Abstract

We present experimental results, which show that the up-chirp of dispersively stretched femtosecond pulses decreases linearly with increasing pulse energy after amplification in Erbium-doped fibers. For 6 μJ output pulses a nonlinear dispersion of -4 • 106 fs2 was measured. This nonlinear dispersive effect is attributable to the resonant dispersion of the Erbium-ions and the decrease of the inversion during pulse amplification and was about one order of magnitude larger than predicted by the literature. Most likely this deviation is attributable to the complex population dynamics of the Er3+-ions during pulse amplification, since in the literature the relation between the refractive index and Er3+-inversion was described for a quasi-static population distribution. Due to the high resonant dispersion the required compressor dispersion for minimum output pulse duration depends strongly on the output pulse energy in Erbium-doped fiber-based chirped-pulse-amplifier set-ups.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2004 (1)

2003 (1)

O. L. Antipov , O. E. Eremykin , A. P. Salvikin , V. A. Vorob’ev , D.V. Bredikhin , and M. S. Kuznetsov , “ Electronic Changes of Refractive Index in Intensively Pumped Nd:YAG Laser Crystals ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   39 , 910 ( 2003 )
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Liem , J. Limpert , H. Zellmer , A. Tünnermann , D. Nickel , U. Griebner , G. Korn , and S. Unger , ” High Energy Ultrafast Fiber-CPA System ,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.   50 , Advanced Solid State Lasers, 111 - 113 ( 2001 )

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

K. Tamura , L. E. Nelson , H. A. Haus , and E. P. Ippen , “ Soliton versus nonsoliton operation of fiber ring lasers ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   64 , 149 ( 1994 )
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Adel, P.

P. Adel , Pulsed fiber lasers , ( Cuvillier, Göttingen , 2004 ), ISBN: 3865371469

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal , Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Academic Press, San Diego, Second Edition ( 1995 ), ISBN: 0120451433

Antipov, O. L.

O. L. Antipov , O. E. Eremykin , A. P. Salvikin , V. A. Vorob’ev , D.V. Bredikhin , and M. S. Kuznetsov , “ Electronic Changes of Refractive Index in Intensively Pumped Nd:YAG Laser Crystals ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   39 , 910 ( 2003 )
[CrossRef]

Arkwright, J. W.

Atkins, G. R.

Bredikhin, D.V.

O. L. Antipov , O. E. Eremykin , A. P. Salvikin , V. A. Vorob’ev , D.V. Bredikhin , and M. S. Kuznetsov , “ Electronic Changes of Refractive Index in Intensively Pumped Nd:YAG Laser Crystals ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   39 , 910 ( 2003 )
[CrossRef]

Buck, J. A.

de Matos, C. J. S.

Diels, J.

J. Diels , Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena , ( Academic Press, San Diego , 1995 ) ISBN: 0122154924

Diels, J. C. M.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Elango, P.

Eremykin, O. E.

O. L. Antipov , O. E. Eremykin , A. P. Salvikin , V. A. Vorob’ev , D.V. Bredikhin , and M. S. Kuznetsov , “ Electronic Changes of Refractive Index in Intensively Pumped Nd:YAG Laser Crystals ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   39 , 910 ( 2003 )
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. F.

M. F. Fermann , A. Galvanauskas , and G. Sucha , Ultrafast Lasers, Marcel Dekker, New York ( 2003 )

Fontaine, J. J.

Galvanauskas, A.

M. F. Fermann , A. Galvanauskas , and G. Sucha , Ultrafast Lasers, Marcel Dekker, New York ( 2003 )

Griebner, U.

A. Liem , J. Limpert , H. Zellmer , A. Tünnermann , D. Nickel , U. Griebner , G. Korn , and S. Unger , ” High Energy Ultrafast Fiber-CPA System ,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.   50 , Advanced Solid State Lasers, 111 - 113 ( 2001 )

Haus, H. A.

K. Tamura , L. E. Nelson , H. A. Haus , and E. P. Ippen , “ Soliton versus nonsoliton operation of fiber ring lasers ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   64 , 149 ( 1994 )
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M. B.

Ippen, E. P.

K. Tamura , L. E. Nelson , H. A. Haus , and E. P. Ippen , “ Soliton versus nonsoliton operation of fiber ring lasers ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   64 , 149 ( 1994 )
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

A. Liem , J. Limpert , H. Zellmer , A. Tünnermann , D. Nickel , U. Griebner , G. Korn , and S. Unger , ” High Energy Ultrafast Fiber-CPA System ,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.   50 , Advanced Solid State Lasers, 111 - 113 ( 2001 )

Kuznetsov, M. S.

