Abstract

This paper studies the problem of signal-quality-guaranteed lightpath provisioning in survivable translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic. A new protection scheme, called regeneration-segment protection (RSP), is proposed. Provisioning approaches with shared path protection and shared RSP are presented. Two main signal quality constraints are integrated with the provisioning problem. Different regenerator placement strategies for working path and protection path are employed. Joint path selection method is used to select the “optimal” working-protection pair. With the above considerations, survivable lightpath provisioning with signal-quality-guarantees is achieved in a cost-effective manner. Results show that in a moderate-size network, RSP has less blocking probability than path protection when the network load is low or modest. Besides, RSP obtains better performance in terms of recovery time than path protection in all network scenarios.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. L. S. Filho and H. Waldman , “ Strategies for Designing Translucent Wide-Area Networks ,” in Proceedings of International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conferenc-IMOC’03 ( Foz do Iguacu, PR, Brazil , 2003 ), 931 – 936 .
  2. B. Ramamurthy , S. Yaragorla , and X. Yang , “ Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks ,” in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2001 Symposium on Optical and Photonic Communications ( San Antonio, TX , 2001 ), 60 – 64 .
  3. H. Zang and R. P. J. Huang , “ Methodologies on Designing a Hybrid Shared-Mesh-Protected WDM Network with Sparse Wavelength Conversion and Regeneration ,” in Asia-Pacific Optical Communications Conference and Exhibition 2000 , S. Xie , C. Qiao , and Y. C. Chung , eds., Proc. SPIE   4910 , 188 – 196 ( 2000 ).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. Yetginer and E. karasan , “ Regenerator Placement and Traffic Engineering with Restoration in GMPLS Networks ,” Photonic Network Commun.   6 , 134 – 149 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Ali , “ Shareability in Optical Networks: Beyond Bandwidth Optimization ,” IEEE Commun. Mag.   42 , 11 – 15 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  6. X. Yang , L. Shen , and B. Ramamurthy , “ Survivable Lightpath Provisioning in WDM Mesh Networks under Shared Path Protection and Signal Quality Constraint ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   23 , 1556 – 1567 ( 2005 ).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee , “ Survivable WDM mesh networks, part I - protection ,” in Proceedings of IEEE’99 ( New York, NY , 1999 ), 744 – 751 .
  8. J. Cao , L. Guo , H. Yu , and L. Li , “ Dynamic segment shared protection algorithm for reliable wavelength-division-multiplexing mesh networks ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 3087 – 3095 ( 2005 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. J. Strand , A. Chiu , and R. Tkach , “ Issues For Routing In The Optical Layer ,” IEEE Commun. Mag.   39 , 81 – 88 ( 2001 ).
    [Crossref]
  10. Alcatel’s White Contribution COM 15-33-E: Electrical (BER, Q-factor, el. SNR) and Optical (OSNR, OCR) System Performance Parameters for G.DSN ITU-T SG 15 Contribution, ( 2000 ).
  11. B. Ramamurthy , D. Datta , H. Feng , J. P. Heritage , and B. Mukherjee , “ Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   17 , 1713 – 1723 ( 1999 ).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Chen and K. Nahrstedt , “ An overview of quality of service routing for next-generation high-speed networks: Problems and solutions ,” IEEE Network.   12 64 – 79 ( 1998 ).
    [Crossref]
  13. C. Xin , Y. Ye , S. Dixit , and C. Qiao , “ A Joint Working and Protection Path Selection Approach in WDM Optical Networks ,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (Globecom ’01) ( IEEE, New York , 2001 ), 2165 – 2168 .

2005 (2)

J. Cao , L. Guo , H. Yu , and L. Li , “ Dynamic segment shared protection algorithm for reliable wavelength-division-multiplexing mesh networks ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 3087 – 3095 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang , L. Shen , and B. Ramamurthy , “ Survivable Lightpath Provisioning in WDM Mesh Networks under Shared Path Protection and Signal Quality Constraint ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   23 , 1556 – 1567 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

M. Ali , “ Shareability in Optical Networks: Beyond Bandwidth Optimization ,” IEEE Commun. Mag.   42 , 11 – 15 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

E. Yetginer and E. karasan , “ Regenerator Placement and Traffic Engineering with Restoration in GMPLS Networks ,” Photonic Network Commun.   6 , 134 – 149 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. Strand , A. Chiu , and R. Tkach , “ Issues For Routing In The Optical Layer ,” IEEE Commun. Mag.   39 , 81 – 88 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. Zang and R. P. J. Huang , “ Methodologies on Designing a Hybrid Shared-Mesh-Protected WDM Network with Sparse Wavelength Conversion and Regeneration ,” in Asia-Pacific Optical Communications Conference and Exhibition 2000 , S. Xie , C. Qiao , and Y. C. Chung , eds., Proc. SPIE   4910 , 188 – 196 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

S. Chen and K. Nahrstedt , “ An overview of quality of service routing for next-generation high-speed networks: Problems and solutions ,” IEEE Network.   12 64 – 79 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Ali, M.

