Abstract

Previously, we discussed an optical delay device consisting of a directional coupler of two different photonic crystal (PC) waveguides. It generates wideband and low dispersion slow light. However, it is easily degraded by a large reflection loss for a small imperfection of the coupling condition. In this paper, we propose and theoretically discuss a PC coupled waveguide, which allows more robust slow light with lower loss. For this device, unique photonic bands with a zero or negative group velocity at the inflection point can be designed by the structural tuning. Finite difference time domain simulation demonstrates the stopping and/or back and forth motion of an ultrashort optical pulse in the device combined with the chirped structure. For a signal bandwidth of 40 GHz, the average group index of the slow light will be 450, which gives a 1 ns delay for a device length of 670 μm. The theoretical total insertion loss at the device and input/output structures is as low as 0.11 dB.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Li , Z. Dutton , C. H. Behroozi , and L. V. Hau , “ Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses ,” Nature   409 , 490 – 493 ( 2001 ).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. D. Meade , A. Devenyi , J. D. Joannopoulos , O. L. Alerhand , D. A. Smith , and K. Kash , “ Novel applications of photonic band gap materials: Low-loss bends and high Q cavities ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   75 , 4753 – 4755 ( 1994 ).
  3. A. Mekis , J. C. Chen , I. Kurland , S. Fan , P. R. Villeneuve , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   77 , 3787 – 3790 ( 1996 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Yonekura , M. Ikeda , and T. Baba , “ Analysis of finite 2-D photonic crystals of columns and lightwave devices using the scattering matrix method ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   17 , 1500 – 1508 ( 1999 ).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Tokushima , H. Kosaka , A. Tomita , and H. Yamada , “ Lightwave propagation through a 120 sharply bent single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   76 , 952 – 954 ( 2000 ).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Lončar , D. Nedeljković , T. Doll , J. Vučković , and A. Scherer , “ Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 1937 – 1939 ( 2000 ).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Noda , A. Chutinan , and M. Imada , “ Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure ,” Nature   407 , 608 – 610 ( 2000 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Bogaerts , V. Wiaux , D. Taillaert , S. Beckx , B. Luyssaert , P. Bienstman , and R. Baets , “ Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV lithography ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 928 – 934 ( 2002 ).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. J. McNab , N. Moll , and Y. A. Vlasov , “ Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides ,” Opt. Express   11 , 2927 – 2939 ( 2003 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2927
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Sugimoto , Y. Tanaka , N. Ikeda , Y. Nakamura , K. Asakawa , and K. Inoue , “ Low propagation loss of 0.76 dB/mm in GaAs-based single-line-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal slab waveguides up to 1 cm in length ,” Opt. Express   12 , 1090 – 1096 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-6-1090
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Notomi , K. Yamada , A. Shinya , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   87 , 253902 ( 2001 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. K. Inoue , N. Kawai , Y. Sugimoto , N. Carlsson , N. Ikeda , and K. Asakawa , “ Observation of small group velocity in two-dimensional AlGaAs-based photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 121308 ( 2002 ).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Asano , K. Kiyota , D. Kumamoto , B-S. Song , and S. Noda , “ Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 4690 – 4692 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Gersen , T. J. Karle , R. J. P. Engelen , W. Bogaerts , J. P. Korterik , N. F. van Hulst , T. F. Krauss , and L. Kuipers , “ Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 073903 ( 2005 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. D. Lukin , S. F. Yelin , and M. Fleischhauer , “ Entanglement of atomic ensembles by trapping correlated photon states ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   84 , 004232 ( 2000 ).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. F. Yanik , W. Suh , Z. Wang , and S. Fan , “ Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   93 , 233903 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. T. Baba , D. Mori , K. Inoshita , and Y. Kuroki , “ Light localization in line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   10 , 484 – 491 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. Mori and T. Baba , “ Dispersion-controlled optical group delay device by chirped photonic crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 1101 – 1103 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. L. Povinelli , S. G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos “ Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 7145 – 7159 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-18-7145
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. Sakai , I. Katoh , D. Mori , T. Baba , and Y. Takiguchi , “ Anomalous low group velocity and low dispersion in simple line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS Annual Meet., ThQ5 ( 2004 ).
  24. A. Yu. Petrov and M. Eich , “ Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4866 – 4868 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. Ogawa , N. Yamamoto , Y. Watanabe , K. Komori , M. Itoh , and T. Yatagai , “ Photonic crystal directional coupler switch with short switching length and wide band width ,” Proc. Fall Meet. of JSAP, 3p-ZC-14 ( 2004 ).
  26. A. Sakai , G. Hara , and T. Baba , “ Propagation characteristics of ultra-high ∆ optical waveguide on silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , L383 – L385 ( 2001 ).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. Sakai , T. Fukazawa , and T. Baba , “ Low loss ultra-small branches in Si photonic wire waveguides ,” IEICE Trans. Electron.   E85-C , 1033 – 1038 ( 2002 ).
  28. D. Gerace and L. C. Andreani , “ Disorder-induced losses in photonic crystal waveguides with line defects ,” Opt. Lett.   29 , 1897 – 1899 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. S. Hughes , L. Ramunno , J. F. Young , and J. E. Sipe , “ Extrinsic optical scattering loss in photonic crystal waveguides: role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 033903 ( 2005 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. S. G. Johnson , M. L. Povinelli , M. Soljacic , A. Karalis , S. Jacobs , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Roughness losses and volume-current methods in photonic-crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. B   81 , 283 – 293 ( 2005 ).
    [CrossRef]
  31. E. Mizuta , T. Ide , J. Hashimoto , K. Nozaki , T. Baba , T. Kise , K. Kiyota , and N. Yokouchi , “ Characterization of photonic crystal waveguide for SOA operation ,” Proc. Pacific Rim Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics, CThE1-4 ( 2005 ).

