Abstract

We demonstrate extinction ratio improvement by using pump-modulated four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic crystal fiber. A 6-dB improvement in the extinction ratio of a degraded return-to-zero signal has been achieved. A power penalty improvement of 3 dB at 10-9 bit-error-rate level is obtained in the 10 Gb/s bit-error-rate measurements.

©2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Argyris , H. Simos , A. Ikiades , E. Roditi , and D. Syvridis , “ Extinction ratio improvement by four-wave mixing in dispersion-shifted fibre ,” Electon. Lett.   39 , 230 – 232 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Bogris and D. Syvridis , “ Regenerative properties of a pump-modulated four-wave mixing scheme in dispersion-shifted fibers ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   21 , 1892 – 1920 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref]
  3. E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo , All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers , IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   12 , 849 – 851 ( 2000 ).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. Ciaramella , F. Curti , and S. Trillo , All-optical signal reshaping by means of four-wave mixing in optical fibers , IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 142 – 144 ( 2001 ).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Radic , C. J. McKinstrie , R. M. Jopson , J. C. Centanni , and A. R. Chraplyvy , “ All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   15 , 957 – 959 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. V. Kuksenkov , J. Rothman , M. Sauer , S. Li , and K. A. Hoover , ‘ 10 Gb/s 2R regeneration using fiber-optic limiting parametric amplifier ,’ European Conference on Optical Communication 2003, We 1.6.2 ( ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy , 2003 ).
  7. K. K. Chow , C. Shu , Chinlon Lin , and A. Bjarklev , “ Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic Crystal fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   17 , 624 – 626 ( 2005 ).
    [Crossref]
  8. K. P. Hansen , J. R. Folkenberg , C. Peucheret , and A. Bjarklev , “ Fully dispersion controlled triangular-core nonlinear photonic crystal fiber ,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003, PD2-1 ( OFC, Atlanta, Georgia , 2003 ).
  9. D. F. Grosz , C. Mazzali , S. Celaschi , A. Paradisi , and H. L. Fragnito , “ Modulation instability induced resonant four-wave mixing in WDM systems ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   11 , 379 – 381 ( 1999 ).
    [Crossref]
  10. T. Hasegawa , K. Inoue , and K. Oda , “ Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   5 , 947 – 949 ( 1993 ).
    [Crossref]

2005 (1)

K. K. Chow , C. Shu , Chinlon Lin , and A. Bjarklev , “ Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic Crystal fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   17 , 624 – 626 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

A. Argyris , H. Simos , A. Ikiades , E. Roditi , and D. Syvridis , “ Extinction ratio improvement by four-wave mixing in dispersion-shifted fibre ,” Electon. Lett.   39 , 230 – 232 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis , “ Regenerative properties of a pump-modulated four-wave mixing scheme in dispersion-shifted fibers ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   21 , 1892 – 1920 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

S. Radic , C. J. McKinstrie , R. M. Jopson , J. C. Centanni , and A. R. Chraplyvy , “ All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   15 , 957 – 959 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

E. Ciaramella , F. Curti , and S. Trillo , All-optical signal reshaping by means of four-wave mixing in optical fibers , IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 142 – 144 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo , All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers , IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   12 , 849 – 851 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

D. F. Grosz , C. Mazzali , S. Celaschi , A. Paradisi , and H. L. Fragnito , “ Modulation instability induced resonant four-wave mixing in WDM systems ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   11 , 379 – 381 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

T. Hasegawa , K. Inoue , and K. Oda , “ Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   5 , 947 – 949 ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

Argyris, A.

A. Argyris , H. Simos , A. Ikiades , E. Roditi , and D. Syvridis , “ Extinction ratio improvement by four-wave mixing in dispersion-shifted fibre ,” Electon. Lett.   39 , 230 – 232 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Bjarklev, A.

K. K. Chow , C. Shu , Chinlon Lin , and A. Bjarklev , “ Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic Crystal fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   17 , 624 – 626 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

K. P. Hansen , J. R. Folkenberg , C. Peucheret , and A. Bjarklev , “ Fully dispersion controlled triangular-core nonlinear photonic crystal fiber ,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003, PD2-1 ( OFC, Atlanta, Georgia , 2003 ).

Bogris, A.

Celaschi, S.

D. F. Grosz , C. Mazzali , S. Celaschi , A. Paradisi , and H. L. Fragnito , “ Modulation instability induced resonant four-wave mixing in WDM systems ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   11 , 379 – 381 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Centanni, J. C.

S. Radic , C. J. McKinstrie , R. M. Jopson , J. C. Centanni , and A. R. Chraplyvy , “ All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   15 , 957 – 959 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Chow, K. K.

