Abstract

Continuous-wave 1.5-μm-band laser is demonstrated in thulium doped tellurite glass microsphere by single laser pumping. 1.9-μm laser from the lower transition (3F43H6) of Tm3+ is generated to depopulate the lower level (3F4) of 1.5-μm transition (3H43F4) in order to achieve the population inversion. Laser wavelength of 3H43F4 transition is shifted by 30 nm from the emission peak. Slope efficiency of 1.9-μm laser is improved after the1.5-μm laser starts to lase.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R.C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz , “ Continuous-wave 1.50-Mum thulium cascade laser ,” Opt. Lett.   16 , 232 ( 1991 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. G.H. Rosenblatt , R.J. Ginther , R.C. Stoneman , and L. Esterowitz , Advanced Solid state Lasers, “ Laser emission at 1.47 μm from fluorozirconate glass doped with Tm 3+ and Tb 3+ ,” Proceedings of the OSA Topical Meeting (5 vols), 1988 , p 373 .
  3. S. Tanabe , X. Feng , and T. Hanada , “ Improved emission of Tm 3+ -doped glass for a 1.4-μm amplifier by radiative energy transfer between Tm 3+ and Nd 3+ ,” Opt. Lett.   25 , 817 ( 2000 ).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Kasamatsu , Y. Yano , and T. Ono , “ Gain-shifted dual-wavelength-pumped thulium-doped fiber amplifier for WDM signals in the 1.48-1.51 mm ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 31 ( 2001 ).
    [Crossref]
  5. Jianfeng Wu , Shibin Jiang , Tiequn Qiu , and N. Peyghambarian , “ Cross relaxation energy transfer of thuliumin tellurite glass ” Submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B .
  6. X. Peng , F. Song , S. Jiang , N. Peyghambarian , M. Kuwata-Gonokami , and L. Xu , “ Fiber-taper-coupled L-band Er 3+ -doped tellurite glass microsphere laser ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1497 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref]
  7. R.S. Quimby and W.J. Miniscalso , “ Continuous-wave lasing on a self-terminating transition ,” Appl. Opt.   28 , 14 , ( 1989 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. R.M Allen , L. Esterowitz , and I. Aggarwal , “ An efficient 1.46μm thulium fiber laser via a cascade process ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   29 , 303 , ( 1993 ).
    [Crossref]
  9. R.M. Percival , D. Szebesta , and S.T. Davey , “ Highly efficient CW cascade operation of 1.47 and 1.82 mm transitions in Tm-doped fluoride fiber laser ,” Electron. Lett.   28 , 1866 ( 1992 ).
    [Crossref]

2003 (1)

X. Peng , F. Song , S. Jiang , N. Peyghambarian , M. Kuwata-Gonokami , and L. Xu , “ Fiber-taper-coupled L-band Er 3+ -doped tellurite glass microsphere laser ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1497 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

T. Kasamatsu , Y. Yano , and T. Ono , “ Gain-shifted dual-wavelength-pumped thulium-doped fiber amplifier for WDM signals in the 1.48-1.51 mm ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 31 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1993 (1)

R.M Allen , L. Esterowitz , and I. Aggarwal , “ An efficient 1.46μm thulium fiber laser via a cascade process ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   29 , 303 , ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

R.M. Percival , D. Szebesta , and S.T. Davey , “ Highly efficient CW cascade operation of 1.47 and 1.82 mm transitions in Tm-doped fluoride fiber laser ,” Electron. Lett.   28 , 1866 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

G.H. Rosenblatt , R.J. Ginther , R.C. Stoneman , and L. Esterowitz , Advanced Solid state Lasers, “ Laser emission at 1.47 μm from fluorozirconate glass doped with Tm 3+ and Tb 3+ ,” Proceedings of the OSA Topical Meeting (5 vols), 1988 , p 373 .

Aggarwal, I.

R.M Allen , L. Esterowitz , and I. Aggarwal , “ An efficient 1.46μm thulium fiber laser via a cascade process ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   29 , 303 , ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

Allen, R.M

R.M Allen , L. Esterowitz , and I. Aggarwal , “ An efficient 1.46μm thulium fiber laser via a cascade process ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   29 , 303 , ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

Davey, S.T.

