Abstract

We demonstrate passive mode locking of solid-state lasers by saturable absorbers based on carbon nanotubes (CNT). These novel absorbers are fabricated by spin-coating a polymer doped with CNTs onto commercial dielectric laser-mirrors. We obtain broadband artificial saturable absorber mirrors with ultrafast recovery times without the use of epitaxial growth techniques and the well-established spin-coating process allows the fabrication of devices based on a large variety of substrate materials. First results on passive mode locking of Nd:glass and Er/Yb:glass lasers are discussed. In the case of Er/Yb:glass we report the to our knowledge shortest pulse generated in a self-starting configuration based on Er/Yb:bulk-glass: 68 fs (45 fs Fourier-limit) at 1570 nm wavelength at a pulse-repetition rate of 85 MHz.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. P. Ippen, “Principle of Passive Mode Locking,” Appl. Phys B,  58, 159–170 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, and T. H. Chiu, “Design and operation of antiresonant Fabry-Perot saturable semiconductor absorbers for mode-locked solid state lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311–322 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  3. U. Siegner, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast high-intensity nonlinear absorption dynamics in low-temperature grown gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2566–8 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  4. B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975–977 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  7. J-S. Lauret, C. Voisin, G. Cassabois, C. Delalande, Ph. Roussignol, O. Jost, and L. Capes, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057404 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  11. N. N. Il’ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, S. V. Garnov, and S. E. Mosaleva, “Nonlinear transmission of single-wall carbon nanotubes in heavy water at wavelength of 1.54 μm and self-mode locking in a Er3+:glass laser obtained using a passive nanotube switch,” Quantum Electron. 34, 572–574 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200 fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube- polyvinylalcohol mode-locker”, in submission.
  14. G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley, “Interband recombination dynamics in resonantly excited single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 117402 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  16. H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, Y. Otsuka, R. Sen, S. Suzuki, and Y. Achiba, Carbon 38, 1691(2000).
    [Crossref]
  17. F. J. Grawert, J. T. Gopinath, F. Ã-. Ilday, H. M. Shen, E. P. Ippen, F. X. Kaertner, S. Akiyama, J. Liu, K. Wada, and L. C. Kimerling, “220-fs erbium-ytterbium:glass laser mode locked by a broadband low-loss silicon/germanium saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 30, 329–331 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

N. N. Il’ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, S. V. Garnov, and S. E. Mosaleva, “Nonlinear transmission of single-wall carbon nanotubes in heavy water at wavelength of 1.54 μm and self-mode locking in a Er3+:glass laser obtained using a passive nanotube switch,” Quantum Electron. 34, 572–574 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley, “Interband recombination dynamics in resonantly excited single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 117402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

J-S. Lauret, C. Voisin, G. Cassabois, C. Delalande, Ph. Roussignol, O. Jost, and L. Capes, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057404 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications,” Adv. Mater. 15, 534 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Sakakibara, S. Tatsuura, H. Kataura, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Achiba, “Near-infrared saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes prepared by laser ablation method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 494–496 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, Y. Otsuka, R. Sen, S. Suzuki, and Y. Achiba, Carbon 38, 1691(2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

U. Siegner, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast high-intensity nonlinear absorption dynamics in low-temperature grown gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2566–8 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

E. P. Ippen, “Principle of Passive Mode Locking,” Appl. Phys B,  58, 159–170 (1994).
[Crossref]

Achiba, Y.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Sakakibara, S. Tatsuura, H. Kataura, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Achiba, “Near-infrared saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes prepared by laser ablation method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 494–496 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, Y. Otsuka, R. Sen, S. Suzuki, and Y. Achiba, Carbon 38, 1691(2000).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol.86, pd44, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC,2003).

Ajayan, P. M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Akiyama, S.

Bergmann, K.

B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Brovelli, L. R.

Capes, L.

J-S. Lauret, C. Voisin, G. Cassabois, C. Delalande, Ph. Roussignol, O. Jost, and L. Capes, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057404 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cassabois, G.

J-S. Lauret, C. Voisin, G. Cassabois, C. Delalande, Ph. Roussignol, O. Jost, and L. Capes, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057404 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chiu, T. H.

Cockayne, D. J. H.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
[Crossref]

Collins, B.

B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cundiff, S. T.

B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cunningham, J. E.

B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Delalande, C.

J-S. Lauret, C. Voisin, G. Cassabois, C. Delalande, Ph. Roussignol, O. Jost, and L. Capes, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057404 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fluck, R.

U. Siegner, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast high-intensity nonlinear absorption dynamics in low-temperature grown gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2566–8 (1996).
[Crossref]

Furuki, M.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications,” Adv. Mater. 15, 534 (2003).
[Crossref]

Garnov, S. V.

