Abstract

In this paper we theoretically study the left-handed behaviors in a two-dimensional triangular photonic crystal made of elliptical rods in air. An absolute left-handed region is found in the second photonic band by using the plane wave expansion method to analyze the photonic band structure and equifrequency contours. Typical left-handed behaviors such as negative refraction, flat superlensing and plano-concave lensing are demonstrated by the finite-difference time-domain simulations. These behaviors are also compared with the quasi-negative refraction and the resulted focusing effects in a square-lattice two-dimensional photonic crystal.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. Hongsheng Chen , Lixin Ran , Jiantao , Huangfu , Xianmin Zhang , Kangsheng Chen , Tomasz M. Grzegorczyk , and Jin Au Kong , “ Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 057605 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  4. Ertugrul Cubukcu , Koray Aydin , Ekmel Ozbay , Stavroula Foteinopoulou , and Costas M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction by photonic crystals ,” Nature   423 , 604 – 605 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. Patanjali V. Parimi , Wentao T. Lu , Plarenta Vodo , and Srinivas Sridhar , “ Imaging by flat lens using negative refraction ,” Nature   426 , 404 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. N. Seddon and T. Bearpark , “ Observation of the inverse Doppler effect ,” Science   302 , 1537 – 1540 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Evan J. Reed , Marin Soljacic , and John D. Joannopoulos , “ Reversed Doppler effect in photonic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 133901 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. Chiyan Luo , Mihai lbanescu , G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals ,” Science   299 , 368 – 371 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. J. B. Pendry , “ Negative refraction makes a perfect lens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   85 , 3966 – 3969 ( 2000 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. P. Vodo , P. V. Parimi , W. T. Lu , and S. Sridhar , “ Focusing by planoconcave lens using negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 201108 ( 2005 ).
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  11. C. G. Parazzoli , R. B. Greegor , J. A. Nielsen , M. A. Thompson , K. Li , A. M. Vetter , M. H. Tanielian , and D. C. Vier , “ Performance of a negative index of refraction lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 3232 – 3234 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  12. Nicholas Fang , Hyesog Lee , Cheng Sun , and Xiang Zhang , “ Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a sliver superlens ,” Science   308 , 534 – 537 ( 2005 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. Notomi , “ Theory of light propagation in strongly modulated Photonic Crystals: refractionlike behavior in the vicinity of the photonic band gap ,” Phys. Rev. B   62 , 10696 – 10705 ( 2000 ).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Foteinopoulou and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and left-handed behavior in two-dimensional Photonic Crystals ,” Phys. Rev. B   67 , 235107 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref]
  15. Pavel A. Belov , Constantin R. Simovski , and Pekka Ikonen , “ Canalization of subwavelength images by electromagnetic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 193105 ( 2005 ).
    [Crossref]
  16. Alejandro Martinez and Javier Marti , “ Analysis of wave focusing inside a negative photonic-crystal slab ,” Opt. Express   13 , 2858 – 2868 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-8-2858 .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. Chiyan Luo , Steven G. Johnson , J. D. Joannopoulos , and J. B. Pendry , “ All-negative refraction without negative effective index ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 201104 ( 2002 ).
    [Crossref]
  18. Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Flat lens imaging does not need negative refraction ,” cond-mat/0312288 ( 2004 ).
  19. Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Optical transmission of photonic crystal structures formed by dielectric crystals: Evidence for non-negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 056608 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  20. Hung-Ta Chien , Hui-Ting Tang , Chao-Hsien Kuo , Chii-Chang Chen , and Zhen Ye , “ Direct diffraction without negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. B   70 , 113101 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  21. Liang-Shan Chen , Chao-Hsien Kuo , and Zhen Ye , “ Guiding optical flows by Photonic Crystal slabs made of dielectric cylinders ,” Phys. Rev. E   69 , 066612 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  22. Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Negative-refraction-like behavior revealed by arrays of dielectric cylinders ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 026608 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  23. R. Moussa , S. Foteinopoulou , Lei Zhang , G. Tuttle , K. Guven , E. Ozbay , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and superlens behavior in a two-dimensional Photonic Crystal ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 085106 ( 2005 ).
    [Crossref]
  24. Shuai Feng , Zhi-Yuan Li , Zhi-Fang Feng , Bing-Ying Cheng , and Dao-Zhong Zhang , “ Imaging properties of an elliptical-rod photonic-crystal slab lens ,” Phys. Rev. B   72 , 075101 ( 2005 ).
    [Crossref]
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  28. Zhaolin Lu , Caihua Chen , Christopher A. Schuetz , Shouyuan Shi , Janusz A. Murakowski , Garrett J. Schneider , and Dennis W. Prather “ Subwavelength imaging by a flat cylindrical lens using optimized negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 091907 ( 2005 ).
    [Crossref]
  29. Xianyu Ao and Sailing He , “ Negative refraction of left-handed behavior in porous alumina with infiltrated sliver at an optical wavelength ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 101112 ( 2005 ).
    [Crossref]
  30. Sanshui Xiao , Min Qiu , Zhichao Ruan , and Sailing He , “ Influence of the surface termination to the point imaging by a photonic crystals slab with negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4269 – 4271 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  31. X. Wang , Z. F. Ren , and K. Kempa , “ Unrestricted superlensing in a triangular two-dimensional photonic crystal ,” Opt. Express   12 , 2919 – 2924 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2919 .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. E. Cubukcu , K. Aydin , E. Ozbay , S. Foteinopolou1 , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Subwavelength Resolution in a Two-Dimensional Photonic-Crystal- Based Superlens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 207401 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. Zhixiang Tang , Hao Zhang , Runwu Peng , Yunxia Ye , Lei Shen , Shuangchun Wen , and Dianyuan Fan , “ Two degenerate anisotropic modes in the experimental photonic crystal slab lens ,” submitted to Opt. Commun ( 2005 ).

