Abstract

We report a room temperature Fe:ZnSe laser in gain-switched operation and tuning over the 3.9 – 4.8μm spectral range. Mid-IR emission of Fe2+:ZnSe was studied under three regimes of excitation: ordinary optical (2.92μm) excitation of 5T2 excited state of Fe2+; excitation via 5E level of Cr co-dopant (1.56μm); and excitation via photo-ionization transition of Fe2+ (0.532μm). The energy transfer from Cr2+ (5E level) to Fe+ (5T2 level) under 1.56μm wavelength excitation was observed and resulted in simultaneous room temperature emission of Fe:Cr:ZnSe crystal over ultra-broadband spectral range of 2–3 and 3.5–5μm. We also report the observation of mid-IR emission at 3.5–5μm induced by 2+->3+->-2+ ionization transitions of the iron ions in Fe:ZnSe.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. D. DeLoach , R. H. Page , G. D. Wilke , S. A. Payne , and W. F. Krupke , “ Transition Metal-Doped Zinc Chalcogenides: Spectroscopy and Laser Demonstration of a New Class of Gain Media ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   32 , 885 – 895 ( 1996 ).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
    [Crossref]
  3. I. T. Sorokina , “ Cr 2+ -doped II–VI materials for lasers and nonlinear optics ,” Opt. Mater.   26 , 395 – 412 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. B. Klein , J. E. Furneaux , and R. L. Henry , “ Laser oscillation at 3.53 μm from Fe 2+ in n-InP:Fe ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   42 , 638 ( 1983 ).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. J. Adams , C. Bibeau , R. H. Page , D. M. Krol , L. H. Furu , and S. A. Payne , “ 4.0–4.5μm lasing of Fe:ZnSe below 180 K, a new mid-infrared laser material ,” Opt. Lett.   24 , 1720 ( 1999 ).
    [Crossref]
  6. V. A. Akimov , A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Efficient IR Fe:ZnSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 3.77 to 4.40 μm ,” Quantum Electron.   34(10) , 912 – 914 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Laser parameters of a Fe:ZnSe laser crystal in the 85–255K temperature range ,” Quantum Electron.   35(9) , 809 – 812 ( 2005 ).
    [Crossref]
  8. V. Yu. Ivanov , M. Godlewski , A. Szczerbakow , A. Omel’chuk , A. Davydov , N. Zhavoronkov , and G. Raciukaitis , “ Optically Pumped Mid - Infrared Stimulated Emission of ZnSe: Cr Crystals ,” Acta Physica Polonica A   105(6) , 553 – 558 ( 2004 ).
  9. A. Gallian , V. V. Fedorov , J. Kernal , S. B. Mirov , and V. V. Badikov , “ Laser Oscillation at 2.4 μm from Cr 2+ in ZnSe Optically Pumped over Cr Ionization Transitions ,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2005 Technical Digest on CD-ROM ( The Optical Society of America, Washington, DC , 2005 ), MB12.
  10. D. E. McCumber , “ Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra ,” Phys. Rev.   136(4A) , 954 – 957 ( 1964 ).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. A. Payne , L. L. Chase , L. K. Smith , W. L. Kway , and W. Krupke , “ Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er 3+ , Tm 3+ , and Ho 3+ ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   28 , 2619 – 2630 ( 1992 ).
    [Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Laser parameters of a Fe:ZnSe laser crystal in the 85–255K temperature range ,” Quantum Electron.   35(9) , 809 – 812 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

V. Yu. Ivanov , M. Godlewski , A. Szczerbakow , A. Omel’chuk , A. Davydov , N. Zhavoronkov , and G. Raciukaitis , “ Optically Pumped Mid - Infrared Stimulated Emission of ZnSe: Cr Crystals ,” Acta Physica Polonica A   105(6) , 553 – 558 ( 2004 ).

V. A. Akimov , A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Efficient IR Fe:ZnSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 3.77 to 4.40 μm ,” Quantum Electron.   34(10) , 912 – 914 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

I. T. Sorokina , “ Cr 2+ -doped II–VI materials for lasers and nonlinear optics ,” Opt. Mater.   26 , 395 – 412 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

L. D. DeLoach , R. H. Page , G. D. Wilke , S. A. Payne , and W. F. Krupke , “ Transition Metal-Doped Zinc Chalcogenides: Spectroscopy and Laser Demonstration of a New Class of Gain Media ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   32 , 885 – 895 ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. A. Payne , L. L. Chase , L. K. Smith , W. L. Kway , and W. Krupke , “ Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er 3+ , Tm 3+ , and Ho 3+ ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   28 , 2619 – 2630 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

P. B. Klein , J. E. Furneaux , and R. L. Henry , “ Laser oscillation at 3.53 μm from Fe 2+ in n-InP:Fe ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   42 , 638 ( 1983 ).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

D. E. McCumber , “ Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra ,” Phys. Rev.   136(4A) , 954 – 957 ( 1964 ).
[Crossref]

Adams, J. J.