2005 (4)

H. Gersen , T. J. Karle , R. J. P. Engelen , W. Bogaerts , J. P. Korterik , N. F. van Hulst , T. F. Krauss , and L. Kuipers , “ Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 073903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Povinelli , S. G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos “ Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 7145 – 7159 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-18-7145
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hughes , L. Ramunno , J. F. Young , and J. E. Sipe , “ Extrinsic optical scattering loss in photonic crystal waveguides: role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 033903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Johnson , M. L. Povinelli , M. Soljacic , A. Karalis , S. Jacobs , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Roughness losses and volume-current methods in photonic-crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. B   81 , 283 – 293 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

2004 (7)

Y. Sugimoto , Y. Tanaka , N. Ikeda , Y. Nakamura , K. Asakawa , and K. Inoue , “ Low propagation loss of 0.76 dB/mm in GaAs-based single-line-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal slab waveguides up to 1 cm in length ,” Opt. Express   12 , 1090 – 1096 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-6-1090
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Gerace and L. C. Andreani , “ Disorder-induced losses in photonic crystal waveguides with line defects ,” Opt. Lett.   29 , 1897 – 1899 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yu. Petrov and M. Eich , “ Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4866 – 4868 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik , W. Suh , Z. Wang , and S. Fan , “ Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   93 , 233903 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baba , D. Mori , K. Inoshita , and Y. Kuroki , “ Light localization in line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   10 , 484 – 491 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

D. Mori and T. Baba , “ Dispersion-controlled optical group delay device by chirped photonic crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 1101 – 1103 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Asano , K. Kiyota , D. Kumamoto , B-S. Song , and S. Noda , “ Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 4690 – 4692 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

A. Sakai , T. Fukazawa , and T. Baba , “ Low loss ultra-small branches in Si photonic wire waveguides ,” IEICE Trans. Electron.   E85-C , 1033 – 1038 ( 2002 ).

K. Inoue , N. Kawai , Y. Sugimoto , N. Carlsson , N. Ikeda , and K. Asakawa , “ Observation of small group velocity in two-dimensional AlGaAs-based photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 121308 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts , V. Wiaux , D. Taillaert , S. Beckx , B. Luyssaert , P. Bienstman , and R. Baets , “ Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV lithography ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 928 – 934 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

M. Notomi , K. Yamada , A. Shinya , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   87 , 253902 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

A. Sakai , G. Hara , and T. Baba , “ Propagation characteristics of ultra-high ∆ optical waveguide on silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , L383 – L385 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

C. Li , Z. Dutton , C. H. Behroozi , and L. V. Hau , “ Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses ,” Nature   409 , 490 – 493 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

2000 (5)

M. D. Lukin , S. F. Yelin , and M. Fleischhauer , “ Entanglement of atomic ensembles by trapping correlated photon states ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   84 , 004232 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Tokushima , H. Kosaka , A. Tomita , and H. Yamada , “ Lightwave propagation through a 120 sharply bent single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   76 , 952 – 954 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Lončar , D. Nedeljković , T. Doll , J. Vučković , and A. Scherer , “ Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 1937 – 1939 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda , A. Chutinan , and M. Imada , “ Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure ,” Nature   407 , 608 – 610 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Yonekura , M. Ikeda , and T. Baba , “ Analysis of finite 2-D photonic crystals of columns and lightwave devices using the scattering matrix method ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   17 , 1500 – 1508 ( 1999 ).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Mekis , J. C. Chen , I. Kurland , S. Fan , P. R. Villeneuve , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   77 , 3787 – 3790 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

R. D. Meade , A. Devenyi , J. D. Joannopoulos , O. L. Alerhand , D. A. Smith , and K. Kash , “ Novel applications of photonic band gap materials: Low-loss bends and high Q cavities ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   75 , 4753 – 4755 ( 1994 ).