M. Ali , “ Shareability in Optical Networks: Beyond Bandwidth Optimization ,” IEEE Commun. Mag.   42 , 11 – 15 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Cao, J.

J. Cao , L. Guo , H. Yu , and L. Li , “ Dynamic segment shared protection algorithm for reliable wavelength-division-multiplexing mesh networks ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 3087 – 3095 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

S. Chen and K. Nahrstedt , “ An overview of quality of service routing for next-generation high-speed networks: Problems and solutions ,” IEEE Network.   12 64 – 79 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Chiu, A.

J. Strand , A. Chiu , and R. Tkach , “ Issues For Routing In The Optical Layer ,” IEEE Commun. Mag.   39 , 81 – 88 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Datta, D.

Dixit, S.

C. Xin , Y. Ye , S. Dixit , and C. Qiao , “ A Joint Working and Protection Path Selection Approach in WDM Optical Networks ,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (Globecom ’01) ( IEEE, New York , 2001 ), 2165 – 2168 .

Feng, H.

Filho, A. L. S.

A. L. S. Filho and H. Waldman , “ Strategies for Designing Translucent Wide-Area Networks ,” in Proceedings of International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conferenc-IMOC’03 ( Foz do Iguacu, PR, Brazil , 2003 ), 931 – 936 .

Guo, L.

J. Cao , L. Guo , H. Yu , and L. Li , “ Dynamic segment shared protection algorithm for reliable wavelength-division-multiplexing mesh networks ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 3087 – 3095 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heritage, J. P.

Huang, R. P. J.

H. Zang and R. P. J. Huang , “ Methodologies on Designing a Hybrid Shared-Mesh-Protected WDM Network with Sparse Wavelength Conversion and Regeneration ,” in Asia-Pacific Optical Communications Conference and Exhibition 2000 , S. Xie , C. Qiao , and Y. C. Chung , eds., Proc. SPIE   4910 , 188 – 196 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref]

karasan, E.

E. Yetginer and E. karasan , “ Regenerator Placement and Traffic Engineering with Restoration in GMPLS Networks ,” Photonic Network Commun.   6 , 134 – 149 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

J. Cao , L. Guo , H. Yu , and L. Li , “ Dynamic segment shared protection algorithm for reliable wavelength-division-multiplexing mesh networks ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 3087 – 3095 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mukherjee, B.

Nahrstedt, K.

S. Chen and K. Nahrstedt , “ An overview of quality of service routing for next-generation high-speed networks: Problems and solutions ,” IEEE Network.   12 64 – 79 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Qiao, C.

C. Xin , Y. Ye , S. Dixit , and C. Qiao , “ A Joint Working and Protection Path Selection Approach in WDM Optical Networks ,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (Globecom ’01) ( IEEE, New York , 2001 ), 2165 – 2168 .

Ramamurthy, B.

Ramamurthy, S.

S. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee , “ Survivable WDM mesh networks, part I - protection ,” in Proceedings of IEEE’99 ( New York, NY , 1999 ), 744 – 751 .

Shen, L.

Strand, J.

J. Strand , A. Chiu , and R. Tkach , “ Issues For Routing In The Optical Layer ,” IEEE Commun. Mag.   39 , 81 – 88 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Tkach, R.

J. Strand , A. Chiu , and R. Tkach , “ Issues For Routing In The Optical Layer ,” IEEE Commun. Mag.   39 , 81 – 88 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Waldman, H.

A. L. S. Filho and H. Waldman , “ Strategies for Designing Translucent Wide-Area Networks ,” in Proceedings of International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conferenc-IMOC’03 ( Foz do Iguacu, PR, Brazil , 2003 ), 931 – 936 .

Xin, C.

C. Xin , Y. Ye , S. Dixit , and C. Qiao , “ A Joint Working and Protection Path Selection Approach in WDM Optical Networks ,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (Globecom ’01) ( IEEE, New York , 2001 ), 2165 – 2168 .

Yang, X.

X. Yang , L. Shen , and B. Ramamurthy , “ Survivable Lightpath Provisioning in WDM Mesh Networks under Shared Path Protection and Signal Quality Constraint ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   23 , 1556 – 1567 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

B. Ramamurthy , S. Yaragorla , and X. Yang , “ Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks ,” in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2001 Symposium on Optical and Photonic Communications ( San Antonio, TX , 2001 ), 60 – 64 .

Yaragorla, S.

B. Ramamurthy , S. Yaragorla , and X. Yang , “ Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks ,” in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2001 Symposium on Optical and Photonic Communications ( San Antonio, TX , 2001 ), 60 – 64 .

Ye, Y.

C. Xin , Y. Ye , S. Dixit , and C. Qiao , “ A Joint Working and Protection Path Selection Approach in WDM Optical Networks ,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (Globecom ’01) ( IEEE, New York , 2001 ), 2165 – 2168 .

Yetginer, E.

