Abstract

We present experimental results on the suppression of a complete Raman cascade in a holey fiber by using gain competition with parametric processes. The modulation instabilities which strongly affect the stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) gain are induced by two pump wavelengths (532 nm, 1064 nm) placed far and quasi symmetrically on each side of the zero dispersion wavelength (ZDW) of the fiber (790 nm). The competition between these two nonlinear effects takes place in large normal dispersion regime. We experimentally determinate the quantity of energy needed at each pump wavelength to obtain total suppression of the SRS and we evaluate the sensitivity of this effect with respect to the ZDW position.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. K. Chee and J. M. Liu , “ Polarization-dependent parametric and Raman processes in a birefringent optical fiber ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 541 – 549 ( 1990 ).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. Yang and P. Gao , “ Stimulated four-photon mixing with crossed pump dividing in an optical fiber ,” Opt. Lett.   15 , 1002 – 1004 ( 1990 ).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. S. Trillo and S. Wabnitz , “ Parametric and Raman amplification in birefringent fibers ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   9 , 1061 – 1082 ( 1992 ).
    [Crossref]
  7. P.Tchofo Dinda , G. Millot , and S. Wabnitz , “ Polarization switching and suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in birefringent optical fibers ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   15 , 1433 – 1441 ( 1998 ).
    [Crossref]
  8. P. V. Mamyshev , A. P. Vertikov , and A. M. Prokhorov , “ Switching of the frequency shift of stimulated Raman scattering caused by parametric interaction in optical fibres ,” Sov. Lightwave Commun.   2 , 73 – 77 ( 1992 ).
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    [Crossref]
  11. E. Golovchenko , P. V. Mamyshev , A. N. Pilipetskii , and E. M. Dianov , “ Mutual influence of the parametric effects and stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 1815 – 1820 ( 1990 ).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  14. T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , and E. Lantz , “ Stimulatted Raman suppression under dual frequency pumping in singlemode fibres ,” Electron. Lett.   34 , 1417 – 1418 ( 1998 ).
    [Crossref]
  15. T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , P. Tchofo Dinda , and E. Coquet , “ Suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibres by power-controlled multifrequency pumping ,” Opt. Comm.   156 , 32 – 36 ( 1999 ).
    [Crossref]
  16. P. Tchofo Dinda , S. Wabnitz , E. Coquet , T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , and E. Lantz , “ Demonstration of stimulated-Raman-scattering suppression in optical fibers in a multifrequency pumping configuration ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   16 , 757 – 767 ( 1999 ).
    [Crossref]
  17. P. A. Champert , V. Couderc , P. Leproux , S. Février , V. Tombelaine , L. Labonté , P. Roy , C. Froehly , and P. Nérin , “ White-light supercontinuum generation in normally dispersive optical fiber using original multi-wavelength pumping system ,” Opt. Express   12 , 4366 – 4371 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-19-4366.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

1999 (2)

T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , P. Tchofo Dinda , and E. Coquet , “ Suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibres by power-controlled multifrequency pumping ,” Opt. Comm.   156 , 32 – 36 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

P. Tchofo Dinda , S. Wabnitz , E. Coquet , T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , and E. Lantz , “ Demonstration of stimulated-Raman-scattering suppression in optical fibers in a multifrequency pumping configuration ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   16 , 757 – 767 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

1998 (3)

1997 (1)

1992 (3)

S. Trillo and S. Wabnitz , “ Parametric and Raman amplification in birefringent fibers ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   9 , 1061 – 1082 ( 1992 ).
[Crossref]

P. V. Mamyshev , A. P. Vertikov , and A. M. Prokhorov , “ Switching of the frequency shift of stimulated Raman scattering caused by parametric interaction in optical fibres ,” Sov. Lightwave Commun.   2 , 73 – 77 ( 1992 ).

A. P. Vertikov and P. V. Mamyshev , “ Mixed-mode and single-mode types of parametric suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in birefringent fibres ,” Sov. Lightwave Commun.   2 , 119 – 124 ( 1992 ).

