Abstract

Strong stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber is observed using a cw laser at 1.55 μm wavelength region. Brillouin threshold for a 5-m-long fiber is as small as 85 mW. The Brillouin frequency shift v B and the gain linewidth Δv B are 7.95 GHz and 13.2 MHz, respectively, measured with heterodyne detection and an RF spectrum analyzer. A Brillouin gain coefficient g B of 6.0 × 10-9 m/W, about 134 times larger than that of fused silica fiber, is obtained for As2Se3 single mode fiber from measurements of Brillouin threshold power and the gain linewidth.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2005 (2)

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1993 (2)

G. W. Faris , L. E. Jusinski , and A. P. Hickman , “ High resolution stimulated Brillouin spectroscopy in glasses and crystals ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   10 , 587 – 599 ( 1993 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe , T. Kanamori , and K. I. Kubodera , “ Applications of highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fibers in ultrafast all-optical switches ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   29 , 2325 – 2333 ( 1993 ).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

R. W. Tkach , A. R. Chraplyvy , and R. M. Derosier , “ Spontaneous Brillouin scattering for single-mode optical-fiber characterization ,” Electron. Lett.   22 , 1011 – 1013 ( 1986 ).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1982 (1)

D. Cotter , “ Observation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in low-loss silica fiber at 1.3 μm ,” Electron. Lett.   18 , 495 – 496 ( 1982 ).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

R. H. Stolen , “ Polarization effects in fiber Raman and Brillouin lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   15 , 1157 – 1160 ( 1979 ).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

1973 (1)

N. Uchida and N. Niizeki , “ Acoustooptic deflection materials and techniques ,” Proceedings of IEEE   61 , 1073 – 1092 ( 1973 ).
[CrossRef]

1972 (3)

Y. Ohmachi and N. Uchida , “ Vitreous As 2 Se 3 : Investigation of acousto-optical properties and application to infrared modulator ,” J. Appl. Phys.   43 , 1709 – 1712 ( 1972 ).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Ippen and R.H. Stolen , “ Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   21 , 539 – 540 ( 1972 ).
[CrossRef]

R. G Smith , “ Optical power handling capacity of low loss optical fibers as determined by stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering ,” Appl. Opt.   11 , 2489 – 2494 ( 1972 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aggarwal, I. D.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal , Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Academic Press, California , 1995 .

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe , T. Kanamori , and K. I. Kubodera , “ Applications of highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fibers in ultrafast all-optical switches ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   29 , 2325 – 2333 ( 1993 ).
[CrossRef]

Bar-Joseph, J.

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi , J. E. Sharping , A. L. Gaeta , M. S. Bigelow , A. Schweinsberg , R. W. Boyd , Z. Zhu , and D. J. Gauthier , “ Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber ,” CLEO 2005 , Baltimore, MD, CMCC3.

Boyd, R. W.

Y. Okawachi , J. E. Sharping , A. L. Gaeta , M. S. Bigelow , A. Schweinsberg , R. W. Boyd , Z. Zhu , and D. J. Gauthier , “ Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber ,” CLEO 2005 , Baltimore, MD, CMCC3.

Cheong, S.-W.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

R. W. Tkach , A. R. Chraplyvy , and R. M. Derosier , “ Spontaneous Brillouin scattering for single-mode optical-fiber characterization ,” Electron. Lett.   22 , 1011 – 1013 ( 1986 ).
[CrossRef]

Cole, B. J.

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter , “ Observation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in low-loss silica fiber at 1.3 μm ,” Electron. Lett.   18 , 495 – 496 ( 1982 ).
[CrossRef]

Derosier, R. M.

R. W. Tkach , A. R. Chraplyvy , and R. M. Derosier , “ Spontaneous Brillouin scattering for single-mode optical-fiber characterization ,” Electron. Lett.   22 , 1011 – 1013 ( 1986 ).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Faris, G. W.

Friesem, A. A.

Fu, L. B.

Fujita, H.

Gaeta, A. L.

Y. Okawachi , J. E. Sharping , A. L. Gaeta , M. S. Bigelow , A. Schweinsberg , R. W. Boyd , Z. Zhu , and D. J. Gauthier , “ Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber ,” CLEO 2005 , Baltimore, MD, CMCC3.

Gauthier, D. J.

Y. Okawachi , J. E. Sharping , A. L. Gaeta , M. S. Bigelow , A. Schweinsberg , R. W. Boyd , Z. Zhu , and D. J. Gauthier , “ Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber ,” CLEO 2005 , Baltimore, MD, CMCC3.

Ghatak, A.

A. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan , Introduction to fiber optics, Cambridge University Press, NewYork , 1998 .

Harbold, J. M.

Hasegawa, T.

Hickman, A. P.

Hodelin, J.

Hwang, H. Y.

IIday, F. O.

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen and R.H. Stolen , “ Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   21 , 539 – 540 ( 1972 ).
[CrossRef]

Jusinski, L. E.

Kanamori, T.

M. Asobe , T. Kanamori , and K. I. Kubodera , “ Applications of highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fibers in ultrafast all-optical switches ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   29 , 2325 – 2333 ( 1993 ).
[CrossRef]

Katsufuji, T.

Kikuchi, K.

Kitao, M.

Kubodera, K. I.

M. Asobe , T. Kanamori , and K. I. Kubodera , “ Applications of highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fibers in ultrafast all-optical switches ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   29 , 2325 – 2333 ( 1993 ).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

Lens, G.

Lenz, G.

Li, H.

Lichtman, E.

