Abstract

A composite crystalline Nd:YAG rod consisting of 5 segments with different dopant concentrations for high power diode end-pumping is presented. A maximum laser output power of 407 W with an optical-to-optical efficiency of 54 % was achieved by longitudinal pumping with a high power laser diode stack.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S.C. Tidwell , J.F Seamanns , M.S. Bowers , and A.K. Cousins , “ Scaling CW Diode-End-Pumped Nd:YAG Lasers to High Average Powers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. .   28 , p. 997 ( 1992 ).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Hanson , “ Improved laser performance at 946 and 473 nm from a composite Nd:Y 3 Al 5 O 12 rod ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   66 , 3549 ( 1995 ).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , and H. Inaba , “ High power operation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO 4 laser using composite rod with undoped end ,” Electron. Lett.   32 , 40 ( 1996 ).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , T. Kasamatsu , and H. Inaba , “ Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end pumped geometry ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   3 , 9 ( 1997 ).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Bibeau , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , M. A. Emanuel , J. Skidmore , C. A. Ebbers , S. B. Sutton , and K. S. Jancaitis ., “ High-Average-Power 1 μm Performance and Frequency Conversion of a Diode-End-Pumped Yb:YAG Laser ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   34 , 2010 ( 1998 ).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Honea , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , J. Skidmore , M. A. Emanuel , S. B. Sutton , S. A. Payne , P. V. Avizonis , R. S. Monroe , and D. G. Harris , “ High-power dual-rod Yb:YAG laser ,” Opt. Lett.   25 , 805 ( 2000 ).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Kracht , M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , and C. Fallnich , “ Comparison of crystalline and ceramic composite Nd:YAG for high power diode end-pumping ,” Opt. Express   13 , 6212 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-16-6212 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , R. Gau , M. Brendel , I. Zawischa , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , and B. Willke , “ High-power single-frequency Nd:YAG laser for gravitational wave detection ,” Class. Quantum Grav.   21 , 895 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , M. Brendel , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , B. Willke , and K. Danzmann , “ High power fundamental mode Nd:YAG laser with efficient birefringence compensation ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3581 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-15-3581 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. Koechner , Solid-State Laser Engineering , 4 th edition, ( New York, Springer , 1995 )
  11. K. Contag , Modellierung und numerische Auslegung des Yb:YAG-Scheibenlasers , ( Munich, Herbert Utz Verlag , 2002 )

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , R. Gau , M. Brendel , I. Zawischa , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , and B. Willke , “ High-power single-frequency Nd:YAG laser for gravitational wave detection ,” Class. Quantum Grav.   21 , 895 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , M. Brendel , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , B. Willke , and K. Danzmann , “ High power fundamental mode Nd:YAG laser with efficient birefringence compensation ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3581 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-15-3581 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

C. Bibeau , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , M. A. Emanuel , J. Skidmore , C. A. Ebbers , S. B. Sutton , and K. S. Jancaitis ., “ High-Average-Power 1 μm Performance and Frequency Conversion of a Diode-End-Pumped Yb:YAG Laser ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   34 , 2010 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , T. Kasamatsu , and H. Inaba , “ Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end pumped geometry ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   3 , 9 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , and H. Inaba , “ High power operation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO 4 laser using composite rod with undoped end ,” Electron. Lett.   32 , 40 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

F. Hanson , “ Improved laser performance at 946 and 473 nm from a composite Nd:Y 3 Al 5 O 12 rod ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   66 , 3549 ( 1995 ).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S.C. Tidwell , J.F Seamanns , M.S. Bowers , and A.K. Cousins , “ Scaling CW Diode-End-Pumped Nd:YAG Lasers to High Average Powers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. .   28 , p. 997 ( 1992 ).
[CrossRef]

Avizonis, P. V.

Beach, R. J.

E. Honea , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , J. Skidmore , M. A. Emanuel , S. B. Sutton , S. A. Payne , P. V. Avizonis , R. S. Monroe , and D. G. Harris , “ High-power dual-rod Yb:YAG laser ,” Opt. Lett.   25 , 805 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

C. Bibeau , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , M. A. Emanuel , J. Skidmore , C. A. Ebbers , S. B. Sutton , and K. S. Jancaitis ., “ High-Average-Power 1 μm Performance and Frequency Conversion of a Diode-End-Pumped Yb:YAG Laser ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   34 , 2010 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Bibeau, C.

C. Bibeau , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , M. A. Emanuel , J. Skidmore , C. A. Ebbers , S. B. Sutton , and K. S. Jancaitis ., “ High-Average-Power 1 μm Performance and Frequency Conversion of a Diode-End-Pumped Yb:YAG Laser ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   34 , 2010 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, M.S.