Alerhand, O. L.

R. D. Meade , A. Devenyi , J. D. Joannopoulos , O. L. Alerhand , D. A. Smith , and K. Kash , “ Novel applications of photonic band gap materials: Low-loss bends and high Q cavities ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   75 , 4753 – 4755 ( 1994 ).

Andreani, L. C.

Asakawa, K.

Asano, T.

T. Asano , K. Kiyota , D. Kumamoto , B-S. Song , and S. Noda , “ Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 4690 – 4692 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

T. Baba , D. Mori , K. Inoshita , and Y. Kuroki , “ Light localization in line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   10 , 484 – 491 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

D. Mori and T. Baba , “ Dispersion-controlled optical group delay device by chirped photonic crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 1101 – 1103 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

A. Sakai , T. Fukazawa , and T. Baba , “ Low loss ultra-small branches in Si photonic wire waveguides ,” IEICE Trans. Electron.   E85-C , 1033 – 1038 ( 2002 ).

A. Sakai , G. Hara , and T. Baba , “ Propagation characteristics of ultra-high ∆ optical waveguide on silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , L383 – L385 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Yonekura , M. Ikeda , and T. Baba , “ Analysis of finite 2-D photonic crystals of columns and lightwave devices using the scattering matrix method ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   17 , 1500 – 1508 ( 1999 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

E. Mizuta , T. Ide , J. Hashimoto , K. Nozaki , T. Baba , T. Kise , K. Kiyota , and N. Yokouchi , “ Characterization of photonic crystal waveguide for SOA operation ,” Proc. Pacific Rim Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics, CThE1-4 ( 2005 ).

A. Sakai , I. Katoh , D. Mori , T. Baba , and Y. Takiguchi , “ Anomalous low group velocity and low dispersion in simple line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS Annual Meet., ThQ5 ( 2004 ).

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts , V. Wiaux , D. Taillaert , S. Beckx , B. Luyssaert , P. Bienstman , and R. Baets , “ Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV lithography ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 928 – 934 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Beckx, S.

W. Bogaerts , V. Wiaux , D. Taillaert , S. Beckx , B. Luyssaert , P. Bienstman , and R. Baets , “ Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV lithography ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 928 – 934 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

C. Li , Z. Dutton , C. H. Behroozi , and L. V. Hau , “ Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses ,” Nature   409 , 490 – 493 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Benisty, H.

C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Bienstman, P.

W. Bogaerts , V. Wiaux , D. Taillaert , S. Beckx , B. Luyssaert , P. Bienstman , and R. Baets , “ Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV lithography ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 928 – 934 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

H. Gersen , T. J. Karle , R. J. P. Engelen , W. Bogaerts , J. P. Korterik , N. F. van Hulst , T. F. Krauss , and L. Kuipers , “ Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 073903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Bogaerts , V. Wiaux , D. Taillaert , S. Beckx , B. Luyssaert , P. Bienstman , and R. Baets , “ Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV lithography ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 928 – 934 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Carlsson, N.

K. Inoue , N. Kawai , Y. Sugimoto , N. Carlsson , N. Ikeda , and K. Asakawa , “ Observation of small group velocity in two-dimensional AlGaAs-based photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 121308 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. C.

A. Mekis , J. C. Chen , I. Kurland , S. Fan , P. R. Villeneuve , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   77 , 3787 – 3790 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chutinan, A.

S. Noda , A. Chutinan , and M. Imada , “ Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure ,” Nature   407 , 608 – 610 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devenyi, A.

R. D. Meade , A. Devenyi , J. D. Joannopoulos , O. L. Alerhand , D. A. Smith , and K. Kash , “ Novel applications of photonic band gap materials: Low-loss bends and high Q cavities ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   75 , 4753 – 4755 ( 1994 ).

Doll, T.

M. Lončar , D. Nedeljković , T. Doll , J. Vučković , and A. Scherer , “ Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 1937 – 1939 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

C. Li , Z. Dutton , C. H. Behroozi , and L. V. Hau , “ Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses ,” Nature   409 , 490 – 493 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Eich, M.

A. Yu. Petrov and M. Eich , “ Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4866 – 4868 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Engelen, R. J. P.

H. Gersen , T. J. Karle , R. J. P. Engelen , W. Bogaerts , J. P. Korterik , N. F. van Hulst , T. F. Krauss , and L. Kuipers , “ Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 073903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

M. F. Yanik , W. Suh , Z. Wang , and S. Fan , “ Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   93 , 233903 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mekis , J. C. Chen , I. Kurland , S. Fan , P. R. Villeneuve , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   77 , 3787 – 3790 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. D. Lukin , S. F. Yelin , and M. Fleischhauer , “ Entanglement of atomic ensembles by trapping correlated photon states ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   84 , 004232 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Fukaya, N.

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Fukazawa, T.

