Abstract

This paper presents a technique to expose and characterize nano-structured hole arrays in tapered photonic crystal fibers. Hole array structures are examined with taper outer diameters ranging from 12.9 μm to 1.6 μm. A combined focused ion beam milling and scanning electron microscope system was used to expose and characterize the arrayed air-silica structures. Results from this combined technique are presented which resolve hole-to-hole pitch sizes and hole diameters in the order of 120 nm and 60 nm, respectively.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. T. Huntington , J. Katsifolis , B. C. Gibson , J. Canning , K. Lyytikainen , J. Zagari , L. W. Cahill , and J. D. Love , “ Retaining and characterising nano-structure within tapered air-silica structured optical fibers ,” Opt. Express   11 , 98 – 104 ( 2003 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-2-98.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. E. C. Magi , P. Steinvurzel , and B. J. Eggleton , “ Tapered photonic crystal fibers ,” Opt. Express   12 , 776 – 784 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-776.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. Youngchun Youk , Dug Young Kim , and Kun Wook Park , “ Guiding properties of a tapered photonic crystal fiber compared with those of a tapered single-mode fiber ,” Fiber Integrated Opt.   23 , 439 – 446 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. K. Lizé , E. C. Mägi , V. G. Ta’eed , J. A. Bolger , P. Steinvurzel , and B. J. Eggleton , “ Microstruc-tured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3209 – 3217 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3209.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. C. Kerbage and B. J. Eggleton , “ Tunable microfluidic optical fiber gratings ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1338 – 1340 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. G. Leon-Saval , T. A. Birks , W. J. Wadsworth , P.St. J. Russell , and M. W. Mason , “ Su-percontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides ,” Opt. Express   12 , 2864 – 2869 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2864.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. B. H. Lee , J. B. Eom , J. Kim , D. S. Moon , U. C. Paek , and G. H. Yang , “ Photonic crystal fiber coupler ,” Opt. Lett.   27 , 812 – 814 ( 2002 ).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. A. Birks , G. Kakarantzas , P. St. J. Russell , and D. F. Murphy , “ Photonic crystal fiber devices ,” in Fiber-based Component Fabrication, Testing, and Connectorization , Proc. SPIE   4943 , 142 – 151 ( 2002 ).
    [Crossref]
  9. T. M. Monro , D. J. Richardson , N. G. R. Broderick , and P. J. Bennett , “ Holey optical fibers: efficient modal model ,” J. Lightwave Tech.   17 , 1093 – 1102 ( 1999 ).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. K. Ranka , R. S. Windeler , and A. J. Stentz , “ Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800nm ,” Opt. Lett.   25 , 25 – 27 ( 2000 ).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. C. Knight , J. Broeng , T. A. Birks , and P. St. J. Russell , “ Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers ,” Science   282 , 1476 – 1478 ( 1998 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. C. Knight , T. A. Birks , P. St. J. Russell , and J. P. de Sandro , “ Properties of photonic crystal fiber and the effective index model ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A   15 , 748 – 752 ( 1998 ).
    [Crossref]
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  14. R. L. Williamson and M. J. Miles , “ Melt-drawn scanning near-field optical microscopy probe profiles ,” J. Appl. Phys.   80 , 4804 – 4812 , ( 1996 ).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Choudhuri , “ Microarrays in biology and medicine ,” J. Biochem. Molecular Toxicology   18 , 171 – 179 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. T. Huntington , K. Lyytikainen , and J. Canning , “ Analysis and removal of fracture damage during and subsequent to holey fiber cleaving ,” Opt. Express   11 , 535 – 540 ( 2003 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-6-535.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. J. Orloff , M. Utlaut , and L. W. Swanson , High resolution focused ion beams ( Kluwer Academic, New York , 2003 ).
  18. V. Hodzic , J. Orloff , and C. Davis , “ Focused ion beam created periodic structures on tapered optical fibers ,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B   21 , 2711 – 2714 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. J. Fielding , K. Edinger , and C. C. Davis , “ Experimental observation of mode evolution in single-mode tapered optical fibers ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   17 , 1649 – 1656 ( 1999 ).
    [Crossref]
  20. P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.
  21. M. A. Foster and A. L. Gaeta , “ Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3137 – 3143 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3137.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (6)

2003 (4)

