Abstract

We investigate the influence of pumping (i.e. population inversion) of the nonlinear material on the optical bistability of semiconductor microresonators, the reduction of sustaining power for bright and dark solitons by pumping, and the influence of pumping on dynamics of solitons and the background on which they exist. Reduction of soliton sustaining power by a factor of 300 is observed for dark solitons and the role played by material transparency and laser threshold is clarified.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Staliunas and V.J. Sanchez-Morcillo , Transverse patterns in nonlinear optical resonators ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2003 ).
  2. P. Mandel and M. Tlidi , “ Transverse dynamics in cavity nonlinear optics (200–2003) ,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt.   6 , R60 – R75 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz , Dissipative solitons ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2005 ).
    [Crossref]
  4. V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Pattern formation and localized structures in degenerate optical parametric mixing ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   81 , 2236 – 2239 ( 1998 ).
    [Crossref]
  5. V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial soliton laser: Localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator ,” Phys. Rev. A   56 , 1582 – 1591 ( 1997 ).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. Staliunas , V. B. Taranenko , G. Slekys , R. Viselga , and C. O. Weiss , “ Moving spatial solitons in active nonlinear-optical resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   57 , 599 – 604 ( 1998 ).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Slekys , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial localized structures in resonators with saturable absorber ,” Opt. Commun.   149 , 113 – 116 ( 1998 ).
    [Crossref]
  8. V.B. Taranenko , I. Ganne , R. Kuszelewicz , and C.O. Weiss , “ Spatial solitons in a semiconductor microresonator ,” Appl. Phys. B   72 , 377 – 380 ( 2001 ).
    [Crossref]
  9. V. B. Taranenko , F. J. Ahlers , and K. Pierz , “ Coherent switching of semiconductor resonator solitons ,” Appl. Phys. B   75 , 75 – 77 ( 2002 ).
    [Crossref]
  10. V.B. Taranenko , C.O. Weiss , and B. Schaepers , “ Coherent and incoherent hexagonal patterns in semiconductor resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   65 , 013812 /1–4 ( 2002 ).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. I. Ganne , G. Slekys , I. Sagnes , and R. Kuszelewicz , “ Precursor forms of cavity solitons in nonlinear semiconductor microresonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 066613 /1–10 ( 2002 ).
    [Crossref]
  13. V. B. Taranenko , C. O. Weiss , and W. Stolz , “ Spatial solitons in a pumped semiconductor resonator ,” Opt. Lett.   26 , 1574 – 1576 ( 2001 ).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y. Larionova , C. O. Weiss , and O. Egorov , “ Dark solitons in semiconductor resonators ,” Opt. Express   13 , 8308 – 8317 ( 2005 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. G. Kozyreff and M. Tlidi , “ Optical patterns with different wavelengths ,” Phys. Rev. E   69 , 066202 /1–11 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  16. G. Tissoni , I. Protsenko , R. Kheradmand , F. Prati , M. Brambilla , and L. A. Lugiato , “ Cavity solitons in driven VCSELs above threshold ,” in Semiconductor lasers and laser Dynamics , D. Lenstra , G. Morthier , T. Erneux , and M. Pessa , eds., Proc. SPIE   5452 , 335 – 343 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

G. Kozyreff and M. Tlidi , “ Optical patterns with different wavelengths ,” Phys. Rev. E   69 , 066202 /1–11 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

G. Tissoni , I. Protsenko , R. Kheradmand , F. Prati , M. Brambilla , and L. A. Lugiato , “ Cavity solitons in driven VCSELs above threshold ,” in Semiconductor lasers and laser Dynamics , D. Lenstra , G. Morthier , T. Erneux , and M. Pessa , eds., Proc. SPIE   5452 , 335 – 343 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

P. Mandel and M. Tlidi , “ Transverse dynamics in cavity nonlinear optics (200–2003) ,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt.   6 , R60 – R75 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

V. B. Taranenko , F. J. Ahlers , and K. Pierz , “ Coherent switching of semiconductor resonator solitons ,” Appl. Phys. B   75 , 75 – 77 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

V.B. Taranenko , C.O. Weiss , and B. Schaepers , “ Coherent and incoherent hexagonal patterns in semiconductor resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   65 , 013812 /1–4 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Ganne , G. Slekys , I. Sagnes , and R. Kuszelewicz , “ Precursor forms of cavity solitons in nonlinear semiconductor microresonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 066613 /1–10 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

V. B. Taranenko , C. O. Weiss , and W. Stolz , “ Spatial solitons in a pumped semiconductor resonator ,” Opt. Lett.   26 , 1574 – 1576 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