S.C. Tidwell , J.F Seamanns , M.S. Bowers , and A.K. Cousins , “ Scaling CW Diode-End-Pumped Nd:YAG Lasers to High Average Powers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. .   28 , p. 997 ( 1992 ).
[CrossRef]

Brendel, M.

M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , R. Gau , M. Brendel , I. Zawischa , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , and B. Willke , “ High-power single-frequency Nd:YAG laser for gravitational wave detection ,” Class. Quantum Grav.   21 , 895 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , M. Brendel , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , B. Willke , and K. Danzmann , “ High power fundamental mode Nd:YAG laser with efficient birefringence compensation ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3581 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-15-3581 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Contag, K.

K. Contag , Modellierung und numerische Auslegung des Yb:YAG-Scheibenlasers , ( Munich, Herbert Utz Verlag , 2002 )

Cousins, A.K.

S.C. Tidwell , J.F Seamanns , M.S. Bowers , and A.K. Cousins , “ Scaling CW Diode-End-Pumped Nd:YAG Lasers to High Average Powers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. .   28 , p. 997 ( 1992 ).
[CrossRef]

Danzmann, K.

Ebbers, C. A.

C. Bibeau , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , M. A. Emanuel , J. Skidmore , C. A. Ebbers , S. B. Sutton , and K. S. Jancaitis ., “ High-Average-Power 1 μm Performance and Frequency Conversion of a Diode-End-Pumped Yb:YAG Laser ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   34 , 2010 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Emanuel, M. A.

E. Honea , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , J. Skidmore , M. A. Emanuel , S. B. Sutton , S. A. Payne , P. V. Avizonis , R. S. Monroe , and D. G. Harris , “ High-power dual-rod Yb:YAG laser ,” Opt. Lett.   25 , 805 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

C. Bibeau , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , M. A. Emanuel , J. Skidmore , C. A. Ebbers , S. B. Sutton , and K. S. Jancaitis ., “ High-Average-Power 1 μm Performance and Frequency Conversion of a Diode-End-Pumped Yb:YAG Laser ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   34 , 2010 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

Frede, M.

Gau, R.

M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , R. Gau , M. Brendel , I. Zawischa , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , and B. Willke , “ High-power single-frequency Nd:YAG laser for gravitational wave detection ,” Class. Quantum Grav.   21 , 895 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Hanson, F.

F. Hanson , “ Improved laser performance at 946 and 473 nm from a composite Nd:Y 3 Al 5 O 12 rod ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   66 , 3549 ( 1995 ).
[CrossRef]

Harris, D. G.

Honea, E.

Inaba, H.

M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , T. Kasamatsu , and H. Inaba , “ Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end pumped geometry ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   3 , 9 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , and H. Inaba , “ High power operation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO 4 laser using composite rod with undoped end ,” Electron. Lett.   32 , 40 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Jancaitis, K. S.

C. Bibeau , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , M. A. Emanuel , J. Skidmore , C. A. Ebbers , S. B. Sutton , and K. S. Jancaitis ., “ High-Average-Power 1 μm Performance and Frequency Conversion of a Diode-End-Pumped Yb:YAG Laser ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   34 , 2010 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Kasamatsu, T.

M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , T. Kasamatsu , and H. Inaba , “ Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end pumped geometry ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   3 , 9 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner , Solid-State Laser Engineering , 4 th edition, ( New York, Springer , 1995 )

Kracht, D.

Mitchell, S. C.

E. Honea , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , J. Skidmore , M. A. Emanuel , S. B. Sutton , S. A. Payne , P. V. Avizonis , R. S. Monroe , and D. G. Harris , “ High-power dual-rod Yb:YAG laser ,” Opt. Lett.   25 , 805 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

C. Bibeau , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , M. A. Emanuel , J. Skidmore , C. A. Ebbers , S. B. Sutton , and K. S. Jancaitis ., “ High-Average-Power 1 μm Performance and Frequency Conversion of a Diode-End-Pumped Yb:YAG Laser ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   34 , 2010 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Monroe, R. S.

Payne, S. A.

Seamanns, J.F

S.C. Tidwell , J.F Seamanns , M.S. Bowers , and A.K. Cousins , “ Scaling CW Diode-End-Pumped Nd:YAG Lasers to High Average Powers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. .   28 , p. 997 ( 1992 ).
[CrossRef]

Seifert, F.

M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , R. Gau , M. Brendel , I. Zawischa , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , and B. Willke , “ High-power single-frequency Nd:YAG laser for gravitational wave detection ,” Class. Quantum Grav.   21 , 895 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , M. Brendel , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , B. Willke , and K. Danzmann , “ High power fundamental mode Nd:YAG laser with efficient birefringence compensation ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3581 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-15-3581 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skidmore, J.