E. Yetginer and E. karasan , “ Regenerator Placement and Traffic Engineering with Restoration in GMPLS Networks ,” Photonic Network Commun.   6 , 134 – 149 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

J. Cao , L. Guo , H. Yu , and L. Li , “ Dynamic segment shared protection algorithm for reliable wavelength-division-multiplexing mesh networks ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 3087 – 3095 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zang, H.

H. Zang and R. P. J. Huang , “ Methodologies on Designing a Hybrid Shared-Mesh-Protected WDM Network with Sparse Wavelength Conversion and Regeneration ,” in Asia-Pacific Optical Communications Conference and Exhibition 2000 , S. Xie , C. Qiao , and Y. C. Chung , eds., Proc. SPIE   4910 , 188 – 196 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

M. Ali , “ Shareability in Optical Networks: Beyond Bandwidth Optimization ,” IEEE Commun. Mag.   42 , 11 – 15 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

J. Strand , A. Chiu , and R. Tkach , “ Issues For Routing In The Optical Layer ,” IEEE Commun. Mag.   39 , 81 – 88 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

IEEE Network. (1)

S. Chen and K. Nahrstedt , “ An overview of quality of service routing for next-generation high-speed networks: Problems and solutions ,” IEEE Network.   12 64 – 79 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express. (1)

J. Cao , L. Guo , H. Yu , and L. Li , “ Dynamic segment shared protection algorithm for reliable wavelength-division-multiplexing mesh networks ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 3087 – 3095 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Photonic Network Commun. (1)

E. Yetginer and E. karasan , “ Regenerator Placement and Traffic Engineering with Restoration in GMPLS Networks ,” Photonic Network Commun.   6 , 134 – 149 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. Zang and R. P. J. Huang , “ Methodologies on Designing a Hybrid Shared-Mesh-Protected WDM Network with Sparse Wavelength Conversion and Regeneration ,” in Asia-Pacific Optical Communications Conference and Exhibition 2000 , S. Xie , C. Qiao , and Y. C. Chung , eds., Proc. SPIE   4910 , 188 – 196 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

A. L. S. Filho and H. Waldman , “ Strategies for Designing Translucent Wide-Area Networks ,” in Proceedings of International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conferenc-IMOC’03 ( Foz do Iguacu, PR, Brazil , 2003 ), 931 – 936 .

B. Ramamurthy , S. Yaragorla , and X. Yang , “ Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks ,” in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2001 Symposium on Optical and Photonic Communications ( San Antonio, TX , 2001 ), 60 – 64 .

S. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee , “ Survivable WDM mesh networks, part I - protection ,” in Proceedings of IEEE’99 ( New York, NY , 1999 ), 744 – 751 .

Alcatel’s White Contribution COM 15-33-E: Electrical (BER, Q-factor, el. SNR) and Optical (OSNR, OCR) System Performance Parameters for G.DSN ITU-T SG 15 Contribution, ( 2000 ).

C. Xin , Y. Ye , S. Dixit , and C. Qiao , “ A Joint Working and Protection Path Selection Approach in WDM Optical Networks ,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (Globecom ’01) ( IEEE, New York , 2001 ), 2165 – 2168 .

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Network model

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Illustration of path protection and regeneration-segment protection

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Procedures of survivable lightpath provisioning for translucent optical networks

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Regenerator placement algorithm

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Wavelength assignment algorithm

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Topology of USA network

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Network performances for different required BER, with β = 0.5 and Nr = 20

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Network performances for different values of Nr , with β = 0.5. The required BER follows 10-16 : 10-14 : 10-10 = 1 : 1 : 1

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Network performances for different values of β, with Nr = 0.5. The required BER follows 10-16 : 10-14 : 10-10 = 1 : 1 : 1

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Physical parameters used in the simulations

Equations (15)

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OSNR b OSNR min
BER ( Q ) ( 1 2 π ) · ( exp ( Q 2 2 ) Q )
OSNR min = ( 1 + r ) ( 1 + r ) 2 ( 1 r ) 2 · Be Bo · Q 2
P ASE ( k , j ) = 2 n sp ( k , j ) · ( G ( k , j ) 1 ) · h · v · B o
P ASE ( a , b ) = Σ 1 M ( Σ j Link ( k ) P ASE ( k , j ) )
OSNR b = P l P ASE ( a , b )
Δ t PMD ( a , b ) α B
Δ t PMD ( a , b ) = Σ 1 M D PMD 2 ( k ) · L ( k )
OSNR j OSNR min
Δ t PMD ( i , j ) α B
OSNR j + 1 < OSNR min or Δ t PMD ( i , j + 1 ) > α B
C p ( λ ) = { ε 1 × C ( λ ) if λ is usd by other protection paths and sharable C ( λ ) if λ is free
C p ( r ) = { 0 if r is used by the corresponding working path ε 2 × C ( r ) if r is used by other protection paths and sharable C ( r ) if r is free
CW = Σ λ p C w ( λ ) + Σ λ p C w ( r )
CP = Σ λ p C p ( λ ) + Σ λ p C p ( r )

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