Abstract

For the first time a remarkably exact match was achieved of the results from modelling of CW-pumped SC in a highly non-linear fibre with experiment (A.K. Abeeluck et al. Opt. Lett. 29, 2163–2165 (2004)) where a wide-band SC in the 1200–1780-nm range was reported. Our simulation results show that decay of CW pump radiation into a train of sub-picosecond pulses induced by the modulation instability leads to formation of optical solitons. Energy and carrier frequency of the solitons are random parameters because of quantum noise in the pump radiation. We found that a relatively smooth SC spectrum obtained by us from modelling and observed experimentally comes from averaging of a large number of soliton spectra and the spectrum of short-wavelength non-soliton radiation that is generated because of resonant pumping of energy from solitons.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J.K. Ranka, R.S. Windeler, and A.J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Drexler, U. Morgner, F.X. Kärtner, C. Pitris, S.A. Boppart, X.D. Li, E.P. Ippen, and J.G. Fujimoto, “In vivo ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1221–1224 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y.M. Wang, Y.H. Zhao, J.S. Nelson, Z.P. Chen, and R.S. Windeler, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography by broadband continuum generation from a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28, 182–184 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. Drexler, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47–74 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D.A. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Sc. 288, 635–639 (2000).
  6. R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S.A. Diddams, D.J. Jones, J. Ye, S.T. Cundiff, J.L. Hall, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, “Direct rf to optical frequency measurements with a femtosecond laser comb,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 552–555 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, and C.G. Jørgensen, “High-power supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers by use of a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2163–2165 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J.W. Nicholson, A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, M.F. Yan, and C.G. Jørgensen, “Pulsed and continuous-wave supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers.” Appl. Phys. B 77, 211–218 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. González-Herráez, S. Martín-López, P. Corredera, M.L. Hernanz, and P.R. Horche, “Supercontinuum generation using a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Comm. 226, 323–328 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  11. A.V. Avdokhin, S.V. Popov, and J.R. Taylor, “Continuous-wave, high-power, Raman continuum generation in holey fibers,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1353–1355 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J.N. Kutz, C. Lyngå, and B.J. Eggleton, “Enhanced supercontinuum generation through dispersion-management,” Opt. Express 13, 3989–3998 (2005). http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-11-3989
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Apolonski, B. Povazay, A. Unterhuber, W. Drexler, W.J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, and P.S.J. Russell, “Spectral shaping of supercontinuum in a cobweb photonic-crystal fiber with sub-20-fs pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2165–2170 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E.A. Golovchenko, P.V. Mamyshev, A.N. Pilipetskii, and E.M. Dianov, “Numerical analysis of the Raman spectrum evolution and soliton pulse generation in single-mode fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1626–1632 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, California, 2001).
  17. K.J. Blow and D. Wood, “Theoretical description of transient stimulated raman scattering in optical fibers,” J. Quantum. Electron. 25, 2665–2673 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M.N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J.P. Gordon, and D.S. Chemla, “Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1149–1158 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T.J. Ellingham, J.D. Ania-Castañón, S.K. Turitsyn, A.A. Pustovskikh, S.M. Kobtsev, and M.P. Fedoruk. “Dual-pump Raman amplification with increased flatness using modulation instability,” Opt. Express 13, 1079–1084 (2005). http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-4-1079
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

2003 (5)

Y.M. Wang, Y.H. Zhao, J.S. Nelson, Z.P. Chen, and R.S. Windeler, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography by broadband continuum generation from a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28, 182–184 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.V. Avdokhin, S.V. Popov, and J.R. Taylor, “Continuous-wave, high-power, Raman continuum generation in holey fibers,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1353–1355 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.W. Nicholson, A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, M.F. Yan, and C.G. Jørgensen, “Pulsed and continuous-wave supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers.” Appl. Phys. B 77, 211–218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. González-Herráez, S. Martín-López, P. Corredera, M.L. Hernanz, and P.R. Horche, “Supercontinuum generation using a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Comm. 226, 323–328 (2003)
[CrossRef]

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. Apolonski, B. Povazay, A. Unterhuber, W. Drexler, W.J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, and P.S.J. Russell, “Spectral shaping of supercontinuum in a cobweb photonic-crystal fiber with sub-20-fs pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2165–2170 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S.A. Diddams, D.J. Jones, J. Ye, S.T. Cundiff, J.L. Hall, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, “Direct rf to optical frequency measurements with a femtosecond laser comb,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 552–555 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D.A. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Sc. 288, 635–639 (2000).

J.K. Ranka, R.S. Windeler, and A.J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1991 (1)

1989 (2)

M.N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J.P. Gordon, and D.S. Chemla, “Femtosecond distributed soliton spectrum in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1149–1158 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K.J. Blow and D. Wood, “Theoretical description of transient stimulated raman scattering in optical fibers,” J. Quantum. Electron. 25, 2665–2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Abeeluck, A.K.

