner , G. Tempea , Ch. Spielmann , F. Krausz , and K. Ferencz , “ Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 1562 – 1564 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

R. Szipöcs and A. Köházi-Kis , “ Theory and design of chirped dielectric laser mirrors ,” Appl. Phys. B   65 , 115 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , O. Svelto , R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , Ch. Spielmann , S. Sartania , and F. Krausz , “ Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs ,” Opt. Lett   22 , 522 – 524 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , and O. Svelto , “ Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   68 , 2793 – 2795 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Dobrowolski , A. V. Tikhonravov , M. K. Trubetskov , B. T. Sullivan , and P. G. Verly , “ Optimal single-band normal-incidence antireflection coatings ,” Appl. Opt.   35 , 644 – 658 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

Angelow, G.

Apolonski, A.

T. Fuji , J. Rauschenberger , A. Apolonski , V. S. Yakovlev , G. Tempea , F. Krausz , T. Udem , C. Gohle , T. W. Hänsch , W. Lehnert , and M. Scherer , “ Monolithic carrier-envelope phase stabilization scheme ,” Opt. Lett.   30 , 332 – 334 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Yakovlev , P. Dombi , G. Tempea , C. Lemell , J. Burgdörfer , T. Udem , and A. Apolonski , “ Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment ,” Appl. Phys. B   76 , 329 – 333 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Bacovic, B.

Biegert, J.

C. P. Hauri , W. Kornelis , F.W. Helbing , A. Heinrich , A. Couairon , A. Mysyrowicz , J. Biegert , and U. Keller , “ Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 673 – 677 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

B. Schenkel , J. Biegert , U. Keller , C. Vozzi , M. Nisoli , G. Sansone , S. Stagira , S. De Silvestri , and O. Svelto , “ Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum ,” Opt. Lett.   28 , 1987 – 1989 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birge, J. R.

Boiko, A.

Brabec, T.

Burgdörfer, J.

V. S. Yakovlev , P. Dombi , G. Tempea , C. Lemell , J. Burgdörfer , T. Udem , and A. Apolonski , “ Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment ,” Appl. Phys. B   76 , 329 – 333 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

Constant, E.

Corkum, P. B.

Couairon, A.

C. P. Hauri , W. Kornelis , F.W. Helbing , A. Heinrich , A. Couairon , A. Mysyrowicz , J. Biegert , and U. Keller , “ Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 673 – 677 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

DeSilvestri, S.

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , O. Svelto , R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , Ch. Spielmann , S. Sartania , and F. Krausz , “ Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs ,” Opt. Lett   22 , 522 – 524 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , and O. Svelto , “ Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   68 , 2793 – 2795 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Dobrowolski, J. A.

Dombi, P.

V. S. Yakovlev , P. Dombi , G. Tempea , C. Lemell , J. Burgdörfer , T. Udem , and A. Apolonski , “ Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment ,” Appl. Phys. B   76 , 329 – 333 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Ell, R.

Ferencz, K.

Fuji, T.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gallmann, L.

N. Matuschek , L. Gallmann , D. H. Sutter , G. Steinmeyer , and U. Keller , “ Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics ,” Appl. Phys. B   71 , 509 – 522 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

Hänsch, T. W.

Hatayama, M.

A. Suda , M. Hatayama , K. Nagasaka , and K. Midorkawa , “ Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 111116 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C. P.

C. P. Hauri , W. Kornelis , F.W. Helbing , A. Heinrich , A. Couairon , A. Mysyrowicz , J. Biegert , and U. Keller , “ Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 673 – 677 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Heine, C.

Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri , W. Kornelis , F.W. Helbing , A. Heinrich , A. Couairon , A. Mysyrowicz , J. Biegert , and U. Keller , “ Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 673 – 677 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F.W.