R.M. Percival , D. Szebesta , and S.T. Davey , “ Highly efficient CW cascade operation of 1.47 and 1.82 mm transitions in Tm-doped fluoride fiber laser ,” Electron. Lett.   28 , 1866 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

Esterowitz, L.

R.M Allen , L. Esterowitz , and I. Aggarwal , “ An efficient 1.46μm thulium fiber laser via a cascade process ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   29 , 303 , ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

R.C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz , “ Continuous-wave 1.50-Mum thulium cascade laser ,” Opt. Lett.   16 , 232 ( 1991 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G.H. Rosenblatt , R.J. Ginther , R.C. Stoneman , and L. Esterowitz , Advanced Solid state Lasers, “ Laser emission at 1.47 μm from fluorozirconate glass doped with Tm 3+ and Tb 3+ ,” Proceedings of the OSA Topical Meeting (5 vols), 1988 , p 373 .

Feng, X.

Ginther, R.J.

G.H. Rosenblatt , R.J. Ginther , R.C. Stoneman , and L. Esterowitz , Advanced Solid state Lasers, “ Laser emission at 1.47 μm from fluorozirconate glass doped with Tm 3+ and Tb 3+ ,” Proceedings of the OSA Topical Meeting (5 vols), 1988 , p 373 .

Hanada, T.

Jiang, S.

X. Peng , F. Song , S. Jiang , N. Peyghambarian , M. Kuwata-Gonokami , and L. Xu , “ Fiber-taper-coupled L-band Er 3+ -doped tellurite glass microsphere laser ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1497 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Shibin

Jianfeng Wu , Shibin Jiang , Tiequn Qiu , and N. Peyghambarian , “ Cross relaxation energy transfer of thuliumin tellurite glass ” Submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B .

Kasamatsu, T.

T. Kasamatsu , Y. Yano , and T. Ono , “ Gain-shifted dual-wavelength-pumped thulium-doped fiber amplifier for WDM signals in the 1.48-1.51 mm ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 31 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

X. Peng , F. Song , S. Jiang , N. Peyghambarian , M. Kuwata-Gonokami , and L. Xu , “ Fiber-taper-coupled L-band Er 3+ -doped tellurite glass microsphere laser ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1497 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Miniscalso, W.J.

Ono, T.

T. Kasamatsu , Y. Yano , and T. Ono , “ Gain-shifted dual-wavelength-pumped thulium-doped fiber amplifier for WDM signals in the 1.48-1.51 mm ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 31 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Peng, X.

X. Peng , F. Song , S. Jiang , N. Peyghambarian , M. Kuwata-Gonokami , and L. Xu , “ Fiber-taper-coupled L-band Er 3+ -doped tellurite glass microsphere laser ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1497 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Percival, R.M.

R.M. Percival , D. Szebesta , and S.T. Davey , “ Highly efficient CW cascade operation of 1.47 and 1.82 mm transitions in Tm-doped fluoride fiber laser ,” Electron. Lett.   28 , 1866 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

X. Peng , F. Song , S. Jiang , N. Peyghambarian , M. Kuwata-Gonokami , and L. Xu , “ Fiber-taper-coupled L-band Er 3+ -doped tellurite glass microsphere laser ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1497 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Jianfeng Wu , Shibin Jiang , Tiequn Qiu , and N. Peyghambarian , “ Cross relaxation energy transfer of thuliumin tellurite glass ” Submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B .

Qiu, Tiequn

Jianfeng Wu , Shibin Jiang , Tiequn Qiu , and N. Peyghambarian , “ Cross relaxation energy transfer of thuliumin tellurite glass ” Submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B .

Quimby, R.S.

Rosenblatt, G.H.

G.H. Rosenblatt , R.J. Ginther , R.C. Stoneman , and L. Esterowitz , Advanced Solid state Lasers, “ Laser emission at 1.47 μm from fluorozirconate glass doped with Tm 3+ and Tb 3+ ,” Proceedings of the OSA Topical Meeting (5 vols), 1988 , p 373 .