A. Sakai , T. Fukazawa , and T. Baba , “ Low loss ultra-small branches in Si photonic wire waveguides ,” IEICE Trans. Electron.   E85-C , 1033 – 1038 ( 2002 ).

Gerace, D.

Gersen, H.

H. Gersen , T. J. Karle , R. J. P. Engelen , W. Bogaerts , J. P. Korterik , N. F. van Hulst , T. F. Krauss , and L. Kuipers , “ Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 073903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hara, G.

A. Sakai , G. Hara , and T. Baba , “ Propagation characteristics of ultra-high ∆ optical waveguide on silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , L383 – L385 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, J.

E. Mizuta , T. Ide , J. Hashimoto , K. Nozaki , T. Baba , T. Kise , K. Kiyota , and N. Yokouchi , “ Characterization of photonic crystal waveguide for SOA operation ,” Proc. Pacific Rim Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics, CThE1-4 ( 2005 ).

Hau, L. V.

C. Li , Z. Dutton , C. H. Behroozi , and L. V. Hau , “ Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses ,” Nature   409 , 490 – 493 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Houdré, R.

C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, S.

S. Hughes , L. Ramunno , J. F. Young , and J. E. Sipe , “ Extrinsic optical scattering loss in photonic crystal waveguides: role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 033903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hulst, N. F. van

H. Gersen , T. J. Karle , R. J. P. Engelen , W. Bogaerts , J. P. Korterik , N. F. van Hulst , T. F. Krauss , and L. Kuipers , “ Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 073903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ide, T.

E. Mizuta , T. Ide , J. Hashimoto , K. Nozaki , T. Baba , T. Kise , K. Kiyota , and N. Yokouchi , “ Characterization of photonic crystal waveguide for SOA operation ,” Proc. Pacific Rim Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics, CThE1-4 ( 2005 ).

Ikeda, M.

Ikeda, N.

Imada, M.

S. Noda , A. Chutinan , and M. Imada , “ Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure ,” Nature   407 , 608 – 610 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inoshita, K.

T. Baba , D. Mori , K. Inoshita , and Y. Kuroki , “ Light localization in line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   10 , 484 – 491 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

Itoh, M.

T. Ogawa , N. Yamamoto , Y. Watanabe , K. Komori , M. Itoh , and T. Yatagai , “ Photonic crystal directional coupler switch with short switching length and wide band width ,” Proc. Fall Meet. of JSAP, 3p-ZC-14 ( 2004 ).

Iwai, T.

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, S.

S. G. Johnson , M. L. Povinelli , M. Soljacic , A. Karalis , S. Jacobs , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Roughness losses and volume-current methods in photonic-crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. B   81 , 283 – 293 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

S. G. Johnson , M. L. Povinelli , M. Soljacic , A. Karalis , S. Jacobs , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Roughness losses and volume-current methods in photonic-crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. B   81 , 283 – 293 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Povinelli , S. G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos “ Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 7145 – 7159 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-18-7145
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mekis , J. C. Chen , I. Kurland , S. Fan , P. R. Villeneuve , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   77 , 3787 – 3790 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. D. Meade , A. Devenyi , J. D. Joannopoulos , O. L. Alerhand , D. A. Smith , and K. Kash , “ Novel applications of photonic band gap materials: Low-loss bends and high Q cavities ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   75 , 4753 – 4755 ( 1994 ).

Johnson, S. G.

S. G. Johnson , M. L. Povinelli , M. Soljacic , A. Karalis , S. Jacobs , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Roughness losses and volume-current methods in photonic-crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. B   81 , 283 – 293 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Povinelli , S. G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos “ Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 7145 – 7159 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-18-7145
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karalis, A.

S. G. Johnson , M. L. Povinelli , M. Soljacic , A. Karalis , S. Jacobs , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Roughness losses and volume-current methods in photonic-crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. B   81 , 283 – 293 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Karle, T. J.

H. Gersen , T. J. Karle , R. J. P. Engelen , W. Bogaerts , J. P. Korterik , N. F. van Hulst , T. F. Krauss , and L. Kuipers , “ Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 073903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kash, K.

R. D. Meade , A. Devenyi , J. D. Joannopoulos , O. L. Alerhand , D. A. Smith , and K. Kash , “ Novel applications of photonic band gap materials: Low-loss bends and high Q cavities ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   75 , 4753 – 4755 ( 1994 ).

Katoh, I.

A. Sakai , I. Katoh , D. Mori , T. Baba , and Y. Takiguchi , “ Anomalous low group velocity and low dispersion in simple line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS Annual Meet., ThQ5 ( 2004 ).

Kawai, N.

K. Inoue , N. Kawai , Y. Sugimoto , N. Carlsson , N. Ikeda , and K. Asakawa , “ Observation of small group velocity in two-dimensional AlGaAs-based photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 121308 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Kise, T.