C. P. Hauri , W. Kornelis , F.W. Helbing , A. Heinrich , A. Couairon , A. Mysyrowicz , J. Biegert , and U. Keller , “ Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 673 – 677 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

C. P. Hauri , W. Kornelis , F.W. Helbing , A. Heinrich , A. Couairon , A. Mysyrowicz , J. Biegert , and U. Keller , “ Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 673 – 677 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

B. Schenkel , J. Biegert , U. Keller , C. Vozzi , M. Nisoli , G. Sansone , S. Stagira , S. De Silvestri , and O. Svelto , “ Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum ,” Opt. Lett.   28 , 1987 – 1989 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Matuschek , L. Gallmann , D. H. Sutter , G. Steinmeyer , and U. Keller , “ Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics ,” Appl. Phys. B   71 , 509 – 522 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner , N. Matuschek , T. Schibli , U. Keller , H. A. Haus , C. Heine , R. Morf , V. Scheuer , M. Tilsch , and T. Tschudi , “ Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 831 – 833 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. W.

Köházi-Kis, A.

R. Szipöcs and A. Köházi-Kis , “ Theory and design of chirped dielectric laser mirrors ,” Appl. Phys. B   65 , 115 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Kornelis, W.

C. P. Hauri , W. Kornelis , F.W. Helbing , A. Heinrich , A. Couairon , A. Mysyrowicz , J. Biegert , and U. Keller , “ Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 673 – 677 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

T. Fuji , J. Rauschenberger , A. Apolonski , V. S. Yakovlev , G. Tempea , F. Krausz , T. Udem , C. Gohle , T. W. Hänsch , W. Lehnert , and M. Scherer , “ Monolithic carrier-envelope phase stabilization scheme ,” Opt. Lett.   30 , 332 – 334 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Tempea , V. Yakovlev , B. Bacovic , F. Krausz , and K. Ferencz , “ Tilted-front-interface chirped mirrors ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   18 , 1747 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

G. Tempea , F. Krausz , Ch. Spielmann , and K. Ferencz , “ Dispersion control over 150 THz with chirped dielectric mirrors ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   4 , 193 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , O. Svelto , R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , Ch. Spielmann , S. Sartania , and F. Krausz , “ Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs ,” Opt. Lett   22 , 522 – 524 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sartania , Z. Cheng , M. Lenzner , G. Tempea , Ch. Spielmann , F. Krausz , and K. Ferencz , “ Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 1562 – 1564 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , C. Spielmann , and F. Krausz , “ Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers ,” Opt. Lett.   19 , 201 – 203 ( 1994 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Tempea , V. Yakovlev , and F. Krausz “ Interference coatings for ultrafast optics ,” in: “Optical Interference Coatings,” ( N. Kaiser and H. Pulker , editors), in: Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg ( 2003 ).

Laude, V.

V. Laude and P. Tournois , “ Chirped-mirror pairs for ultra-broadband dispersion control ,” in: Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics CLEO’99 ( Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C. , 1999 ), 187 ( 1999 ).

Lederer, M. J.

Lehnert, W.

Lemell, C.

V. S. Yakovlev , P. Dombi , G. Tempea , C. Lemell , J. Burgdörfer , T. Udem , and A. Apolonski , “ Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment ,” Appl. Phys. B   76 , 329 – 333 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

Luther-Davies, B.

Matos, L.

Matuschek, N.

N. Matuschek , L. Gallmann , D. H. Sutter , G. Steinmeyer , and U. Keller , “ Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics ,” Appl. Phys. B   71 , 509 – 522 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner , N. Matuschek , T. Schibli , U. Keller , H. A. Haus , C. Heine , R. Morf , V. Scheuer , M. Tilsch , and T. Tschudi , “ Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 831 – 833 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mével, E.

Midorkawa, K.

A. Suda , M. Hatayama , K. Nagasaka , and K. Midorkawa , “ Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 111116 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Morf, R.

Morgner, U.

Morita, R.

Moulton, P. F.

Mücke, O. D.

Mysyrowicz, A.

C. P. Hauri , W. Kornelis , F.W. Helbing , A. Heinrich , A. Couairon , A. Mysyrowicz , J. Biegert , and U. Keller , “ Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 673 – 677 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Nagasaka, K.

A. Suda , M. Hatayama , K. Nagasaka , and K. Midorkawa , “ Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 111116 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

B. Schenkel , J. Biegert , U. Keller , C. Vozzi , M. Nisoli , G. Sansone , S. Stagira , S. De Silvestri , and O. Svelto , “ Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum ,” Opt. Lett.   28 , 1987 – 1989 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , O. Svelto , R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , Ch. Spielmann , S. Sartania , and F. Krausz , “ Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs ,” Opt. Lett   22 , 522 – 524 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , and O. Svelto , “ Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   68 , 2793 – 2795 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Oka, K.