2002 (2)

T. A. Birks , G. Kakarantzas , P. St. J. Russell , and D. F. Murphy , “ Photonic crystal fiber devices ,” in Fiber-based Component Fabrication, Testing, and Connectorization , Proc. SPIE   4943 , 142 – 151 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

B. H. Lee , J. B. Eom , J. Kim , D. S. Moon , U. C. Paek , and G. H. Yang , “ Photonic crystal fiber coupler ,” Opt. Lett.   27 , 812 – 814 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

T. M. Monro , D. J. Richardson , N. G. R. Broderick , and P. J. Bennett , “ Holey optical fibers: efficient modal model ,” J. Lightwave Tech.   17 , 1093 – 1102 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

A. J. Fielding , K. Edinger , and C. C. Davis , “ Experimental observation of mode evolution in single-mode tapered optical fibers ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   17 , 1649 – 1656 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

J. C. Knight , J. Broeng , T. A. Birks , and P. St. J. Russell , “ Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers ,” Science   282 , 1476 – 1478 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight , T. A. Birks , P. St. J. Russell , and J. P. de Sandro , “ Properties of photonic crystal fiber and the effective index model ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A   15 , 748 – 752 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

R. L. Williamson and M. J. Miles , “ Melt-drawn scanning near-field optical microscopy probe profiles ,” J. Appl. Phys.   80 , 4804 – 4812 , ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

Bennett, P. J.

T. M. Monro , D. J. Richardson , N. G. R. Broderick , and P. J. Bennett , “ Holey optical fibers: efficient modal model ,” J. Lightwave Tech.   17 , 1093 – 1102 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Birks, T. A.

S. G. Leon-Saval , T. A. Birks , W. J. Wadsworth , P.St. J. Russell , and M. W. Mason , “ Su-percontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides ,” Opt. Express   12 , 2864 – 2869 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2864.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks , G. Kakarantzas , P. St. J. Russell , and D. F. Murphy , “ Photonic crystal fiber devices ,” in Fiber-based Component Fabrication, Testing, and Connectorization , Proc. SPIE   4943 , 142 – 151 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight , J. Broeng , T. A. Birks , and P. St. J. Russell , “ Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers ,” Science   282 , 1476 – 1478 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight , T. A. Birks , P. St. J. Russell , and J. P. de Sandro , “ Properties of photonic crystal fiber and the effective index model ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A   15 , 748 – 752 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Bolger, J. A.

Broderick, N. G. R.

T. M. Monro , D. J. Richardson , N. G. R. Broderick , and P. J. Bennett , “ Holey optical fibers: efficient modal model ,” J. Lightwave Tech.   17 , 1093 – 1102 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Broeng, J.

J. C. Knight , J. Broeng , T. A. Birks , and P. St. J. Russell , “ Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers ,” Science   282 , 1476 – 1478 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cahill, L. W.

Canning, J.

Choudhuri, S.

S. Choudhuri , “ Microarrays in biology and medicine ,” J. Biochem. Molecular Toxicology   18 , 171 – 179 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Davis, C.

V. Hodzic , J. Orloff , and C. Davis , “ Focused ion beam created periodic structures on tapered optical fibers ,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B   21 , 2711 – 2714 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Davis, C. C.

Edinger, K.

Eggleton, B. J.

Eom, J. B.

Fielding, A. J.

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Gibson, B. C.

S. T. Huntington , J. Katsifolis , B. C. Gibson , J. Canning , K. Lyytikainen , J. Zagari , L. W. Cahill , and J. D. Love , “ Retaining and characterising nano-structure within tapered air-silica structured optical fibers ,” Opt. Express   11 , 98 – 104 ( 2003 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-2-98.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.

Greentree, A. D.

P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.

Hodzic, V.

V. Hodzic , J. Orloff , and C. Davis , “ Focused ion beam created periodic structures on tapered optical fibers ,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B   21 , 2711 – 2714 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Holton, M.

Huntington, S. T.

Jamieson, D. N.

P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.

Kakarantzas, G.

T. A. Birks , G. Kakarantzas , P. St. J. Russell , and D. F. Murphy , “ Photonic crystal fiber devices ,” in Fiber-based Component Fabrication, Testing, and Connectorization , Proc. SPIE   4943 , 142 – 151 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Katsifolis, J.