2005 (8)

P. Vodo , P. V. Parimi , W. T. Lu , and S. Sridhar , “ Focusing by planoconcave lens using negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 201108 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Nicholas Fang , Hyesog Lee , Cheng Sun , and Xiang Zhang , “ Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a sliver superlens ,” Science   308 , 534 – 537 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pavel A. Belov , Constantin R. Simovski , and Pekka Ikonen , “ Canalization of subwavelength images by electromagnetic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 193105 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Zhaolin Lu , Caihua Chen , Christopher A. Schuetz , Shouyuan Shi , Janusz A. Murakowski , Garrett J. Schneider , and Dennis W. Prather “ Subwavelength imaging by a flat cylindrical lens using optimized negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 091907 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Xianyu Ao and Sailing He , “ Negative refraction of left-handed behavior in porous alumina with infiltrated sliver at an optical wavelength ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 101112 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

R. Moussa , S. Foteinopoulou , Lei Zhang , G. Tuttle , K. Guven , E. Ozbay , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and superlens behavior in a two-dimensional Photonic Crystal ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 085106 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Shuai Feng , Zhi-Yuan Li , Zhi-Fang Feng , Bing-Ying Cheng , and Dao-Zhong Zhang , “ Imaging properties of an elliptical-rod photonic-crystal slab lens ,” Phys. Rev. B   72 , 075101 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Alejandro Martinez and Javier Marti , “ Analysis of wave focusing inside a negative photonic-crystal slab ,” Opt. Express   13 , 2858 – 2868 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-8-2858 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (8)

X. Wang , Z. F. Ren , and K. Kempa , “ Unrestricted superlensing in a triangular two-dimensional photonic crystal ,” Opt. Express   12 , 2919 – 2924 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2919 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanshui Xiao , Min Qiu , Zhichao Ruan , and Sailing He , “ Influence of the surface termination to the point imaging by a photonic crystals slab with negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4269 – 4271 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Optical transmission of photonic crystal structures formed by dielectric crystals: Evidence for non-negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 056608 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Hung-Ta Chien , Hui-Ting Tang , Chao-Hsien Kuo , Chii-Chang Chen , and Zhen Ye , “ Direct diffraction without negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. B   70 , 113101 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Liang-Shan Chen , Chao-Hsien Kuo , and Zhen Ye , “ Guiding optical flows by Photonic Crystal slabs made of dielectric cylinders ,” Phys. Rev. E   69 , 066612 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Negative-refraction-like behavior revealed by arrays of dielectric cylinders ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 026608 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

C. G. Parazzoli , R. B. Greegor , J. A. Nielsen , M. A. Thompson , K. Li , A. M. Vetter , M. H. Tanielian , and D. C. Vier , “ Performance of a negative index of refraction lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 3232 – 3234 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Hongsheng Chen , Lixin Ran , Jiantao , Huangfu , Xianmin Zhang , Kangsheng Chen , Tomasz M. Grzegorczyk , and Jin Au Kong , “ Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 057605 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

2003 (7)

Ertugrul Cubukcu , Koray Aydin , Ekmel Ozbay , Stavroula Foteinopoulou , and Costas M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction by photonic crystals ,” Nature   423 , 604 – 605 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Patanjali V. Parimi , Wentao T. Lu , Plarenta Vodo , and Srinivas Sridhar , “ Imaging by flat lens using negative refraction ,” Nature   426 , 404 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Seddon and T. Bearpark , “ Observation of the inverse Doppler effect ,” Science   302 , 1537 – 1540 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Evan J. Reed , Marin Soljacic , and John D. Joannopoulos , “ Reversed Doppler effect in photonic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 133901 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiyan Luo , Mihai lbanescu , G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals ,” Science   299 , 368 – 371 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Cubukcu , K. Aydin , E. Ozbay , S. Foteinopolou1 , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Subwavelength Resolution in a Two-Dimensional Photonic-Crystal- Based Superlens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 207401 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Foteinopoulou and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and left-handed behavior in two-dimensional Photonic Crystals ,” Phys. Rev. B   67 , 235107 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

