Abstract

We demonstrate a continuously tunable Er3+-doped fiber laser by incorporating a short-pass filter, which provides a wideband tunable fundamental-mode cutoff with high rejection efficiency (> 45 dB/cm) at long wavelengths, into a ring resonator. The tunable short-pass filter locally suppresses the gain profile of the Er3+-doped fiber at long wavelengths and makes the lasing wavelength continuously move toward short wavelengths when optical polymer is cooling down. The tuning efficiency, tuning range, signal-ASE-ratio, and FWHM linewidth of the laser are 7.65 nm/°C, 26 nm (1569.8 ~ 1595.8 nm), 40 dB, and 0.5 nm, respectively.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. A. Smith, M. W. Maeda, J. J. Johnson, J. S. Patel, M. A. Saifi, and A. Von Lehman, “Acoustically tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 387–389 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, X. Y. Dong, C. L. Loong, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser with polymer-coated fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 202, 331–334 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. R. Sohn and J. W. Song, “Thermooptically tunable side-polished fiber comb filter and its application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1575–1577 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. R. Sohn and K. Taek, “Multiwavelength all-fiber ring laser using side-polished fiber comb filter and mechanically formed long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 309–311 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable, single frequency erbium fiber laser using an overlay bandpass filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3263–3265 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable erbium fiber laser using a overlay bandpass filter,” Opt. Lett. 19, 801–803 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. A. Arbore, “Application of fundamental-mode cutoff for novel amplifiers and lasers,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’05 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005), paper OFB4.
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, H. Thiele, J. Bromage, and L. Nelson, “S-band erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for WDM transmission between 1488 and 1508 nm,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper WK2.
  11. M. Monerie, “Propagation in doubly clad single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 535–542 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. K. Chen, S. Chi, and S. M. Tseng, “Wideband tunable fiber short-pass filter based on side-polished fiber with dispersive polymer overlay,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2219–2221 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Morishita, “Bandpass and band-rejection filters using dispersive fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 816–819 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

K. R. Sohn and K. Taek, “Multiwavelength all-fiber ring laser using side-polished fiber comb filter and mechanically formed long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 309–311 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, H. Thiele, J. Bromage, and L. Nelson, “S-band erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for WDM transmission between 1488 and 1508 nm,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper WK2.

2002 (2)

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, X. Y. Dong, C. L. Loong, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser with polymer-coated fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 202, 331–334 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Sohn and J. W. Song, “Thermooptically tunable side-polished fiber comb filter and its application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1575–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable, single frequency erbium fiber laser using an overlay bandpass filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3263–3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

K. Morishita, “Bandpass and band-rejection filters using dispersive fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 816–819 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

M. Monerie, “Propagation in doubly clad single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 535–542 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, H. Thiele, J. Bromage, and L. Nelson, “S-band erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for WDM transmission between 1488 and 1508 nm,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper WK2.

M. A. Arbore, “Application of fundamental-mode cutoff for novel amplifiers and lasers,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’05 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005), paper OFB4.
[CrossRef]

Bromage, J.

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, H. Thiele, J. Bromage, and L. Nelson, “S-band erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for WDM transmission between 1488 and 1508 nm,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper WK2.

Chan, H. L. W.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, X. Y. Dong, C. L. Loong, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser with polymer-coated fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 202, 331–334 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, N. K.

Chi, S.

Demokan, M. S.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, X. Y. Dong, C. L. Loong, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser with polymer-coated fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 202, 331–334 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, X. Y. Dong, C. L. Loong, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser with polymer-coated fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 202, 331–334 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gloag, A.

A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable, single frequency erbium fiber laser using an overlay bandpass filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3263–3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable erbium fiber laser using a overlay bandpass filter,” Opt. Lett. 19, 801–803 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guan, B. O.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, X. Y. Dong, C. L. Loong, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser with polymer-coated fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 202, 331–334 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Havstad, S. A.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, J. J.

Johnstone, W.

A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable, single frequency erbium fiber laser using an overlay bandpass filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3263–3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable erbium fiber laser using a overlay bandpass filter,” Opt. Lett. 19, 801–803 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langford, N.

A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable, single frequency erbium fiber laser using an overlay bandpass filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3263–3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable erbium fiber laser using a overlay bandpass filter,” Opt. Lett. 19, 801–803 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lehman, A. Von

Loong, C. L.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, X. Y. Dong, C. L. Loong, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser with polymer-coated fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 202, 331–334 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, M. W.

McCallion, K.

A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable, single frequency erbium fiber laser using an overlay bandpass filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3263–3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable erbium fiber laser using a overlay bandpass filter,” Opt. Lett. 19, 801–803 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monerie, M.

M. Monerie, “Propagation in doubly clad single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 535–542 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Morishita, K.

K. Morishita, “Bandpass and band-rejection filters using dispersive fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 816–819 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L.

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, H. Thiele, J. Bromage, and L. Nelson, “S-band erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for WDM transmission between 1488 and 1508 nm,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper WK2.

Nishihara, M.

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Patel, J. S.

Saifi, M. A.

Smith, D. A.

Sohn, K. R.

K. R. Sohn and K. Taek, “Multiwavelength all-fiber ring laser using side-polished fiber comb filter and mechanically formed long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 309–311 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Sohn and J. W. Song, “Thermooptically tunable side-polished fiber comb filter and its application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1575–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. W.

K. R. Sohn and J. W. Song, “Thermooptically tunable side-polished fiber comb filter and its application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1575–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taek, K.

K. R. Sohn and K. Taek, “Multiwavelength all-fiber ring laser using side-polished fiber comb filter and mechanically formed long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 309–311 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, X. Y. Dong, C. L. Loong, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser with polymer-coated fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 202, 331–334 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thiele, H.

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, H. Thiele, J. Bromage, and L. Nelson, “S-band erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for WDM transmission between 1488 and 1508 nm,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper WK2.

Tseng, S. M.

Willner, A. E.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Y.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, H. Thiele, J. Bromage, and L. Nelson, “S-band erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for WDM transmission between 1488 and 1508 nm,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper WK2.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Gloag, N. Langford, K. McCallion, and W. Johnstone, “Tunable, single frequency erbium fiber laser using an overlay bandpass filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3263–3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Monerie, “Propagation in doubly clad single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 535–542 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

K. R. Sohn and J. W. Song, “Thermooptically tunable side-polished fiber comb filter and its application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1575–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Sohn and K. Taek, “Multiwavelength all-fiber ring laser using side-polished fiber comb filter and mechanically formed long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 309–311 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

K. Morishita, “Bandpass and band-rejection filters using dispersive fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 816–819 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, X. Y. Dong, C. L. Loong, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser with polymer-coated fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 202, 331–334 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

M. A. Arbore, “Application of fundamental-mode cutoff for novel amplifiers and lasers,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’05 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005), paper OFB4.
[CrossRef]

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, H. Thiele, J. Bromage, and L. Nelson, “S-band erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for WDM transmission between 1488 and 1508 nm,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper WK2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Experimental set up of the EDFRL and (b) Device structure of the side-polished fiber tunable short-pass filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Refractive index dispersions of the fiber, Cargille index liquids and thermo-optic polymer OCK-433.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectral responses of the EDFRL using Cargille index liquids on SPF.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spectral responses of the wavelength tuning of the EDFRL when OCK-433 polymer was cooling down.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Laser linewidth of the EDFRL

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