Abstract

We report, for the first time, bandgap guidance above 3 μm in a silica based air-core photonic crystal fiber. The peak of the bandgap is at 3.14μm with a typical attenuation of ~ 2.6 dB m-1. By further optimization of the structure, modeling suggests that a loss below 1 dB m-1 should be achievable, greatly extending the useful operating range of silica-based single-mode fibers. Such fibers have many potential applications in the mid-IR, offering an alternative to fluoride, tellurite or chalcogenide glass based optical fibers for chemical and biological sensing applications.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Opt. (2)

Bell Syst. Tech. J (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmetzer, �??Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,�?? Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43 1783 (1964).

C. R. Chimie (1)

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw and I. D. Aggarwal, �??Applications of chalcogenide glass optical fibres,�?? C. R. Chimie, 5, 873-883 (2002).

Fiber and Integrated Optics (1)

J. Harrington, "A review of IR transmitting, hollow waveguides," Fiber and Integrated Optics 19, 211-227 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

O. Humbach, H. Fabian , U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, �??Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,�?? J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19-26 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, �??Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,�?? Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

J. M. Pottage, David Bird, T. D. Hedley, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and P. J. Roberts, �??Robust photonic band gaps for hollow core guidance in PCF made from high index glass,�?? Opt. Express 11, 2854-2861 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2854">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2854</a>

L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, and F. H. Hung, "As-S and As-Se based photonic band gap fiber for IR laser transmission," Opt. Express 11, 3455-3460 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-25-3455.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-25-3455</a>

P. J. Roberts, F. Couny, H. Sabert, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, L. Farr, M. W. Mason, A. Tomlinson, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres,�?? Opt. Express 13, 236-244 (2005), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-1-236.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-1-236</a>
[CrossRef]

J. D. Shephard, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, and B. J. Mangan, "High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers," Opt. Express 12, 717-723 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-4-717.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-4-717</a>
[CrossRef]

F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, and P. J. Roberts, �??Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800nm in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibres,�?? Opt. Express 12, 835-840 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-1-236.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-1-236</a>
[CrossRef]

T. Ritari, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, J. C. Petersen, T. Sørensen, T. P. Hansen, and H. R. Simonsen, "Gas sensing using air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12, 4080-4087 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-17-4080.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-17-4080</a>
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett (1)

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J.C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Couny, �??Ultra-high efficiency laser wavelength conversion in gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett 93 (12), 123903 (2004).

Science (2)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller ,N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L .Gaeta, �??Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band- Gap Fibers,�?? Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P.S. Russell, P.J. Roberts, and D.C. Allan, �??Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air,�?? Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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