Abstract

The emission spectrum of an erbium-doped fiber ring laser is shown to result from the nonlinear wave mixing taking place between the multiple oscillating longitudinal modes. The dependence of the resultant spectral broadening upon the signal power circulating in the laser cavity is investigated both theoretically and experimentally. In the case considered here, the extent of this spectral broadening is shown to be restrained only by the spectrally discriminating element inserted in the laser cavity. Predictions of the numerical simulations for the signal buildup and propagation in the laser cavity are found to be in good agreement with the experiment.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, �??All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369-2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, �??Wavelength-tunable single-frequency and single-polarisation Er-doped fibre ring-laser with 1.4 kHz linewidth,�?? Electron. Lett. 26, 2033-2035 (1990).

G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, and D. Reid, �??Single-frequency travelling-wave erbium-doped fiber loop laser,�?? Electron. Lett. 27, 229-230 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Wyatt, �??High power broadly tunable erbium-doped silica fibre laser,�?? Electron. Lett. 25, 1498-1499 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Bouteiller, �??Linewidth predictions for Raman fibre lasers,�?? Electron. Lett. 39, 1511-1512 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. Nilsson, S.-U. Alam, J.A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, and A. B. Grudinin, �??Highpower and tunable operation of erbium-ytterbium co-doped cladding-pumped fiber lasers,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 987-994 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Bellemare, M. Karásek, Ch. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, �??A broadly tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser: experimentation and modeling,�?? IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22-29 (2001).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, �??Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser,�?? IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 3, 613-615 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Bouteiller, �??Spectral modeling of Raman fiber lasers,�?? IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1698-1700 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, and R. I. MacDonald, �??cw three-wave mixing in single-mode optical fibers,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098-5106 (1978).
[CrossRef]

LEOS

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, S. Baek, C. Alegria, C. A. Codemard, D. B. S. Soh, V. Philippov, R. B. Williams, K. Furusawa, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, and J. Nilsson, �??The rising power of fiber lasers,�?? in Proceedings of IEEE 16th Annual Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optical Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2003), vol. 2, pp. 792-793.

OFC 2005

J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, V. N. Philippov, D. B. S. Soh, C. A. Codemard, P. Dupriez, J. Kim, D. J. Richardson, A. Malinowski, A. N. Piper, J. H. V. Price, K. Furusawa, W. A. Clarkson, and D. N. Payne, �??High power fiber lasers,�?? in Proceedings of OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005), OTuF1.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, 1995).

M. J. F. Digonnet (Ed.), Rare-Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001).

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha (Ed.), Ultrafast Lasers: Technology and Applications (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2002).

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley & Sons, New York, 1994).

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, Mill Valley, 1986).

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