Abstract

We report an InGaP/AlInGaP/GaAs microchip vertical-external-cavity surface emitting laser operating directly at red wavelengths and demonstrate its potential for array-format operation. Optical pumping with up to 3.3W at 532nm produced a maximum output power of 330mW at 675nm, in a single circularly-symmetric beam with M2<2. Simultaneous pumping with three separate input beams, generated using a diffractive optical element, achieved lasing from three discrete areas of the same chip. Output power of ~95mW per beam was obtained from this 3×1 array, each beam having a Gaussian intensity profile with M2<1.2. In a further development, a spatial light modulator allowed computer control over the orientation and separation of the pump beams, and hence dynamic control over the configuration of the VECSEL array.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. E. Hastie, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Leinonen, A. Laakso, J. Lyytikäinen, and M. Pessa, “High power CW red VECSEL with linearly polarized TEM00 output beam,” Opt. Express 13, 77–81 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-1-77.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Müther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. L. Birkbeck, R. A. Flynn, M. Ozkan, D. Song, M. Gross, and S. C. Esener, “VCSEL arrays as micromanipulators in chip-based biosystems,” Biomedical Microdevices 5, 47–54 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. T. O'Neill and M. J. Padgett, “Axial and lateral trapping efficiency of Laguerre-Gaussian modes in inverted optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 193, 45–50 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, “0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 894–896 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. D. McDougall, O. P. Kowalski, C. J. Hamilton, F. Camacho, B. C. Qiu, M. L. Ke, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic integration via a universal damage enhanced quantum-well intermixing technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 636–646 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  9. G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, J. Cooper, and Z. J. Laczik, “Assembly of 3-dimensional structures using programmable holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Express 12, 5475–5480 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-22-5475.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, J. Cooper, and Z. J. Laczik, “Assembly of 3-dimensional structures using programmable holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Express 12, 5475–5480 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-22-5475.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. L. Birkbeck, R. A. Flynn, M. Ozkan, D. Song, M. Gross, and S. C. Esener, “VCSEL arrays as micromanipulators in chip-based biosystems,” Biomedical Microdevices 5, 47–54 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, “0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 894–896 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Müther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

A. T. O'Neill and M. J. Padgett, “Axial and lateral trapping efficiency of Laguerre-Gaussian modes in inverted optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 193, 45–50 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. D. McDougall, O. P. Kowalski, C. J. Hamilton, F. Camacho, B. C. Qiu, M. L. Ke, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic integration via a universal damage enhanced quantum-well intermixing technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 636–646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Abram, R.

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, “0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 894–896 (2003).
[Crossref]

Alford, W. J.

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

Allerman, A. A.

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

Birkbeck, A. L.

A. L. Birkbeck, R. A. Flynn, M. Ozkan, D. Song, M. Gross, and S. C. Esener, “VCSEL arrays as micromanipulators in chip-based biosystems,” Biomedical Microdevices 5, 47–54 (2003).
[Crossref]

Birkl, G.

R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Müther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bryce, A. C.

S. D. McDougall, O. P. Kowalski, C. J. Hamilton, F. Camacho, B. C. Qiu, M. L. Ke, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic integration via a universal damage enhanced quantum-well intermixing technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 636–646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Buchkremer, F. B. J.

R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Müther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burns, D.

S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, “0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 894–896 (2003).
[Crossref]

Calvez, S.

J. E. Hastie, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Leinonen, A. Laakso, J. Lyytikäinen, and M. Pessa, “High power CW red VECSEL with linearly polarized TEM00 output beam,” Opt. Express 13, 77–81 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-1-77.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, “0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 894–896 (2003).
[Crossref]

Camacho, F.

S. D. McDougall, O. P. Kowalski, C. J. Hamilton, F. Camacho, B. C. Qiu, M. L. Ke, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic integration via a universal damage enhanced quantum-well intermixing technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 636–646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Cooper, J.

Courtial, J.

Dawson, M. D.

J. E. Hastie, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Leinonen, A. Laakso, J. Lyytikäinen, and M. Pessa, “High power CW red VECSEL with linearly polarized TEM00 output beam,” Opt. Express 13, 77–81 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-1-77.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, “0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 894–896 (2003).
[Crossref]

De La Rue, R. M.

S. D. McDougall, O. P. Kowalski, C. J. Hamilton, F. Camacho, B. C. Qiu, M. L. Ke, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic integration via a universal damage enhanced quantum-well intermixing technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 636–646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Dumke, R.

R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Müther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ertmer, W.

R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Müther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esener, S. C.

A. L. Birkbeck, R. A. Flynn, M. Ozkan, D. Song, M. Gross, and S. C. Esener, “VCSEL arrays as micromanipulators in chip-based biosystems,” Biomedical Microdevices 5, 47–54 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ferguson, A. I.

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, “0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 894–896 (2003).
[Crossref]

Flynn, R. A.