E. Mizuta , T. Ide , J. Hashimoto , K. Nozaki , T. Baba , T. Kise , K. Kiyota , and N. Yokouchi , “ Characterization of photonic crystal waveguide for SOA operation ,” Proc. Pacific Rim Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics, CThE1-4 ( 2005 ).

Kiyota, K.

T. Asano , K. Kiyota , D. Kumamoto , B-S. Song , and S. Noda , “ Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 4690 – 4692 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

E. Mizuta , T. Ide , J. Hashimoto , K. Nozaki , T. Baba , T. Kise , K. Kiyota , and N. Yokouchi , “ Characterization of photonic crystal waveguide for SOA operation ,” Proc. Pacific Rim Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics, CThE1-4 ( 2005 ).

Komori, K.

T. Ogawa , N. Yamamoto , Y. Watanabe , K. Komori , M. Itoh , and T. Yatagai , “ Photonic crystal directional coupler switch with short switching length and wide band width ,” Proc. Fall Meet. of JSAP, 3p-ZC-14 ( 2004 ).

Korterik, J. P.

H. Gersen , T. J. Karle , R. J. P. Engelen , W. Bogaerts , J. P. Korterik , N. F. van Hulst , T. F. Krauss , and L. Kuipers , “ Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 073903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosaka, H.

M. Tokushima , H. Kosaka , A. Tomita , and H. Yamada , “ Lightwave propagation through a 120 sharply bent single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   76 , 952 – 954 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

H. Gersen , T. J. Karle , R. J. P. Engelen , W. Bogaerts , J. P. Korterik , N. F. van Hulst , T. F. Krauss , and L. Kuipers , “ Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 073903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

H. Gersen , T. J. Karle , R. J. P. Engelen , W. Bogaerts , J. P. Korterik , N. F. van Hulst , T. F. Krauss , and L. Kuipers , “ Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 073903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumamoto, D.

T. Asano , K. Kiyota , D. Kumamoto , B-S. Song , and S. Noda , “ Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 4690 – 4692 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Kuramochi, E.

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

Kurland, I.

A. Mekis , J. C. Chen , I. Kurland , S. Fan , P. R. Villeneuve , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   77 , 3787 – 3790 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuroki, Y.

T. Baba , D. Mori , K. Inoshita , and Y. Kuroki , “ Light localization in line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   10 , 484 – 491 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

C. Li , Z. Dutton , C. H. Behroozi , and L. V. Hau , “ Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses ,” Nature   409 , 490 – 493 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

M. Lončar , D. Nedeljković , T. Doll , J. Vučković , and A. Scherer , “ Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 1937 – 1939 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Lukin , S. F. Yelin , and M. Fleischhauer , “ Entanglement of atomic ensembles by trapping correlated photon states ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   84 , 004232 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Luyssaert, B.

W. Bogaerts , V. Wiaux , D. Taillaert , S. Beckx , B. Luyssaert , P. Bienstman , and R. Baets , “ Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV lithography ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 928 – 934 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Meade, R. D.

R. D. Meade , A. Devenyi , J. D. Joannopoulos , O. L. Alerhand , D. A. Smith , and K. Kash , “ Novel applications of photonic band gap materials: Low-loss bends and high Q cavities ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   75 , 4753 – 4755 ( 1994 ).

Mekis, A.

A. Mekis , J. C. Chen , I. Kurland , S. Fan , P. R. Villeneuve , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   77 , 3787 – 3790 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitsugi, S.

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

Mizuta, E.

E. Mizuta , T. Ide , J. Hashimoto , K. Nozaki , T. Baba , T. Kise , K. Kiyota , and N. Yokouchi , “ Characterization of photonic crystal waveguide for SOA operation ,” Proc. Pacific Rim Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics, CThE1-4 ( 2005 ).

Moll, N.

Mori, D.

T. Baba , D. Mori , K. Inoshita , and Y. Kuroki , “ Light localization in line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   10 , 484 – 491 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

D. Mori and T. Baba , “ Dispersion-controlled optical group delay device by chirped photonic crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 1101 – 1103 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

A. Sakai , I. Katoh , D. Mori , T. Baba , and Y. Takiguchi , “ Anomalous low group velocity and low dispersion in simple line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS Annual Meet., ThQ5 ( 2004 ).

Motegi, A.

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, Y.

Nedeljkovic, D.

M. Lončar , D. Nedeljković , T. Doll , J. Vučković , and A. Scherer , “ Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 1937 – 1939 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

T. Asano , K. Kiyota , D. Kumamoto , B-S. Song , and S. Noda , “ Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 4690 – 4692 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda , A. Chutinan , and M. Imada , “ Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure ,” Nature   407 , 608 – 610 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notomi, M.

M. Notomi , K. Yamada , A. Shinya , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   87 , 253902 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

Nozaki, K.

