Abstract

A long plasma channel, formed due to the dynamic balance between the nonlinear self-focusing and the plasma defocusing in the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses in air, is demonstrated to be able to continuously propel a paper airplane without complicated focusing optics. The maximum coupling coefficient generated by the plasma channel is found to be more than 8.5 dyne/W. In the plasma channel, the detonation wave generation with the air ionization is found to be the propulsive source.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Kantrowitz , “ Propulsion to orbit by ground-based laser ,” Astronautics & Aeronautics (A/A)   10 , 74 – 76 ( 197 ).
  2. S. A. Metz , “ Impulse loading of targets by subnanosecond laser pulses ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   22 , 211 – 213 ( 1973 ).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. A. Metz , L. R. Hettche , R. L. Stegman , and J. T. Schriempt , “ Effects of beam intensity on target responseto high-intensity CO 2 laser radiation ,” J. Appl. Phys.   46 , 1634 – 1642 ( 1975 ).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. N. Pirri , “ Theory for momentum transfer to a surface with a high-power laser ,” Phys. Fluids   16 , 1435 – 1440 ( 1973 ).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. Darling , “ The encyclopedia of astrobiology, astronomy, and spaceflight ,” http ://www. daviddarling.Info/encyclopedia/laserprop.html .
  6. A. N. Pirri , M. J. Monsler , and P. E. Nebolsine , “ Propulsion by absorption of laser radiation ,” AIAA J.   12 , 1254 – 1261 ( 1974 ).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
    [Crossref]
  8. Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Yu , D. Mondelain , J. Kasparian , E. Salmon , S. Geffroy , C. Favre , V. Boutou , and J. P. Wolf , “ Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air ,” Appl. Opt.   42 , 7117 – 7120 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref]
  10. B. La Fontaine , F. Vidal , Z. Jiang , C. Y. Chien , D. Comtois , A. Desparois , T. W. Johnston , J. C. Kieffer , and H. Pépin , “ Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air ,” Phys. Plasmas   6 , 1615 – 1621 ( 1999 ).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Braun , G. Korn , X. Liu , D. Du , J. Squier , and G. Mourou , “ Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Opt. Lett.   20 , 73 – 75 ( 1995 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 016406 ( 2002 ).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses ,” Phys. Rev. E   65 , 016406 ( 2001 ).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. Becker , N. Aközbek , K. Vuayalakshmi , E. M. Bowden , and S. L. Chin , “ Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas ,” Appl. Phys. B   73 , 287 – 290 ( 2001 ).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. V. Pakhomov and D. A. Gregory , “ Ablative laser propulsion: an old concept revisited ,” AIAA J.   38 , 725 – 727 ( 2002 ).
    [Crossref]
  16. Z. Y. Zheng , X. Lu , J. Zhang , Z. Q. Hao , X. H. Yuan , and Z. H. Wang , “ Experimental study on the meomentum couplin gefficiency of laser plasma ,” Acta Phys. Sin.   54 , 192 – 196 ( 2005 ) (in Chinese).

2005 (2)

Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Zheng , X. Lu , J. Zhang , Z. Q. Hao , X. H. Yuan , and Z. H. Wang , “ Experimental study on the meomentum couplin gefficiency of laser plasma ,” Acta Phys. Sin.   54 , 192 – 196 ( 2005 ) (in Chinese).

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

A. V. Pakhomov and D. A. Gregory , “ Ablative laser propulsion: an old concept revisited ,” AIAA J.   38 , 725 – 727 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 016406 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses ,” Phys. Rev. E   65 , 016406 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

A. Becker , N. Aközbek , K. Vuayalakshmi , E. M. Bowden , and S. L. Chin , “ Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas ,” Appl. Phys. B   73 , 287 – 290 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

B. La Fontaine , F. Vidal , Z. Jiang , C. Y. Chien , D. Comtois , A. Desparois , T. W. Johnston , J. C. Kieffer , and H. Pépin , “ Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air ,” Phys. Plasmas   6 , 1615 – 1621 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1975 (1)

