Abstract

This paper presents a technique to expose and characterize nano-structured hole arrays in tapered photonic crystal fibers. Hole array structures are examined with taper outer diameters ranging from 12.9 µm to 1.6 µm. A combined focused ion beam milling and scanning electron microscope system was used to expose and characterize the arrayed air-silica structures. Results from this combined technique are presented which resolve hole-to-hole pitch sizes and hole diameters in the order of 120 nm and 60 nm, respectively.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Kerbage and B. J. Eggleton, �??Tunable microfluidic optical fiber gratings,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1338�??1340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integrated Opt. (1)

Youngchun Youk, Dug Young Kim and Kun Wook Park, �??Guiding properties of a tapered photonic crystal fiber compared with those of a tapered single-mode fiber,�?? Fiber Integrated Opt. 23, 439�??446 (2004).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. L. Williamson and M. J. Miles , �??Melt-drawn scanning near-field optical microscopy probe profiles,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4804�??4812 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Biochem. Molecular Toxicology (1)

S. Choudhuri, �??Microarrays in biology and medicine,�?? J. Biochem. Molecular Toxicology 18, 171�??179 (2004).

J. Lightwave Tech. (1)

T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, N. G. R. Broderick and P. J.Bennett, �??Holey optical fibers: efficient modal model,�?? J. Lightwave Tech. 17, 1093�??1102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

V. Hodzic, J. Orloff and C. Davis, �??Focused ion beam created periodic structures on tapered optical fibers,�?? J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 21, 2711�??2714 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

S. T. Huntington, J. Katsifolis, B. C. Gibson, J. Canning, K. Lyytikainen, J. Zagari, L. W. Cahill, and J. D. Love, �??Retaining and characterising nano-structure within tapered air-silica structured optical fibers,�?? Opt. Express 11, 98�??104 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-2-98.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-2-98.</a>

S. T. Huntington, K. Lyytikainen, and J. Canning, �??Analysis and removal of fracture damage during and subsequent to holey fiber cleaving,�?? Opt. Express 11, 535�??540 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-6-535.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-6-535.</a>

E. C. Magi, P. Steinvurzel and B. J. Eggleton, �??Tapered photonic crystal fibers,�?? Opt. Express 12, 776�??784 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-776.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-776.</a>
[CrossRef]

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell and M. W. Mason, �??Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides,�?? Opt. Express 12, 2864�??2869 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2864.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2864.</a>
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster and A. L. Gaeta, �??Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides,�?? Opt. Express 12, 3137�??3143 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3137.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3137.</a>
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Lizé, E. C. Mägi, V. G. Ta�??eed, J. A. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel and B. J. Eggleton, �??Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter,�?? Opt. Express 12, 3209�??3217 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3209.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3209.</a>
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. A. Birks, G. Kakarantzas, P. St. J. Russell and D. F. Murphy, �??Photonic crystal fiber devices,�?? in Fiber-based Component Fabrication, Testing, and Connectorization, Proc. SPIE 4943, 142�??151 (2002).

Science (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks and P. St. J. Russell, �??Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,�?? Science 282, 1476�??1478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntington, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson and S. Prawer, �??Ion beam assisted lift-off technique for three-dimensional micromachining of free standing single-crystal diamond,�?? in press Adv. Mater.

J. Orloff, M. Utlaut and L. W. Swanson, High resolution focused ion beams (Kluwer Academic, New York, 2003).

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