E. Mizuta , T. Ide , J. Hashimoto , K. Nozaki , T. Baba , T. Kise , K. Kiyota , and N. Yokouchi , “ Characterization of photonic crystal waveguide for SOA operation ,” Proc. Pacific Rim Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics, CThE1-4 ( 2005 ).

Oesterle, U.

C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, T.

T. Ogawa , N. Yamamoto , Y. Watanabe , K. Komori , M. Itoh , and T. Yatagai , “ Photonic crystal directional coupler switch with short switching length and wide band width ,” Proc. Fall Meet. of JSAP, 3p-ZC-14 ( 2004 ).

Olivier, S.

C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, A. Yu.

A. Yu. Petrov and M. Eich , “ Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4866 – 4868 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Povinelli, M. L.

S. G. Johnson , M. L. Povinelli , M. Soljacic , A. Karalis , S. Jacobs , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Roughness losses and volume-current methods in photonic-crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. B   81 , 283 – 293 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Povinelli , S. G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos “ Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 7145 – 7159 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-18-7145
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramunno, L.

S. Hughes , L. Ramunno , J. F. Young , and J. E. Sipe , “ Extrinsic optical scattering loss in photonic crystal waveguides: role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 033903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rattier, M.

C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Rue, R. M. De La

C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H. -Y.

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

Sakai, A.

A. Sakai , T. Fukazawa , and T. Baba , “ Low loss ultra-small branches in Si photonic wire waveguides ,” IEICE Trans. Electron.   E85-C , 1033 – 1038 ( 2002 ).

A. Sakai , G. Hara , and T. Baba , “ Propagation characteristics of ultra-high ∆ optical waveguide on silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , L383 – L385 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

A. Sakai , I. Katoh , D. Mori , T. Baba , and Y. Takiguchi , “ Anomalous low group velocity and low dispersion in simple line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS Annual Meet., ThQ5 ( 2004 ).

Scherer, A.

M. Lončar , D. Nedeljković , T. Doll , J. Vučković , and A. Scherer , “ Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 1937 – 1939 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

M. Notomi , K. Yamada , A. Shinya , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   87 , 253902 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

S. Hughes , L. Ramunno , J. F. Young , and J. E. Sipe , “ Extrinsic optical scattering loss in photonic crystal waveguides: role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 033903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, C. J. M.

C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. A.

R. D. Meade , A. Devenyi , J. D. Joannopoulos , O. L. Alerhand , D. A. Smith , and K. Kash , “ Novel applications of photonic band gap materials: Low-loss bends and high Q cavities ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   75 , 4753 – 4755 ( 1994 ).

Soljacic, M.

S. G. Johnson , M. L. Povinelli , M. Soljacic , A. Karalis , S. Jacobs , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Roughness losses and volume-current methods in photonic-crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. B   81 , 283 – 293 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Song, B-S.

T. Asano , K. Kiyota , D. Kumamoto , B-S. Song , and S. Noda , “ Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 4690 – 4692 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

Suh, W.

M. F. Yanik , W. Suh , Z. Wang , and S. Fan , “ Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   93 , 233903 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taillaert, D.

W. Bogaerts , V. Wiaux , D. Taillaert , S. Beckx , B. Luyssaert , P. Bienstman , and R. Baets , “ Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV lithography ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 928 – 934 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, C.

M. Notomi , K. Yamada , A. Shinya , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   87 , 253902 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, J.

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi , K. Yamada , A. Shinya , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   87 , 253902 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takiguchi, Y.

A. Sakai , I. Katoh , D. Mori , T. Baba , and Y. Takiguchi , “ Anomalous low group velocity and low dispersion in simple line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS Annual Meet., ThQ5 ( 2004 ).

Tanaka, Y.

Tokushima, M.

M. Tokushima , H. Kosaka , A. Tomita , and H. Yamada , “ Lightwave propagation through a 120 sharply bent single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   76 , 952 – 954 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, A.

M. Tokushima , H. Kosaka , A. Tomita , and H. Yamada , “ Lightwave propagation through a 120 sharply bent single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   76 , 952 – 954 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

A. Mekis , J. C. Chen , I. Kurland , S. Fan , P. R. Villeneuve , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   77 , 3787 – 3790 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Vuckovic, J.

M. Lončar , D. Nedeljković , T. Doll , J. Vučković , and A. Scherer , “ Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 1937 – 1939 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

M. F. Yanik , W. Suh , Z. Wang , and S. Fan , “ Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   93 , 233903 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, Y.

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Ogawa , N. Yamamoto , Y. Watanabe , K. Komori , M. Itoh , and T. Yatagai , “ Photonic crystal directional coupler switch with short switching length and wide band width ,” Proc. Fall Meet. of JSAP, 3p-ZC-14 ( 2004 ).

Weisbuch, C.

C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Wiaux, V.

