Abstract

We report the experimental demonstration of tunable ultraslow light using a 1.55 um vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) at room temperature. By varying the bias current around lasing threshold, we achieve tunable delay of an intensity modulated signal input. Delays up to 100 ps are measured for a broadband signal with modulation frequency of 2.8 GHz. With a VCSEL design optimized for amplification and leveraging the scalability of VCSEL arrays, delays of multiple modulation periods are feasible.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Altug, J. Vuckovic, �??Experimental demonstration of the slow group velocity of light in two-dimensional coupled photonic crystal microcavity arrays,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111-102 (2005).

Ph. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, M. Moewe, E. Kim, C.J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, S.L. Chuang, submitted to Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Minin, M. R. Fisher, S.L. Chuang, �??Current-controlled group delay using a semiconductor Fabry-Perot amplifier,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3238-3240 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, F. Mederer, R. Michalzik, J. Rosskopf, G. Böhm, F. Köhler, C. Lauer, M. Maute and M.-C. Amann, �??Hight-speed Modulation Up to 10Gbit/s with 1.55 µm Wavelength InGaAlAs VCSELs,�?? Electron. Lett. 38, 1180, (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortsiefer, M. Fürfanger, J. Rosskopf, G. Böhm, F. Köhler, C. Lauer, M. Maute, W. Hofmann and M.-C. Amann, �??Singlemode 1.55 µm VCSELs with low threshold and high output power,�?? Electron. Lett. 39, (2003).

IEEE J. Quant. Electron.

C.J. Chang-Hasnain, J.P. Harbison, C.E. Zah, M.W. Maeda, L.T. Florez, N.G. Stoffel, and T.P. Lee, �??Multiple Wavelength Tunable Surface Emitting Laser Arrays,�?? IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 27, No. 6, pp.1368-1376 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron

R. Lang, �??Injection locking properties of a semiconductor laser,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-18, 976-983, 1982.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, and R. E, Slusher, �??Optical Delay Lines Based on Optical Filters,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, NO. 4, pp.525-532 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Tomblimg, T. Saitoh, T. Mukai, �??Performance predictions for vertical cavity semiconductor laser amplifiers,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2491 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. selected topics Quant. Electron.

C.J. Chang-Hasnain, �??Tunable VCSEL,�?? IEEE J. selected topics Quant. Electron. 6, No. 6, 978-987 (2000).

IEEE J. selected topics Quantum Electron

C. Chang, L. Chrostowski and C.J. Chang-Hasnain, �??Injection locking of VCSELs,�?? IEEE J. selected topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1386-1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,

J. E. Heebner, P. Chak, S. Pereira, J. E. Sipe, R. W. Boyd, �??Distributed and Localized Feedback in Microresonator Squences for Linear and Nonlinear Optics,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 21, 1818 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Nature

L.V. Hau, S.E. Harris, Z. Dutton, C.H. Behroozi, �??Light speed reduction to 17 m/s in an ultracold atomic gas,�?? Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

OPN

J. Scheuer, George T. Paloczi, J. K. S. Poon, and A. Yariv, �??Coupled Resonator Optical Waveguides: Toward the Slowing and Storage of Light,�?? OPN 16, No.2, 36 (2005).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M.S. Bigelow, N.N Lepeshkin, R.W. Boyd, �??Observation of Ultraslow Light Propagation in a Ruby Crystal at Room-Temperature,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113-903 (2003).

Other

R.S. Tucker, et. al. manuscript in preparation

C.J. Chang-Hasnain, P.C. Ku, J. Kim, S.L. Chuang, �??Variable Optical Buffer Using Slow Light in Semiconductor Nanostructures,�?? in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Special Issue on Nanoelectronics and Nanoscale Processing (2003), pp. 1884-1897.

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