Chiyan Luo , Steven G. Johnson , J. D. Joannopoulos , and J. B. Pendry , “ All-negative refraction without negative effective index ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 201104 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby , D. R. Smith , and S. Schultz , “ Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction ,” Science   292 , 77 – 79 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

J. B. Pendry , “ Negative refraction makes a perfect lens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   85 , 3966 – 3969 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Notomi , “ Theory of light propagation in strongly modulated Photonic Crystals: refractionlike behavior in the vicinity of the photonic band gap ,” Phys. Rev. B   62 , 10696 – 10705 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

J. P. Berenger , “ A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves ,” J. Comput. Phys.   114 , 185 – 200 ( 1991 ).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

V. G. Veselago , “ The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of ε and μ ,” Sov. Phys. Usp.   10 , 509 – 514 ( 1968 ).
[Crossref]

Ao, Xianyu

Xianyu Ao and Sailing He , “ Negative refraction of left-handed behavior in porous alumina with infiltrated sliver at an optical wavelength ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 101112 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

E. Cubukcu , K. Aydin , E. Ozbay , S. Foteinopolou1 , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Subwavelength Resolution in a Two-Dimensional Photonic-Crystal- Based Superlens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 207401 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydin, Koray

Ertugrul Cubukcu , Koray Aydin , Ekmel Ozbay , Stavroula Foteinopoulou , and Costas M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction by photonic crystals ,” Nature   423 , 604 – 605 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bearpark, T.

N. Seddon and T. Bearpark , “ Observation of the inverse Doppler effect ,” Science   302 , 1537 – 1540 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belov, Pavel A.

Pavel A. Belov , Constantin R. Simovski , and Pekka Ikonen , “ Canalization of subwavelength images by electromagnetic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 193105 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Berenger, J. P.

J. P. Berenger , “ A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves ,” J. Comput. Phys.   114 , 185 – 200 ( 1991 ).
[Crossref]

Chen, Caihua

Zhaolin Lu , Caihua Chen , Christopher A. Schuetz , Shouyuan Shi , Janusz A. Murakowski , Garrett J. Schneider , and Dennis W. Prather “ Subwavelength imaging by a flat cylindrical lens using optimized negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 091907 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Chen, Chii-Chang

Hung-Ta Chien , Hui-Ting Tang , Chao-Hsien Kuo , Chii-Chang Chen , and Zhen Ye , “ Direct diffraction without negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. B   70 , 113101 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chen, Hongsheng

Hongsheng Chen , Lixin Ran , Jiantao , Huangfu , Xianmin Zhang , Kangsheng Chen , Tomasz M. Grzegorczyk , and Jin Au Kong , “ Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 057605 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chen, Kangsheng

Hongsheng Chen , Lixin Ran , Jiantao , Huangfu , Xianmin Zhang , Kangsheng Chen , Tomasz M. Grzegorczyk , and Jin Au Kong , “ Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 057605 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chen, Liang-Shan

Liang-Shan Chen , Chao-Hsien Kuo , and Zhen Ye , “ Guiding optical flows by Photonic Crystal slabs made of dielectric cylinders ,” Phys. Rev. E   69 , 066612 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Bing-Ying

Shuai Feng , Zhi-Yuan Li , Zhi-Fang Feng , Bing-Ying Cheng , and Dao-Zhong Zhang , “ Imaging properties of an elliptical-rod photonic-crystal slab lens ,” Phys. Rev. B   72 , 075101 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Chien, Hung-Ta

Hung-Ta Chien , Hui-Ting Tang , Chao-Hsien Kuo , Chii-Chang Chen , and Zhen Ye , “ Direct diffraction without negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. B   70 , 113101 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Cubukcu, E.

E. Cubukcu , K. Aydin , E. Ozbay , S. Foteinopolou1 , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Subwavelength Resolution in a Two-Dimensional Photonic-Crystal- Based Superlens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 207401 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cubukcu, Ertugrul

Ertugrul Cubukcu , Koray Aydin , Ekmel Ozbay , Stavroula Foteinopoulou , and Costas M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction by photonic crystals ,” Nature   423 , 604 – 605 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, Dianyuan

Zhixiang Tang , Hao Zhang , Runwu Peng , Yunxia Ye , Lei Shen , Shuangchun Wen , and Dianyuan Fan , “ Two degenerate anisotropic modes in the experimental photonic crystal slab lens ,” submitted to Opt. Commun ( 2005 ).

Fang, Nicholas

Nicholas Fang , Hyesog Lee , Cheng Sun , and Xiang Zhang , “ Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a sliver superlens ,” Science   308 , 534 – 537 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, Shuai

Shuai Feng , Zhi-Yuan Li , Zhi-Fang Feng , Bing-Ying Cheng , and Dao-Zhong Zhang , “ Imaging properties of an elliptical-rod photonic-crystal slab lens ,” Phys. Rev. B   72 , 075101 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Feng, Zhi-Fang

Shuai Feng , Zhi-Yuan Li , Zhi-Fang Feng , Bing-Ying Cheng , and Dao-Zhong Zhang , “ Imaging properties of an elliptical-rod photonic-crystal slab lens ,” Phys. Rev. B   72 , 075101 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Foteinopolou1, S.