W. Bogaerts , V. Wiaux , D. Taillaert , S. Beckx , B. Luyssaert , P. Bienstman , and R. Baets , “ Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV lithography ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 928 – 934 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, H.

M. Tokushima , H. Kosaka , A. Tomita , and H. Yamada , “ Lightwave propagation through a 120 sharply bent single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   76 , 952 – 954 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi , K. Yamada , A. Shinya , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   87 , 253902 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, N.

T. Ogawa , N. Yamamoto , Y. Watanabe , K. Komori , M. Itoh , and T. Yatagai , “ Photonic crystal directional coupler switch with short switching length and wide band width ,” Proc. Fall Meet. of JSAP, 3p-ZC-14 ( 2004 ).

Yanik, M. F.

M. F. Yanik , W. Suh , Z. Wang , and S. Fan , “ Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   93 , 233903 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yatagai, T.

T. Ogawa , N. Yamamoto , Y. Watanabe , K. Komori , M. Itoh , and T. Yatagai , “ Photonic crystal directional coupler switch with short switching length and wide band width ,” Proc. Fall Meet. of JSAP, 3p-ZC-14 ( 2004 ).

Yelin, S. F.

M. D. Lukin , S. F. Yelin , and M. Fleischhauer , “ Entanglement of atomic ensembles by trapping correlated photon states ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   84 , 004232 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Yokohama, I.

M. Notomi , K. Yamada , A. Shinya , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   87 , 253902 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

Yokouchi, N.

E. Mizuta , T. Ide , J. Hashimoto , K. Nozaki , T. Baba , T. Kise , K. Kiyota , and N. Yokouchi , “ Characterization of photonic crystal waveguide for SOA operation ,” Proc. Pacific Rim Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics, CThE1-4 ( 2005 ).

Yonekura, J.

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Yonekura , M. Ikeda , and T. Baba , “ Analysis of finite 2-D photonic crystals of columns and lightwave devices using the scattering matrix method ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   17 , 1500 – 1508 ( 1999 ).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. F.

S. Hughes , L. Ramunno , J. F. Young , and J. E. Sipe , “ Extrinsic optical scattering loss in photonic crystal waveguides: role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 033903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. G. Johnson , M. L. Povinelli , M. Soljacic , A. Karalis , S. Jacobs , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ Roughness losses and volume-current methods in photonic-crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. B   81 , 283 – 293 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

R. D. Meade , A. Devenyi , J. D. Joannopoulos , O. L. Alerhand , D. A. Smith , and K. Kash , “ Novel applications of photonic band gap materials: Low-loss bends and high Q cavities ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   75 , 4753 – 4755 ( 1994 ).

C. J. M. Smith , H. Benisty , S. Olivier , M. Rattier , C. Weisbuch , T. F. Krauss , R. M. De La Rue , R. Houdré , and U. Oesterle , “ Low-loss channel waveguides with two-dimensional photonic crystal boundaries ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 2813 – 2815 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Tokushima , H. Kosaka , A. Tomita , and H. Yamada , “ Lightwave propagation through a 120 sharply bent single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   76 , 952 – 954 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Lončar , D. Nedeljković , T. Doll , J. Vučković , and A. Scherer , “ Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   77 , 1937 – 1939 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Asano , K. Kiyota , D. Kumamoto , B-S. Song , and S. Noda , “ Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   84 , 4690 – 4692 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

D. Mori and T. Baba , “ Dispersion-controlled optical group delay device by chirped photonic crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 1101 – 1103 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

A. Yu. Petrov and M. Eich , “ Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   85 , 4866 – 4868 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Baba , N. Fukaya , and J. Yonekura , “ Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends ,” Electron. Lett.   35 , 654 – 655 ( 1999 ); T. Baba , A. Motegi , T. Iwai , N. Fukaya , Y. Watanabe , and A. Sakai , “ Light propagation characteristics of straight single line defect optical waveguides in a photonic crystal slab fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   38 , 743 – 752 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi , A. Shinya , K. Yamada , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates ,” Electron. Lett.   37 , 293 – 294 ( 2001 ); M. Notomi , A. Shinya , S. Mitsugi , E. Kuramochi , and H. -Y. Ryu , “ Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs ,” Opt. Express.   12 , 1551 – 1561 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1551
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

W. Bogaerts , V. Wiaux , D. Taillaert , S. Beckx , B. Luyssaert , P. Bienstman , and R. Baets , “ Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV lithography ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 928 – 934 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba , D. Mori , K. Inoshita , and Y. Kuroki , “ Light localization in line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   10 , 484 – 491 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

A. Sakai , T. Fukazawa , and T. Baba , “ Low loss ultra-small branches in Si photonic wire waveguides ,” IEICE Trans. Electron.   E85-C , 1033 – 1038 ( 2002 ).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Sakai , G. Hara , and T. Baba , “ Propagation characteristics of ultra-high ∆ optical waveguide on silicon-on-insulator substrate ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , L383 – L385 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

