Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate an all fiber-based, compact add/drop multiplexer (ADM) of a 160 Gbit/s optical time division multiplexed signal using only 1-m length of our fabricated Bi2O3-based step index type optical fiber with an ultra-high nonlinearity of ~1100 W-1.km-1 The ADM is based on the cross phase modulation-induced nonlinear polarization rotation principle and simultaneous add/drop operation was easily achieved by use of a polarization beam splitter after the Bi2O3-based nonlinear fiber. Error-free add/drop operation is readily achieved at multiplexed data rates of both 80 Gbit/s and 160 Gbit/s.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, �??Bismuth-based optical fiber with nonlinear coefficient of 1360 W-1.km-1,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2004), LA USA, postdeadline paper PDP26 (2004).
  2. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Furusawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, �??Ultra-wideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,�?? Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 283-295 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, F. Koizumi, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, �??Bismuth glass holey fibers with high nonlinearity,�?? Opt. Express 12, 5082-5087 (2004). <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-21-5082">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-21-5082</a>
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  4. J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, �??Experimental comparison of Kerr nonlinearity figure-of-merit including stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold for state-of-the-art nonlinear optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 30, 1698-1670 (2005).
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  5. J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, T. Tanemura, and K. Kikuchi, �??Wavelength conversion of 40-Gbit/s NRZ signal using four-wave mixing in 40-cm-long Bismuth Oxide Based highly-nonlinear optical fiber,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC2005), Anaheim USA, postdeadline paper PDP23 (2005).
  6. J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, �??Use of 1-m Bi2O3 nonlinear fiber for 160-Gbit/s optical-time division demultiplexing based on polarization rotation and wavelength shift induced by cross-phase modulation,�?? Opt. Lett. 30, 1267-1269 (2005).
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  10. H.-F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, �??Compact 160-Gb/s add-drop multiplexer with a 40-Gb/s based rate using electroabsorption modulators,�?? IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1564-1565 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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  12. J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, Y. Takushima and K. Kikuchi, �??All-optical 80 Gbit/s add-drop multiplexer using fiber-based nonlinear optical loop mirror,�?? IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 840-842 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Rau, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, and D. J. Blumenthal, �??All-optical add-drop of an OTDM channel using an ultra fast fiber based wavelength converter,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC2002), Anaheim USA, paper WM1 (2002).
  14. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic Press, 2001), 210-216.
  15. D. M. Patrick and A. D. Ellis, �??Demultiplexing using cross phase modulation-induced spectral shifts and Kerr polarization rotation in optical fibre,�?? Electron. Lett., 29, 227- 29 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Schubert, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, K. Schulze, V. Marembert, and H. G. Weber, �??Time division add-drop multiplexing up to 320 Gbit/s,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC2005), Anaheim USA, paper OThN2 (2005).

Electron. Lett. (3)

J. Suzuki, K. Taira, Y. Ozeki, T. Tanemura, and K. Kikuchi, �??All-optical time-division add-drop multiplexer using optical fibre Kerr shutter,�?? Electron. Lett. 40, 445-446 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, �??Error-free all-optical add-drop multiplexing at 160 Gbit/s,�?? Electron. Lett. 39, 1074-1076 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Patrick and A. D. Ellis, �??Demultiplexing using cross phase modulation-induced spectral shifts and Kerr polarization rotation in optical fibre,�?? Electron. Lett., 29, 227- 29 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

H.-F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, �??Compact 160-Gb/s add-drop multiplexer with a 40-Gb/s based rate using electroabsorption modulators,�?? IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1564-1565 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, Y. Takushima and K. Kikuchi, �??All-optical 80 Gbit/s add-drop multiplexer using fiber-based nonlinear optical loop mirror,�?? IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 840-842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Furusawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, �??Ultra-wideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,�?? Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 283-295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optical Fiber Communications Conference (5)

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, T. Tanemura, and K. Kikuchi, �??Wavelength conversion of 40-Gbit/s NRZ signal using four-wave mixing in 40-cm-long Bismuth Oxide Based highly-nonlinear optical fiber,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC2005), Anaheim USA, postdeadline paper PDP23 (2005).

J. Li, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karsson, and P. A. Andrekson, �??OTDM add-drop multiplexer based on XPM-induced wavelength shifting in highly nonlinear fiber,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC2004), Anaheim USA, paper ThN4 (2004).

L. Rau, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, and D. J. Blumenthal, �??All-optical add-drop of an OTDM channel using an ultra fast fiber based wavelength converter,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC2002), Anaheim USA, paper WM1 (2002).

C. Schubert, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, K. Schulze, V. Marembert, and H. G. Weber, �??Time division add-drop multiplexing up to 320 Gbit/s,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC2005), Anaheim USA, paper OThN2 (2005).

N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, �??Bismuth-based optical fiber with nonlinear coefficient of 1360 W-1.km-1,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2004), LA USA, postdeadline paper PDP26 (2004).

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic Press, 2001), 210-216.

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