Abstract

We predict new nonlinear optical phenomenon, static electric polarization induced in non-polar piezoelectric by linearly polarized light owing to orientation of the impurity centers with permanent dipole moment. Microscopic model of this effect for the crystals of cubic symmetry is proposed. Estimations of the model show that the induced polarization might be much higher than that caused by optical rectification. It is shown that a transient current Jd generated under non-steady-state illumination could be observed at extremely high modulation frequency. We expect that the effect could be applied for ultrafast optical signal processing.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. P. Feofilov , The Physical Basis of Polarized Emission ( Consultant’s Bureu, N.Y. , 1961 ).
  2. F. Lüty , “ F A Centers in Alkali Halide Crystals ,” In: Physics of Color Centers Ed. by W. B. Fowler ( Academic Press, N.Y. , 1968 ).
  3. R. L. Berney and D. L. Cowan , “ Photochromism of three photosensitive Fe centers in SrTiO 3 ” Phys. Rev. B   23 , 37 – 50 ( 1981 ).
    [Crossref]
  4. H.- J. Reyher , B. Faust , M. Käding , H. Hesse , E. Ruza , and M. Wühlecke , “ Optical alignment of axial Fe centers in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Rev. B   51 , 6707 – 6710 ( 1995 ).
    [Crossref]
  5. S.A. Basun , V. E. Bursian , A. G. Razdobarin , and L. S. Sochava , “ Anisotropic photoionization as a mechanism of axial iron center alignment in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Sol. State   43 , 1059 – 1071 ( 2001 ).
    [Crossref]
  6. F. Meier and B. P. Zakharchenya , Eds., Optical Orientation ( Elsevier, Amsterdam , 1984 ).
  7. Y. R. Shen , The Principles of Nonlinear Optics ( Wiley, New York , 1984 ).
  8. V. V. Obukhovsky and A. V. Stoyanov , “ A model of photogalvanic centers in crystals ,” Ferroelectrics   43 , 137 – 141 ( 1982 ).
    [Crossref]
  9. B. I. Sturman and V. M. Fridkin , Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials ( Gordon Breach, Philadelphia, Pa. , 1992 ).
  10. D. H. Auston , A. M. Glass , and A. A. Ballman , “ Optical rectification by impurities in polar crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   28 , 897 – 900 ( 1972 ).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. H. Auston and A. M. Glass , “ Optical generation of intense picosecond electrical pulses ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   20 , 398 – 399 ( 1972 ).
    [Crossref]

2001 (1)

S.A. Basun , V. E. Bursian , A. G. Razdobarin , and L. S. Sochava , “ Anisotropic photoionization as a mechanism of axial iron center alignment in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Sol. State   43 , 1059 – 1071 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

H.- J. Reyher , B. Faust , M. Käding , H. Hesse , E. Ruza , and M. Wühlecke , “ Optical alignment of axial Fe centers in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Rev. B   51 , 6707 – 6710 ( 1995 ).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

V. V. Obukhovsky and A. V. Stoyanov , “ A model of photogalvanic centers in crystals ,” Ferroelectrics   43 , 137 – 141 ( 1982 ).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

R. L. Berney and D. L. Cowan , “ Photochromism of three photosensitive Fe centers in SrTiO 3 ” Phys. Rev. B   23 , 37 – 50 ( 1981 ).
[Crossref]

1972 (2)

D. H. Auston , A. M. Glass , and A. A. Ballman , “ Optical rectification by impurities in polar crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   28 , 897 – 900 ( 1972 ).
[Crossref]

D. H. Auston and A. M. Glass , “ Optical generation of intense picosecond electrical pulses ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   20 , 398 – 399 ( 1972 ).
[Crossref]

Auston, D. H.

D. H. Auston , A. M. Glass , and A. A. Ballman , “ Optical rectification by impurities in polar crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   28 , 897 – 900 ( 1972 ).
[Crossref]

D. H. Auston and A. M. Glass , “ Optical generation of intense picosecond electrical pulses ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   20 , 398 – 399 ( 1972 ).
[Crossref]

Ballman, A. A.