Akimov, V. A.

V. A. Akimov , A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Efficient IR Fe:ZnSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 3.77 to 4.40 μm ,” Quantum Electron.   34(10) , 912 – 914 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Badikov, V. V.

A. Gallian , V. V. Fedorov , J. Kernal , S. B. Mirov , and V. V. Badikov , “ Laser Oscillation at 2.4 μm from Cr 2+ in ZnSe Optically Pumped over Cr Ionization Transitions ,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2005 Technical Digest on CD-ROM ( The Optical Society of America, Washington, DC , 2005 ), MB12.

Bibeau, C.

Burger, A.

R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne , L. L. Chase , L. K. Smith , W. L. Kway , and W. Krupke , “ Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er 3+ , Tm 3+ , and Ho 3+ ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   28 , 2619 – 2630 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

Chen, K. T.

R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

Davydov, A.

V. Yu. Ivanov , M. Godlewski , A. Szczerbakow , A. Omel’chuk , A. Davydov , N. Zhavoronkov , and G. Raciukaitis , “ Optically Pumped Mid - Infrared Stimulated Emission of ZnSe: Cr Crystals ,” Acta Physica Polonica A   105(6) , 553 – 558 ( 2004 ).

DeLoach, L. D.

R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

L. D. DeLoach , R. H. Page , G. D. Wilke , S. A. Payne , and W. F. Krupke , “ Transition Metal-Doped Zinc Chalcogenides: Spectroscopy and Laser Demonstration of a New Class of Gain Media ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   32 , 885 – 895 ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, V. V.

A. Gallian , V. V. Fedorov , J. Kernal , S. B. Mirov , and V. V. Badikov , “ Laser Oscillation at 2.4 μm from Cr 2+ in ZnSe Optically Pumped over Cr Ionization Transitions ,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2005 Technical Digest on CD-ROM ( The Optical Society of America, Washington, DC , 2005 ), MB12.

Frolov, M. P.

A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Laser parameters of a Fe:ZnSe laser crystal in the 85–255K temperature range ,” Quantum Electron.   35(9) , 809 – 812 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

V. A. Akimov , A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Efficient IR Fe:ZnSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 3.77 to 4.40 μm ,” Quantum Electron.   34(10) , 912 – 914 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Furneaux, J. E.

P. B. Klein , J. E. Furneaux , and R. L. Henry , “ Laser oscillation at 3.53 μm from Fe 2+ in n-InP:Fe ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   42 , 638 ( 1983 ).
[Crossref]

Furu, L. H.

Gallian, A.

A. Gallian , V. V. Fedorov , J. Kernal , S. B. Mirov , and V. V. Badikov , “ Laser Oscillation at 2.4 μm from Cr 2+ in ZnSe Optically Pumped over Cr Ionization Transitions ,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2005 Technical Digest on CD-ROM ( The Optical Society of America, Washington, DC , 2005 ), MB12.

Godlewski, M.

V. Yu. Ivanov , M. Godlewski , A. Szczerbakow , A. Omel’chuk , A. Davydov , N. Zhavoronkov , and G. Raciukaitis , “ Optically Pumped Mid - Infrared Stimulated Emission of ZnSe: Cr Crystals ,” Acta Physica Polonica A   105(6) , 553 – 558 ( 2004 ).

Henry, R. L.

P. B. Klein , J. E. Furneaux , and R. L. Henry , “ Laser oscillation at 3.53 μm from Fe 2+ in n-InP:Fe ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   42 , 638 ( 1983 ).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Ivanov , M. Godlewski , A. Szczerbakow , A. Omel’chuk , A. Davydov , N. Zhavoronkov , and G. Raciukaitis , “ Optically Pumped Mid - Infrared Stimulated Emission of ZnSe: Cr Crystals ,” Acta Physica Polonica A   105(6) , 553 – 558 ( 2004 ).

Kernal, J.

A. Gallian , V. V. Fedorov , J. Kernal , S. B. Mirov , and V. V. Badikov , “ Laser Oscillation at 2.4 μm from Cr 2+ in ZnSe Optically Pumped over Cr Ionization Transitions ,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2005 Technical Digest on CD-ROM ( The Optical Society of America, Washington, DC , 2005 ), MB12.

Klein, P. B.

P. B. Klein , J. E. Furneaux , and R. L. Henry , “ Laser oscillation at 3.53 μm from Fe 2+ in n-InP:Fe ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   42 , 638 ( 1983 ).
[Crossref]

Korostelin, Yu. V.