E. Honea , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , J. Skidmore , M. A. Emanuel , S. B. Sutton , S. A. Payne , P. V. Avizonis , R. S. Monroe , and D. G. Harris , “ High-power dual-rod Yb:YAG laser ,” Opt. Lett.   25 , 805 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

C. Bibeau , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , M. A. Emanuel , J. Skidmore , C. A. Ebbers , S. B. Sutton , and K. S. Jancaitis ., “ High-Average-Power 1 μm Performance and Frequency Conversion of a Diode-End-Pumped Yb:YAG Laser ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   34 , 2010 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S. B.

E. Honea , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , J. Skidmore , M. A. Emanuel , S. B. Sutton , S. A. Payne , P. V. Avizonis , R. S. Monroe , and D. G. Harris , “ High-power dual-rod Yb:YAG laser ,” Opt. Lett.   25 , 805 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

C. Bibeau , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , M. A. Emanuel , J. Skidmore , C. A. Ebbers , S. B. Sutton , and K. S. Jancaitis ., “ High-Average-Power 1 μm Performance and Frequency Conversion of a Diode-End-Pumped Yb:YAG Laser ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   34 , 2010 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Taguchi, N.

M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , T. Kasamatsu , and H. Inaba , “ Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end pumped geometry ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   3 , 9 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , and H. Inaba , “ High power operation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO 4 laser using composite rod with undoped end ,” Electron. Lett.   32 , 40 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Tidwell, S.C.

S.C. Tidwell , J.F Seamanns , M.S. Bowers , and A.K. Cousins , “ Scaling CW Diode-End-Pumped Nd:YAG Lasers to High Average Powers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. .   28 , p. 997 ( 1992 ).
[CrossRef]

Tsunekane, M.

M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , T. Kasamatsu , and H. Inaba , “ Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end pumped geometry ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   3 , 9 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , and H. Inaba , “ High power operation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO 4 laser using composite rod with undoped end ,” Electron. Lett.   32 , 40 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, R.

Willke, B.

M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , R. Gau , M. Brendel , I. Zawischa , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , and B. Willke , “ High-power single-frequency Nd:YAG laser for gravitational wave detection ,” Class. Quantum Grav.   21 , 895 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , M. Brendel , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , B. Willke , and K. Danzmann , “ High power fundamental mode Nd:YAG laser with efficient birefringence compensation ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3581 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-15-3581 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zawischa, I.

M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , R. Gau , M. Brendel , I. Zawischa , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , and B. Willke , “ High-power single-frequency Nd:YAG laser for gravitational wave detection ,” Class. Quantum Grav.   21 , 895 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Hanson , “ Improved laser performance at 946 and 473 nm from a composite Nd:Y 3 Al 5 O 12 rod ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   66 , 3549 ( 1995 ).
[CrossRef]

Class. Quantum Grav. (1)

M. Frede , R. Wilhelm , R. Gau , M. Brendel , I. Zawischa , C. Fallnich , F. Seifert , and B. Willke , “ High-power single-frequency Nd:YAG laser for gravitational wave detection ,” Class. Quantum Grav.   21 , 895 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , and H. Inaba , “ High power operation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO 4 laser using composite rod with undoped end ,” Electron. Lett.   32 , 40 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. Bibeau , R. J. Beach , S. C. Mitchell , M. A. Emanuel , J. Skidmore , C. A. Ebbers , S. B. Sutton , and K. S. Jancaitis ., “ High-Average-Power 1 μm Performance and Frequency Conversion of a Diode-End-Pumped Yb:YAG Laser ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   34 , 2010 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

S.C. Tidwell , J.F Seamanns , M.S. Bowers , and A.K. Cousins , “ Scaling CW Diode-End-Pumped Nd:YAG Lasers to High Average Powers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. .   28 , p. 997 ( 1992 ).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Tsunekane , N. Taguchi , T. Kasamatsu , and H. Inaba , “ Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end pumped geometry ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   3 , 9 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

W. Koechner , Solid-State Laser Engineering , 4 th edition, ( New York, Springer , 1995 )

K. Contag , Modellierung und numerische Auslegung des Yb:YAG-Scheibenlasers , ( Munich, Herbert Utz Verlag , 2002 )

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic set-up of the laser system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Heat generation rate distributions (a), numerically calculated temperature profiles (b), and von-Mises equivalent stress on rod surface (c) of the different designs; pump wavelength: 807 nm, spectral width (FWHM): 2.5 nm, pump power: 750 W.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Laser output vs. diode pump power for the multi-segmented Nd:YAG laser.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Length and dopant concentration of the segments of the laser rod.

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