1990 (3)

J. K. Chee and J. M. Liu , “ Polarization-dependent parametric and Raman processes in a birefringent optical fiber ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 541 – 549 ( 1990 ).
[Crossref]

T. Yang and P. Gao , “ Stimulated four-photon mixing with crossed pump dividing in an optical fiber ,” Opt. Lett.   15 , 1002 – 1004 ( 1990 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Golovchenko , P. V. Mamyshev , A. N. Pilipetskii , and E. M. Dianov , “ Mutual influence of the parametric effects and stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 1815 – 1820 ( 1990 ).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

1985 (1)

1981 (1)

1965 (1)

Y. R. Shen and N. Bloembergen , “ Theory of stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering ,” Phys. Rev.   137 , A 1787 –A 1805 ( 1965 ).
[Crossref]

Bloembergen, N.

Y. R. Shen and N. Bloembergen , “ Theory of stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering ,” Phys. Rev.   137 , A 1787 –A 1805 ( 1965 ).
[Crossref]

BÖsch, M. A.

Champert, P. A.

Chee, J. K.

J. K. Chee and J. M. Liu , “ Polarization-dependent parametric and Raman processes in a birefringent optical fiber ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 541 – 549 ( 1990 ).
[Crossref]

J. K. Chee and J. M. Liu , “ Raman-assisted parametric frequency and polarization conversion in a birefringent fiber ,” Opt. Lett.   14 , 820 – 822 ( 1989 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coquet, E.

T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , P. Tchofo Dinda , and E. Coquet , “ Suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibres by power-controlled multifrequency pumping ,” Opt. Comm.   156 , 32 – 36 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

P. Tchofo Dinda , S. Wabnitz , E. Coquet , T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , and E. Lantz , “ Demonstration of stimulated-Raman-scattering suppression in optical fibers in a multifrequency pumping configuration ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   16 , 757 – 767 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Couderc, V.

Dianov, E. M.

E. Golovchenko , P. V. Mamyshev , A. N. Pilipetskii , and E. M. Dianov , “ Mutual influence of the parametric effects and stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 1815 – 1820 ( 1990 ).
[Crossref]

Dinda, P. Tchofo

Dinda, P.Tchofo

Février, S.

Froehly, C.

Gao, P.

Golovchenko, E.

E. Golovchenko , P. V. Mamyshev , A. N. Pilipetskii , and E. M. Dianov , “ Mutual influence of the parametric effects and stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 1815 – 1820 ( 1990 ).
[Crossref]

Labonté, L.

Lantz, E.

Leproux, P.

Lin, C.

Liu, J. M.

J. K. Chee and J. M. Liu , “ Polarization-dependent parametric and Raman processes in a birefringent optical fiber ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 541 – 549 ( 1990 ).
[Crossref]

J. K. Chee and J. M. Liu , “ Raman-assisted parametric frequency and polarization conversion in a birefringent fiber ,” Opt. Lett.   14 , 820 – 822 ( 1989 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maillotte, H.

T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , P. Tchofo Dinda , and E. Coquet , “ Suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibres by power-controlled multifrequency pumping ,” Opt. Comm.   156 , 32 – 36 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

P. Tchofo Dinda , S. Wabnitz , E. Coquet , T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , and E. Lantz , “ Demonstration of stimulated-Raman-scattering suppression in optical fibers in a multifrequency pumping configuration ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   16 , 757 – 767 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , and E. Lantz , “ Stimulatted Raman suppression under dual frequency pumping in singlemode fibres ,” Electron. Lett.   34 , 1417 – 1418 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Mamyshev, P. V.

P. V. Mamyshev , A. P. Vertikov , and A. M. Prokhorov , “ Switching of the frequency shift of stimulated Raman scattering caused by parametric interaction in optical fibres ,” Sov. Lightwave Commun.   2 , 73 – 77 ( 1992 ).

A. P. Vertikov and P. V. Mamyshev , “ Mixed-mode and single-mode types of parametric suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in birefringent fibres ,” Sov. Lightwave Commun.   2 , 119 – 124 ( 1992 ).

E. Golovchenko , P. V. Mamyshev , A. N. Pilipetskii , and E. M. Dianov , “ Mutual influence of the parametric effects and stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 1815 – 1820 ( 1990 ).
[Crossref]

Millot, G.

Nakashima, T.

Nakazawa, M.

