Abstract

The frequency of a wavelength standard at 1542 nm (194 THz) developed in CMI for the telecommunication band C was measured with a fiber femtosecond frequency comb. The measurement was done for three transitions of acetylene 13C2H2: P(14), P(15) and P(16). The results agree well with values in the recommendation for Practical realization of the definition of the metre [1] and even better with recent measurements made in NMIJ/AIST [2,3] - the differences are lower than 2 kHz (or 1×10-11 rel.) for all three transitions. This agreement is significant considering the fact that the CMI laser uses an extremely simple spectroscopic arrangement and substantially lower saturation power.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. RECOMMENDATION CCL 2c (2003), http://www1.bipm.org/utils/en/pdf/CCL-2003-2c-EN.pdf
  2. A. Onae , K. Okumura , F.-L. Hong , and H. Matsumoto , “ Accurate frequency atlas of 1.5 μ m band of acetylene measured by a mode-locked fiber laser ,” presented at the 2004 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, London, United Kingdom, 27 June – 2 July, 2004. Digest pg. 666 – 667 , Th2d1.
  3. J. Jiang , A. Onae , H. Matsumoto , and F. Hong , “ Frequency measurement of acetylene-stabilized lasers using a femtosecond optical comb without carrier-envelope offset frequency control ,” Opt. Express   13 , 1958 – 1965 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-6-1958 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. J. Quinn , “ Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001) ”, Metrologia   40 , 103 – 133 ( 2003 ).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Czajkowski , J. E. Bernard , A. A. Madej , and R. S. Windeler , “ Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 45 – 50 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , G. Huang , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ Absolute frequency measurement of a 1.5- μ m acetylene standard by use of a combined frequency chain and femtosecond comb ,” Opt. Lett.   29 , 566 – 568 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μ m region ,” Appl. Phys. B   80 , 977 – 983 ( 2005 ).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Balling and P. Křen , Development of Wavelength Standard at 1542 nm: Acetylene Stabilized DFB Laser, in WDS’05 Proceedings of Contributed Papers: Part III - Physics J. Safrankova , ed, ( Prague, Matfyz press, 2005 ) pp. 590 – 594 . http://www.mff.cuni.cz/veda/konference/wds/contents/pdf05/WDS05_104_f6_Balling.pdf
  9. P. Balling and P. Křen , “ Frequency (wavelength) standards for optical communications ”. Final report Nr. 8014-TR-Z002-04 to CMI Technical development project Nr. TR 480142, ČMI-LPM Prague, 6 th January 2005 (in Czech)
  10. P. Kubina , P. Adel , F. Adler , G. Grosche , T. W. Hänsch , R. Holzwarth , A. Leitenstorfer , B. Lipphardt , and H. Schnatz , “ Long term comparison of two fiber based frequency comb systems ,” Opt. Express   13 , 904 – 909 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-3-904
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Lazar , B. Růžička , and O. Čĺp : “ Etalon of optical frequency for the telecommunication spectral region ” in Proceedings of SPIE - Optical Metrology in Production Engineering , Strasbourg,   5457 , 240 – 244 ( 2004 )

2005 (3)

2004 (3)

J. Lazar , B. Růžička , and O. Čĺp : “ Etalon of optical frequency for the telecommunication spectral region ” in Proceedings of SPIE - Optical Metrology in Production Engineering , Strasbourg,   5457 , 240 – 244 ( 2004 )

A. Czajkowski , J. E. Bernard , A. A. Madej , and R. S. Windeler , “ Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 45 – 50 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , G. Huang , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ Absolute frequency measurement of a 1.5- μ m acetylene standard by use of a combined frequency chain and femtosecond comb ,” Opt. Lett.   29 , 566 – 568 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

T. J. Quinn , “ Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001) ”, Metrologia   40 , 103 – 133 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Adel, P.

Adler, F.

Balling, P.

P. Balling and P. Křen , Development of Wavelength Standard at 1542 nm: Acetylene Stabilized DFB Laser, in WDS’05 Proceedings of Contributed Papers: Part III - Physics J. Safrankova , ed, ( Prague, Matfyz press, 2005 ) pp. 590 – 594 . http://www.mff.cuni.cz/veda/konference/wds/contents/pdf05/WDS05_104_f6_Balling.pdf

P. Balling and P. Křen , “ Frequency (wavelength) standards for optical communications ”. Final report Nr. 8014-TR-Z002-04 to CMI Technical development project Nr. TR 480142, ČMI-LPM Prague, 6 th January 2005 (in Czech)

Barwood, G. P.