Rauschenberger, J.

Roland, C.

Salin, F.

Sansone, G.

Sartania, S.

S. Sartania , Z. Cheng , M. Lenzner , G. Tempea , Ch. Spielmann , F. Krausz , and K. Ferencz , “ Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 1562 – 1564 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , O. Svelto , R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , Ch. Spielmann , S. Sartania , and F. Krausz , “ Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs ,” Opt. Lett   22 , 522 – 524 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schenkel, B.

Scherer, M.

Scheuer, V.

Schibli, T.

Silvestri, S. De

Spielmann, C.

Spielmann, Ch.

G. Tempea , F. Krausz , Ch. Spielmann , and K. Ferencz , “ Dispersion control over 150 THz with chirped dielectric mirrors ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   4 , 193 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , O. Svelto , R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , Ch. Spielmann , S. Sartania , and F. Krausz , “ Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs ,” Opt. Lett   22 , 522 – 524 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sartania , Z. Cheng , M. Lenzner , G. Tempea , Ch. Spielmann , F. Krausz , and K. Ferencz , “ Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 1562 – 1564 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

Steinmeyer, G.

G. Steinmeyer , “ Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for high-fidelity dispersion compensation and bandwidths exceding one optical octave ,” Opt. Express   11 , 2385 – 2396 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Steinmeyer , “ Dispersion oscillations in ultrafast phase-correction devices ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   39 , 1027 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

N. Matuschek , L. Gallmann , D. H. Sutter , G. Steinmeyer , and U. Keller , “ Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics ,” Appl. Phys. B   71 , 509 – 522 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Suda, A.

A. Suda , M. Hatayama , K. Nagasaka , and K. Midorkawa , “ Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 111116 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Suguro, A.

Sullivan, B. T.

Sutter, D. H.

N. Matuschek , L. Gallmann , D. H. Sutter , G. Steinmeyer , and U. Keller , “ Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics ,” Appl. Phys. B   71 , 509 – 522 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

B. Schenkel , J. Biegert , U. Keller , C. Vozzi , M. Nisoli , G. Sansone , S. Stagira , S. De Silvestri , and O. Svelto , “ Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum ,” Opt. Lett.   28 , 1987 – 1989 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , O. Svelto , R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , Ch. Spielmann , S. Sartania , and F. Krausz , “ Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs ,” Opt. Lett   22 , 522 – 524 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , and O. Svelto , “ Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   68 , 2793 – 2795 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Szipöcs, R.

R. Szipöcs and A. Köházi-Kis , “ Theory and design of chirped dielectric laser mirrors ,” Appl. Phys. B   65 , 115 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , O. Svelto , R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , Ch. Spielmann , S. Sartania , and F. Krausz , “ Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs ,” Opt. Lett   22 , 522 – 524 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , C. Spielmann , and F. Krausz , “ Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers ,” Opt. Lett.   19 , 201 – 203 ( 1994 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tcherbakoff, O.

Tempea, G.

T. Fuji , J. Rauschenberger , A. Apolonski , V. S. Yakovlev , G. Tempea , F. Krausz , T. Udem , C. Gohle , T. W. Hänsch , W. Lehnert , and M. Scherer , “ Monolithic carrier-envelope phase stabilization scheme ,” Opt. Lett.   30 , 332 – 334 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Yakovlev , P. Dombi , G. Tempea , C. Lemell , J. Burgdörfer , T. Udem , and A. Apolonski , “ Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment ,” Appl. Phys. B   76 , 329 – 333 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

V. Yakovlev and G. Tempea , “ Chirped mirror optimization ,” Appl. Opt.   41 , 6514 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Tempea , V. Yakovlev , B. Bacovic , F. Krausz , and K. Ferencz , “ Tilted-front-interface chirped mirrors ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   18 , 1747 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

G. Tempea and T. Brabec , “ Nonlinear source for the generation of high-energy few-cycle optical pulses ,” Opt. Lett.   23 , 1286 – 1288 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

G. Tempea , F. Krausz , Ch. Spielmann , and K. Ferencz , “ Dispersion control over 150 THz with chirped dielectric mirrors ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   4 , 193 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

S. Sartania , Z. Cheng , M. Lenzner , G. Tempea , Ch. Spielmann , F. Krausz , and K. Ferencz , “ Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 1562 – 1564 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

G. Tempea , V. Yakovlev , and F. Krausz “ Interference coatings for ultrafast optics ,” in: “Optical Interference Coatings,” ( N. Kaiser and H. Pulker , editors), in: Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg ( 2003 ).