A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Laser parameters of a Fe:ZnSe laser crystal in the 85–255K temperature range ,” Quantum Electron.   35(9) , 809 – 812 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

V. A. Akimov , A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Efficient IR Fe:ZnSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 3.77 to 4.40 μm ,” Quantum Electron.   34(10) , 912 – 914 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Kozlovskii, V. I.

A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Laser parameters of a Fe:ZnSe laser crystal in the 85–255K temperature range ,” Quantum Electron.   35(9) , 809 – 812 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

V. A. Akimov , A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Efficient IR Fe:ZnSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 3.77 to 4.40 μm ,” Quantum Electron.   34(10) , 912 – 914 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Krol, D. M.

Krupke, W.

S. A. Payne , L. L. Chase , L. K. Smith , W. L. Kway , and W. Krupke , “ Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er 3+ , Tm 3+ , and Ho 3+ ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   28 , 2619 – 2630 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

Krupke, W. F.

R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

L. D. DeLoach , R. H. Page , G. D. Wilke , S. A. Payne , and W. F. Krupke , “ Transition Metal-Doped Zinc Chalcogenides: Spectroscopy and Laser Demonstration of a New Class of Gain Media ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   32 , 885 – 895 ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne , L. L. Chase , L. K. Smith , W. L. Kway , and W. Krupke , “ Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er 3+ , Tm 3+ , and Ho 3+ ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   28 , 2619 – 2630 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

Landman, A. I.

A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Laser parameters of a Fe:ZnSe laser crystal in the 85–255K temperature range ,” Quantum Electron.   35(9) , 809 – 812 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

V. A. Akimov , A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Efficient IR Fe:ZnSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 3.77 to 4.40 μm ,” Quantum Electron.   34(10) , 912 – 914 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

McCumber, D. E.

D. E. McCumber , “ Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra ,” Phys. Rev.   136(4A) , 954 – 957 ( 1964 ).
[Crossref]

Mirov, S. B.

A. Gallian , V. V. Fedorov , J. Kernal , S. B. Mirov , and V. V. Badikov , “ Laser Oscillation at 2.4 μm from Cr 2+ in ZnSe Optically Pumped over Cr Ionization Transitions ,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2005 Technical Digest on CD-ROM ( The Optical Society of America, Washington, DC , 2005 ), MB12.

Omel’chuk, A.

V. Yu. Ivanov , M. Godlewski , A. Szczerbakow , A. Omel’chuk , A. Davydov , N. Zhavoronkov , and G. Raciukaitis , “ Optically Pumped Mid - Infrared Stimulated Emission of ZnSe: Cr Crystals ,” Acta Physica Polonica A   105(6) , 553 – 558 ( 2004 ).

Page, R. H.

J. J. Adams , C. Bibeau , R. H. Page , D. M. Krol , L. H. Furu , and S. A. Payne , “ 4.0–4.5μm lasing of Fe:ZnSe below 180 K, a new mid-infrared laser material ,” Opt. Lett.   24 , 1720 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

L. D. DeLoach , R. H. Page , G. D. Wilke , S. A. Payne , and W. F. Krupke , “ Transition Metal-Doped Zinc Chalcogenides: Spectroscopy and Laser Demonstration of a New Class of Gain Media ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   32 , 885 – 895 ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

Patel, F. D.

R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

J. J. Adams , C. Bibeau , R. H. Page , D. M. Krol , L. H. Furu , and S. A. Payne , “ 4.0–4.5μm lasing of Fe:ZnSe below 180 K, a new mid-infrared laser material ,” Opt. Lett.   24 , 1720 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

L. D. DeLoach , R. H. Page , G. D. Wilke , S. A. Payne , and W. F. Krupke , “ Transition Metal-Doped Zinc Chalcogenides: Spectroscopy and Laser Demonstration of a New Class of Gain Media ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   32 , 885 – 895 ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne , L. L. Chase , L. K. Smith , W. L. Kway , and W. Krupke , “ Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er 3+ , Tm 3+ , and Ho 3+ ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   28 , 2619 – 2630 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

Podmar’kov, Yu. P.

A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Laser parameters of a Fe:ZnSe laser crystal in the 85–255K temperature range ,” Quantum Electron.   35(9) , 809 – 812 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

V. A. Akimov , A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Efficient IR Fe:ZnSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 3.77 to 4.40 μm ,” Quantum Electron.   34(10) , 912 – 914 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Raciukaitis, G.

V. Yu. Ivanov , M. Godlewski , A. Szczerbakow , A. Omel’chuk , A. Davydov , N. Zhavoronkov , and G. Raciukaitis , “ Optically Pumped Mid - Infrared Stimulated Emission of ZnSe: Cr Crystals ,” Acta Physica Polonica A   105(6) , 553 – 558 ( 2004 ).

