Abstract

An optically integrated self-referenced frequency comb laser is demonstrated. The system consists of a passively-modelocked Er-fiber laser, a butt-coupled periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguide phase-sensor and an electronic feedback loop for carrier-envelope-offset (CEO) phase stabilization. The f ceo-beat-signal has a linewidth of 62 kHz and is detected with a S/N-ratio of 40 dB, with greatly reduced pulse energy requirements compared to bulk crystal phase-sensors. To our knowledge this is the first self-referenced frequency-comb system entirely based on guided-wave technology.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568–3571 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  19. J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

2005 (2)

2004 (7)

J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, K. S. Feder, and A. D. Yablon, “Supercontinuum generation in ultraviolet-irradiated fibers,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2363–2365 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, “Absolute measurement of a long, arbitrary distance to less than an optical fringe,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1153–1155. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jorgensen, “Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 29, 250–252. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H. R. Telle, “Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 12, 770 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Adler, K. Moutzouris, A. Leitenstorfer, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, and F. Tauser, “Phase-locked two-branch erbium-doped fiber laser system for long-term precision measurements of optical frequencies,” Opt. Express 12, 5872 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-24-5872.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2467–2469. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 69, 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Adel, P.

Adler, F.

Asimakis, S.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

Bartels, A.

J. J. McFerran, E. N. Ivanov, A. Bartels, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Low-noise synthesis of microwave signals from an optical source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 36–37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bi, Z.

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, G. C.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, M. E. Fermann, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Nicolson, and M. F. Yan, “Carrier envelope phase locking of an in-line, low-noise Er fiber system,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, G. J. Quarles, ed. (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2004), p. 176–178.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications, Systems and Technologies (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), CThG1.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

J. J. McFerran, E. N. Ivanov, A. Bartels, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Low-noise synthesis of microwave signals from an optical source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 36–37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jorgensen, “Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 29, 250–252. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DiMarcello, F.

Dong, L.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications, Systems and Technologies (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), CThG1.

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 69, 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

Fallnich, C.

Feder, K. S.

Fejer, M. M.

Feng, X.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

Fermann, M. E.

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2467–2469. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications, Systems and Technologies (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), CThG1.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, M. E. Fermann, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Nicolson, and M. F. Yan, “Carrier envelope phase locking of an in-line, low-noise Er fiber system,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, G. J. Quarles, ed. (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2004), p. 176–178.

Finazzi, V.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

Fleming, J.

Frampton, K.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

Fujimura, M.

Grosche, G.

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

Hartl, I.

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2467–2469. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, M. E. Fermann, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Nicolson, and M. F. Yan, “Carrier envelope phase locking of an in-line, low-noise Er fiber system,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, G. J. Quarles, ed. (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2004), p. 176–178.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications, Systems and Technologies (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), CThG1.

Haverkamp, N.

Hirai, A.

Hollberg, L.

J. J. McFerran, E. N. Ivanov, A. Bartels, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Low-noise synthesis of microwave signals from an optical source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 36–37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

Hong, F. L.

Hong, F.-L.

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, “Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second-harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1516–1518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, M. E. Fermann, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Nicolson, and M. F. Yan, “Carrier envelope phase locking of an in-line, low-noise Er fiber system,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, G. J. Quarles, ed. (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2004), p. 176–178.

Hundertmark, H.

Hunt, J. H.

J. H. Hunt, “Satellite Location Determination System,” US Patent #6,778,886 B2 (2004).

Imeshev, G.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications, Systems and Technologies (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), CThG1.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, M. E. Fermann, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Nicolson, and M. F. Yan, “Carrier envelope phase locking of an in-line, low-noise Er fiber system,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, G. J. Quarles, ed. (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2004), p. 176–178.

Inaba, H.

Ivanov, E. N.

J. J. McFerran, E. N. Ivanov, A. Bartels, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Low-noise synthesis of microwave signals from an optical source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 36–37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jorgensen, C.

Jorgensen, C. G.

Keller, U.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 69, 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kubina, P.

Kurz, J. R.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Leong, J. Y. Y.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

Lipphardt, B.

Ma, L. S.

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsumoto, H.

McFerran, J. J.

J. J. McFerran, E. N. Ivanov, A. Bartels, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Low-noise synthesis of microwave signals from an optical source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 36–37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Minoshima, K.

Monberg, E.

Monro, T. M.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

Moore, R. C.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

Moutzouris, K.