N. N. Il’ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, S. V. Garnov, and S. E. Mosaleva, “Nonlinear transmission of single-wall carbon nanotubes in heavy water at wavelength of 1.54 μm and self-mode locking in a Er3+:glass laser obtained using a passive nanotube switch,” Quantum Electron. 34, 572–574 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gopinath, J. T.

Grawert, F. J.

Haiml, M.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hauge, R. H.

G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley, “Interband recombination dynamics in resonantly excited single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 117402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Il’ichev, N. N.

N. N. Il’ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, S. V. Garnov, and S. E. Mosaleva, “Nonlinear transmission of single-wall carbon nanotubes in heavy water at wavelength of 1.54 μm and self-mode locking in a Er3+:glass laser obtained using a passive nanotube switch,” Quantum Electron. 34, 572–574 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ilday, F. Ã-.

Ippen, E. P.

Iwasa, I.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications,” Adv. Mater. 15, 534 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jablonski, M.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol.86, pd44, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC,2003).

Jagadish, C.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jan, W. Y.

B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jost, O.

J-S. Lauret, C. Voisin, G. Cassabois, C. Delalande, Ph. Roussignol, O. Jost, and L. Capes, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057404 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaertner, F. X.

Kataura, H.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Sakakibara, S. Tatsuura, H. Kataura, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Achiba, “Near-infrared saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes prepared by laser ablation method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 494–496 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, Y. Otsuka, R. Sen, S. Suzuki, and Y. Achiba, Carbon 38, 1691(2000).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol.86, pd44, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC,2003).

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200 fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube- polyvinylalcohol mode-locker”, in submission.

Keller, U.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
[Crossref]

U. Siegner, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast high-intensity nonlinear absorption dynamics in low-temperature grown gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2566–8 (1996).
[Crossref]

L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, and T. H. Chiu, “Design and operation of antiresonant Fabry-Perot saturable semiconductor absorbers for mode-locked solid state lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311–322 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kikuchi, K.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol.86, pd44, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC,2003).

Kimerling, L. C.

Knox, W. H.

B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Koch, M.

B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kono, J.

G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley, “Interband recombination dynamics in resonantly excited single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 117402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumazawa, Y.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, Y. Otsuka, R. Sen, S. Suzuki, and Y. Achiba, Carbon 38, 1691(2000).
[Crossref]

Kunz, J. N.

B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lauret, J-S.

J-S. Lauret, C. Voisin, G. Cassabois, C. Delalande, Ph. Roussignol, O. Jost, and L. Capes, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057404 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lederer, M. J.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Lu, T.-M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Luther-Davies, B.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
[Crossref]

Maniwa, Y.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, Y. Otsuka, R. Sen, S. Suzuki, and Y. Achiba, Carbon 38, 1691(2000).
[Crossref]

Mitsu, H.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications,” Adv. Mater. 15, 534 (2003).
[Crossref]

Moore, V. C.

G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley, “Interband recombination dynamics in resonantly excited single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 117402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mosaleva, S. E.

N. N. Il’ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, S. V. Garnov, and S. E. Mosaleva, “Nonlinear transmission of single-wall carbon nanotubes in heavy water at wavelength of 1.54 μm and self-mode locking in a Er3+:glass laser obtained using a passive nanotube switch,” Quantum Electron. 34, 572–574 (2004).
[Crossref]

Namiki, S.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200 fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube- polyvinylalcohol mode-locker”, in submission.

Obraztsova, E. D.

N. N. Il’ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, S. V. Garnov, and S. E. Mosaleva, “Nonlinear transmission of single-wall carbon nanotubes in heavy water at wavelength of 1.54 μm and self-mode locking in a Er3+:glass laser obtained using a passive nanotube switch,” Quantum Electron. 34, 572–574 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ostojic, G. N.

G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley, “Interband recombination dynamics in resonantly excited single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 117402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Otsuka, Y.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, Y. Otsuka, R. Sen, S. Suzuki, and Y. Achiba, Carbon 38, 1691(2000).
[Crossref]

Raravikar, N. R.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Roussignol, Ph.

J-S. Lauret, C. Voisin, G. Cassabois, C. Delalande, Ph. Roussignol, O. Jost, and L. Capes, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057404 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rozhin, A.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol.86, pd44, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC,2003).

Rozhin, A. G.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200 fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube- polyvinylalcohol mode-locker”, in submission.

Sakakibara, Y.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Sakakibara, S. Tatsuura, H. Kataura, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Achiba, “Near-infrared saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes prepared by laser ablation method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 494–496 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol.86, pd44, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC,2003).