Nérin, P.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

E. Golovchenko , P. V. Mamyshev , A. N. Pilipetskii , and E. M. Dianov , “ Mutual influence of the parametric effects and stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 1815 – 1820 ( 1990 ).
[Crossref]

Pitois, S.

Prokhorov, A. M.

P. V. Mamyshev , A. P. Vertikov , and A. M. Prokhorov , “ Switching of the frequency shift of stimulated Raman scattering caused by parametric interaction in optical fibres ,” Sov. Lightwave Commun.   2 , 73 – 77 ( 1992 ).

Roy, P.

Seikai, S.

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen and N. Bloembergen , “ Theory of stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering ,” Phys. Rev.   137 , A 1787 –A 1805 ( 1965 ).
[Crossref]

Stolen, R. H.

Sylvestre, T.

T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , P. Tchofo Dinda , and E. Coquet , “ Suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibres by power-controlled multifrequency pumping ,” Opt. Comm.   156 , 32 – 36 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

P. Tchofo Dinda , S. Wabnitz , E. Coquet , T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , and E. Lantz , “ Demonstration of stimulated-Raman-scattering suppression in optical fibers in a multifrequency pumping configuration ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   16 , 757 – 767 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , and E. Lantz , “ Stimulatted Raman suppression under dual frequency pumping in singlemode fibres ,” Electron. Lett.   34 , 1417 – 1418 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

Tombelaine, V.

Trillo, S.

Vertikov, A. P.

A. P. Vertikov and P. V. Mamyshev , “ Mixed-mode and single-mode types of parametric suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in birefringent fibres ,” Sov. Lightwave Commun.   2 , 119 – 124 ( 1992 ).

P. V. Mamyshev , A. P. Vertikov , and A. M. Prokhorov , “ Switching of the frequency shift of stimulated Raman scattering caused by parametric interaction in optical fibres ,” Sov. Lightwave Commun.   2 , 73 – 77 ( 1992 ).

Wabnitz, S.

Yang, T.

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , and E. Lantz , “ Stimulatted Raman suppression under dual frequency pumping in singlemode fibres ,” Electron. Lett.   34 , 1417 – 1418 ( 1998 ).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

E. Golovchenko , P. V. Mamyshev , A. N. Pilipetskii , and E. M. Dianov , “ Mutual influence of the parametric effects and stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 1815 – 1820 ( 1990 ).
[Crossref]

J. K. Chee and J. M. Liu , “ Polarization-dependent parametric and Raman processes in a birefringent optical fiber ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.   26 , 541 – 549 ( 1990 ).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Opt. Comm. (1)

T. Sylvestre , H. Maillotte , P. Tchofo Dinda , and E. Coquet , “ Suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibres by power-controlled multifrequency pumping ,” Opt. Comm.   156 , 32 – 36 ( 1999 ).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. (1)

Y. R. Shen and N. Bloembergen , “ Theory of stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering ,” Phys. Rev.   137 , A 1787 –A 1805 ( 1965 ).
[Crossref]

Sov. Lightwave Commun. (2)

P. V. Mamyshev , A. P. Vertikov , and A. M. Prokhorov , “ Switching of the frequency shift of stimulated Raman scattering caused by parametric interaction in optical fibres ,” Sov. Lightwave Commun.   2 , 73 – 77 ( 1992 ).

A. P. Vertikov and P. V. Mamyshev , “ Mixed-mode and single-mode types of parametric suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in birefringent fibres ,” Sov. Lightwave Commun.   2 , 119 – 124 ( 1992 ).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup.

Fig 2.
Fig 2.

Chromatic dispersion curve (left) and effective area (right) of the fundamental transverse mode of the fiber versus wavelength. Inset: cross sectional scanning electron microscope image of the microstructured air-silica fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Photograph and profile of the generated output spectrum. Six Stokes components are visible with an input peak power of ~ 300 W at 532 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental results showing the Raman cascade suppression according to the increase of the infrared pump peak power (1064 nm) for a fixed input level at 532 nm (300 W peak power). Photograph of the phenomenon (diffracted output beam) (a); Spectrum profile of the visible continuum (b); Spectrum evolution of the infrared continuum (c).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Evolution of the visible spectrum versus the green (532 nm) pump peak power for a fixed input peak power of the infrared pump (~ 1000 W).

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