E. Cubukcu , K. Aydin , E. Ozbay , S. Foteinopolou1 , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Subwavelength Resolution in a Two-Dimensional Photonic-Crystal- Based Superlens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 207401 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foteinopoulou, S.

R. Moussa , S. Foteinopoulou , Lei Zhang , G. Tuttle , K. Guven , E. Ozbay , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and superlens behavior in a two-dimensional Photonic Crystal ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 085106 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

S. Foteinopoulou and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and left-handed behavior in two-dimensional Photonic Crystals ,” Phys. Rev. B   67 , 235107 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Foteinopoulou, Stavroula

Ertugrul Cubukcu , Koray Aydin , Ekmel Ozbay , Stavroula Foteinopoulou , and Costas M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction by photonic crystals ,” Nature   423 , 604 – 605 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greegor, R. B.

C. G. Parazzoli , R. B. Greegor , J. A. Nielsen , M. A. Thompson , K. Li , A. M. Vetter , M. H. Tanielian , and D. C. Vier , “ Performance of a negative index of refraction lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 3232 – 3234 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Grzegorczyk, Tomasz M.

Hongsheng Chen , Lixin Ran , Jiantao , Huangfu , Xianmin Zhang , Kangsheng Chen , Tomasz M. Grzegorczyk , and Jin Au Kong , “ Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 057605 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Guven, K.

R. Moussa , S. Foteinopoulou , Lei Zhang , G. Tuttle , K. Guven , E. Ozbay , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and superlens behavior in a two-dimensional Photonic Crystal ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 085106 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

He, Sailing

Xianyu Ao and Sailing He , “ Negative refraction of left-handed behavior in porous alumina with infiltrated sliver at an optical wavelength ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 101112 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Sanshui Xiao , Min Qiu , Zhichao Ruan , and Sailing He , “ Influence of the surface termination to the point imaging by a photonic crystals slab with negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4269 – 4271 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Huangfu,

Hongsheng Chen , Lixin Ran , Jiantao , Huangfu , Xianmin Zhang , Kangsheng Chen , Tomasz M. Grzegorczyk , and Jin Au Kong , “ Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 057605 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Ikonen, Pekka

Pavel A. Belov , Constantin R. Simovski , and Pekka Ikonen , “ Canalization of subwavelength images by electromagnetic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 193105 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Jiantao,

Hongsheng Chen , Lixin Ran , Jiantao , Huangfu , Xianmin Zhang , Kangsheng Chen , Tomasz M. Grzegorczyk , and Jin Au Kong , “ Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 057605 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Chiyan Luo , Mihai lbanescu , G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals ,” Science   299 , 368 – 371 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiyan Luo , Steven G. Johnson , J. D. Joannopoulos , and J. B. Pendry , “ All-negative refraction without negative effective index ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 201104 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Joannopoulos, John D.

Evan J. Reed , Marin Soljacic , and John D. Joannopoulos , “ Reversed Doppler effect in photonic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 133901 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, G.

Chiyan Luo , Mihai lbanescu , G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals ,” Science   299 , 368 – 371 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, Steven G.

Chiyan Luo , Steven G. Johnson , J. D. Joannopoulos , and J. B. Pendry , “ All-negative refraction without negative effective index ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 201104 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Kempa, K.

Kong, Jin Au

Hongsheng Chen , Lixin Ran , Jiantao , Huangfu , Xianmin Zhang , Kangsheng Chen , Tomasz M. Grzegorczyk , and Jin Au Kong , “ Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 057605 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Kuo, Chao-Hsien

Hung-Ta Chien , Hui-Ting Tang , Chao-Hsien Kuo , Chii-Chang Chen , and Zhen Ye , “ Direct diffraction without negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. B   70 , 113101 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Liang-Shan Chen , Chao-Hsien Kuo , and Zhen Ye , “ Guiding optical flows by Photonic Crystal slabs made of dielectric cylinders ,” Phys. Rev. E   69 , 066612 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Optical transmission of photonic crystal structures formed by dielectric crystals: Evidence for non-negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 056608 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Negative-refraction-like behavior revealed by arrays of dielectric cylinders ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 026608 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Flat lens imaging does not need negative refraction ,” cond-mat/0312288 ( 2004 ).

lbanescu, Mihai

Chiyan Luo , Mihai lbanescu , G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals ,” Science   299 , 368 – 371 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Hyesog

Nicholas Fang , Hyesog Lee , Cheng Sun , and Xiang Zhang , “ Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a sliver superlens ,” Science   308 , 534 – 537 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, K.