C. Li , Z. Dutton , C. H. Behroozi , and L. V. Hau , “ Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses ,” Nature   409 , 490 – 493 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda , A. Chutinan , and M. Imada , “ Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure ,” Nature   407 , 608 – 610 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Express. (1)

M. L. Povinelli , S. G. Johnson , and J. D. Joannopoulos “ Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays ,” Opt. Express.   13 , 7145 – 7159 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-18-7145
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

K. Inoue , N. Kawai , Y. Sugimoto , N. Carlsson , N. Ikeda , and K. Asakawa , “ Observation of small group velocity in two-dimensional AlGaAs-based photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. B   65 , 121308 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

M. Notomi , K. Yamada , A. Shinya , J. Takahashi , C. Takahashi , and I. Yokohama , “ Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   87 , 253902 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gersen , T. J. Karle , R. J. P. Engelen , W. Bogaerts , J. P. Korterik , N. F. van Hulst , T. F. Krauss , and L. Kuipers , “ Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 073903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Lukin , S. F. Yelin , and M. Fleischhauer , “ Entanglement of atomic ensembles by trapping correlated photon states ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   84 , 004232 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik , W. Suh , Z. Wang , and S. Fan , “ Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   93 , 233903 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mekis , J. C. Chen , I. Kurland , S. Fan , P. R. Villeneuve , and J. D. Joannopoulos , “ High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   77 , 3787 – 3790 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hughes , L. Ramunno , J. F. Young , and J. E. Sipe , “ Extrinsic optical scattering loss in photonic crystal waveguides: role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   94 , 033903 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

E. Mizuta , T. Ide , J. Hashimoto , K. Nozaki , T. Baba , T. Kise , K. Kiyota , and N. Yokouchi , “ Characterization of photonic crystal waveguide for SOA operation ,” Proc. Pacific Rim Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics, CThE1-4 ( 2005 ).

A. Sakai , I. Katoh , D. Mori , T. Baba , and Y. Takiguchi , “ Anomalous low group velocity and low dispersion in simple line defect photonic crystal waveguides ,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS Annual Meet., ThQ5 ( 2004 ).

T. Ogawa , N. Yamamoto , Y. Watanabe , K. Komori , M. Itoh , and T. Yatagai , “ Photonic crystal directional coupler switch with short switching length and wide band width ,” Proc. Fall Meet. of JSAP, 3p-ZC-14 ( 2004 ).

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MOV (2387 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (2353 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of ideal band shifted by chirping against the frequency of incident light (dashed line).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of PC directional coupler with coupled mode profiles and corresponding bands.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Real structures of PC coupled waveguides and corresponding bands. Thick and thin lines indicate bands of the even mode and other modes, respectively. Light gray and dark gray regions show the light cone above the air light line and slab mode regions, respectively. For the band of (a), airhole shift d is set to be 0.25a.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dependence of band for the structure of Fig. 3(a) on background index n, where d = 0.25a is assumed.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dependence of band for the structure of Fig. 3(a) on airhole shift d, where n = 2.963 is assumed.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Light intensity profile for each time frame and pulse waveforms of light power toward the right side. (a) and (b) are those for structures of Fig. 3(a) with d = 0.25a and 0.10a, respectively. Line in each figure shows corresponding photonic band. Animations show the light propagation (Hz field) for each structure, where red, yellow, green, light blue and dark blue show intensities from plus to minus. [Media 1] [Media 2]

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Schematic band diagram in the repeated zone scheme for the explanation of back and forth motion in Fig. 6(b).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Upper limit values of g and g ∆ωs/ω for bands of Fig. 5 calculated with ∆ωs/ω, where d is used as a parameter.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

I/O structure for the structure of Fig. 3(a) with photonic wire waveguides. (a) Half elliptical taper used with bend waveguide type branch. (b) Half circular funnel taper as a confluence.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

I/O structure for the structure of Fig. 3(a) with PC single line defect waveguides. (a) Branch. (b) Confluence.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ T = 0 Δ L d x υ g ( x ) = 0 Δ L n g ( x ) c d x .
n ͂ g = c υ ͂ g = c Δ L Δ T = 0 Δ L n g ( x ) d x Δ L .
n ͂ g ω 0 ω 0 + Δ ω n g ( ω ) d ω / Δ ω = ω 0 ω 0 + Δ ω c d k d ω d ω / Δ ω = k 0 k 0 + Δ k c d k / Δ ω = c Δ k Δ ω
n ͂ g Δ ω s ω n ͂ g Δ ω 2 ω = Δ k 2 k .
n ͂ g Δ ω s ω n ͂ g Δ ω Δ ω p 2 ω = Δ k 2 k ( 1 Δ ω p Δ ω )

Metrics