Kerbage, C.

C. Kerbage and B. J. Eggleton , “ Tunable microfluidic optical fiber gratings ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1338 – 1340 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Kim, Dug Young

Youngchun Youk , Dug Young Kim , and Kun Wook Park , “ Guiding properties of a tapered photonic crystal fiber compared with those of a tapered single-mode fiber ,” Fiber Integrated Opt.   23 , 439 – 446 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight , T. A. Birks , P. St. J. Russell , and J. P. de Sandro , “ Properties of photonic crystal fiber and the effective index model ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A   15 , 748 – 752 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight , J. Broeng , T. A. Birks , and P. St. J. Russell , “ Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers ,” Science   282 , 1476 – 1478 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, B. H.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Lizé, Y. K.

Love, J. D.

Lyytikainen, K.

Magi, E. C.

Mägi, E. C.

Mason, M. W.

Miles, M. J.

R. L. Williamson and M. J. Miles , “ Melt-drawn scanning near-field optical microscopy probe profiles ,” J. Appl. Phys.   80 , 4804 – 4812 , ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

Monro, T. M.

T. M. Monro , D. J. Richardson , N. G. R. Broderick , and P. J. Bennett , “ Holey optical fibers: efficient modal model ,” J. Lightwave Tech.   17 , 1093 – 1102 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Moon, D. S.

Moore, D.

P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.

Morrison, G. H.

Murphy, D. F.

T. A. Birks , G. Kakarantzas , P. St. J. Russell , and D. F. Murphy , “ Photonic crystal fiber devices ,” in Fiber-based Component Fabrication, Testing, and Connectorization , Proc. SPIE   4943 , 142 – 151 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Olivero, P.

P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.

Orloff, J.

V. Hodzic , J. Orloff , and C. Davis , “ Focused ion beam created periodic structures on tapered optical fibers ,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B   21 , 2711 – 2714 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

J. Orloff , M. Utlaut , and L. W. Swanson , High resolution focused ion beams ( Kluwer Academic, New York , 2003 ).

Paek, U. C.

Park, Kun Wook

Youngchun Youk , Dug Young Kim , and Kun Wook Park , “ Guiding properties of a tapered photonic crystal fiber compared with those of a tapered single-mode fiber ,” Fiber Integrated Opt.   23 , 439 – 446 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Prawer, S.

P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.

Rabeau, J.

P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.

Ranka, J. K.

Reichart, P.

P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.

Richardson, D. J.

T. M. Monro , D. J. Richardson , N. G. R. Broderick , and P. J. Bennett , “ Holey optical fibers: efficient modal model ,” J. Lightwave Tech.   17 , 1093 – 1102 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Rubanov, S.

P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.

Russell, P. St. J.

T. A. Birks , G. Kakarantzas , P. St. J. Russell , and D. F. Murphy , “ Photonic crystal fiber devices ,” in Fiber-based Component Fabrication, Testing, and Connectorization , Proc. SPIE   4943 , 142 – 151 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight , J. Broeng , T. A. Birks , and P. St. J. Russell , “ Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers ,” Science   282 , 1476 – 1478 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight , T. A. Birks , P. St. J. Russell , and J. P. de Sandro , “ Properties of photonic crystal fiber and the effective index model ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A   15 , 748 – 752 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Russell, P.St. J.

Salzman, J.

P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.

Sandro, J. P. de

Steinvurzel, P.

Stentz, A. J.

Swanson, L. W.

J. Orloff , M. Utlaut , and L. W. Swanson , High resolution focused ion beams ( Kluwer Academic, New York , 2003 ).

Ta’eed, V. G.

Utlaut, M.

J. Orloff , M. Utlaut , and L. W. Swanson , High resolution focused ion beams ( Kluwer Academic, New York , 2003 ).

Valaskovic, G. A.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Williamson, R. L.

R. L. Williamson and M. J. Miles , “ Melt-drawn scanning near-field optical microscopy probe profiles ,” J. Appl. Phys.   80 , 4804 – 4812 , ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

Windeler, R. S.

Yang, G. H.