S. A. Metz , L. R. Hettche , R. L. Stegman , and J. T. Schriempt , “ Effects of beam intensity on target responseto high-intensity CO 2 laser radiation ,” J. Appl. Phys.   46 , 1634 – 1642 ( 1975 ).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

A. N. Pirri , M. J. Monsler , and P. E. Nebolsine , “ Propulsion by absorption of laser radiation ,” AIAA J.   12 , 1254 – 1261 ( 1974 ).
[Crossref]

1973 (2)

S. A. Metz , “ Impulse loading of targets by subnanosecond laser pulses ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   22 , 211 – 213 ( 1973 ).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pirri , “ Theory for momentum transfer to a surface with a high-power laser ,” Phys. Fluids   16 , 1435 – 1440 ( 1973 ).
[Crossref]

Aközbek, N.

A. Becker , N. Aközbek , K. Vuayalakshmi , E. M. Bowden , and S. L. Chin , “ Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas ,” Appl. Phys. B   73 , 287 – 290 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Aoki, K.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Baasandash, C.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

A. Becker , N. Aközbek , K. Vuayalakshmi , E. M. Bowden , and S. L. Chin , “ Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas ,” Appl. Phys. B   73 , 287 – 290 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Boutou, V.

Bowden, E. M.

A. Becker , N. Aközbek , K. Vuayalakshmi , E. M. Bowden , and S. L. Chin , “ Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas ,” Appl. Phys. B   73 , 287 – 290 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Braun, A.

Chien, C. Y.

B. La Fontaine , F. Vidal , Z. Jiang , C. Y. Chien , D. Comtois , A. Desparois , T. W. Johnston , J. C. Kieffer , and H. Pépin , “ Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air ,” Phys. Plasmas   6 , 1615 – 1621 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Chin, S. L.

A. Becker , N. Aközbek , K. Vuayalakshmi , E. M. Bowden , and S. L. Chin , “ Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas ,” Appl. Phys. B   73 , 287 – 290 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Comtois, D.

B. La Fontaine , F. Vidal , Z. Jiang , C. Y. Chien , D. Comtois , A. Desparois , T. W. Johnston , J. C. Kieffer , and H. Pépin , “ Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air ,” Phys. Plasmas   6 , 1615 – 1621 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Darling, D.

D. Darling , “ The encyclopedia of astrobiology, astronomy, and spaceflight ,” http ://www. daviddarling.Info/encyclopedia/laserprop.html .

Desparois, A.

B. La Fontaine , F. Vidal , Z. Jiang , C. Y. Chien , D. Comtois , A. Desparois , T. W. Johnston , J. C. Kieffer , and H. Pépin , “ Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air ,” Phys. Plasmas   6 , 1615 – 1621 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Du, D.

Favre, C.

Fontaine, B. La

B. La Fontaine , F. Vidal , Z. Jiang , C. Y. Chien , D. Comtois , A. Desparois , T. W. Johnston , J. C. Kieffer , and H. Pépin , “ Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air ,” Phys. Plasmas   6 , 1615 – 1621 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Fujiwara, E.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Geffroy, S.

Gregory, D. A.

A. V. Pakhomov and D. A. Gregory , “ Ablative laser propulsion: an old concept revisited ,” AIAA J.   38 , 725 – 727 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Hao, Z. Q.

Z. Y. Zheng , X. Lu , J. Zhang , Z. Q. Hao , X. H. Yuan , and Z. H. Wang , “ Experimental study on the meomentum couplin gefficiency of laser plasma ,” Acta Phys. Sin.   54 , 192 – 196 ( 2005 ) (in Chinese).

Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
[Crossref]

Hettche, L. R.

S. A. Metz , L. R. Hettche , R. L. Stegman , and J. T. Schriempt , “ Effects of beam intensity on target responseto high-intensity CO 2 laser radiation ,” J. Appl. Phys.   46 , 1634 – 1642 ( 1975 ).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z.

