Abstract

Differential cross-polarization modulation (DXPoM) wavelength conversion using a semiconductor optical amplifier has been proposed to outperform substantially traditional cross-polarization modulation (XPoM). This work presents analytical small-signal models of XPoM and DXPoM. The transfer function of DXPoM is used to elucidate the significant improvement in bandwidth and the relationships among the modulation bandwidth, the delay, the operating points and other device parameters of a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA).

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. J. B. Yoo , “ Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications ,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14 , 955 – 966 ( 1996 ).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer , “ All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers ,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14 , 942 – 954 ( 1996 ).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Galabretta, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren , “ Wavelength conversion using nonlinear polarization rotation in a single semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15 , 90 – 92 ( 2003 ).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Diez, C. Schmidt, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber, K. Obermann, S. Kindt, I. Koltchanov, K. Petermann , “ Four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers for frequency conversion and fast optical switching ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 , 1131 – 1145 ( 1997 ).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, S. Kitamura , “ 3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delay-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC) ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10 , 346 – 348 ( 1998 ).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, P. A. Besse , “ Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delay-interference configuration ,“ IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13 , 860 – 862 ( 2001 ).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Nakamura, K. Tajima , “ Bit-rate-transparent non-return-to-zero all-optical wavelength conversion at up to 42 Gb/s by operating Symmetric-Mach-Zehnder switch with new scheme ,” OFC’04 , paper FD3, 2004 .
  9. C. C. Wei, M. F. Huang, J. Chen , “ Enhancing the frequency response of cross-polarization wavelength conversion ,” IEEE Photonics Tenhnol. Lett. 17 , 1683 – 1685 ( 2005 ).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Marcenac, A. Mecozzi , “ Switches and frequency converters based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers ,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 9 , 749 – 751 ( 1997 ).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, G. D. Khoe , “ Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39 , 141 – 148 ( 2003 ).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher , “ Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34 , 1390 – 1402 ( 1998 ).
    [CrossRef]

Behringer, R. E.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, P. A. Besse , “ Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delay-interference configuration ,“ IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13 , 860 – 862 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Besse, P. A.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, P. A. Besse , “ Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delay-interference configuration ,“ IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13 , 860 – 862 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Bouchoule, S.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

C. C. Wei, M. F. Huang, J. Chen , “ Enhancing the frequency response of cross-polarization wavelength conversion ,” IEEE Photonics Tenhnol. Lett. 17 , 1683 – 1685 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Danielsen, S. L.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer , “ All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers ,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14 , 942 – 954 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Galabretta, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren , “ Wavelength conversion using nonlinear polarization rotation in a single semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15 , 90 – 92 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, F.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Diez, S.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber, K. Obermann, S. Kindt, I. Koltchanov, K. Petermann , “ Four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers for frequency conversion and fast optical switching ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 , 1131 – 1145 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Galabretta, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren , “ Wavelength conversion using nonlinear polarization rotation in a single semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15 , 90 – 92 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, G. D. Khoe , “ Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39 , 141 – 148 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Duelk, M.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Durhuus, T.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer , “ All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers ,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14 , 942 – 954 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher , “ Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34 , 1390 – 1402 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Galabretta, N.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Galabretta, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren , “ Wavelength conversion using nonlinear polarization rotation in a single semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15 , 90 – 92 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Gamper, E.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Giles, C. R.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher , “ Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34 , 1390 – 1402 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Hess, R.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Hill, M. T.

H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, G. D. Khoe , “ Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39 , 141 – 148 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Galabretta, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren , “ Wavelength conversion using nonlinear polarization rotation in a single semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15 , 90 – 92 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M. F.