O. L. Antipov , O. E. Eremykin , A. P. Salvikin , V. A. Vorob’ev , D.V. Bredikhin , and M. S. Kuznetsov , “ Electronic Changes of Refractive Index in Intensively Pumped Nd:YAG Laser Crystals ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   39 , 910 ( 2003 )
[CrossRef]

Liem, A.

A. Liem , J. Limpert , H. Zellmer , A. Tünnermann , D. Nickel , U. Griebner , G. Korn , and S. Unger , ” High Energy Ultrafast Fiber-CPA System ,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.   50 , Advanced Solid State Lasers, 111 - 113 ( 2001 )

Limpert, J.

A. Liem , J. Limpert , H. Zellmer , A. Tünnermann , D. Nickel , U. Griebner , G. Korn , and S. Unger , ” High Energy Ultrafast Fiber-CPA System ,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.   50 , Advanced Solid State Lasers, 111 - 113 ( 2001 )

McMichael, I. C.

Nelson, L. E.

K. Tamura , L. E. Nelson , H. A. Haus , and E. P. Ippen , “ Soliton versus nonsoliton operation of fiber ring lasers ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   64 , 149 ( 1994 )
[CrossRef]

Nickel, D.

A. Liem , J. Limpert , H. Zellmer , A. Tünnermann , D. Nickel , U. Griebner , G. Korn , and S. Unger , ” High Energy Ultrafast Fiber-CPA System ,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.   50 , Advanced Solid State Lasers, 111 - 113 ( 2001 )

Salvikin, A. P.

O. L. Antipov , O. E. Eremykin , A. P. Salvikin , V. A. Vorob’ev , D.V. Bredikhin , and M. S. Kuznetsov , “ Electronic Changes of Refractive Index in Intensively Pumped Nd:YAG Laser Crystals ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   39 , 910 ( 2003 )
[CrossRef]

Simoni, F.

Sucha, G.

M. F. Fermann , A. Galvanauskas , and G. Sucha , Ultrafast Lasers, Marcel Dekker, New York ( 2003 )

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura , L. E. Nelson , H. A. Haus , and E. P. Ippen , “ Soliton versus nonsoliton operation of fiber ring lasers ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   64 , 149 ( 1994 )
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Tünnermann, A.

A. Liem , J. Limpert , H. Zellmer , A. Tünnermann , D. Nickel , U. Griebner , G. Korn , and S. Unger , ” High Energy Ultrafast Fiber-CPA System ,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.   50 , Advanced Solid State Lasers, 111 - 113 ( 2001 )

Unger, S.

A. Liem , J. Limpert , H. Zellmer , A. Tünnermann , D. Nickel , U. Griebner , G. Korn , and S. Unger , ” High Energy Ultrafast Fiber-CPA System ,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.   50 , Advanced Solid State Lasers, 111 - 113 ( 2001 )

Vorob’ev, V. A.

O. L. Antipov , O. E. Eremykin , A. P. Salvikin , V. A. Vorob’ev , D.V. Bredikhin , and M. S. Kuznetsov , “ Electronic Changes of Refractive Index in Intensively Pumped Nd:YAG Laser Crystals ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   39 , 910 ( 2003 )
[CrossRef]

Whitbread, T.

Zellmer, H.

A. Liem , J. Limpert , H. Zellmer , A. Tünnermann , D. Nickel , U. Griebner , G. Korn , and S. Unger , ” High Energy Ultrafast Fiber-CPA System ,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.   50 , Advanced Solid State Lasers, 111 - 113 ( 2001 )

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura , L. E. Nelson , H. A. Haus , and E. P. Ippen , “ Soliton versus nonsoliton operation of fiber ring lasers ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   64 , 149 ( 1994 )
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

O. L. Antipov , O. E. Eremykin , A. P. Salvikin , V. A. Vorob’ev , D.V. Bredikhin , and M. S. Kuznetsov , “ Electronic Changes of Refractive Index in Intensively Pumped Nd:YAG Laser Crystals ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   39 , 910 ( 2003 )
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (5)

M. F. Fermann , A. Galvanauskas , and G. Sucha , Ultrafast Lasers, Marcel Dekker, New York ( 2003 )

P. Adel , Pulsed fiber lasers , ( Cuvillier, Göttingen , 2004 ), ISBN: 3865371469

G. P. Agrawal , Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Academic Press, San Diego, Second Edition ( 1995 ), ISBN: 0120451433

J. Diels , Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena , ( Academic Press, San Diego , 1995 ) ISBN: 0122154924

A. Liem , J. Limpert , H. Zellmer , A. Tünnermann , D. Nickel , U. Griebner , G. Korn , and S. Unger , ” High Energy Ultrafast Fiber-CPA System ,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.   50 , Advanced Solid State Lasers, 111 - 113 ( 2001 )

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