Schaffers, K. I.

R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne , L. L. Chase , L. K. Smith , W. L. Kway , and W. Krupke , “ Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er 3+ , Tm 3+ , and Ho 3+ ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   28 , 2619 – 2630 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

Sorokina, I. T.

I. T. Sorokina , “ Cr 2+ -doped II–VI materials for lasers and nonlinear optics ,” Opt. Mater.   26 , 395 – 412 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Szczerbakow, A.

V. Yu. Ivanov , M. Godlewski , A. Szczerbakow , A. Omel’chuk , A. Davydov , N. Zhavoronkov , and G. Raciukaitis , “ Optically Pumped Mid - Infrared Stimulated Emission of ZnSe: Cr Crystals ,” Acta Physica Polonica A   105(6) , 553 – 558 ( 2004 ).

Tassano, J. B.

R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

Voronov, A. A.

A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Laser parameters of a Fe:ZnSe laser crystal in the 85–255K temperature range ,” Quantum Electron.   35(9) , 809 – 812 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

V. A. Akimov , A. A. Voronov , V. I. Kozlovskii , Yu. V. Korostelin , A. I. Landman , Yu. P. Podmar’kov , and M. P. Frolov , “ Efficient IR Fe:ZnSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 3.77 to 4.40 μm ,” Quantum Electron.   34(10) , 912 – 914 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Wilke, G. D.

R. H. Page , K. I. Schaffers , L. D. DeLoach , G. D. Wilke , F. D. Patel , J. B. Tassano , S. A. Payne , W. F. Krupke , K. T. Chen , and A. Burger , “ Cr 2+ -Doped Zinc Chalcogenides as Efficient, Widely Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   33/4 , 609 – 617 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

L. D. DeLoach , R. H. Page , G. D. Wilke , S. A. Payne , and W. F. Krupke , “ Transition Metal-Doped Zinc Chalcogenides: Spectroscopy and Laser Demonstration of a New Class of Gain Media ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   32 , 885 – 895 ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

Zhavoronkov, N.

V. Yu. Ivanov , M. Godlewski , A. Szczerbakow , A. Omel’chuk , A. Davydov , N. Zhavoronkov , and G. Raciukaitis , “ Optically Pumped Mid - Infrared Stimulated Emission of ZnSe: Cr Crystals ,” Acta Physica Polonica A   105(6) , 553 – 558 ( 2004 ).

Acta Physica Polonica A (1)

V. Yu. Ivanov , M. Godlewski , A. Szczerbakow , A. Omel’chuk , A. Davydov , N. Zhavoronkov , and G. Raciukaitis , “ Optically Pumped Mid - Infrared Stimulated Emission of ZnSe: Cr Crystals ,” Acta Physica Polonica A   105(6) , 553 – 558 ( 2004 ).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. B. Klein , J. E. Furneaux , and R. L. Henry , “ Laser oscillation at 3.53 μm from Fe 2+ in n-InP:Fe ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   42 , 638 ( 1983 ).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

L. D. DeLoach , R. H. Page , G. D. Wilke , S. A. Payne , and W. F. Krupke , “ Transition Metal-Doped Zinc Chalcogenides: Spectroscopy and Laser Demonstration of a New Class of Gain Media ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   32 , 885 – 895 ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental set-up for spectroscopic and laser characterization of Fe:ZnSe.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorption spectra of Fe:ZnSe (i) at RT, Fe:Cr:ZnSe (ii) at RT and Fe:ZnSe (iii) at 20K.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Room temperature emission of Fe:ZnSe crystal under 2.92 μm excitation ((i) Epump= 2 mJ, (ii) Epump=5 mJ, (iii) Epump=8 mJ); (b) Emission of Fe:Cr:ZnSe (iv) and Cr:ZnSe (v) crystal under 1.56 μm excitation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Room temperature absorption (i) and emission cross-sections (ii) and (iii). Emission cross-section calculated using reciprocity method (ii) and Fuchtbauer-Landenburg equation (iii)

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Input-output curve for RT gain-switched Fe:ZnSe lasing in nonselective cavity.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Tuning curve of RT gain-switched Fe:ZnSe laser.

Equations (5)

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σ em ( λ ) = λ 5 I ( λ ) 8 πc n 2 τ rad I ( λ ) λdλ ,
τ rad = g u g l 1 8 π n 2 c 1 λ 4 σ ab ( ν )
σ em ( ν ) = σ ab ( ν ) Z l Z u exp ( [ E zl ] kT ) ,
Z u = j g j exp ( E j kT )
Z l = i g i exp ( E i kT )

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