Song, F.

X. Peng , F. Song , S. Jiang , N. Peyghambarian , M. Kuwata-Gonokami , and L. Xu , “ Fiber-taper-coupled L-band Er 3+ -doped tellurite glass microsphere laser ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1497 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Stoneman, R.C.

R.C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz , “ Continuous-wave 1.50-Mum thulium cascade laser ,” Opt. Lett.   16 , 232 ( 1991 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G.H. Rosenblatt , R.J. Ginther , R.C. Stoneman , and L. Esterowitz , Advanced Solid state Lasers, “ Laser emission at 1.47 μm from fluorozirconate glass doped with Tm 3+ and Tb 3+ ,” Proceedings of the OSA Topical Meeting (5 vols), 1988 , p 373 .

Szebesta, D.

R.M. Percival , D. Szebesta , and S.T. Davey , “ Highly efficient CW cascade operation of 1.47 and 1.82 mm transitions in Tm-doped fluoride fiber laser ,” Electron. Lett.   28 , 1866 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

Tanabe, S.

Wu, Jianfeng

Jianfeng Wu , Shibin Jiang , Tiequn Qiu , and N. Peyghambarian , “ Cross relaxation energy transfer of thuliumin tellurite glass ” Submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B .

Xu, L.

X. Peng , F. Song , S. Jiang , N. Peyghambarian , M. Kuwata-Gonokami , and L. Xu , “ Fiber-taper-coupled L-band Er 3+ -doped tellurite glass microsphere laser ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1497 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Yano, Y.

T. Kasamatsu , Y. Yano , and T. Ono , “ Gain-shifted dual-wavelength-pumped thulium-doped fiber amplifier for WDM signals in the 1.48-1.51 mm ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 31 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Peng , F. Song , S. Jiang , N. Peyghambarian , M. Kuwata-Gonokami , and L. Xu , “ Fiber-taper-coupled L-band Er 3+ -doped tellurite glass microsphere laser ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1497 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

R.M. Percival , D. Szebesta , and S.T. Davey , “ Highly efficient CW cascade operation of 1.47 and 1.82 mm transitions in Tm-doped fluoride fiber laser ,” Electron. Lett.   28 , 1866 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R.M Allen , L. Esterowitz , and I. Aggarwal , “ An efficient 1.46μm thulium fiber laser via a cascade process ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   29 , 303 , ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Kasamatsu , Y. Yano , and T. Ono , “ Gain-shifted dual-wavelength-pumped thulium-doped fiber amplifier for WDM signals in the 1.48-1.51 mm ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 31 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

G.H. Rosenblatt , R.J. Ginther , R.C. Stoneman , and L. Esterowitz , Advanced Solid state Lasers, “ Laser emission at 1.47 μm from fluorozirconate glass doped with Tm 3+ and Tb 3+ ,” Proceedings of the OSA Topical Meeting (5 vols), 1988 , p 373 .

Jianfeng Wu , Shibin Jiang , Tiequn Qiu , and N. Peyghambarian , “ Cross relaxation energy transfer of thuliumin tellurite glass ” Submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B .

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Absorption coefficient of the 0.5 wt% Tm2O3 doped tellurite glass. Inset illustrates the energy diagram of the electronic state of Tm3+.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The slopes of both the 1.9 (black square) and 1.5 (red circle) μm lasers versus the pump power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The microsphere laser spectrum of the 1.9 and 1.5 μm. The emission spectrum of the 0.5 wt% thulium doped tellurite glass sample.

Equations (6)

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A 1 > A 31 * ,
A 31 * = A 31 + A 32 + A 31 nr + A 32 nr ,
0 = W 03 N 0 A 31 * N 3 A 30 N 3
0 = A 31 * N 3 W 10 N 1 + W 01 N 0
N 0 + N 1 + N 3 = N
N 3 N 1 = W 03 × W 10 ( A 30 + A 31 * ) × W 01 + A 31 * × W 03 > 1

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