C. G. Parazzoli , R. B. Greegor , J. A. Nielsen , M. A. Thompson , K. Li , A. M. Vetter , M. H. Tanielian , and D. C. Vier , “ Performance of a negative index of refraction lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 3232 – 3234 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Li, Zhi-Yuan

Shuai Feng , Zhi-Yuan Li , Zhi-Fang Feng , Bing-Ying Cheng , and Dao-Zhong Zhang , “ Imaging properties of an elliptical-rod photonic-crystal slab lens ,” Phys. Rev. B   72 , 075101 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Lu, W. T.

P. Vodo , P. V. Parimi , W. T. Lu , and S. Sridhar , “ Focusing by planoconcave lens using negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 201108 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Lu, Wentao T.

Patanjali V. Parimi , Wentao T. Lu , Plarenta Vodo , and Srinivas Sridhar , “ Imaging by flat lens using negative refraction ,” Nature   426 , 404 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Zhaolin

Zhaolin Lu , Caihua Chen , Christopher A. Schuetz , Shouyuan Shi , Janusz A. Murakowski , Garrett J. Schneider , and Dennis W. Prather “ Subwavelength imaging by a flat cylindrical lens using optimized negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 091907 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Luo, Chiyan

Chiyan Luo , Mihai lbanescu , G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals ,” Science   299 , 368 – 371 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiyan Luo , Steven G. Johnson , J. D. Joannopoulos , and J. B. Pendry , “ All-negative refraction without negative effective index ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 201104 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Marti, Javier

Martinez, Alejandro

Moussa, R.

R. Moussa , S. Foteinopoulou , Lei Zhang , G. Tuttle , K. Guven , E. Ozbay , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and superlens behavior in a two-dimensional Photonic Crystal ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 085106 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Murakowski, Janusz A.

Zhaolin Lu , Caihua Chen , Christopher A. Schuetz , Shouyuan Shi , Janusz A. Murakowski , Garrett J. Schneider , and Dennis W. Prather “ Subwavelength imaging by a flat cylindrical lens using optimized negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 091907 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, J. A.

C. G. Parazzoli , R. B. Greegor , J. A. Nielsen , M. A. Thompson , K. Li , A. M. Vetter , M. H. Tanielian , and D. C. Vier , “ Performance of a negative index of refraction lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 3232 – 3234 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Notomi, M.

M. Notomi , “ Theory of light propagation in strongly modulated Photonic Crystals: refractionlike behavior in the vicinity of the photonic band gap ,” Phys. Rev. B   62 , 10696 – 10705 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref]

Ozbay, E.

R. Moussa , S. Foteinopoulou , Lei Zhang , G. Tuttle , K. Guven , E. Ozbay , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and superlens behavior in a two-dimensional Photonic Crystal ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 085106 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

E. Cubukcu , K. Aydin , E. Ozbay , S. Foteinopolou1 , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Subwavelength Resolution in a Two-Dimensional Photonic-Crystal- Based Superlens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 207401 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozbay, Ekmel

Ertugrul Cubukcu , Koray Aydin , Ekmel Ozbay , Stavroula Foteinopoulou , and Costas M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction by photonic crystals ,” Nature   423 , 604 – 605 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parazzoli, C. G.

C. G. Parazzoli , R. B. Greegor , J. A. Nielsen , M. A. Thompson , K. Li , A. M. Vetter , M. H. Tanielian , and D. C. Vier , “ Performance of a negative index of refraction lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 3232 – 3234 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Parimi, P. V.

P. Vodo , P. V. Parimi , W. T. Lu , and S. Sridhar , “ Focusing by planoconcave lens using negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 201108 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Parimi, Patanjali V.

Patanjali V. Parimi , Wentao T. Lu , Plarenta Vodo , and Srinivas Sridhar , “ Imaging by flat lens using negative refraction ,” Nature   426 , 404 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

Chiyan Luo , Steven G. Johnson , J. D. Joannopoulos , and J. B. Pendry , “ All-negative refraction without negative effective index ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 201104 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

J. B. Pendry , “ Negative refraction makes a perfect lens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   85 , 3966 – 3969 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, Runwu

Zhixiang Tang , Hao Zhang , Runwu Peng , Yunxia Ye , Lei Shen , Shuangchun Wen , and Dianyuan Fan , “ Two degenerate anisotropic modes in the experimental photonic crystal slab lens ,” submitted to Opt. Commun ( 2005 ).

Prather, Dennis W.

Zhaolin Lu , Caihua Chen , Christopher A. Schuetz , Shouyuan Shi , Janusz A. Murakowski , Garrett J. Schneider , and Dennis W. Prather “ Subwavelength imaging by a flat cylindrical lens using optimized negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 091907 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Qiu, Min

Sanshui Xiao , Min Qiu , Zhichao Ruan , and Sailing He , “ Influence of the surface termination to the point imaging by a photonic crystals slab with negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4269 – 4271 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Ran, Lixin

Hongsheng Chen , Lixin Ran , Jiantao , Huangfu , Xianmin Zhang , Kangsheng Chen , Tomasz M. Grzegorczyk , and Jin Au Kong , “ Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 057605 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Reed, Evan J.

Evan J. Reed , Marin Soljacic , and John D. Joannopoulos , “ Reversed Doppler effect in photonic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 133901 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, Z. F.