D. H. Auston , A. M. Glass , and A. A. Ballman , “ Optical rectification by impurities in polar crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   28 , 897 – 900 ( 1972 ).
[Crossref]

Basun, S.A.

S.A. Basun , V. E. Bursian , A. G. Razdobarin , and L. S. Sochava , “ Anisotropic photoionization as a mechanism of axial iron center alignment in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Sol. State   43 , 1059 – 1071 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Berney, R. L.

R. L. Berney and D. L. Cowan , “ Photochromism of three photosensitive Fe centers in SrTiO 3 ” Phys. Rev. B   23 , 37 – 50 ( 1981 ).
[Crossref]

Bursian, V. E.

S.A. Basun , V. E. Bursian , A. G. Razdobarin , and L. S. Sochava , “ Anisotropic photoionization as a mechanism of axial iron center alignment in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Sol. State   43 , 1059 – 1071 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Cowan, D. L.

R. L. Berney and D. L. Cowan , “ Photochromism of three photosensitive Fe centers in SrTiO 3 ” Phys. Rev. B   23 , 37 – 50 ( 1981 ).
[Crossref]

Faust, B.

H.- J. Reyher , B. Faust , M. Käding , H. Hesse , E. Ruza , and M. Wühlecke , “ Optical alignment of axial Fe centers in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Rev. B   51 , 6707 – 6710 ( 1995 ).
[Crossref]

Feofilov, P. P.

P. P. Feofilov , The Physical Basis of Polarized Emission ( Consultant’s Bureu, N.Y. , 1961 ).

Fridkin, V. M.

B. I. Sturman and V. M. Fridkin , Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials ( Gordon Breach, Philadelphia, Pa. , 1992 ).

Glass, A. M.

D. H. Auston , A. M. Glass , and A. A. Ballman , “ Optical rectification by impurities in polar crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   28 , 897 – 900 ( 1972 ).
[Crossref]

D. H. Auston and A. M. Glass , “ Optical generation of intense picosecond electrical pulses ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   20 , 398 – 399 ( 1972 ).
[Crossref]

Hesse, H.

H.- J. Reyher , B. Faust , M. Käding , H. Hesse , E. Ruza , and M. Wühlecke , “ Optical alignment of axial Fe centers in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Rev. B   51 , 6707 – 6710 ( 1995 ).
[Crossref]

Käding, M.

H.- J. Reyher , B. Faust , M. Käding , H. Hesse , E. Ruza , and M. Wühlecke , “ Optical alignment of axial Fe centers in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Rev. B   51 , 6707 – 6710 ( 1995 ).
[Crossref]

Lüty, F.

F. Lüty , “ F A Centers in Alkali Halide Crystals ,” In: Physics of Color Centers Ed. by W. B. Fowler ( Academic Press, N.Y. , 1968 ).

Meier, F.

F. Meier and B. P. Zakharchenya , Eds., Optical Orientation ( Elsevier, Amsterdam , 1984 ).

Obukhovsky, V. V.

V. V. Obukhovsky and A. V. Stoyanov , “ A model of photogalvanic centers in crystals ,” Ferroelectrics   43 , 137 – 141 ( 1982 ).
[Crossref]

Razdobarin, A. G.

S.A. Basun , V. E. Bursian , A. G. Razdobarin , and L. S. Sochava , “ Anisotropic photoionization as a mechanism of axial iron center alignment in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Sol. State   43 , 1059 – 1071 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Reyher, H.- J.

H.- J. Reyher , B. Faust , M. Käding , H. Hesse , E. Ruza , and M. Wühlecke , “ Optical alignment of axial Fe centers in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Rev. B   51 , 6707 – 6710 ( 1995 ).
[Crossref]

Ruza, E.

H.- J. Reyher , B. Faust , M. Käding , H. Hesse , E. Ruza , and M. Wühlecke , “ Optical alignment of axial Fe centers in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Rev. B   51 , 6707 – 6710 ( 1995 ).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen , The Principles of Nonlinear Optics ( Wiley, New York , 1984 ).

Sochava, L. S.

S.A. Basun , V. E. Bursian , A. G. Razdobarin , and L. S. Sochava , “ Anisotropic photoionization as a mechanism of axial iron center alignment in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Sol. State   43 , 1059 – 1071 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Stoyanov, A. V.