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nicolson, J. W.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, M. E. Fermann, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Nicolson, and M. F. Yan, “Carrier envelope phase locking of an in-line, low-noise Er fiber system,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, G. J. Quarles, ed. (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2004), p. 176–178.

Oates, C.

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oates, C. W.

J. J. McFerran, E. N. Ivanov, A. Bartels, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Low-noise synthesis of microwave signals from an optical source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 36–37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

Parameswaran, K. R.

Petropoulos, P.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

Price, J. H. V.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichert, J.

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

Robertsson, L.

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roussev, R. V.

Route, R. K.

Schibli, T. R.

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2467–2469. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, M. E. Fermann, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Nicolson, and M. F. Yan, “Carrier envelope phase locking of an in-line, low-noise Er fiber system,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, G. J. Quarles, ed. (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2004), p. 176–178.

Schnatz, H.

Steinmeyer, G.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 69, 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 69, 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugiura, T.

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 69, 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

Tauser, F.

Telle, H. R.

H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H. R. Telle, “Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 12, 770 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 69, 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Veng, T.

Wandt, D.

Washburn, B. R.

Westbrook, P. S.

Wilpers, G.

J. J. McFerran, E. N. Ivanov, A. Bartels, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Low-noise synthesis of microwave signals from an optical source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 36–37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wisk, P.

Yablon, A.

Yablon, A. D.

Yan, M. F.

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jorgensen, “Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 29, 250–252. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. Jorgensen, and T. Veng, “All-fiber, octave-spanning supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett. 28, 643–645. (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, M. E. Fermann, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Nicolson, and M. F. Yan, “Carrier envelope phase locking of an in-line, low-noise Er fiber system,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, G. J. Quarles, ed. (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2004), p. 176–178.

Ye, J.

Yoshida, M.

Zucco, M.

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 69, 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. J. McFerran, E. N. Ivanov, A. Bartels, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Low-noise synthesis of microwave signals from an optical source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 36–37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (7)

J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. Jorgensen, and T. Veng, “All-fiber, octave-spanning supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett. 28, 643–645. (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, K. S. Feder, and A. D. Yablon, “Supercontinuum generation in ultraviolet-irradiated fibers,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2363–2365 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in buried waveguides formed by annealed and reverse proton exchange in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27, 179–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jorgensen, “Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 29, 250–252. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, “Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second-harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1516–1518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2467–2469. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, “Absolute measurement of a long, arbitrary distance to less than an optical fringe,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1153–1155. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10(-19) level,” Science 303, 1843–1845. (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

J. H. Hunt, “Satellite Location Determination System,” US Patent #6,778,886 B2 (2004).

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, M. E. Fermann, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Nicolson, and M. F. Yan, “Carrier envelope phase locking of an in-line, low-noise Er fiber system,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, G. J. Quarles, ed. (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2004), p. 176–178.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications, Systems and Technologies (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), CThG1.

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A lead silicate holey fiber with g=1860 W-1km-1 at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2005), PDP22.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Setup of an all guided wave frequency comb laser. SA: saturable absorber; EDF: Erbium doped fiber; FBG fiber Bragg grating; HNLF: highly nonlinear fiber; DC: dispersion compensation fiber; IF: interference filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Schematic of the LiNbO3 waveguide containing mode filters and adiabatic tapers at input and output end to match the mode size to a single-mode fiber. The mode-field diameter in the central mixing region is reduced to enhance harmonic conversion. (b) detected second-harmonic signal at the output, back coupled to a single-mode fiber. For this measurement the fundamental 1064 light in the supercontinuum was blocked in front of the waveguide by a long-pass filter and the waveguide was lens coupled.

Fig 3.
Fig 3.

Calculated group index of the RPE-PPLN waveguide (top) and the dispersion compensating fiber (DC fiber, bottom). For comparison the group index of a bulk PPLN crystal is shown as well.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Detected RF beat signals for comparison of bulk PPLN and waveguide sensor for 1.4 nJ and 0.6 nJ pulse energy respectively. The highest peak is caused by the intermode beat of the frequency comb and corresponds to the comb spacing or equivalently to the oscillator repetition frequency. The other peaks are caused by the CEO phase slip detected in a f-2f interferometer setup.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a): Detected RF beat signal of the free running oscillator. The bandwidth of the free running f ceo related beat signal could be fitted with a 62-kHz FWHM Lorentzian line shape (b) f ceo-related beat signal of the CEO-locked oscillator.

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