B. La Fontaine , F. Vidal , Z. Jiang , C. Y. Chien , D. Comtois , A. Desparois , T. W. Johnston , J. C. Kieffer , and H. Pépin , “ Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air ,” Phys. Plasmas   6 , 1615 – 1621 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Johnston, T. W.

B. La Fontaine , F. Vidal , Z. Jiang , C. Y. Chien , D. Comtois , A. Desparois , T. W. Johnston , J. C. Kieffer , and H. Pépin , “ Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air ,” Phys. Plasmas   6 , 1615 – 1621 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Kantrowitz, A.

A. Kantrowitz , “ Propulsion to orbit by ground-based laser ,” Astronautics & Aeronautics (A/A)   10 , 74 – 76 ( 197 ).

Kasparian, J.

Kieffer, J. C.

B. La Fontaine , F. Vidal , Z. Jiang , C. Y. Chien , D. Comtois , A. Desparois , T. W. Johnston , J. C. Kieffer , and H. Pépin , “ Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air ,” Phys. Plasmas   6 , 1615 – 1621 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Korn, G.

Li, Y. J.

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 016406 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses ,” Phys. Rev. E   65 , 016406 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. T.

Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
[Crossref]

Ling, W. J.

Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Lu, X.

Z. Y. Zheng , X. Lu , J. Zhang , Z. Q. Hao , X. H. Yuan , and Z. H. Wang , “ Experimental study on the meomentum couplin gefficiency of laser plasma ,” Acta Phys. Sin.   54 , 192 – 196 ( 2005 ) (in Chinese).

Metz, S. A.

S. A. Metz , L. R. Hettche , R. L. Stegman , and J. T. Schriempt , “ Effects of beam intensity on target responseto high-intensity CO 2 laser radiation ,” J. Appl. Phys.   46 , 1634 – 1642 ( 1975 ).
[Crossref]

S. A. Metz , “ Impulse loading of targets by subnanosecond laser pulses ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   22 , 211 – 213 ( 1973 ).
[Crossref]

Mine, H.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Mondelain, D.

Monsler, M. J.

A. N. Pirri , M. J. Monsler , and P. E. Nebolsine , “ Propulsion by absorption of laser radiation ,” AIAA J.   12 , 1254 – 1261 ( 1974 ).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

Nakagawa, M.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Nakagawa, R.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Nebolsine, P. E.

A. N. Pirri , M. J. Monsler , and P. E. Nebolsine , “ Propulsion by absorption of laser radiation ,” AIAA J.   12 , 1254 – 1261 ( 1974 ).
[Crossref]

Nishiguchi, A.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Ogata, Y.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Pakhomov, A. V.

A. V. Pakhomov and D. A. Gregory , “ Ablative laser propulsion: an old concept revisited ,” AIAA J.   38 , 725 – 727 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Pépin, H.

B. La Fontaine , F. Vidal , Z. Jiang , C. Y. Chien , D. Comtois , A. Desparois , T. W. Johnston , J. C. Kieffer , and H. Pépin , “ Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air ,” Phys. Plasmas   6 , 1615 – 1621 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Phipps, C.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Pirri, A. N.

A. N. Pirri , M. J. Monsler , and P. E. Nebolsine , “ Propulsion by absorption of laser radiation ,” AIAA J.   12 , 1254 – 1261 ( 1974 ).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pirri , “ Theory for momentum transfer to a surface with a high-power laser ,” Phys. Fluids   16 , 1435 – 1440 ( 1973 ).
[Crossref]

Salmon, E.

Schriempt, J. T.

S. A. Metz , L. R. Hettche , R. L. Stegman , and J. T. Schriempt , “ Effects of beam intensity on target responseto high-intensity CO 2 laser radiation ,” J. Appl. Phys.   46 , 1634 – 1642 ( 1975 ).
[Crossref]

Squier, J.