C. C. Wei, M. F. Huang, J. Chen , “ Enhancing the frequency response of cross-polarization wavelength conversion ,” IEEE Photonics Tenhnol. Lett. 17 , 1683 – 1685 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Jepsen, K. S.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Joergensen, C.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer , “ All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers ,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14 , 942 – 954 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Joyner, C. H.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, P. A. Besse , “ Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delay-interference configuration ,“ IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13 , 860 – 862 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Galabretta, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren , “ Wavelength conversion using nonlinear polarization rotation in a single semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15 , 90 – 92 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, G. D. Khoe , “ Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39 , 141 – 148 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Kindt, S.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber, K. Obermann, S. Kindt, I. Koltchanov, K. Petermann , “ Four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers for frequency conversion and fast optical switching ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 , 1131 – 1145 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, S.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, S. Kitamura , “ 3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delay-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC) ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10 , 346 – 348 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Koltchanov, I.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber, K. Obermann, S. Kindt, I. Koltchanov, K. Petermann , “ Four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers for frequency conversion and fast optical switching ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 , 1131 – 1145 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, G. D. Khoe , “ Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39 , 141 – 148 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher , “ Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34 , 1390 – 1402 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, P. A. Besse , “ Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delay-interference configuration ,“ IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13 , 860 – 862 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Galabretta, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren , “ Wavelength conversion using nonlinear polarization rotation in a single semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15 , 90 – 92 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, G. D. Khoe , “ Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39 , 141 – 148 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, R.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber, K. Obermann, S. Kindt, I. Koltchanov, K. Petermann , “ Four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers for frequency conversion and fast optical switching ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 , 1131 – 1145 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, C. K.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher , “ Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34 , 1390 – 1402 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Marcenac, D.

D. Marcenac, A. Mecozzi , “ Switches and frequency converters based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers ,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 9 , 749 – 751 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Mecozzi, A.

D. Marcenac, A. Mecozzi , “ Switches and frequency converters based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers ,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 9 , 749 – 751 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, B.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, P. A. Besse , “ Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delay-interference configuration ,“ IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13 , 860 – 862 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer , “ All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers ,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14 , 942 – 954 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, S. Kitamura , “ 3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delay-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC) ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10 , 346 – 348 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, K. Tajima , “ Bit-rate-transparent non-return-to-zero all-optical wavelength conversion at up to 42 Gb/s by operating Symmetric-Mach-Zehnder switch with new scheme ,” OFC’04 , paper FD3, 2004 .

Obermann, K.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber, K. Obermann, S. Kindt, I. Koltchanov, K. Petermann , “ Four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers for frequency conversion and fast optical switching ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 , 1131 – 1145 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber, K. Obermann, S. Kindt, I. Koltchanov, K. Petermann , “ Four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers for frequency conversion and fast optical switching ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 , 1131 – 1145 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Poulsen, H. N.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, P. A. Besse , “ Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delay-interference configuration ,“ IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13 , 860 – 862 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, C.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber, K. Obermann, S. Kindt, I. Koltchanov, K. Petermann , “ Four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers for frequency conversion and fast optical switching ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 , 1131 – 1145 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher , “ Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34 , 1390 – 1402 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Stubkjaer, K. E.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer , “ All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers ,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14 , 942 – 954 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, K.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, S. Kitamura , “ 3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delay-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC) ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10 , 346 – 348 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, K. Tajima , “ Bit-rate-transparent non-return-to-zero all-optical wavelength conversion at up to 42 Gb/s by operating Symmetric-Mach-Zehnder switch with new scheme ,” OFC’04 , paper FD3, 2004 .

Tangdiongga, E.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Galabretta, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren , “ Wavelength conversion using nonlinear polarization rotation in a single semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15 , 90 – 92 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Ueno, Y.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, S. Kitamura , “ 3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delay-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC) ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10 , 346 – 348 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Vaa, M.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, W.

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. G.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber, K. Obermann, S. Kindt, I. Koltchanov, K. Petermann , “ Four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers for frequency conversion and fast optical switching ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 , 1131 – 1145 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

Wei, C. C.

C. C. Wei, M. F. Huang, J. Chen , “ Enhancing the frequency response of cross-polarization wavelength conversion ,” IEEE Photonics Tenhnol. Lett. 17 , 1683 – 1685 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo , “ Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications ,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14 , 955 – 966 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Mikkelsen, K. S. Jepsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, S. Bouchoule, F. Devaux , “ All-optical wavelength converter scheme for high speed RZ signal formats ,” Electron. Lett. 33 , 2137 – 2139 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, G. D. Khoe , “ Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39 , 141 – 148 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher , “ Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems ,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34 , 1390 – 1402 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber, K. Obermann, S. Kindt, I. Koltchanov, K. Petermann , “ Four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers for frequency conversion and fast optical switching ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 , 1131 – 1145 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. (1)