G. Tempea and V. S. Yakovlev , “ Time-domain analysis of multilayer mirrors for ultrafast optics ,” Optical Interference Coatings Topical Meeting 27.06.2004–02.07.2004, Tucson (AZ), USA ( 2004 ).

Tikhonravov, A. V.

Tilsch, M.

Tournois, P.

V. Laude and P. Tournois , “ Chirped-mirror pairs for ultra-broadband dispersion control ,” in: Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics CLEO’99 ( Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C. , 1999 ), 187 ( 1999 ).

Trubetskov, M. K.

Tschudi, T.

Udem, T.

T. Fuji , J. Rauschenberger , A. Apolonski , V. S. Yakovlev , G. Tempea , F. Krausz , T. Udem , C. Gohle , T. W. Hänsch , W. Lehnert , and M. Scherer , “ Monolithic carrier-envelope phase stabilization scheme ,” Opt. Lett.   30 , 332 – 334 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Yakovlev , P. Dombi , G. Tempea , C. Lemell , J. Burgdörfer , T. Udem , and A. Apolonski , “ Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment ,” Appl. Phys. B   76 , 329 – 333 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Verly, P. G.

Vozzi, C.

Winter, A.

Yakovlev, V.

V. Yakovlev and G. Tempea , “ Chirped mirror optimization ,” Appl. Opt.   41 , 6514 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Tempea , V. Yakovlev , B. Bacovic , F. Krausz , and K. Ferencz , “ Tilted-front-interface chirped mirrors ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   18 , 1747 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

G. Tempea , V. Yakovlev , and F. Krausz “ Interference coatings for ultrafast optics ,” in: “Optical Interference Coatings,” ( N. Kaiser and H. Pulker , editors), in: Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg ( 2003 ).

Yakovlev, V. S.

T. Fuji , J. Rauschenberger , A. Apolonski , V. S. Yakovlev , G. Tempea , F. Krausz , T. Udem , C. Gohle , T. W. Hänsch , W. Lehnert , and M. Scherer , “ Monolithic carrier-envelope phase stabilization scheme ,” Opt. Lett.   30 , 332 – 334 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Yakovlev , P. Dombi , G. Tempea , C. Lemell , J. Burgdörfer , T. Udem , and A. Apolonski , “ Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment ,” Appl. Phys. B   76 , 329 – 333 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

G. Tempea and V. S. Yakovlev , “ Time-domain analysis of multilayer mirrors for ultrafast optics ,” Optical Interference Coatings Topical Meeting 27.06.2004–02.07.2004, Tucson (AZ), USA ( 2004 ).

Yamane, K.

Yamashita, M.

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (4)

V. S. Yakovlev , P. Dombi , G. Tempea , C. Lemell , J. Burgdörfer , T. Udem , and A. Apolonski , “ Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment ,” Appl. Phys. B   76 , 329 – 333 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

N. Matuschek , L. Gallmann , D. H. Sutter , G. Steinmeyer , and U. Keller , “ Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics ,” Appl. Phys. B   71 , 509 – 522 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

R. Szipöcs and A. Köházi-Kis , “ Theory and design of chirped dielectric laser mirrors ,” Appl. Phys. B   65 , 115 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri , W. Kornelis , F.W. Helbing , A. Heinrich , A. Couairon , A. Mysyrowicz , J. Biegert , and U. Keller , “ Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 673 – 677 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , and O. Svelto , “ Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   68 , 2793 – 2795 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

A. Suda , M. Hatayama , K. Nagasaka , and K. Midorkawa , “ Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 111116 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Steinmeyer , “ Dispersion oscillations in ultrafast phase-correction devices ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   39 , 1027 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Tempea , F. Krausz , Ch. Spielmann , and K. Ferencz , “ Dispersion control over 150 THz with chirped dielectric mirrors ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   4 , 193 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett (1)