Ruan, Zhichao

Sanshui Xiao , Min Qiu , Zhichao Ruan , and Sailing He , “ Influence of the surface termination to the point imaging by a photonic crystals slab with negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4269 – 4271 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Sakoda, K.

K. Sakoda , Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2001 ).

Schneider, Garrett J.

Zhaolin Lu , Caihua Chen , Christopher A. Schuetz , Shouyuan Shi , Janusz A. Murakowski , Garrett J. Schneider , and Dennis W. Prather “ Subwavelength imaging by a flat cylindrical lens using optimized negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 091907 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Schuetz, Christopher A.

Zhaolin Lu , Caihua Chen , Christopher A. Schuetz , Shouyuan Shi , Janusz A. Murakowski , Garrett J. Schneider , and Dennis W. Prather “ Subwavelength imaging by a flat cylindrical lens using optimized negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 091907 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby , D. R. Smith , and S. Schultz , “ Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction ,” Science   292 , 77 – 79 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seddon, N.

N. Seddon and T. Bearpark , “ Observation of the inverse Doppler effect ,” Science   302 , 1537 – 1540 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby , D. R. Smith , and S. Schultz , “ Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction ,” Science   292 , 77 – 79 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Lei

Zhixiang Tang , Hao Zhang , Runwu Peng , Yunxia Ye , Lei Shen , Shuangchun Wen , and Dianyuan Fan , “ Two degenerate anisotropic modes in the experimental photonic crystal slab lens ,” submitted to Opt. Commun ( 2005 ).

Shi, Shouyuan

Zhaolin Lu , Caihua Chen , Christopher A. Schuetz , Shouyuan Shi , Janusz A. Murakowski , Garrett J. Schneider , and Dennis W. Prather “ Subwavelength imaging by a flat cylindrical lens using optimized negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 091907 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Simovski, Constantin R.

Pavel A. Belov , Constantin R. Simovski , and Pekka Ikonen , “ Canalization of subwavelength images by electromagnetic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 193105 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

R. A. Shelby , D. R. Smith , and S. Schultz , “ Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction ,” Science   292 , 77 – 79 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soljacic, Marin

Evan J. Reed , Marin Soljacic , and John D. Joannopoulos , “ Reversed Doppler effect in photonic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 133901 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

R. Moussa , S. Foteinopoulou , Lei Zhang , G. Tuttle , K. Guven , E. Ozbay , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and superlens behavior in a two-dimensional Photonic Crystal ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 085106 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

E. Cubukcu , K. Aydin , E. Ozbay , S. Foteinopolou1 , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Subwavelength Resolution in a Two-Dimensional Photonic-Crystal- Based Superlens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 207401 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Foteinopoulou and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and left-handed behavior in two-dimensional Photonic Crystals ,” Phys. Rev. B   67 , 235107 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Soukoulis, Costas M.

Ertugrul Cubukcu , Koray Aydin , Ekmel Ozbay , Stavroula Foteinopoulou , and Costas M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction by photonic crystals ,” Nature   423 , 604 – 605 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sridhar, S.

P. Vodo , P. V. Parimi , W. T. Lu , and S. Sridhar , “ Focusing by planoconcave lens using negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 201108 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Sridhar, Srinivas

Patanjali V. Parimi , Wentao T. Lu , Plarenta Vodo , and Srinivas Sridhar , “ Imaging by flat lens using negative refraction ,” Nature   426 , 404 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Cheng

Nicholas Fang , Hyesog Lee , Cheng Sun , and Xiang Zhang , “ Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a sliver superlens ,” Science   308 , 534 – 537 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taflove, A.

A. Taflove , Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method ( Artech House INC, Norwood , 1995 ).

Tang, Hui-Ting

Hung-Ta Chien , Hui-Ting Tang , Chao-Hsien Kuo , Chii-Chang Chen , and Zhen Ye , “ Direct diffraction without negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. B   70 , 113101 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Tang, Zhixiang

Zhixiang Tang , Hao Zhang , Runwu Peng , Yunxia Ye , Lei Shen , Shuangchun Wen , and Dianyuan Fan , “ Two degenerate anisotropic modes in the experimental photonic crystal slab lens ,” submitted to Opt. Commun ( 2005 ).

Tanielian, M. H.

C. G. Parazzoli , R. B. Greegor , J. A. Nielsen , M. A. Thompson , K. Li , A. M. Vetter , M. H. Tanielian , and D. C. Vier , “ Performance of a negative index of refraction lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 3232 – 3234 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Thompson, M. A.

C. G. Parazzoli , R. B. Greegor , J. A. Nielsen , M. A. Thompson , K. Li , A. M. Vetter , M. H. Tanielian , and D. C. Vier , “ Performance of a negative index of refraction lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 3232 – 3234 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Tuttle, G.

R. Moussa , S. Foteinopoulou , Lei Zhang , G. Tuttle , K. Guven , E. Ozbay , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and superlens behavior in a two-dimensional Photonic Crystal ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 085106 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Veselago, V. G.

