Abstract

We have investigated fault tolerant quantum key distribution experimentally, using four polarization encoding two-qubit states generated by spontaneous parametric down conversion. Collective noises on polarization and phase were simulated by passing the states through a half wave plate and a quarter wave pate. Error rate was calculated by measuring the two-qubit states in three basis. Our results show that the protocol is tolerant under collective random unitary noise.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, �??Quantum Cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing,�?? in Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing, India (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1984), PP. 175-179.
  2. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, �??Quantum cryptography,�?? Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195(2002)
    [CrossRef]
  3. C.H. Bennett, F. Bessette, G. Brassard, L. Salvail, and J. Smolin, �??Experimental quantum cryptography,�?? J. Cryptol. 5, 3-28(1992).
  4. P.D. Townsend, J.G. Rarity, P.R. Tapster, �??Single photon interference in 10 km long optical fibre interferometer�?? Electronics Letters 29,, 634-635 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Stucki, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, G. Ribordy, and H. Zbinden, �??Quantum key distribution over 67km with a plug&play system,�?? New J. Phys. 4, 41.1-41.8(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z.L. Yuan and A.J. Shields, �??Continuous operation of a one-way quantum key distribution system over installed telecom fibre,�?? Opt. Exp. 13, 660-665(2005).
  7. T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, �??Single-photon interference over 150km transmission using silica-based integrated-optic interferometers for quantum cryptography,�?? Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1217-L1219 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Gobby, Z.L. Yuan, and A.J. Shields, �??Quantum key distribution over 122km standard telecom fiber,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3762-3764(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Tomita, and K. Nakamura, �??Balanced, gated-mode photon detector for quantum-bit discrimination at 1550nm,�?? Optics letters 27, 1827-1829 (2002).
  10. I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W.tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, �??Distribution of time-bin entangled qubits over 50km of optical fiber,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R.J. Hughes, J.E. Nordholt, D. Derkacs, and C.G. Peterson, �??Practical free-space quantum key distribution over 10km in daylight and at night,�?? New. J. Phys. 4, 43.1-43.14(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K.J. Resch, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, H.R. Bohm, et al., �??Distributing entanglement and single photons through an intra-city, free-space quantum channel,�?? Opt. Express 13, 202-209(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Aspelmeyer, H.R. Bohm,T. Gyatso, et al., �??Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,�?? Science, 301, 621-623(2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C.-Z. Peng, T. Yang, X.-H. Bao et al., �??Experimental free-space distribution of entangled photon pairs over 13km: Towards satellite-based global quantum communication,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 150501(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J.-C. boileau, D. Gottesman, R. Laflamme, D. Pooulin, and R.W. Spekkens, �??Robust polarization-based quantum key distribution over a collective-noise channel,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 017901(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X.-B. Wang �??Fault tolerant quantum key distribution protocol with collective random unitary noise,�?? quant-ph/0406100.
  17. Y.-K. Jiang, X.-B. Wang, B.-S. Shi, A. Tomita, �??Experimental verification of fault tolerant quantum key distribution protocol,�?? presented at The 12th Quantum Information Technology Symposium(QIT12), Atsugi, Japan, 12-13 May 2005.
  18. J.G. Rarity, P.R. Tapster, P.M. Gorman, and P. knight, �??Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,�?? New J. Phys. 4, 82.1-82.21(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P.G. kwiat, E.Waks, A.G. White, I.Appelbaum, P.H. Eberhard, �??Ultrabright source of polarization-entangled photons,�?? Phys. Rev. A. 60, R773-R776(1999).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P.G. Kwiat, A.J. Berglund, J.B. Altepeter, and A.G. White, Science 290, 498(2000); J.B. Altepeter, P.G. Hadley, S.M. Wendelden, A.J. Berglund, and P.G. Kwiat, �??Experimental investigation of a two-qubit decoherence-free subspace,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 147901(2004).
    [CrossRef]

12th Quantum Information Technology (1)

Y.-K. Jiang, X.-B. Wang, B.-S. Shi, A. Tomita, �??Experimental verification of fault tolerant quantum key distribution protocol,�?? presented at The 12th Quantum Information Technology Symposium(QIT12), Atsugi, Japan, 12-13 May 2005.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Gobby, Z.L. Yuan, and A.J. Shields, �??Quantum key distribution over 122km standard telecom fiber,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3762-3764(2004).
[CrossRef]

Electronics Letters (1)

P.D. Townsend, J.G. Rarity, P.R. Tapster, �??Single photon interference in 10 km long optical fibre interferometer�?? Electronics Letters 29,, 634-635 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Int. Conf. on Computers, Systems (1)

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, �??Quantum Cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing,�?? in Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing, India (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1984), PP. 175-179.

J. Cryptol. (1)

C.H. Bennett, F. Bessette, G. Brassard, L. Salvail, and J. Smolin, �??Experimental quantum cryptography,�?? J. Cryptol. 5, 3-28(1992).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, �??Single-photon interference over 150km transmission using silica-based integrated-optic interferometers for quantum cryptography,�?? Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1217-L1219 (2004).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (2)

D. Stucki, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, G. Ribordy, and H. Zbinden, �??Quantum key distribution over 67km with a plug&play system,�?? New J. Phys. 4, 41.1-41.8(2002).
[CrossRef]

J.G. Rarity, P.R. Tapster, P.M. Gorman, and P. knight, �??Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,�?? New J. Phys. 4, 82.1-82.21(2002).
[CrossRef]

New. J. Phys. (1)

R.J. Hughes, J.E. Nordholt, D. Derkacs, and C.G. Peterson, �??Practical free-space quantum key distribution over 10km in daylight and at night,�?? New. J. Phys. 4, 43.1-43.14(2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp. (1)

Z.L. Yuan and A.J. Shields, �??Continuous operation of a one-way quantum key distribution system over installed telecom fibre,�?? Opt. Exp. 13, 660-665(2005).

Opt. Express (1)

Optics letters (1)

A. Tomita, and K. Nakamura, �??Balanced, gated-mode photon detector for quantum-bit discrimination at 1550nm,�?? Optics letters 27, 1827-1829 (2002).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

P.G. kwiat, E.Waks, A.G. White, I.Appelbaum, P.H. Eberhard, �??Ultrabright source of polarization-entangled photons,�?? Phys. Rev. A. 60, R773-R776(1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

C.-Z. Peng, T. Yang, X.-H. Bao et al., �??Experimental free-space distribution of entangled photon pairs over 13km: Towards satellite-based global quantum communication,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 150501(2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. boileau, D. Gottesman, R. Laflamme, D. Pooulin, and R.W. Spekkens, �??Robust polarization-based quantum key distribution over a collective-noise channel,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 017901(2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W.tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, �??Distribution of time-bin entangled qubits over 50km of optical fiber,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502(2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, �??Quantum cryptography,�?? Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195(2002)
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

M. Aspelmeyer, H.R. Bohm,T. Gyatso, et al., �??Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,�?? Science, 301, 621-623(2003).
[CrossRef]

P.G. Kwiat, A.J. Berglund, J.B. Altepeter, and A.G. White, Science 290, 498(2000); J.B. Altepeter, P.G. Hadley, S.M. Wendelden, A.J. Berglund, and P.G. Kwiat, �??Experimental investigation of a two-qubit decoherence-free subspace,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 147901(2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

X.-B. Wang �??Fault tolerant quantum key distribution protocol with collective random unitary noise,�?? quant-ph/0406100.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics