Abstract

A wide-viewing-angle 3D/2D convertible display system with a thin structure is proposed that is able to display three-dimensional and two-dimensional images. With the use of a transparent display device in front of a conventional integral imaging system, it is possible to display planar images using the conventional system as a backlight source. By experiments, the proposed method is proven and compared with the conventional one.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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Appl. Opt. (10)

F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, and I. Yuyama, �??Real-time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography,�?? Appl. Opt. 36, 1598-1603 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Arai, F. Okano, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, �??Gradient-index lens-array method based on real-time integral photography for three-dimensional images,�?? Appl. Opt. 37, 2034-2045 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Frauel and B. Javidi, �??Digital three-dimensional image correlation by use of computer-reconstructed integral imaging,�?? Appl. Opt. 41, 5488-5496 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, �??Viewing-angle-enhanced integral imaging by elemental image resizing and elemental lens switching,�?? Appl. Opt. 41, 6875-6883 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jung, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, and B. Lee, �??Wide-viewing integral three-dimensional imaging by use of orthogonal polarization switching,�?? Appl. Opt. 42, 2513-2520 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Okoshi, �??Optimum design and depth resolution of lens-sheet and projection-type three-dimensional displays,�?? Appl. Opt. 10, 2284-2291 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, �??Integral imaging with improved depth of field by use of amplitude-modulated microlens arrays,�?? Appl. Opt. 43, 5806-5813 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, and B. Lee, �??Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography,�?? Appl. Opt. 40, 5217-5232 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Shin and B. Javidi, �??Speckle reduced three-dimensional volume holographic display using integral imaging,�?? Appl. Opt. 41, 2644�??2649 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, �??Wide-viewing-angle integral three-dimensional imaging system by curving a screen and a lens array,�?? Appl. Opt. 44, pp. 546-552 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Comptes Rendus de l???Académie des (1)

G. Lippmann, �??�?preuves réversibles. Photographies intégrales,�?? Comptes Rendus de l�??Académie des Sciences 146, 446-451 (1908).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. (1)

S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, and S. Y. Kung, �??Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 18, 1814-1821 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Japanese J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, �??3D display system using a computer-generated integral photograph,�?? Japanese J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683-1684 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, �??Three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,�?? The 2001 Stereoscopic Displays and Applications Conference, Photonics West, Proc. SPIE 4297, 187-195, San Jose, USA, Jan. (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Basic principle of conventional InIm: (a) real InIm; (b) virtual InIm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Basic structure of the proposed method.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Principle of the 2D display mode.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Principle of the basic 3D display mode.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Principles of the wide-viewing-angle method: (a) odd columns masking; (b) even columns masking.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Pictures of experimental setup: (a) front view; (b) side view.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Experimental results of the 2D display mode: (a) text contents; (b) image contents.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Experimental results of the improved 3D display mode: (a) left viewpoint; (b) center viewpoint; (c) right viewpoint.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Experimental results of the basic 3D display mode: (a) left viewpoint; (b) center viewpoint; (c) right viewpoint.

Equations (1)

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1 a + 1 b = 1 f ,

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