V. V. Obukhovsky and A. V. Stoyanov , “ A model of photogalvanic centers in crystals ,” Ferroelectrics   43 , 137 – 141 ( 1982 ).
[Crossref]

Sturman, B. I.

B. I. Sturman and V. M. Fridkin , Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials ( Gordon Breach, Philadelphia, Pa. , 1992 ).

Wühlecke, M.

H.- J. Reyher , B. Faust , M. Käding , H. Hesse , E. Ruza , and M. Wühlecke , “ Optical alignment of axial Fe centers in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Rev. B   51 , 6707 – 6710 ( 1995 ).
[Crossref]

Zakharchenya, B. P.

F. Meier and B. P. Zakharchenya , Eds., Optical Orientation ( Elsevier, Amsterdam , 1984 ).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. H. Auston and A. M. Glass , “ Optical generation of intense picosecond electrical pulses ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   20 , 398 – 399 ( 1972 ).
[Crossref]

Ferroelectrics (1)

V. V. Obukhovsky and A. V. Stoyanov , “ A model of photogalvanic centers in crystals ,” Ferroelectrics   43 , 137 – 141 ( 1982 ).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

R. L. Berney and D. L. Cowan , “ Photochromism of three photosensitive Fe centers in SrTiO 3 ” Phys. Rev. B   23 , 37 – 50 ( 1981 ).
[Crossref]

H.- J. Reyher , B. Faust , M. Käding , H. Hesse , E. Ruza , and M. Wühlecke , “ Optical alignment of axial Fe centers in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Rev. B   51 , 6707 – 6710 ( 1995 ).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. H. Auston , A. M. Glass , and A. A. Ballman , “ Optical rectification by impurities in polar crystals ,” Phys. Rev. Lett.   28 , 897 – 900 ( 1972 ).
[Crossref]

Phys. Sol. State (1)

S.A. Basun , V. E. Bursian , A. G. Razdobarin , and L. S. Sochava , “ Anisotropic photoionization as a mechanism of axial iron center alignment in KTaO 3 ,” Phys. Sol. State   43 , 1059 – 1071 ( 2001 ).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

F. Meier and B. P. Zakharchenya , Eds., Optical Orientation ( Elsevier, Amsterdam , 1984 ).

Y. R. Shen , The Principles of Nonlinear Optics ( Wiley, New York , 1984 ).

B. I. Sturman and V. M. Fridkin , Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials ( Gordon Breach, Philadelphia, Pa. , 1992 ).

P. P. Feofilov , The Physical Basis of Polarized Emission ( Consultant’s Bureu, N.Y. , 1961 ).

F. Lüty , “ F A Centers in Alkali Halide Crystals ,” In: Physics of Color Centers Ed. by W. B. Fowler ( Academic Press, N.Y. , 1968 ).

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Dipolar complexes within the unit cell of a crystal with zink-blende structure. Four possible orientations of A and D centers occupied near-neighbor positions are indicated by a through d. Blue and red atoms refer to two sublattices of the crystal structure. Inset on the left shows propagation direction of the light and its polarization vector, e.

Equations (11)

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P i = d ijk ( e j e k * + e j * e k ) I
σ ( θ ) = σ cos 2 θ + σ sin 2 θ ,
d N 1 d t = σ 1 N 1 I hv + γn ( N 2 N 1 ) 2 Γ ( N 1 N 2 ) ,
d N 2 d t = σ 2 N 2 I hv + γn ( N 2 N 2 ) 2 + Γ ( N 1 N 2 ) ,
d n d t = ( σ 1 N 1 + σ 2 N 2 ) I hv γnN A 0 ,
N 1 + N 2 N ( N A 0 + n ) .
N d t = ( N 1 + N 2 ) Δ σI 2 hv N Δ N σ 0 I hv N A 0 2 ΓΔ N ,
Δ N ST N Δ τ rel I hv
τ rel = ( 2 Γ + σ 0 NI N A 0 hv ) 1 .
J LPG eN σ 0 l 0 ζ ex I hv ,
d P d t ( Δ σNμ 2 3 hv ) I ( t )

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