Stegman, R. L.

S. A. Metz , L. R. Hettche , R. L. Stegman , and J. T. Schriempt , “ Effects of beam intensity on target responseto high-intensity CO 2 laser radiation ,” J. Appl. Phys.   46 , 1634 – 1642 ( 1975 ).
[Crossref]

Vidal, F.

B. La Fontaine , F. Vidal , Z. Jiang , C. Y. Chien , D. Comtois , A. Desparois , T. W. Johnston , J. C. Kieffer , and H. Pépin , “ Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air ,” Phys. Plasmas   6 , 1615 – 1621 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Vuayalakshmi, K.

A. Becker , N. Aközbek , K. Vuayalakshmi , E. M. Bowden , and S. L. Chin , “ Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas ,” Appl. Phys. B   73 , 287 – 290 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Wang, P

Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. H.

Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Zheng , X. Lu , J. Zhang , Z. Q. Hao , X. H. Yuan , and Z. H. Wang , “ Experimental study on the meomentum couplin gefficiency of laser plasma ,” Acta Phys. Sin.   54 , 192 – 196 ( 2005 ) (in Chinese).

Wei, Z. Y.

Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
[Crossref]

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 016406 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses ,” Phys. Rev. E   65 , 016406 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J. P.

Yabe, T.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, M.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 016406 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses ,” Phys. Rev. E   65 , 016406 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, K.

T. Yabe , C. Phipps , M. Yamaguchi , R. Nakagawa , K. Aoki , H. Mine , Y. Ogata , C. Baasandash , M. Nakagawa , E. Fujiwara , K. Yoshida , and A. Nishiguchi , “ Microairplane propelled by laser driven exotic target ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   80 , 4318 – 4320 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
[Crossref]

J. Yu , D. Mondelain , J. Kasparian , E. Salmon , S. Geffroy , C. Favre , V. Boutou , and J. P. Wolf , “ Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air ,” Appl. Opt.   42 , 7117 – 7120 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Yu, W.

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 016406 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses ,” Phys. Rev. E   65 , 016406 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X. H.

Z. Y. Zheng , X. Lu , J. Zhang , Z. Q. Hao , X. H. Yuan , and Z. H. Wang , “ Experimental study on the meomentum couplin gefficiency of laser plasma ,” Acta Phys. Sin.   54 , 192 – 196 ( 2005 ) (in Chinese).

Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
[Crossref]

Zhang, J

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Phys. Rev. E   66 , 016406 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

H. Yang , J Zhang , W. Yu , Y. J. Li , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses ,” Phys. Rev. E   65 , 016406 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Z. Y. Zheng , X. Lu , J. Zhang , Z. Q. Hao , X. H. Yuan , and Z. H. Wang , “ Experimental study on the meomentum couplin gefficiency of laser plasma ,” Acta Phys. Sin.   54 , 192 – 196 ( 2005 ) (in Chinese).

Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
[Crossref]

Zheng, Z. Y.

Z. Q. Hao , J. Yu , J. Zhang , Y. T. Li , X. H. Yuan , Z. Y. Zheng , P Wang , Z. H. Wang , W. J. Ling , and Z. Y. Wei , “ Acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels induced by intense femtosecond laser pulses in air ,” Chin. Phys. Lett.   22 , 636 – 639 ( 2005 ) .
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the setup for measurement the coupling coefficient along the plasma channel propagation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) A typical image of a portion of a laser plasma channel recorded by a charge-coupled device (CCD). (b) Flight trajectories of the paper airplane on the air-cushion track.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The sound signal (solid circle) and the coupling coefficient (open square) as a function of the plasma channel propagation for a focal lens f=4 m.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison the propulsive length with the plasma channel length with 36 mJ laser energy.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The averaged coupling coefficient in the “propulsive length” as a function of the plasma channel length.

Equations (1)

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E ( z ) E ( 0 ) ( 1 β z )

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