V. G. Veselago , “ The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of ε and μ ,” Sov. Phys. Usp.   10 , 509 – 514 ( 1968 ).
[Crossref]

Vetter, A. M.

C. G. Parazzoli , R. B. Greegor , J. A. Nielsen , M. A. Thompson , K. Li , A. M. Vetter , M. H. Tanielian , and D. C. Vier , “ Performance of a negative index of refraction lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 3232 – 3234 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Vier, D. C.

C. G. Parazzoli , R. B. Greegor , J. A. Nielsen , M. A. Thompson , K. Li , A. M. Vetter , M. H. Tanielian , and D. C. Vier , “ Performance of a negative index of refraction lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 3232 – 3234 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Vodo, P.

P. Vodo , P. V. Parimi , W. T. Lu , and S. Sridhar , “ Focusing by planoconcave lens using negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 201108 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Vodo, Plarenta

Patanjali V. Parimi , Wentao T. Lu , Plarenta Vodo , and Srinivas Sridhar , “ Imaging by flat lens using negative refraction ,” Nature   426 , 404 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Wen, Shuangchun

Zhixiang Tang , Hao Zhang , Runwu Peng , Yunxia Ye , Lei Shen , Shuangchun Wen , and Dianyuan Fan , “ Two degenerate anisotropic modes in the experimental photonic crystal slab lens ,” submitted to Opt. Commun ( 2005 ).

Xiao, Sanshui

Sanshui Xiao , Min Qiu , Zhichao Ruan , and Sailing He , “ Influence of the surface termination to the point imaging by a photonic crystals slab with negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4269 – 4271 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Ye, Yunxia

Zhixiang Tang , Hao Zhang , Runwu Peng , Yunxia Ye , Lei Shen , Shuangchun Wen , and Dianyuan Fan , “ Two degenerate anisotropic modes in the experimental photonic crystal slab lens ,” submitted to Opt. Commun ( 2005 ).

Ye, Zhen

Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Negative-refraction-like behavior revealed by arrays of dielectric cylinders ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 026608 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Liang-Shan Chen , Chao-Hsien Kuo , and Zhen Ye , “ Guiding optical flows by Photonic Crystal slabs made of dielectric cylinders ,” Phys. Rev. E   69 , 066612 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Hung-Ta Chien , Hui-Ting Tang , Chao-Hsien Kuo , Chii-Chang Chen , and Zhen Ye , “ Direct diffraction without negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. B   70 , 113101 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Optical transmission of photonic crystal structures formed by dielectric crystals: Evidence for non-negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 056608 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Flat lens imaging does not need negative refraction ,” cond-mat/0312288 ( 2004 ).

Zhang, Dao-Zhong

Shuai Feng , Zhi-Yuan Li , Zhi-Fang Feng , Bing-Ying Cheng , and Dao-Zhong Zhang , “ Imaging properties of an elliptical-rod photonic-crystal slab lens ,” Phys. Rev. B   72 , 075101 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Hao

Zhixiang Tang , Hao Zhang , Runwu Peng , Yunxia Ye , Lei Shen , Shuangchun Wen , and Dianyuan Fan , “ Two degenerate anisotropic modes in the experimental photonic crystal slab lens ,” submitted to Opt. Commun ( 2005 ).

Zhang, Lei

R. Moussa , S. Foteinopoulou , Lei Zhang , G. Tuttle , K. Guven , E. Ozbay , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and superlens behavior in a two-dimensional Photonic Crystal ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 085106 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Xiang

Nicholas Fang , Hyesog Lee , Cheng Sun , and Xiang Zhang , “ Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a sliver superlens ,” Science   308 , 534 – 537 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Xianmin

Hongsheng Chen , Lixin Ran , Jiantao , Huangfu , Xianmin Zhang , Kangsheng Chen , Tomasz M. Grzegorczyk , and Jin Au Kong , “ Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 057605 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

P. Vodo , P. V. Parimi , W. T. Lu , and S. Sridhar , “ Focusing by planoconcave lens using negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   86 , 201108 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

C. G. Parazzoli , R. B. Greegor , J. A. Nielsen , M. A. Thompson , K. Li , A. M. Vetter , M. H. Tanielian , and D. C. Vier , “ Performance of a negative index of refraction lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 3232 – 3234 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Zhaolin Lu , Caihua Chen , Christopher A. Schuetz , Shouyuan Shi , Janusz A. Murakowski , Garrett J. Schneider , and Dennis W. Prather “ Subwavelength imaging by a flat cylindrical lens using optimized negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 091907 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Xianyu Ao and Sailing He , “ Negative refraction of left-handed behavior in porous alumina with infiltrated sliver at an optical wavelength ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   87 , 101112 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Sanshui Xiao , Min Qiu , Zhichao Ruan , and Sailing He , “ Influence of the surface termination to the point imaging by a photonic crystals slab with negative refraction ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4269 – 4271 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

