Abstract

By exploiting the broad region of anomalous group-velocity dispersion (GVD) and the large e.ective nonlinearity of photonic nanowires, we demonstrate soliton-e.ect self-compression of 70-fs pulses down to 6.8 fs. Under suitable conditions, simulations predict that self-compression down to single-cycle duration is possible.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  14. K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, A. Suguro , �??Optical pulse compression to 3.4fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 2258-2260 (2003).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. M. A. Foster, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, �??Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions,�?? Opt. Express 12, 2880 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2880">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2880</a>
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, �??Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides,�?? Opt. Express 12, 3137 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3137">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3137</a>
    [CrossRef]
  26. Y. Lize, E. C. Mägi, V. Ta�??eed, J. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel, B. Eggleton, �??Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter,�?? Opt. Express 12, 3209 (2004), <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-32097">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-32097</a>.
  27. M. Law, D. J. Sirbuly, J. C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R. J. Saykally, P. Yang, �??Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration,�?? Science 305, 1269 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  28. E. C. Mägi, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, �??Air-hole collapse and mode transitions in microstructured fiber photonic wires,�?? Opt. Express 13, 453 (2005), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-2-453">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-2-453</a>
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, �??Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires : experiment and simulation,�?? Appl. Phys. B, 81, 363-367 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  30. T. Brabec, F. Krausz, �??Nonlinear optical pulse propagation in the single-cycle regime,�??Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3283 (1997).
  31. A. L. Gaeta, �??Nonlinear propagation and continuum generation in microstructured optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 924-926 (2002).
  32. J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, �??Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1180-1182 (2002).
  33. J. M. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu. M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O�??Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, R. S. Windeler, �??Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments,�?? Opt. Express 10, 1215 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-21-1215">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-21-1215</a>

Appl. Phys. B

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, U. Keller, �??Carrier-envelope o.set phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,�?? Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C.P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, �??Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,�?? Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Akimov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, K. Dukel�??skii, Y. Kondrat�??ev, A. Khokhlov, V. Shevandin, W. Kiefer, and A. M. Zheltikov, �??Supercontinuum generation in a multiple-submicron-core microstructure fiber: toward limiting waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes,�?? Appl. Phys. B 77, 299-305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, �??Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires : experiment and simulation,�?? Appl. Phys. B, 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am B.

B. Schenkel, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, �??Pulse compression with supercontinuum generation in microstructure fibers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 687-693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, �??Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,�?? Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

E. C. Mägi, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, �??Air-hole collapse and mode transitions in microstructured fiber photonic wires,�?? Opt. Express 13, 453 (2005), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-2-453">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-2-453</a>
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu. M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O�??Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, R. S. Windeler, �??Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments,�?? Opt. Express 10, 1215 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-21-1215">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-21-1215</a>

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, �??Single-mode properties of sub-wavelength-diameter silica, and silicon wire waveguides,�?? Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-6-1025">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-6-1025</a>
[CrossRef]

E. C. Mägi, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J. Eggleton, �??Tapered photonic crystal fibers,�?? Opt. Express 12, 776-784 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-776">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-776</a>
[CrossRef]

S. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, W. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, M. Mason, �??Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides,�?? Opt. Express 12, 2864 (2004),<a href=" http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2864"> http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2864</a>
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, �??Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions,�?? Opt. Express 12, 2880 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2880">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2880</a>
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, �??Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides,�?? Opt. Express 12, 3137 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3137">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3137</a>
[CrossRef]

Y. Lize, E. C. Mägi, V. Ta�??eed, J. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel, B. Eggleton, �??Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter,�?? Opt. Express 12, 3209 (2004), <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-32097">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-32097</a>.

Opt. Lett.

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, �??Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 1987-1989 (2003).

K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, A. Suguro , �??Optical pulse compression to 3.4fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 2258-2260 (2003).

I. P. Christov, �??Phase-dependent loss due to nonadiabatic ionization by sub-10-fs pulses,�?? Opt. Lett. 24, 1425-1427 (1999).

L. Xu, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, R. Szipocs, �??Ultrabroadband ring oscillator for sub-10-fs pulse generation,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 1259-1261 (1996).

U.Morgner, F. Kartner, S. H. Cho, E. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, �??Sub-two-cycle pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 24, 411-413 (1999).

D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, �??Semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti : sapphire laser producing pulses in the two-cycle regime,�?? Opt. Lett. 24, 631-633 (1999).

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, �??Optical pulse compression to 5 fs at a 1-MHz repetition rate,�?? Opt. Lett. 22, 102-104 (1997).

M. Nisoli, S. DeSilvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipocs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, F. Krausz, �??Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs,�?? Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).

L. Xu, C. Spielmann, A. Poppe, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, T. W. Hansch, �??Route to phase control of ultrashort light pulses,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 2008-2010 (1996).

A. L. Gaeta, �??Nonlinear propagation and continuum generation in microstructured optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 924-926 (2002).

J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, �??Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1180-1182 (2002).

Opt. Spectrosc.

A. M. Zheltikov, �??The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes,�?? Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 410-415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

S. Chelkowski, A. D. Bandrauk, �??Sensitivity of spatial photoelectron distributions to the absolute phase of an ultrashort intense laser pulse,�?? Phys. Rev. A 65, 061802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, A. Bandrauk, �??Routes to Control of Intense-Field Atomic Polarizability,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933-2936 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, �??High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the �??single-cycle�?? regime,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251-1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec, F. Krausz, �??Nonlinear optical pulse propagation in the single-cycle regime,�??Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3283 (1997).

Science

M. Law, D. J. Sirbuly, J. C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R. J. Saykally, P. Yang, �??Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration,�?? Science 305, 1269 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 1989).

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