Abstract

Dispersive optical interference coatings (chirped mirrors - CMs) are designed by computer optimization of an analytically calculated initial multilayer. Traditionally, the relevant properties of the CM (reflectance and the frequency-dependence of the phase shift upon reflection) are optimized to match frequency-domain targets. We propose a novel target function that quantifies directly the capability of a multilayer to control the temporal shape of the reflected optical pulse. Employing this time-domain analysis/optimization one can design dispersive multilayers having air as medium of incidence and supporting the generation of pulses with durations in the sub-5-fs-range, as demonstrated in a proof-of-principle compression experiment.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (4)

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, A. Apolonski, "Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment," Appl. Phys. B 76, 329-333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, "Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 509-522 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Szipöcs and A. Köházi-Kis, "Theory and design of chirped dielectric laser mirrors," Appl. Phys. B 65, 115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Nisoli, S. DeSilvestri, O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, K. Midorkawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

CLEO 1999 (1)

V. Laude and P. Tournois, "Chirped-mirror pairs for ultra-broadband dispersion control," in: Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics CLEO`99 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), 187 (1999).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Steinmeyer, "Dispersion oscillations in ultrafast phase-correction devices," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1027 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Tempea, F. Krausz, Ch. Spielmann, K. Ferencz, "Dispersion control over 150 THz with chirped dielectric mirrors," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 193 (1998).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (9)

S. Sartania. Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, K. Ferencz, "Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate," Opt. Lett. 22, 1562-1564 (1997).

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, "Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers," Opt. Lett. 19, 201-203 (1994).

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, M. J. Lederer, A. Boiko, B. Luther-Davies, "Generation of 5 fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, F. Krausz, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, "Monolithic carrier-envelope phase stabilization scheme," Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. DeSilvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs,K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).

G. Tempea and T. Brabec, "Nonlinear source for the generation of high-energy few-cycle optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 1286-1288 (1998).

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, "Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors," Opt. Lett. 22, 831-833 (1997).

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1987-1989 (2003).

K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, A. Suguro, "Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation," Opt. Lett. 28, 2258-2260 (2003).

Optical Interference Coatings (1)

G. Tempea, V. Yakovlev, F. Krausz "Interference coatings for ultrafast optics," in: "Optical Interference Coatings," (N. Kaiser and H. Pulker, editors), in: Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2003).

Optical Interference Coatings 2004 (1)

G. Tempea and V. S. Yakovlev, "Time-domain analysis of multilayer mirrors for ultrafast optics," Optical Interference Coatings Topical Meeting 27.06.2004-02.07.2004, Tucson (AZ), USA (2004).

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