A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, and C.G. Jørgensen, “High-power supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers by use of a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2163–2165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.W. Nicholson, A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, M.F. Yan, and C.G. Jørgensen, “Pulsed and continuous-wave supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers.” Appl. Phys. B 77, 211–218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G.P.

G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, California, 2001).

Ania-Castañón, J.D.

Apolonski, A.

Avdokhin, A.V.

Bagayev, S.N.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bar-Joseph, I.

Blow, K.J.

K.J. Blow and D. Wood, “Theoretical description of transient stimulated raman scattering in optical fibers,” J. Quantum. Electron. 25, 2665–2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Boppart, S.A.

Chemla, D.S.

Chen, Z.P.

Corredera, P.

M. González-Herráez, S. Martín-López, P. Corredera, M.L. Hernanz, and P.R. Horche, “Supercontinuum generation using a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Comm. 226, 323–328 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S.T.

S.A. Diddams, D.J. Jones, J. Ye, S.T. Cundiff, J.L. Hall, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, “Direct rf to optical frequency measurements with a femtosecond laser comb,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 552–555 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D.A. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Sc. 288, 635–639 (2000).

Dianov, E.M.

Diddams, S.A.

S.A. Diddams, D.J. Jones, J. Ye, S.T. Cundiff, J.L. Hall, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, “Direct rf to optical frequency measurements with a femtosecond laser comb,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 552–555 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D.A. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Sc. 288, 635–639 (2000).

Drexler, W.

Eggleton, B.J.

Ellingham, T.J.

Fedoruk, M.P.

Franke, K.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J.G.

Giessen, H.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Golovchenko, E.A.

González-Herráez, M.

M. González-Herráez, S. Martín-López, P. Corredera, M.L. Hernanz, and P.R. Horche, “Supercontinuum generation using a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Comm. 226, 323–328 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J.P.

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J.L.

S.A. Diddams, D.J. Jones, J. Ye, S.T. Cundiff, J.L. Hall, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, “Direct rf to optical frequency measurements with a femtosecond laser comb,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 552–555 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D.A. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Sc. 288, 635–639 (2000).

Hänsch, T.W.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Headley, C.

A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, and C.G. Jørgensen, “High-power supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers by use of a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2163–2165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.W. Nicholson, A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, M.F. Yan, and C.G. Jørgensen, “Pulsed and continuous-wave supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers.” Appl. Phys. B 77, 211–218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hernanz, M.L.

M. González-Herráez, S. Martín-López, P. Corredera, M.L. Hernanz, and P.R. Horche, “Supercontinuum generation using a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Comm. 226, 323–328 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Horche, P.R.

M. González-Herráez, S. Martín-López, P. Corredera, M.L. Hernanz, and P.R. Horche, “Supercontinuum generation using a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Comm. 226, 323–328 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E.P.

Islam, M.N.

Jones, D.A.

D.A. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Sc. 288, 635–639 (2000).

Jones, D.J.

S.A. Diddams, D.J. Jones, J. Ye, S.T. Cundiff, J.L. Hall, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, “Direct rf to optical frequency measurements with a femtosecond laser comb,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 552–555 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jørgensen, C.G.

A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, and C.G. Jørgensen, “High-power supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers by use of a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2163–2165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.W. Nicholson, A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, M.F. Yan, and C.G. Jørgensen, “Pulsed and continuous-wave supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers.” Appl. Phys. B 77, 211–218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F.X.

Knight, J.C.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, B. Povazay, A. Unterhuber, W. Drexler, W.J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, and P.S.J. Russell, “Spectral shaping of supercontinuum in a cobweb photonic-crystal fiber with sub-20-fs pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2165–2170 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kobtsev, S.M.

Korn, G

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kutz, J.N.

Leuschner, M.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.D.

Lyngå, C.

Mamyshev, P.V.

Martín-López, S.

M. González-Herráez, S. Martín-López, P. Corredera, M.L. Hernanz, and P.R. Horche, “Supercontinuum generation using a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Comm. 226, 323–328 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Meiser, D.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Nelson, J.S.

Nevsky, A.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J.W.

J.W. Nicholson, A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, M.F. Yan, and C.G. Jørgensen, “Pulsed and continuous-wave supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers.” Appl. Phys. B 77, 211–218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pilipetskii, A.N.

Pitris, C.

Popov, S.V.

Povazay, B.

Pustovskikh, A.A.

Ranka, J.K.