J. Comput. Phys. (1)

J. P. Berenger , “ A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves ,” J. Comput. Phys.   114 , 185 – 200 ( 1991 ).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

Ertugrul Cubukcu , Koray Aydin , Ekmel Ozbay , Stavroula Foteinopoulou , and Costas M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction by photonic crystals ,” Nature   423 , 604 – 605 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Patanjali V. Parimi , Wentao T. Lu , Plarenta Vodo , and Srinivas Sridhar , “ Imaging by flat lens using negative refraction ,” Nature   426 , 404 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (7)

R. Moussa , S. Foteinopoulou , Lei Zhang , G. Tuttle , K. Guven , E. Ozbay , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and superlens behavior in a two-dimensional Photonic Crystal ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 085106 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Shuai Feng , Zhi-Yuan Li , Zhi-Fang Feng , Bing-Ying Cheng , and Dao-Zhong Zhang , “ Imaging properties of an elliptical-rod photonic-crystal slab lens ,” Phys. Rev. B   72 , 075101 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Chiyan Luo , Steven G. Johnson , J. D. Joannopoulos , and J. B. Pendry , “ All-negative refraction without negative effective index ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 201104 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Hung-Ta Chien , Hui-Ting Tang , Chao-Hsien Kuo , Chii-Chang Chen , and Zhen Ye , “ Direct diffraction without negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. B   70 , 113101 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

M. Notomi , “ Theory of light propagation in strongly modulated Photonic Crystals: refractionlike behavior in the vicinity of the photonic band gap ,” Phys. Rev. B   62 , 10696 – 10705 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref]

S. Foteinopoulou and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Negative refraction and left-handed behavior in two-dimensional Photonic Crystals ,” Phys. Rev. B   67 , 235107 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Pavel A. Belov , Constantin R. Simovski , and Pekka Ikonen , “ Canalization of subwavelength images by electromagnetic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. B   71 , 193105 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (4)

Liang-Shan Chen , Chao-Hsien Kuo , and Zhen Ye , “ Guiding optical flows by Photonic Crystal slabs made of dielectric cylinders ,” Phys. Rev. E   69 , 066612 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Negative-refraction-like behavior revealed by arrays of dielectric cylinders ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 026608 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Hongsheng Chen , Lixin Ran , Jiantao , Huangfu , Xianmin Zhang , Kangsheng Chen , Tomasz M. Grzegorczyk , and Jin Au Kong , “ Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 057605 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Optical transmission of photonic crystal structures formed by dielectric crystals: Evidence for non-negative refraction ,” Phys. Rev. E   70 , 056608 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

E. Cubukcu , K. Aydin , E. Ozbay , S. Foteinopolou1 , and C. M. Soukoulis , “ Subwavelength Resolution in a Two-Dimensional Photonic-Crystal- Based Superlens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 207401 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry , “ Negative refraction makes a perfect lens ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   85 , 3966 – 3969 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Evan J. Reed , Marin Soljacic , and John D. Joannopoulos , “ Reversed Doppler effect in photonic crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   91 , 133901 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (4)

Chiyan Luo , Mihai lbanescu , G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals ,” Science   299 , 368 – 371 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Seddon and T. Bearpark , “ Observation of the inverse Doppler effect ,” Science   302 , 1537 – 1540 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Shelby , D. R. Smith , and S. Schultz , “ Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction ,” Science   292 , 77 – 79 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nicholas Fang , Hyesog Lee , Cheng Sun , and Xiang Zhang , “ Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a sliver superlens ,” Science   308 , 534 – 537 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. Usp. (1)

V. G. Veselago , “ The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of ε and μ ,” Sov. Phys. Usp.   10 , 509 – 514 ( 1968 ).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

Chao-Hsien Kuo and Zhen Ye , “ Flat lens imaging does not need negative refraction ,” cond-mat/0312288 ( 2004 ).

Zhixiang Tang , Hao Zhang , Runwu Peng , Yunxia Ye , Lei Shen , Shuangchun Wen , and Dianyuan Fan , “ Two degenerate anisotropic modes in the experimental photonic crystal slab lens ,” submitted to Opt. Commun ( 2005 ).

A. Taflove , Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method ( Artech House INC, Norwood , 1995 ).

K. Sakoda , Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2001 ).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematics of a triangular of array elliptical rods in air. (b) The photonic band structure for the TM polarization.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Several EFCs of the lowest two bands for the TM polarization.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Effective index of the second band vs. the normalized frequency.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The calculated effective index neff (θ) at the optimal frequency ω 0= 0.313.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Negative refractions for two incident angles: (a) φ = 30° and (b) φ = 60°.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The propagation maps for the flat superlens. The object distance is do = 2.75a for (a) and do ′ = 4.75a for (b). (a1) and (b1) are the snapshots of the electric field. (a2) and (b2) display the corresponding normalized average intensities over a period.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The transverse normalized field intensities of the source and the images.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Focusing by plano-concave lens. (b)Field maps of the incident point source and the emerging plane wave.

Metrics