D. Marcenac, A. Mecozzi , “ Switches and frequency converters based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers ,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 9 , 749 – 751 ( 1997 ).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, S. Kitamura , “ 3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delay-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC) ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10 , 346 – 348 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, P. A. Besse , “ Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delay-interference configuration ,“ IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13 , 860 – 862 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Galabretta, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren , “ Wavelength conversion using nonlinear polarization rotation in a single semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15 , 90 – 92 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Tenhnol. Lett. (1)

C. C. Wei, M. F. Huang, J. Chen , “ Enhancing the frequency response of cross-polarization wavelength conversion ,” IEEE Photonics Tenhnol. Lett. 17 , 1683 – 1685 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

S. J. B. Yoo , “ Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications ,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14 , 955 – 966 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer , “ All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers ,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14 , 942 – 954 ( 1996 ).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Nakamura, K. Tajima , “ Bit-rate-transparent non-return-to-zero all-optical wavelength conversion at up to 42 Gb/s by operating Symmetric-Mach-Zehnder switch with new scheme ,” OFC’04 , paper FD3, 2004 .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Configuration of a DXPoM wavelength converter

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Illustration of a differential sinusoidal wave

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized 1 dB angular bandwidth of DXPoM with different values of γ.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Amplitude and delay responses of XPoM, DXPoM with TM delay and DXPoM with TE delay and corresponding simulated eye-diagrams

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Amplitude and phase responses with delay of ∆t' opt , 0.95 ∆t' opt and 1.05 ∆t' opt .

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Impulse responses of several conditions.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Parameters Definitions and Their Values

Equations (18)

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d i k d z = [ Γ k a i k ( η k N N i ) α loss k ] i k , k = TE , TM
d N d t = N τ s i , k [ a i k ( η k N N i ) i k ħ ω i A eff ] + I e V
d σ dt = σ σ 0 τ s i , k 0 , i k Γ k ħ ω i A eff · { exp [ Γ k a i k ( η k σ N i ) ] 1 }
ψ 2 k = α H 2 Γ k a 2 k [ η k σ N 2 ]
Δ ζ = k ( G 1 k 1 ) Γ k a 1 k η k P sat , 1 k Δ P 0,1 k j Ω τ s + 1 + i , k G i k P 0 , i k P sat , i k
Δ P , 2 k = G 2 k P 0,2 k Γ k a 2 k η k Δ ζ
Δ ϕ 2 k = α H 2 Γ k a 2 k η k Δ ζ
pol , 2 = 1 2 cos θ · , 2 TE sin θ · , 2 TM · e j ( Φ + Δ Φ ) 2
Δ P pol , 2 = P θ sin Φ · Δ Φ + 1 2 ( 1 cos Φ ) ( cos 2 θ · Δ P , 2 TE + sin 2 θ · Δ P , 2 TM )
Δ P pol , 2 = [ χ ( 1 + r me ) + ( 1 r me ) ] sin Φ j Ω + τ s 1 + τ stim , 1 1 + τ stim , 2 1 × α H 2 τ s k [ Γ TE a 2 TE η TE P θ Γ k a 1 k η k P sat , 1 k ( G 1 k 1 ) Δ P 0,1 k ]
Δ P pol , 2 = { [ χ ( 1 + r me e j Ω Δ t ) + ( 1 r me e j Ω Δ t ) ] j Ω + τ tot 1 }
× { α H sin Φ 2 τ s k [ Γ TE a 2 TE η TE P θ Γ k a 1 k η k P sat , 1 k ( G 1 k 1 ) Δ P 0,1 k ] }
Γ ( Ω ) 1 γ e j Ω Δ t 1 + j Ω τ tot
T N ( Ω ' ) 1 γ e ' Δt ' ( 1 + j Ω ' ) ( 1 γ )
Ω ' n , min = n 2 1
Ω ' n , max = ( n 1 + γ 1 γ ) 2 1 n 1 + γ 1 γ
Δ t ' opt = 1 γ γ
𝔽 1 { T ( Ω ) 2 π } = e t ' u ( t ' ) γ · e ( t ' Δ t ' ) u ( t ' Δ t ' )

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