A. L. Birkbeck, R. A. Flynn, M. Ozkan, D. Song, M. Gross, and S. C. Esener, “VCSEL arrays as micromanipulators in chip-based biosystems,” Biomedical Microdevices 5, 47–54 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gross, M.

A. L. Birkbeck, R. A. Flynn, M. Ozkan, D. Song, M. Gross, and S. C. Esener, “VCSEL arrays as micromanipulators in chip-based biosystems,” Biomedical Microdevices 5, 47–54 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hamilton, C. J.

S. D. McDougall, O. P. Kowalski, C. J. Hamilton, F. Camacho, B. C. Qiu, M. L. Ke, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic integration via a universal damage enhanced quantum-well intermixing technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 636–646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hastie, J. E.

J. E. Hastie, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Leinonen, A. Laakso, J. Lyytikäinen, and M. Pessa, “High power CW red VECSEL with linearly polarized TEM00 output beam,” Opt. Express 13, 77–81 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-1-77.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, “0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 894–896 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hopkins, J. M.

S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, “0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 894–896 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jeon, C. W.

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, “0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 894–896 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jordan, P.

Jouhti, T.

S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ke, M. L.

S. D. McDougall, O. P. Kowalski, C. J. Hamilton, F. Camacho, B. C. Qiu, M. L. Ke, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic integration via a universal damage enhanced quantum-well intermixing technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 636–646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kontinnen, J.

S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kowalski, O. P.

S. D. McDougall, O. P. Kowalski, C. J. Hamilton, F. Camacho, B. C. Qiu, M. L. Ke, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic integration via a universal damage enhanced quantum-well intermixing technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 636–646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Laakso, A.

Laczik, Z. J.

Leinonen, T.

Lyytikäinen, J.

Marsh, J. H.

S. D. McDougall, O. P. Kowalski, C. J. Hamilton, F. Camacho, B. C. Qiu, M. L. Ke, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic integration via a universal damage enhanced quantum-well intermixing technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 636–646 (1998).
[Crossref]

McDougall, S. D.

S. D. McDougall, O. P. Kowalski, C. J. Hamilton, F. Camacho, B. C. Qiu, M. L. Ke, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic integration via a universal damage enhanced quantum-well intermixing technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 636–646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Müther, T.

R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Müther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O'Neill, A. T.

A. T. O'Neill and M. J. Padgett, “Axial and lateral trapping efficiency of Laguerre-Gaussian modes in inverted optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 193, 45–50 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ozkan, M.

A. L. Birkbeck, R. A. Flynn, M. Ozkan, D. Song, M. Gross, and S. C. Esener, “VCSEL arrays as micromanipulators in chip-based biosystems,” Biomedical Microdevices 5, 47–54 (2003).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

Pessa, M.

J. E. Hastie, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Leinonen, A. Laakso, J. Lyytikäinen, and M. Pessa, “High power CW red VECSEL with linearly polarized TEM00 output beam,” Opt. Express 13, 77–81 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-1-77.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
[Crossref]

Qiu, B. C.

S. D. McDougall, O. P. Kowalski, C. J. Hamilton, F. Camacho, B. C. Qiu, M. L. Ke, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, “Monolithic integration via a universal damage enhanced quantum-well intermixing technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 636–646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Raymond, T. D.

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

Riis, E.

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, “0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 894–896 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sinclair, G.

Smith, S. A.

S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
[Crossref]

Song, D.

A. L. Birkbeck, R. A. Flynn, M. Ozkan, D. Song, M. Gross, and S. C. Esener, “VCSEL arrays as micromanipulators in chip-based biosystems,” Biomedical Microdevices 5, 47–54 (2003).
[Crossref]

Volk, M.

R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Müther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biomedical Microdevices (1)

A. L. Birkbeck, R. A. Flynn, M. Ozkan, D. Song, M. Gross, and S. C. Esener, “VCSEL arrays as micromanipulators in chip-based biosystems,” Biomedical Microdevices 5, 47–54 (2003).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, C. W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, “Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1324–1326 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. A. Smith, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Kontinnen, and M. Pessa, “Diamond-microchip GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser operating CW at 1315nm,” Electron. Lett. 40, 935–937 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

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Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MOV (1605 KB)     

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Power transfer of the microchip VECSEL for mount temperatures of -5°C and 5°C, respectively. Inset: Far-field profile of the output beam. (b) Output spectrum of the microchip VECSEL at high power.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of the 3 × 1 VECSEL array set-up, showing the plan view and the side view of the pump and signal beams. Inset: photographs of the lasing microchip wafer (right) and the output beams on the screen (left).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Measured profile of each output beam with a Gaussian fit to the data points. (b) Power transfer of each beam.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output spectrum of each beam. The peak wavelengths of the spectra for the top, middle and bottom output beams are 676.2nm, 675.2nm and 674nm, respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental set-up for controlling the VECSEL array with a spatial light modulator (SLM). Inset: (1.56 MB) movie of the rotating VECSEL beams

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