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200 fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube- polyvinylalcohol mode-locker”, in submission.

Sato, Y.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications,” Adv. Mater. 15, 534 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schadler, L. S.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sen, R.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, Y. Otsuka, R. Sen, S. Suzuki, and Y. Achiba, Carbon 38, 1691(2000).
[Crossref]

Set, S. Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol.86, pd44, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC,2003).

Shen, H. M.

Siegner, U.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
[Crossref]

U. Siegner, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast high-intensity nonlinear absorption dynamics in low-temperature grown gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2566–8 (1996).
[Crossref]

Smalley, R. E.

G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley, “Interband recombination dynamics in resonantly excited single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 117402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strano, M. S.

G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley, “Interband recombination dynamics in resonantly excited single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 117402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suzuki, S.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, Y. Otsuka, R. Sen, S. Suzuki, and Y. Achiba, Carbon 38, 1691(2000).
[Crossref]

Tan, H. H.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol.86, pd44, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC,2003).

Tatsuura, S.

Y. Sakakibara, S. Tatsuura, H. Kataura, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Achiba, “Near-infrared saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes prepared by laser ablation method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 494–496 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications,” Adv. Mater. 15, 534 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tian, M.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications,” Adv. Mater. 15, 534 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tokumoto, M.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Sakakibara, S. Tatsuura, H. Kataura, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Achiba, “Near-infrared saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes prepared by laser ablation method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 494–496 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol.86, pd44, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC,2003).

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200 fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube- polyvinylalcohol mode-locker”, in submission.

Tsuda, S.

B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Voisin, C.

J-S. Lauret, C. Voisin, G. Cassabois, C. Delalande, Ph. Roussignol, O. Jost, and L. Capes, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057404 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wada, K.

Wang, G.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yaguchi, H.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol.86, pd44, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC,2003).

Zaric, S.

G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley, “Interband recombination dynamics in resonantly excited single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 117402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, G.

U. Siegner, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast high-intensity nonlinear absorption dynamics in low-temperature grown gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2566–8 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.-P.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zou, J.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications,” Adv. Mater. 15, 534 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys B (1)

E. P. Ippen, “Principle of Passive Mode Locking,” Appl. Phys B,  58, 159–170 (1994).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

U. Siegner, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast high-intensity nonlinear absorption dynamics in low-temperature grown gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2566–8 (1996).
[Crossref]

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1437–1439 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Carbon (1)

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, Y. Otsuka, R. Sen, S. Suzuki, and Y. Achiba, Carbon 38, 1691(2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Collins, K. Bergmann, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kunz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, “Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber Lasers mode-Locked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Sakakibara, S. Tatsuura, H. Kataura, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Achiba, “Near-infrared saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes prepared by laser ablation method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 494–496 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley, “Interband recombination dynamics in resonantly excited single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 117402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J-S. Lauret, C. Voisin, G. Cassabois, C. Delalande, Ph. Roussignol, O. Jost, and L. Capes, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057404 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron. (1)

N. N. Il’ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, S. V. Garnov, and S. E. Mosaleva, “Nonlinear transmission of single-wall carbon nanotubes in heavy water at wavelength of 1.54 μm and self-mode locking in a Er3+:glass laser obtained using a passive nanotube switch,” Quantum Electron. 34, 572–574 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Structure, Properties, and Application, eds.M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, and P. Avouris (Springer-Verlag, Berlin,2001) Topics in Appl. Phys. Vol. 80 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Sub-200 fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube- polyvinylalcohol mode-locker”, in submission.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol.86, pd44, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC,2003).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Absorption spectra of the CNT-polymer composite films. Solid line: CNTs made by the laser ablation method were dispersed into polyimide for use in Er/Yb:glass lasers. Dashed line: CoMoCAT CNTs were dispersed into CMC for Nd:glass use.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of the Er/Yb:glass laser. OC: output coupler; M1-M4: standard Bragg-mirrors; CNT-SAM: Saturable absorber mirror based on carbon nanotubes; LD: pigtailed laser diode for pumping the Er/Yb:glass (QX/Er, Kigre Inc., 4.8 mm path-length).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Left side: Optical spectrum emitted by the Er:Yb:glass laser mode-locked by the CNT-based saturable absorber mirror on a linear (dotted line) and logarithmic (solid line) scale. The Fourier-limit of the spectrum corresponds to 45 fs. Right side: Background-free autocorrelation. The solid line is a sech2 fit with a corresponding FWHM pulse-duration of 68 fs.

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