Abstract

Diode-pumped passively mode-locked laser operation of Yb3+,Na+:CaF2 single crystal has been demonstrated for the first time. By using a SESAM (semiconductor saturable mirror), simultaneous transform-limited 1-ps passively mode-locked pulses, with the repetition rate of 183MHz, were obtained under the self-Q-switched envelope induced by the laser medium. The average output power of 360mW was attained at 1047nm for 3.34W of absorbed power at 976nm, and the corresponding pulse peak power arrived at 27kW, indicating the promising application of Yb3+,Na+-codoped CaF2 crystals in achieving ultra-short pulses and high pulse peak power.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, “Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886–4892 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  2. W. F. Krupke, “Ytterbium solid-state lasers—the first decade,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287–1296 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  3. C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543–546 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1W CW self-frequency-double diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195, 431–436 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. E. Montoya, J. A. Sanz-García, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, A. Diening, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “Continuous wave infrared laser action, self-frequency doubling and tunability of Yb3+:MgO:LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 87,4056–4062 (2000).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2005 (2)

2004 (4)

A. Lucca, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power tunable diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1879–1881 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2767–2769 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, V. A. Konjushkin, V. V. Osiko, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode pumped 500-picosecond Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser”, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 237–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1W CW self-frequency-double diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195, 431–436 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

E. Montoya, J. A. Sanz-García, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, A. Diening, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “Continuous wave infrared laser action, self-frequency doubling and tunability of Yb3+:MgO:LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 87,4056–4062 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. F. Krupke, “Ytterbium solid-state lasers—the first decade,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287–1296 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, “Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886–4892 (1997).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

W. Gellermann, A. Muller, and D. Wandt, “Formation, optical properties, and laser operation of F2- centers in LiF,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 1297 (1987).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

T. T. Basiev, Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Osiko, and A. M. Prokhorov, “Efficient passive switches for neodymium lasers made of LiF:F2- crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 530–531 (1982).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

V. A. Arkhangelskaya, A. A. Fedorov, and P. P. Feofilov, “Tunable room-temperature laser action of colour centers in MeF2-Na,” Opt. Commun. 28, 87–90 (1979).
[Crossref]

Arkhangelskaya, V. A.

V. A. Arkhangelskaya, A. A. Fedorov, and P. P. Feofilov, “Tunable room-temperature laser action of colour centers in MeF2-Na,” Opt. Commun. 28, 87–90 (1979).
[Crossref]

Balembois, F.

Basiev, T. T.

T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, V. A. Konjushkin, V. V. Osiko, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode pumped 500-picosecond Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser”, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 237–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. T. Basiev, Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Osiko, and A. M. Prokhorov, “Efficient passive switches for neodymium lasers made of LiF:F2- crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 530–531 (1982).
[Crossref]

Bausá, L. E.

E. Montoya, J. A. Sanz-García, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, A. Diening, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “Continuous wave infrared laser action, self-frequency doubling and tunability of Yb3+:MgO:LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 87,4056–4062 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bernhagen, M.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Camy, P.

Capmany, J.

E. Montoya, J. A. Sanz-García, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, A. Diening, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “Continuous wave infrared laser action, self-frequency doubling and tunability of Yb3+:MgO:LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 87,4056–4062 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chai, L.

Dawes, J. M.

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1W CW self-frequency-double diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195, 431–436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Debourg, G.

Dekker, P.

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1W CW self-frequency-double diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195, 431–436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Diening, A.

E. Montoya, J. A. Sanz-García, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, A. Diening, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “Continuous wave infrared laser action, self-frequency doubling and tunability of Yb3+:MgO:LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 87,4056–4062 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y. J.

Doualan, J. L.

Druon, F.

Fagundes-Peters, D.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, A. A.

V. A. Arkhangelskaya, A. A. Fedorov, and P. P. Feofilov, “Tunable room-temperature laser action of colour centers in MeF2-Na,” Opt. Commun. 28, 87–90 (1979).
[Crossref]

Feofilov, P. P.

V. A. Arkhangelskaya, A. A. Fedorov, and P. P. Feofilov, “Tunable room-temperature laser action of colour centers in MeF2-Na,” Opt. Commun. 28, 87–90 (1979).
[Crossref]

Fredrich, S. T.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gellermann, W.

W. Gellermann, A. Muller, and D. Wandt, “Formation, optical properties, and laser operation of F2- centers in LiF,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 1297 (1987).
[Crossref]

Georges, P.

Hehlen, M. P.

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, “Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886–4892 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hönninger, C.

Huber, G.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Montoya, J. A. Sanz-García, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, A. Diening, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “Continuous wave infrared laser action, self-frequency doubling and tunability of Yb3+:MgO:LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 87,4056–4062 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jacquemet, M.

Johannsen, J.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

Kellner, T.

E. Montoya, J. A. Sanz-García, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, A. Diening, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “Continuous wave infrared laser action, self-frequency doubling and tunability of Yb3+:MgO:LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 87,4056–4062 (2000).
[Crossref]

Konjushkin, V. A.