V.B. Taranenko , I. Ganne , R. Kuszelewicz , and C.O. Weiss , “ Spatial solitons in a semiconductor microresonator ,” Appl. Phys. B   72 , 377 – 380 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

1998 (3)

V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Pattern formation and localized structures in degenerate optical parametric mixing ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   81 , 2236 – 2239 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

K. Staliunas , V. B. Taranenko , G. Slekys , R. Viselga , and C. O. Weiss , “ Moving spatial solitons in active nonlinear-optical resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   57 , 599 – 604 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

G. Slekys , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial localized structures in resonators with saturable absorber ,” Opt. Commun.   149 , 113 – 116 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial soliton laser: Localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator ,” Phys. Rev. A   56 , 1582 – 1591 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

Ahlers, F. J.

V. B. Taranenko , F. J. Ahlers , and K. Pierz , “ Coherent switching of semiconductor resonator solitons ,” Appl. Phys. B   75 , 75 – 77 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz , Dissipative solitons ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Ankiewicz, A.

N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz , Dissipative solitons ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Balle, S.

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barland, S.

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brambilla, M.

G. Tissoni , I. Protsenko , R. Kheradmand , F. Prati , M. Brambilla , and L. A. Lugiato , “ Cavity solitons in driven VCSELs above threshold ,” in Semiconductor lasers and laser Dynamics , D. Lenstra , G. Morthier , T. Erneux , and M. Pessa , eds., Proc. SPIE   5452 , 335 – 343 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Egorov, O.

Ganne, I.

I. Ganne , G. Slekys , I. Sagnes , and R. Kuszelewicz , “ Precursor forms of cavity solitons in nonlinear semiconductor microresonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 066613 /1–10 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

V.B. Taranenko , I. Ganne , R. Kuszelewicz , and C.O. Weiss , “ Spatial solitons in a semiconductor microresonator ,” Appl. Phys. B   72 , 377 – 380 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Giudici, M.

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jaeger, R.

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kheradmand, R.

G. Tissoni , I. Protsenko , R. Kheradmand , F. Prati , M. Brambilla , and L. A. Lugiato , “ Cavity solitons in driven VCSELs above threshold ,” in Semiconductor lasers and laser Dynamics , D. Lenstra , G. Morthier , T. Erneux , and M. Pessa , eds., Proc. SPIE   5452 , 335 – 343 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Knoedl, T.

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kozyreff, G.

G. Kozyreff and M. Tlidi , “ Optical patterns with different wavelengths ,” Phys. Rev. E   69 , 066202 /1–11 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Kuszelewicz, R.

I. Ganne , G. Slekys , I. Sagnes , and R. Kuszelewicz , “ Precursor forms of cavity solitons in nonlinear semiconductor microresonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 066613 /1–10 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

V.B. Taranenko , I. Ganne , R. Kuszelewicz , and C.O. Weiss , “ Spatial solitons in a semiconductor microresonator ,” Appl. Phys. B   72 , 377 – 380 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Larionova, Y.

Lugiato, L. A.

G. Tissoni , I. Protsenko , R. Kheradmand , F. Prati , M. Brambilla , and L. A. Lugiato , “ Cavity solitons in driven VCSELs above threshold ,” in Semiconductor lasers and laser Dynamics , D. Lenstra , G. Morthier , T. Erneux , and M. Pessa , eds., Proc. SPIE   5452 , 335 – 343 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maggipinto, T.

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mandel, P.

P. Mandel and M. Tlidi , “ Transverse dynamics in cavity nonlinear optics (200–2003) ,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt.   6 , R60 – R75 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Miller, M.

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pierz, K.

V. B. Taranenko , F. J. Ahlers , and K. Pierz , “ Coherent switching of semiconductor resonator solitons ,” Appl. Phys. B   75 , 75 – 77 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Prati, F.

G. Tissoni , I. Protsenko , R. Kheradmand , F. Prati , M. Brambilla , and L. A. Lugiato , “ Cavity solitons in driven VCSELs above threshold ,” in Semiconductor lasers and laser Dynamics , D. Lenstra , G. Morthier , T. Erneux , and M. Pessa , eds., Proc. SPIE   5452 , 335 – 343 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Protsenko, I.

G. Tissoni , I. Protsenko , R. Kheradmand , F. Prati , M. Brambilla , and L. A. Lugiato , “ Cavity solitons in driven VCSELs above threshold ,” in Semiconductor lasers and laser Dynamics , D. Lenstra , G. Morthier , T. Erneux , and M. Pessa , eds., Proc. SPIE   5452 , 335 – 343 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Sagnes, I.