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μ m region ,” Appl. Phys. B   80 , 977 – 983 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , G. Huang , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ Absolute frequency measurement of a 1.5- μ m acetylene standard by use of a combined frequency chain and femtosecond comb ,” Opt. Lett.   29 , 566 – 568 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernard, J. E.

A. Czajkowski , J. E. Bernard , A. A. Madej , and R. S. Windeler , “ Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 45 – 50 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Clp, O.

J. Lazar , B. Růžička , and O. Čĺp : “ Etalon of optical frequency for the telecommunication spectral region ” in Proceedings of SPIE - Optical Metrology in Production Engineering , Strasbourg,   5457 , 240 – 244 ( 2004 )

Czajkowski, A.

A. Czajkowski , J. E. Bernard , A. A. Madej , and R. S. Windeler , “ Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 45 – 50 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, C. S.

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μ m region ,” Appl. Phys. B   80 , 977 – 983 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , G. Huang , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ Absolute frequency measurement of a 1.5- μ m acetylene standard by use of a combined frequency chain and femtosecond comb ,” Opt. Lett.   29 , 566 – 568 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gill, P.

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μ m region ,” Appl. Phys. B   80 , 977 – 983 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , G. Huang , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ Absolute frequency measurement of a 1.5- μ m acetylene standard by use of a combined frequency chain and femtosecond comb ,” Opt. Lett.   29 , 566 – 568 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grosche, G.

Hänsch, T. W.

Holzwarth, R.

Hong, F.

Hong, F.-L.

A. Onae , K. Okumura , F.-L. Hong , and H. Matsumoto , “ Accurate frequency atlas of 1.5 μ m band of acetylene measured by a mode-locked fiber laser ,” presented at the 2004 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, London, United Kingdom, 27 June – 2 July, 2004. Digest pg. 666 – 667 , Th2d1.

Huang, G.

Jiang, J.

Kren, P.

P. Balling and P. Křen , Development of Wavelength Standard at 1542 nm: Acetylene Stabilized DFB Laser, in WDS’05 Proceedings of Contributed Papers: Part III - Physics J. Safrankova , ed, ( Prague, Matfyz press, 2005 ) pp. 590 – 594 . http://www.mff.cuni.cz/veda/konference/wds/contents/pdf05/WDS05_104_f6_Balling.pdf

P. Balling and P. Křen , “ Frequency (wavelength) standards for optical communications ”. Final report Nr. 8014-TR-Z002-04 to CMI Technical development project Nr. TR 480142, ČMI-LPM Prague, 6 th January 2005 (in Czech)

Kubina, P.

Lazar, J.

J. Lazar , B. Růžička , and O. Čĺp : “ Etalon of optical frequency for the telecommunication spectral region ” in Proceedings of SPIE - Optical Metrology in Production Engineering , Strasbourg,   5457 , 240 – 244 ( 2004 )

Lea, S. N.

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μ m region ,” Appl. Phys. B   80 , 977 – 983 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , G. Huang , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ Absolute frequency measurement of a 1.5- μ m acetylene standard by use of a combined frequency chain and femtosecond comb ,” Opt. Lett.   29 , 566 – 568 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitenstorfer, A.

Lipphardt, B.

Madej, A. A.

A. Czajkowski , J. E. Bernard , A. A. Madej , and R. S. Windeler , “ Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 45 – 50 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Margolis, H. S.

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μ m region ,” Appl. Phys. B   80 , 977 – 983 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , G. Huang , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ Absolute frequency measurement of a 1.5- μ m acetylene standard by use of a combined frequency chain and femtosecond comb ,” Opt. Lett.   29 , 566 – 568 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsumoto, H.

J. Jiang , A. Onae , H. Matsumoto , and F. Hong , “ Frequency measurement of acetylene-stabilized lasers using a femtosecond optical comb without carrier-envelope offset frequency control ,” Opt. Express   13 , 1958 – 1965 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-6-1958 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Onae , K. Okumura , F.-L. Hong , and H. Matsumoto , “ Accurate frequency atlas of 1.5 μ m band of acetylene measured by a mode-locked fiber laser ,” presented at the 2004 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, London, United Kingdom, 27 June – 2 July, 2004. Digest pg. 666 – 667 , Th2d1.