M. Nisoli , S. DeSilvestri , O. Svelto , R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , Ch. Spielmann , S. Sartania , and F. Krausz , “ Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs ,” Opt. Lett   22 , 522 – 524 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (8)

R. Szipöcs , K. Ferencz , C. Spielmann , and F. Krausz , “ Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers ,” Opt. Lett.   19 , 201 – 203 ( 1994 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner , N. Matuschek , T. Schibli , U. Keller , H. A. Haus , C. Heine , R. Morf , V. Scheuer , M. Tilsch , and T. Tschudi , “ Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 831 – 833 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sartania , Z. Cheng , M. Lenzner , G. Tempea , Ch. Spielmann , F. Krausz , and K. Ferencz , “ Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate ,” Opt. Lett.   22 , 1562 – 1564 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

G. Tempea and T. Brabec , “ Nonlinear source for the generation of high-energy few-cycle optical pulses ,” Opt. Lett.   23 , 1286 – 1288 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

R. Ell , U. Morgner , F. X. Kärtner , J. G. Fujimoto , E. P. Ippen , V. Scheuer , G. Angelow , T. Tschudi , M. J. Lederer , A. Boiko , and B. Luther-Davies , “ Generation of 5 fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser ,” Opt. Lett.   26 , 373 – 375 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

B. Schenkel , J. Biegert , U. Keller , C. Vozzi , M. Nisoli , G. Sansone , S. Stagira , S. De Silvestri , and O. Svelto , “ Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum ,” Opt. Lett.   28 , 1987 – 1989 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamane , Z. Zhang , K. Oka , R. Morita , M. Yamashita , and A. Suguro , “ Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation ,” Opt. Lett.   28 , 2258 – 2260 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji , J. Rauschenberger , A. Apolonski , V. S. Yakovlev , G. Tempea , F. Krausz , T. Udem , C. Gohle , T. W. Hänsch , W. Lehnert , and M. Scherer , “ Monolithic carrier-envelope phase stabilization scheme ,” Opt. Lett.   30 , 332 – 334 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

G. Tempea and V. S. Yakovlev , “ Time-domain analysis of multilayer mirrors for ultrafast optics ,” Optical Interference Coatings Topical Meeting 27.06.2004–02.07.2004, Tucson (AZ), USA ( 2004 ).

V. Laude and P. Tournois , “ Chirped-mirror pairs for ultra-broadband dispersion control ,” in: Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics CLEO’99 ( Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C. , 1999 ), 187 ( 1999 ).

G. Tempea , V. Yakovlev , and F. Krausz “ Interference coatings for ultrafast optics ,” in: “Optical Interference Coatings,” ( N. Kaiser and H. Pulker , editors), in: Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg ( 2003 ).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic representation of a CM. In order to introduce negative GDD, λ1 < λ2 < λ3.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Reflectance (a), GD (b) and GDD (c) of a chirped mirror consisting of 80 layers of SiO2 and TiO2, designed for air as the medium of incidence. The dots in (b) and (c) depict the GD, respectively GDD that the mirror should introduce in order to reflect a bandwidth-limited pulse. The panel (d) shows the intensity envelopes of the bandwidth limited pulse (dots) and of the pulse reflected 3 times off the mirror (full line). The incident pulse (not depicted) carries a chirp corresponding to the GDD given by the dots in panel (c), with reverse sign.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectrum generated by broadening 10-fs, 70-μJ pulses by means of nonlinear propagation in a Krypton-filled (2 bar) hollow fiber. This spectrum corresponds to a bandwidth-limited pulse duration of 4.26 fs FWHM.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Total measured GDD of the chirped mirror compressor (full line) and the target-GDD of the ideal compressor, corresponding to the estimated chirp carried by the broadbad continuum.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Second order interferometric autocorrelation calculated from the measured spectrum, corresponding to a bandwidth-limited pulse duration of 4.26 fs (a). Second order interferometric autocorrelation measured with an ultra-broadband dispersion balanced autocorrelator (b). Second order interferometric autocorrelation measured with a long-scan-range autocorrelator (c), as described in the text.

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