T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, V. A. Konjushkin, V. V. Osiko, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode pumped 500-picosecond Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser”, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 237–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Krupke, W. F.

W. F. Krupke, “Ytterbium solid-state lasers—the first decade,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287–1296 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kuditcher, A.

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, “Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886–4892 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kutovoi, S. A.

T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, V. A. Konjushkin, V. V. Osiko, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode pumped 500-picosecond Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser”, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 237–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

Li, H. J.

Liu, Y. G.

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1W CW self-frequency-double diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195, 431–436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lucca, A.

Mirov, S. B.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Osiko, and A. M. Prokhorov, “Efficient passive switches for neodymium lasers made of LiF:F2- crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 530–531 (1982).
[Crossref]

Moncorge, R.

Moncorgé, R.

Mond, M.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Montoya, E.

E. Montoya, J. A. Sanz-García, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, A. Diening, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “Continuous wave infrared laser action, self-frequency doubling and tunability of Yb3+:MgO:LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 87,4056–4062 (2000).
[Crossref]

Morier-Genoud, F.

Moser, M.

Muller, A.

W. Gellermann, A. Muller, and D. Wandt, “Formation, optical properties, and laser operation of F2- centers in LiF,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 1297 (1987).
[Crossref]

Osiko, V. V.

T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, V. A. Konjushkin, V. V. Osiko, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode pumped 500-picosecond Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser”, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 237–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. T. Basiev, Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Osiko, and A. M. Prokhorov, “Efficient passive switches for neodymium lasers made of LiF:F2- crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 530–531 (1982).
[Crossref]

Paschotta, R.

Piper, J. A.

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1W CW self-frequency-double diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195, 431–436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Prokhorov, A. M.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Osiko, and A. M. Prokhorov, “Efficient passive switches for neodymium lasers made of LiF:F2- crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 530–531 (1982).
[Crossref]

Rand, S. C.

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, “Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886–4892 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sanz-García, J. A.

E. Montoya, J. A. Sanz-García, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, A. Diening, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “Continuous wave infrared laser action, self-frequency doubling and tunability of Yb3+:MgO:LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 87,4056–4062 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, V. A. Konjushkin, V. V. Osiko, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode pumped 500-picosecond Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser”, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 237–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

Si, J. L.

Su, L.

Su, L. B.

Tischler, M. A.

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, “Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886–4892 (1997).
[Crossref]

Uecker, R.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Vassiliev, S. V.

T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, V. A. Konjushkin, V. V. Osiko, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode pumped 500-picosecond Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser”, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 237–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

Voronko, Yu. K.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Osiko, and A. M. Prokhorov, “Efficient passive switches for neodymium lasers made of LiF:F2- crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 530–531 (1982).
[Crossref]

Wandt, D.

W. Gellermann, A. Muller, and D. Wandt, “Formation, optical properties, and laser operation of F2- centers in LiF,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 1297 (1987).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, J. Y.

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1W CW self-frequency-double diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195, 431–436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, X.

Xue, Y.

Yang, W. Q.

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, V. A. Konjushkin, V. V. Osiko, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode pumped 500-picosecond Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser”, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 237–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zavartsev, Y. D.

T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, V. A. Konjushkin, V. V. Osiko, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode pumped 500-picosecond Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser”, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 237–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhao, G.

Zhao, Z. W.

Zhou, G. Q.

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. F. Krupke, “Ytterbium solid-state lasers—the first decade,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287–1296 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

E. Montoya, J. A. Sanz-García, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, A. Diening, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “Continuous wave infrared laser action, self-frequency doubling and tunability of Yb3+:MgO:LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 87,4056–4062 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. Gellermann, A. Muller, and D. Wandt, “Formation, optical properties, and laser operation of F2- centers in LiF,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 1297 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, “Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886–4892 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, V. A. Konjushkin, V. V. Osiko, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode pumped 500-picosecond Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser”, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 237–240 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1W CW self-frequency-double diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195, 431–436 (2001).
[Crossref]

V. A. Arkhangelskaya, A. A. Fedorov, and P. P. Feofilov, “Tunable room-temperature laser action of colour centers in MeF2-Na,” Opt. Commun. 28, 87–90 (1979).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. T. Basiev, Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Osiko, and A. M. Prokhorov, “Efficient passive switches for neodymium lasers made of LiF:F2- crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 530–531 (1982).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Dependence of the average output power on the absorbed pump power in self-Q-switched and mode-locked operation, respectively. The inset is a single self-Q-switched pulse at output power of 400mW.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Configuration of passively mode-locked operation with a SESAM device.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Self-Q-switched pulse train of a mode-locked Yb3+, Na+:CaF2 laser, (b) a single self-Q-switched pulse sampling from the train and (c) a pulse train of mode-locked pulses under the self-Q-switched envelope.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Autocorrelation of 1-ps pulses at 300mW output power is shown in the left inset. The dots indicate the experiment data and the solid line indicates the Gaussian fit data. The right inset shows the corresponding optical spectrum.

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