Lines, M. E.

Miklos, R. E.

Moss, D. J.

Mossadegh, R.

Nagashima, T.

Nakatsuka, M.

Nguyen, V. Q.

Niizeki, N.

N. Uchida and N. Niizeki , “ Acoustooptic deflection materials and techniques ,” Proceedings of IEEE   61 , 1073 – 1092 ( 1973 ).
[CrossRef]

Ogusu, K.

Ohara, S.

Ohmachi, Y.

Y. Ohmachi and N. Uchida , “ Vitreous As 2 Se 3 : Investigation of acousto-optical properties and application to infrared modulator ,” J. Appl. Phys.   43 , 1709 – 1712 ( 1972 ).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi , J. E. Sharping , A. L. Gaeta , M. S. Bigelow , A. Schweinsberg , R. W. Boyd , Z. Zhu , and D. J. Gauthier , “ Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber ,” CLEO 2005 , Baltimore, MD, CMCC3.

Pinnow, D. A.

Pureza, P. C.

Rich, T. C.

Rochette, M.

Sanghera, J.

Sanghera, J. S.

Sasaki, T.

Schaafsma, D.

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi , J. E. Sharping , A. L. Gaeta , M. S. Bigelow , A. Schweinsberg , R. W. Boyd , Z. Zhu , and D. J. Gauthier , “ Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber ,” CLEO 2005 , Baltimore, MD, CMCC3.

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi , J. E. Sharping , A. L. Gaeta , M. S. Bigelow , A. Schweinsberg , R. W. Boyd , Z. Zhu , and D. J. Gauthier , “ Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber ,” CLEO 2005 , Baltimore, MD, CMCC3.

Shaw, L. B.

Slusher, R. E.

Smith, R. G

Spalter, S.

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen , “ Polarization effects in fiber Raman and Brillouin lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   15 , 1157 – 1160 ( 1979 ).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R.H.

E. P. Ippen and R.H. Stolen , “ Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   21 , 539 – 540 ( 1972 ).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Ta’eed, V. G.

Tanemura, T.

Thielen, P. A.

Thyagarajan, K.

A. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan , Introduction to fiber optics, Cambridge University Press, NewYork , 1998 .

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach , A. R. Chraplyvy , and R. M. Derosier , “ Spontaneous Brillouin scattering for single-mode optical-fiber characterization ,” Electron. Lett.   22 , 1011 – 1013 ( 1986 ).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, N.

N. Uchida and N. Niizeki , “ Acoustooptic deflection materials and techniques ,” Proceedings of IEEE   61 , 1073 – 1092 ( 1973 ).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ohmachi and N. Uchida , “ Vitreous As 2 Se 3 : Investigation of acousto-optical properties and application to infrared modulator ,” J. Appl. Phys.   43 , 1709 – 1712 ( 1972 ).
[CrossRef]

Warris, R.G.

Wise, F. W.

Yoshida, H.

Yoshida, K.

Zhu, Z.

Y. Okawachi , J. E. Sharping , A. L. Gaeta , M. S. Bigelow , A. Schweinsberg , R. W. Boyd , Z. Zhu , and D. J. Gauthier , “ Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber ,” CLEO 2005 , Baltimore, MD, CMCC3.

Zimmermann, J.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. P. Ippen and R.H. Stolen , “ Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   21 , 539 – 540 ( 1972 ).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. Cotter , “ Observation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in low-loss silica fiber at 1.3 μm ,” Electron. Lett.   18 , 495 – 496 ( 1982 ).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Tkach , A. R. Chraplyvy , and R. M. Derosier , “ Spontaneous Brillouin scattering for single-mode optical-fiber characterization ,” Electron. Lett.   22 , 1011 – 1013 ( 1986 ).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. H. Stolen , “ Polarization effects in fiber Raman and Brillouin lasers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   15 , 1157 – 1160 ( 1979 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe , T. Kanamori , and K. I. Kubodera , “ Applications of highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fibers in ultrafast all-optical switches ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   29 , 2325 – 2333 ( 1993 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Ohmachi and N. Uchida , “ Vitreous As 2 Se 3 : Investigation of acousto-optical properties and application to infrared modulator ,” J. Appl. Phys.   43 , 1709 – 1712 ( 1972 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proceedings of IEEE (1)

N. Uchida and N. Niizeki , “ Acoustooptic deflection materials and techniques ,” Proceedings of IEEE   61 , 1073 – 1092 ( 1973 ).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

G. P. Agrawal , Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Academic Press, California , 1995 .

Y. Okawachi , J. E. Sharping , A. L. Gaeta , M. S. Bigelow , A. Schweinsberg , R. W. Boyd , Z. Zhu , and D. J. Gauthier , “ Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber ,” CLEO 2005 , Baltimore, MD, CMCC3.

A. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan , Introduction to fiber optics, Cambridge University Press, NewYork , 1998 .

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup used for observation of Brillouin Scattering in chalcogenide fiber (a) and linewidth measurement using heterodyne detection (b).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission loss of single-mode As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectra of output from As2Se3 fiber in the backward direction for different pump power level.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Power of light backscattered from the 4.9 m long chalcogenide fiber.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

RF spectrum of the beat signal obtained by heterodyne detection for a pump power of 71 mw.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Brillouin shift, linewidth and gain coefficients of As2Se3 and fused silica at 1.56 μm

Equations (2)

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g B K ( P th / A eff ) L eff 21
g B = 2 π n 7 p 12 2 c λ P 2 ρ v a Δ ν B

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