I. Ganne , G. Slekys , I. Sagnes , and R. Kuszelewicz , “ Precursor forms of cavity solitons in nonlinear semiconductor microresonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 066613 /1–10 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Sanchez-Morcillo, V.J.

K. Staliunas and V.J. Sanchez-Morcillo , Transverse patterns in nonlinear optical resonators ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2003 ).

Schaepers, B.

V.B. Taranenko , C.O. Weiss , and B. Schaepers , “ Coherent and incoherent hexagonal patterns in semiconductor resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   65 , 013812 /1–4 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Slekys, G.

I. Ganne , G. Slekys , I. Sagnes , and R. Kuszelewicz , “ Precursor forms of cavity solitons in nonlinear semiconductor microresonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 066613 /1–10 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

K. Staliunas , V. B. Taranenko , G. Slekys , R. Viselga , and C. O. Weiss , “ Moving spatial solitons in active nonlinear-optical resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   57 , 599 – 604 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

G. Slekys , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial localized structures in resonators with saturable absorber ,” Opt. Commun.   149 , 113 – 116 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Spinelli, L.

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Staliunas, K.

G. Slekys , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial localized structures in resonators with saturable absorber ,” Opt. Commun.   149 , 113 – 116 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

K. Staliunas , V. B. Taranenko , G. Slekys , R. Viselga , and C. O. Weiss , “ Moving spatial solitons in active nonlinear-optical resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   57 , 599 – 604 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Pattern formation and localized structures in degenerate optical parametric mixing ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   81 , 2236 – 2239 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial soliton laser: Localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator ,” Phys. Rev. A   56 , 1582 – 1591 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

K. Staliunas and V.J. Sanchez-Morcillo , Transverse patterns in nonlinear optical resonators ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2003 ).

Stolz, W.

Taranenko, V. B.

V. B. Taranenko , F. J. Ahlers , and K. Pierz , “ Coherent switching of semiconductor resonator solitons ,” Appl. Phys. B   75 , 75 – 77 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

V. B. Taranenko , C. O. Weiss , and W. Stolz , “ Spatial solitons in a pumped semiconductor resonator ,” Opt. Lett.   26 , 1574 – 1576 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Pattern formation and localized structures in degenerate optical parametric mixing ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   81 , 2236 – 2239 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

K. Staliunas , V. B. Taranenko , G. Slekys , R. Viselga , and C. O. Weiss , “ Moving spatial solitons in active nonlinear-optical resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   57 , 599 – 604 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial soliton laser: Localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator ,” Phys. Rev. A   56 , 1582 – 1591 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

Taranenko, V.B.

V.B. Taranenko , C.O. Weiss , and B. Schaepers , “ Coherent and incoherent hexagonal patterns in semiconductor resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   65 , 013812 /1–4 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

V.B. Taranenko , I. Ganne , R. Kuszelewicz , and C.O. Weiss , “ Spatial solitons in a semiconductor microresonator ,” Appl. Phys. B   72 , 377 – 380 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Tissoni, G.

G. Tissoni , I. Protsenko , R. Kheradmand , F. Prati , M. Brambilla , and L. A. Lugiato , “ Cavity solitons in driven VCSELs above threshold ,” in Semiconductor lasers and laser Dynamics , D. Lenstra , G. Morthier , T. Erneux , and M. Pessa , eds., Proc. SPIE   5452 , 335 – 343 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tlidi, M.

P. Mandel and M. Tlidi , “ Transverse dynamics in cavity nonlinear optics (200–2003) ,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt.   6 , R60 – R75 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

G. Kozyreff and M. Tlidi , “ Optical patterns with different wavelengths ,” Phys. Rev. E   69 , 066202 /1–11 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Tredicce, J. R.

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Viselga, R.

K. Staliunas , V. B. Taranenko , G. Slekys , R. Viselga , and C. O. Weiss , “ Moving spatial solitons in active nonlinear-optical resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   57 , 599 – 604 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Weiss, C. O.

Y. Larionova , C. O. Weiss , and O. Egorov , “ Dark solitons in semiconductor resonators ,” Opt. Express   13 , 8308 – 8317 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. B. Taranenko , C. O. Weiss , and W. Stolz , “ Spatial solitons in a pumped semiconductor resonator ,” Opt. Lett.   26 , 1574 – 1576 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

K. Staliunas , V. B. Taranenko , G. Slekys , R. Viselga , and C. O. Weiss , “ Moving spatial solitons in active nonlinear-optical resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   57 , 599 – 604 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

G. Slekys , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial localized structures in resonators with saturable absorber ,” Opt. Commun.   149 , 113 – 116 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Pattern formation and localized structures in degenerate optical parametric mixing ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   81 , 2236 – 2239 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial soliton laser: Localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator ,” Phys. Rev. A   56 , 1582 – 1591 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

Weiss, C.O.