K. K. Chow , C. Shu , Chinlon Lin , and A. Bjarklev , “ Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic Crystal fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   17 , 624 – 626 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

S. Radic , C. J. McKinstrie , R. M. Jopson , J. C. Centanni , and A. R. Chraplyvy , “ All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   15 , 957 – 959 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Ciaramella, E.

E. Ciaramella , F. Curti , and S. Trillo , All-optical signal reshaping by means of four-wave mixing in optical fibers , IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 142 – 144 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo , All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers , IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   12 , 849 – 851 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref]

Curti, F.

E. Ciaramella , F. Curti , and S. Trillo , All-optical signal reshaping by means of four-wave mixing in optical fibers , IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 142 – 144 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Folkenberg, J. R.

K. P. Hansen , J. R. Folkenberg , C. Peucheret , and A. Bjarklev , “ Fully dispersion controlled triangular-core nonlinear photonic crystal fiber ,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003, PD2-1 ( OFC, Atlanta, Georgia , 2003 ).

Fragnito, H. L.

D. F. Grosz , C. Mazzali , S. Celaschi , A. Paradisi , and H. L. Fragnito , “ Modulation instability induced resonant four-wave mixing in WDM systems ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   11 , 379 – 381 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Grosz, D. F.

D. F. Grosz , C. Mazzali , S. Celaschi , A. Paradisi , and H. L. Fragnito , “ Modulation instability induced resonant four-wave mixing in WDM systems ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   11 , 379 – 381 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Hansen, K. P.

K. P. Hansen , J. R. Folkenberg , C. Peucheret , and A. Bjarklev , “ Fully dispersion controlled triangular-core nonlinear photonic crystal fiber ,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003, PD2-1 ( OFC, Atlanta, Georgia , 2003 ).

Hasegawa, T.

T. Hasegawa , K. Inoue , and K. Oda , “ Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   5 , 947 – 949 ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

Hoover, K. A.

D. V. Kuksenkov , J. Rothman , M. Sauer , S. Li , and K. A. Hoover , ‘ 10 Gb/s 2R regeneration using fiber-optic limiting parametric amplifier ,’ European Conference on Optical Communication 2003, We 1.6.2 ( ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy , 2003 ).

Ikiades, A.

A. Argyris , H. Simos , A. Ikiades , E. Roditi , and D. Syvridis , “ Extinction ratio improvement by four-wave mixing in dispersion-shifted fibre ,” Electon. Lett.   39 , 230 – 232 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Inoue, K.

T. Hasegawa , K. Inoue , and K. Oda , “ Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   5 , 947 – 949 ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

Jopson, R. M.

S. Radic , C. J. McKinstrie , R. M. Jopson , J. C. Centanni , and A. R. Chraplyvy , “ All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   15 , 957 – 959 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Kuksenkov, D. V.

D. V. Kuksenkov , J. Rothman , M. Sauer , S. Li , and K. A. Hoover , ‘ 10 Gb/s 2R regeneration using fiber-optic limiting parametric amplifier ,’ European Conference on Optical Communication 2003, We 1.6.2 ( ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy , 2003 ).

Li, S.

D. V. Kuksenkov , J. Rothman , M. Sauer , S. Li , and K. A. Hoover , ‘ 10 Gb/s 2R regeneration using fiber-optic limiting parametric amplifier ,’ European Conference on Optical Communication 2003, We 1.6.2 ( ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy , 2003 ).

Lin, Chinlon

K. K. Chow , C. Shu , Chinlon Lin , and A. Bjarklev , “ Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic Crystal fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   17 , 624 – 626 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Mazzali, C.

D. F. Grosz , C. Mazzali , S. Celaschi , A. Paradisi , and H. L. Fragnito , “ Modulation instability induced resonant four-wave mixing in WDM systems ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   11 , 379 – 381 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

McKinstrie, C. J.

S. Radic , C. J. McKinstrie , R. M. Jopson , J. C. Centanni , and A. R. Chraplyvy , “ All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   15 , 957 – 959 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Oda, K.

T. Hasegawa , K. Inoue , and K. Oda , “ Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   5 , 947 – 949 ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

Paradisi, A.

D. F. Grosz , C. Mazzali , S. Celaschi , A. Paradisi , and H. L. Fragnito , “ Modulation instability induced resonant four-wave mixing in WDM systems ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   11 , 379 – 381 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Peucheret, C.

K. P. Hansen , J. R. Folkenberg , C. Peucheret , and A. Bjarklev , “ Fully dispersion controlled triangular-core nonlinear photonic crystal fiber ,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003, PD2-1 ( OFC, Atlanta, Georgia , 2003 ).

Radic, S.

S. Radic , C. J. McKinstrie , R. M. Jopson , J. C. Centanni , and A. R. Chraplyvy , “ All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   15 , 957 – 959 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Roditi, E.