S.A. Diddams, D.J. Jones, J. Ye, S.T. Cundiff, J.L. Hall, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, “Direct rf to optical frequency measurements with a femtosecond laser comb,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 552–555 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D.A. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Sc. 288, 635–639 (2000).

J.K. Ranka, R.S. Windeler, and A.J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.S.J.

Russell, P.St.J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Skvortsov, M.N.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D.A. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Sc. 288, 635–639 (2000).

Stentz, A.J.

Sucha, G.

Taylor, J.R.

Teipel, J.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S.K.

Turke, D.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Udem, Th.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Unterhuber, A.

Wadsworth, W.J.

A. Apolonski, B. Povazay, A. Unterhuber, W. Drexler, W.J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, and P.S.J. Russell, “Spectral shaping of supercontinuum in a cobweb photonic-crystal fiber with sub-20-fs pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2165–2170 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Walther, H.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.M.

Warken, F.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

Windeler, R.S.

Y.M. Wang, Y.H. Zhao, J.S. Nelson, Z.P. Chen, and R.S. Windeler, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography by broadband continuum generation from a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28, 182–184 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.A. Diddams, D.J. Jones, J. Ye, S.T. Cundiff, J.L. Hall, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, “Direct rf to optical frequency measurements with a femtosecond laser comb,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 552–555 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D.A. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Sc. 288, 635–639 (2000).

J.K. Ranka, R.S. Windeler, and A.J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

K.J. Blow and D. Wood, “Theoretical description of transient stimulated raman scattering in optical fibers,” J. Quantum. Electron. 25, 2665–2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.F.

J.W. Nicholson, A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, M.F. Yan, and C.G. Jørgensen, “Pulsed and continuous-wave supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers.” Appl. Phys. B 77, 211–218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

S.A. Diddams, D.J. Jones, J. Ye, S.T. Cundiff, J.L. Hall, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, “Direct rf to optical frequency measurements with a femtosecond laser comb,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 552–555 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zanthier, J. Von

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.H.

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zimmermann, M.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, Th. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, A. Nevsky, J. Von Zanthier, H. Walther, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, M.N. Skvortsov, and S.N. Bagayev, “Absolute frequency measurement of iodine lines with a femtosecond optical synthesizer,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 269–271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.W. Nicholson, A.K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, M.F. Yan, and C.G. Jørgensen, “Pulsed and continuous-wave supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear, dispersion-shifted fibers.” Appl. Phys. B 77, 211–218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

S.A. Diddams, D.J. Jones, J. Ye, S.T. Cundiff, J.L. Hall, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, “Direct rf to optical frequency measurements with a femtosecond laser comb,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 552–555 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

W. Drexler, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47–74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

K.J. Blow and D. Wood, “Theoretical description of transient stimulated raman scattering in optical fibers,” J. Quantum. Electron. 25, 2665–2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Comm. (1)

M. González-Herráez, S. Martín-López, P. Corredera, M.L. Hernanz, and P.R. Horche, “Supercontinuum generation using a continuous-wave Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Comm. 226, 323–328 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, and G Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sc. (1)

D.A. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Sc. 288, 635–639 (2000).

Other (1)

G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, California, 2001).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Dynamics of SC generated by a CW pump radiation propagating through HNLF (simulation results). Upper graph row – spectra (smoothed spectra shown in red, unsmoothed ones, in grey), lower row – intensity vs. time after propagation over the distance z (corresponding values are given above the graphs). P 0 = 4 W, λ0 = 1486 nm, β2 = -0.17 ps2/km, β3 = 0.0393 ps3/km.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Soliton frequency shift vs. soliton energy. Each point corresponds to a soliton obtained in simulations (P 0 = 4 W, λ0 = 1486 nm, z = 500 m, β2 = -0.17 ps2/km, β3 = 0.0393 ps3/km).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Continuum spectra obtained by averaging of 50 results of numerical simulations (averaging time 1.5 ns). Parameters: CW pump with P 0 = 4 W, λ0 = 1486 nm, 0.5-km-long HNLF with β2 = -0.17 ps2/km, β3 = 0.0393 ps3/km

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Continuum spectra obtained by averaging results of numerical simulations with different averaging time (number of spectra averaged × 2T max ): 1.5, 2.4 and 19.2 ns for green, blue and black lines accordingly. Corresponding values of T max : 15, 120 and 480 ps. Simulation parameters: CW pump with P 0 = 3.5 W, λ0 = 1486 nm, 0.5-km-long HNLF with β2 = -0.17 ps2/km, β3 = 0.0393 ps3/km.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A z = i k = 2 k max i k k ! β k k A t k + ( 1 + i ω 0 t ) ( A ( z , t ) 0 R ( t ) | A ( z , t t ) | 2 d t )
Ω = 2 γ P 0 β 2 3.56 THz

Metrics