Youk, Youngchun

Youngchun Youk , Dug Young Kim , and Kun Wook Park , “ Guiding properties of a tapered photonic crystal fiber compared with those of a tapered single-mode fiber ,” Fiber Integrated Opt.   23 , 439 – 446 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Zagari, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Kerbage and B. J. Eggleton , “ Tunable microfluidic optical fiber gratings ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   82 , 1338 – 1340 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Fiber Integrated Opt. (1)

Youngchun Youk , Dug Young Kim , and Kun Wook Park , “ Guiding properties of a tapered photonic crystal fiber compared with those of a tapered single-mode fiber ,” Fiber Integrated Opt.   23 , 439 – 446 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. L. Williamson and M. J. Miles , “ Melt-drawn scanning near-field optical microscopy probe profiles ,” J. Appl. Phys.   80 , 4804 – 4812 , ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

J. Biochem. Molecular Toxicology (1)

S. Choudhuri , “ Microarrays in biology and medicine ,” J. Biochem. Molecular Toxicology   18 , 171 – 179 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Tech. (1)

T. M. Monro , D. J. Richardson , N. G. R. Broderick , and P. J. Bennett , “ Holey optical fibers: efficient modal model ,” J. Lightwave Tech.   17 , 1093 – 1102 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

V. Hodzic , J. Orloff , and C. Davis , “ Focused ion beam created periodic structures on tapered optical fibers ,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B   21 , 2711 – 2714 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

S. T. Huntington , K. Lyytikainen , and J. Canning , “ Analysis and removal of fracture damage during and subsequent to holey fiber cleaving ,” Opt. Express   11 , 535 – 540 ( 2003 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-6-535.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. K. Lizé , E. C. Mägi , V. G. Ta’eed , J. A. Bolger , P. Steinvurzel , and B. J. Eggleton , “ Microstruc-tured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3209 – 3217 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3209.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Huntington , J. Katsifolis , B. C. Gibson , J. Canning , K. Lyytikainen , J. Zagari , L. W. Cahill , and J. D. Love , “ Retaining and characterising nano-structure within tapered air-silica structured optical fibers ,” Opt. Express   11 , 98 – 104 ( 2003 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-2-98.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. C. Magi , P. Steinvurzel , and B. J. Eggleton , “ Tapered photonic crystal fibers ,” Opt. Express   12 , 776 – 784 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-776.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Leon-Saval , T. A. Birks , W. J. Wadsworth , P.St. J. Russell , and M. W. Mason , “ Su-percontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides ,” Opt. Express   12 , 2864 – 2869 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2864.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster and A. L. Gaeta , “ Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3137 – 3143 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3137.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. A. Birks , G. Kakarantzas , P. St. J. Russell , and D. F. Murphy , “ Photonic crystal fiber devices ,” in Fiber-based Component Fabrication, Testing, and Connectorization , Proc. SPIE   4943 , 142 – 151 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

J. C. Knight , J. Broeng , T. A. Birks , and P. St. J. Russell , “ Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers ,” Science   282 , 1476 – 1478 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. Orloff , M. Utlaut , and L. W. Swanson , High resolution focused ion beams ( Kluwer Academic, New York , 2003 ).

P. Olivero , S. Rubanov , P. Reichart , B. C. Gibson , S. T. Huntington , J. Rabeau , A. D. Greentree , J. Salzman , D. Moore , D. N. Jamieson , and S. Prawer , “ Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachin-ing of free standing single-crystal diamond ,” in press Adv. Mater.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (2461 KB)     

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical microscope images of a mechanically cleaved air-silica structured optical fibre with an outer diameter (OD) = 100μm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a), (b) show SEM micrographs of the tapered fiber prior to FIB cleaving and (c), (d) show the tapered fiber after 2.9 μm of silica has been removed with the FIB in order to expose the hole array.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The video screen grab shows the instant before 2.9 μm of the tip of the taper is totally removed due to the FIB-based cleaving process (AVI, 2,520 kb).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

FIB-cleaved fiber ends: (a) Optical image where the OD = 12.9 μm, ʌ ~ 890 nm and SEM micrograph images where (b) the OD = 7.2 μm, ʌ ~ 581 nm, (c) the OD = 3.5 μm, ʌ ~ 246 nm and (d) the OD = 1.6 μm, ʌ ~ 120 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

This plot shows a linear relationship between the hole pitch (ʌ) and the outer diameter (OD) of the tapered photonic crystal fibers.

Metrics