A. Argyris , H. Simos , A. Ikiades , E. Roditi , and D. Syvridis , “ Extinction ratio improvement by four-wave mixing in dispersion-shifted fibre ,” Electon. Lett.   39 , 230 – 232 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Rothman, J.

D. V. Kuksenkov , J. Rothman , M. Sauer , S. Li , and K. A. Hoover , ‘ 10 Gb/s 2R regeneration using fiber-optic limiting parametric amplifier ,’ European Conference on Optical Communication 2003, We 1.6.2 ( ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy , 2003 ).

Sauer, M.

D. V. Kuksenkov , J. Rothman , M. Sauer , S. Li , and K. A. Hoover , ‘ 10 Gb/s 2R regeneration using fiber-optic limiting parametric amplifier ,’ European Conference on Optical Communication 2003, We 1.6.2 ( ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy , 2003 ).

Shu, C.

K. K. Chow , C. Shu , Chinlon Lin , and A. Bjarklev , “ Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic Crystal fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   17 , 624 – 626 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

Simos, H.

A. Argyris , H. Simos , A. Ikiades , E. Roditi , and D. Syvridis , “ Extinction ratio improvement by four-wave mixing in dispersion-shifted fibre ,” Electon. Lett.   39 , 230 – 232 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Syvridis, D.

A. Argyris , H. Simos , A. Ikiades , E. Roditi , and D. Syvridis , “ Extinction ratio improvement by four-wave mixing in dispersion-shifted fibre ,” Electon. Lett.   39 , 230 – 232 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis , “ Regenerative properties of a pump-modulated four-wave mixing scheme in dispersion-shifted fibers ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   21 , 1892 – 1920 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Trillo, S.

E. Ciaramella , F. Curti , and S. Trillo , All-optical signal reshaping by means of four-wave mixing in optical fibers , IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 142 – 144 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo , All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers , IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   12 , 849 – 851 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref]

Electon. Lett. (1)

A. Argyris , H. Simos , A. Ikiades , E. Roditi , and D. Syvridis , “ Extinction ratio improvement by four-wave mixing in dispersion-shifted fibre ,” Electon. Lett.   39 , 230 – 232 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

K. K. Chow , C. Shu , Chinlon Lin , and A. Bjarklev , “ Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic Crystal fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   17 , 624 – 626 ( 2005 ).
[Crossref]

E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo , All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers , IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   12 , 849 – 851 ( 2000 ).
[Crossref]

E. Ciaramella , F. Curti , and S. Trillo , All-optical signal reshaping by means of four-wave mixing in optical fibers , IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   13 , 142 – 144 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

S. Radic , C. J. McKinstrie , R. M. Jopson , J. C. Centanni , and A. R. Chraplyvy , “ All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   15 , 957 – 959 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

D. F. Grosz , C. Mazzali , S. Celaschi , A. Paradisi , and H. L. Fragnito , “ Modulation instability induced resonant four-wave mixing in WDM systems ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   11 , 379 – 381 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

T. Hasegawa , K. Inoue , and K. Oda , “ Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique ,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.   5 , 947 – 949 ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Other (2)

K. P. Hansen , J. R. Folkenberg , C. Peucheret , and A. Bjarklev , “ Fully dispersion controlled triangular-core nonlinear photonic crystal fiber ,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003, PD2-1 ( OFC, Atlanta, Georgia , 2003 ).

D. V. Kuksenkov , J. Rothman , M. Sauer , S. Li , and K. A. Hoover , ‘ 10 Gb/s 2R regeneration using fiber-optic limiting parametric amplifier ,’ European Conference on Optical Communication 2003, We 1.6.2 ( ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy , 2003 ).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic illustration of pump-modulated four-wave mixing for extinct ratio enhancement. (a) The degraded input signal ω1 is in “one” state with ω2 as the CW source and ωc as the converted signal. (b) ω1 is in “zero” state with ωc suppressed.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental setup on pump-modulated four-wave mixing in a nonlinear photonic crystal fiber (PCF). The inset shows the microscopic picture of the mircrostructured region of the PCF. EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier; PC: polarization controller; FFP: fiber Fabry-Perot filter.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Optical spectra measured at different positions of the setup.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Eye diagrams of (a) degraded 10 Gb/s RZ input signal and (b) the corresponding output.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Plot of the bit-error-rate against the received optical power in a 10 Gb/s BER measurement.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Plot of the output power and extinction ratio improvement against different output wavelength.

Equations (1)

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P c ( L ) = ηγ 2 P 1 2 P 2 exp ( αL ) { [ 1 exp ( αL ) ] 2 α 2 }

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