Okumura, K.

A. Onae , K. Okumura , F.-L. Hong , and H. Matsumoto , “ Accurate frequency atlas of 1.5 μ m band of acetylene measured by a mode-locked fiber laser ,” presented at the 2004 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, London, United Kingdom, 27 June – 2 July, 2004. Digest pg. 666 – 667 , Th2d1.

Onae, A.

J. Jiang , A. Onae , H. Matsumoto , and F. Hong , “ Frequency measurement of acetylene-stabilized lasers using a femtosecond optical comb without carrier-envelope offset frequency control ,” Opt. Express   13 , 1958 – 1965 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-6-1958 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Onae , K. Okumura , F.-L. Hong , and H. Matsumoto , “ Accurate frequency atlas of 1.5 μ m band of acetylene measured by a mode-locked fiber laser ,” presented at the 2004 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, London, United Kingdom, 27 June – 2 July, 2004. Digest pg. 666 – 667 , Th2d1.

Quinn, T. J.

T. J. Quinn , “ Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001) ”, Metrologia   40 , 103 – 133 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Rowley, W. R. C.

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μ m region ,” Appl. Phys. B   80 , 977 – 983 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , G. Huang , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ Absolute frequency measurement of a 1.5- μ m acetylene standard by use of a combined frequency chain and femtosecond comb ,” Opt. Lett.   29 , 566 – 568 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ružicka, B.

J. Lazar , B. Růžička , and O. Čĺp : “ Etalon of optical frequency for the telecommunication spectral region ” in Proceedings of SPIE - Optical Metrology in Production Engineering , Strasbourg,   5457 , 240 – 244 ( 2004 )

Schnatz, H.

Windeler, R. S.

A. Czajkowski , J. E. Bernard , A. A. Madej , and R. S. Windeler , “ Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 45 – 50 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Czajkowski , J. E. Bernard , A. A. Madej , and R. S. Windeler , “ Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm ,” Appl. Phys. B   79 , 45 – 50 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Edwards , H. S. Margolis , G. P. Barwood , S. N. Lea , P. Gill , and W. R. C. Rowley , “ High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μ m region ,” Appl. Phys. B   80 , 977 – 983 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

in Proceedings of SPIE - Optical Metrology in Production Engineering , Strasbourg, (1)

J. Lazar , B. Růžička , and O. Čĺp : “ Etalon of optical frequency for the telecommunication spectral region ” in Proceedings of SPIE - Optical Metrology in Production Engineering , Strasbourg,   5457 , 240 – 244 ( 2004 )

Metrologia (1)

T. J. Quinn , “ Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001) ”, Metrologia   40 , 103 – 133 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (4)

P. Balling and P. Křen , Development of Wavelength Standard at 1542 nm: Acetylene Stabilized DFB Laser, in WDS’05 Proceedings of Contributed Papers: Part III - Physics J. Safrankova , ed, ( Prague, Matfyz press, 2005 ) pp. 590 – 594 . http://www.mff.cuni.cz/veda/konference/wds/contents/pdf05/WDS05_104_f6_Balling.pdf

P. Balling and P. Křen , “ Frequency (wavelength) standards for optical communications ”. Final report Nr. 8014-TR-Z002-04 to CMI Technical development project Nr. TR 480142, ČMI-LPM Prague, 6 th January 2005 (in Czech)

RECOMMENDATION CCL 2c (2003), http://www1.bipm.org/utils/en/pdf/CCL-2003-2c-EN.pdf

A. Onae , K. Okumura , F.-L. Hong , and H. Matsumoto , “ Accurate frequency atlas of 1.5 μ m band of acetylene measured by a mode-locked fiber laser ,” presented at the 2004 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, London, United Kingdom, 27 June – 2 July, 2004. Digest pg. 666 – 667 , Th2d1.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of acetylene stabilized laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Stability and repeatability of acetylene-stabilized laser relative to fs comb during nearly three hours of measurement of transition P(16)

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Stability of acetylene-stabilized laser relative to fs comb (with output fiber, squares) and relative to another acetylene-stabilized laser (without output fiber, circles)

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Operating parameters and frequency shift coefficients of acetylene-stabilized lasers [8]

Tables Icon

Table 2. The frequencies of three acetylene transitions and comparison to previously published values (in Hz)

Metrics