V.B. Taranenko , C.O. Weiss , and B. Schaepers , “ Coherent and incoherent hexagonal patterns in semiconductor resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   65 , 013812 /1–4 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

V.B. Taranenko , I. Ganne , R. Kuszelewicz , and C.O. Weiss , “ Spatial solitons in a semiconductor microresonator ,” Appl. Phys. B   72 , 377 – 380 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

V.B. Taranenko , I. Ganne , R. Kuszelewicz , and C.O. Weiss , “ Spatial solitons in a semiconductor microresonator ,” Appl. Phys. B   72 , 377 – 380 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

V. B. Taranenko , F. J. Ahlers , and K. Pierz , “ Coherent switching of semiconductor resonator solitons ,” Appl. Phys. B   75 , 75 – 77 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. (1)

P. Mandel and M. Tlidi , “ Transverse dynamics in cavity nonlinear optics (200–2003) ,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt.   6 , R60 – R75 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

S. Barland , J. R. Tredicce , M. Brambilla , L. A. Lugiato , S. Balle , M. Giudici , T. Maggipinto , L. Spinelli , G. Tissoni , T. Knoedl , M. Miller , and R. Jaeger , “ Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities ,” Nature   419 , 699 – 702 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Slekys , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial localized structures in resonators with saturable absorber ,” Opt. Commun.   149 , 113 – 116 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

V.B. Taranenko , C.O. Weiss , and B. Schaepers , “ Coherent and incoherent hexagonal patterns in semiconductor resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   65 , 013812 /1–4 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Spatial soliton laser: Localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator ,” Phys. Rev. A   56 , 1582 – 1591 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

K. Staliunas , V. B. Taranenko , G. Slekys , R. Viselga , and C. O. Weiss , “ Moving spatial solitons in active nonlinear-optical resonators ,” Phys. Rev. A   57 , 599 – 604 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

I. Ganne , G. Slekys , I. Sagnes , and R. Kuszelewicz , “ Precursor forms of cavity solitons in nonlinear semiconductor microresonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 066613 /1–10 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

G. Kozyreff and M. Tlidi , “ Optical patterns with different wavelengths ,” Phys. Rev. E   69 , 066202 /1–11 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

V. B. Taranenko , K. Staliunas , and C. O. Weiss , “ Pattern formation and localized structures in degenerate optical parametric mixing ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   81 , 2236 – 2239 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

G. Tissoni , I. Protsenko , R. Kheradmand , F. Prati , M. Brambilla , and L. A. Lugiato , “ Cavity solitons in driven VCSELs above threshold ,” in Semiconductor lasers and laser Dynamics , D. Lenstra , G. Morthier , T. Erneux , and M. Pessa , eds., Proc. SPIE   5452 , 335 – 343 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

K. Staliunas and V.J. Sanchez-Morcillo , Transverse patterns in nonlinear optical resonators ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2003 ).

N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz , Dissipative solitons ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2005 ).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental set-up. PBS: polarizer beam splitter, λ/2: halfwave plate, λ/4: quarterwave plate, L: lens, BS: beam splitter, EOM: electro-optical modulator, PD: photodiode to record intensity in time in certain points of the patterns. Beam waist placed on the sample surface is 60 μm diameter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

a) Pump intensity at 808 nm (upper trace), laser emission at 860 nm (lower trace); b) pump intensity (upper trace), laser emission with sustaining field superimposed (lower trace).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Measured switch-on intensity for a bright soliton near the band edge (860 nm) as a function of pump; (b) measured switch-on intensity for a dark soliton below semiconductor band gap (880 nm) as a function of pump.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Bright (a) and dark (b) solitons as observed experimentally. Reflectivity is plotted as Z coordinate and as grey scale. X,Y are transverse coordinates (with different scales for (a) and (b)).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured sustaining intensity of plane wave bistability as a function of detuning of sustaining field from resonator resonance, with the pump intensity as a parameter.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Experimental snapshots showing the formation of solitons during an illumination time of 5 μs for different powers of pump and sustaining field. Upper row: 1.9 kW/cm2 of sustaining field intensity, 9 kW/cm2 of pump intensity. Middle row: 0.14 kW/cm2 of sustaining field intensity, 15.4 kW/cm2 of pump intensity. Lowest row: 8.5 kW/cm2 of sustaining field intensity, 15.4 kW/cm2 of pump intensity. 3-Dimensional representation of reflectivity as in Fig. 4. Discussion, see text.

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