Abstract

We report measurements of frequency degenerate and nondegenerate two-photon absorption (2PA) spectra of CdTe quantum dots, QDs, in glass matrices and compare them with 2PA in bulk CdTe. We find that the 2PA is strongly dependent on the size of the QDs becoming smaller with decreasing size, even when normalizing to the volume of the dots. We adapt a simple degenerate 2PA model, based on the effective mass approximation, to nondegenerate 2PA, and this model correctly describes the experimental data for 2-photon energies up to ~ 1.4Eg. This suggests that, once the spectrum for one size of quantum dot is known, the model can be used for predicting the degenerate and nondegenerate 2PA spectra of different sized QDs of the same semiconductor.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. L. Efros and A. L. Efros, “Interband absorption of light in a semiconductor sphere,” Sov. Semicond. 16, 772–775 (1982).
  2. L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C.L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination processes in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3256–3258 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, and D. Ricard, “Nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Phys. 47, 447–510 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Gerdova and A Hache, “Third-order non-linear spectroscopy of CdSe and CdSe/ZnS core shell quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 246, 205–212 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, and R. J. Manning, “Below-band-gap third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-size semiconductor crystallites,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200–1203 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. S. Duarte, H. L. Fragnito, and E. Palange, “Light induced permanent modifications of the nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor doped glasses,” Solid State Commun. 100, 463–466 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Sheik-Bahae, D.C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electron nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. D.C. Hutchings and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nondegenerate two-photon absorption in zinc blende semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2065–2074 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N.F. Borrelli, D.W. Hall, H.J. Holland, and D.W. Smith, “Quantum confinement effects of semiconducting microscrystallites in glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399–5409 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, C. L. Cesar, O. L. Alves, and F. Galembeck, “Quantum size effects on CdTexS1-x semiconductor doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2715–2717 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2005 (1)

I. Gerdova and A Hache, “Third-order non-linear spectroscopy of CdSe and CdSe/ZnS core shell quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 246, 205–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C.L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination processes in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3256–3258 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. A. Negres, J. M. Hales, A. Kobyakov, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Experiment and analysis of two-photon absorption spectroscopy using a white-light continuum probe,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1205–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, and D. Ricard, “Nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Phys. 47, 447–510 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

A. S. Duarte, H. L. Fragnito, and E. Palange, “Light induced permanent modifications of the nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor doped glasses,” Solid State Commun. 100, 463–466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Fedorov, A. V. Baranv, and K. Inoue, “Two-photon transitions in systems with semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 8627–8632 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

D.C. Hutchings and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nondegenerate two-photon absorption in zinc blende semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2065–2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, and R. J. Manning, “Below-band-gap third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-size semiconductor crystallites,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200–1203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

M. Sheik-Bahae, D.C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electron nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, C. L. Cesar, O. L. Alves, and F. Galembeck, “Quantum size effects on CdTexS1-x semiconductor doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2715–2717 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P.C. Sercel and K.J. Vahala, “Analytical formalism for determining quantum-wire and quantum-dot band-structure in the multiband envelop-function approximation,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 3690–3710 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

N.F. Borrelli, D.W. Hall, H.J. Holland, and D.W. Smith, “Quantum confinement effects of semiconducting microscrystallites in glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399–5409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1982 (1)

A. L. Efros and A. L. Efros, “Interband absorption of light in a semiconductor sphere,” Sov. Semicond. 16, 772–775 (1982).

Alves, O. L.

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, C. L. Cesar, O. L. Alves, and F. Galembeck, “Quantum size effects on CdTexS1-x semiconductor doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2715–2717 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Alves, O.L.

L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Banfi, G. P.

G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, and D. Ricard, “Nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Phys. 47, 447–510 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baranv, A. V.

A. V. Fedorov, A. V. Baranv, and K. Inoue, “Two-photon transitions in systems with semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 8627–8632 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Barbosa, L. C.

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C.L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination processes in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3256–3258 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, C. L. Cesar, O. L. Alves, and F. Galembeck, “Quantum size effects on CdTexS1-x semiconductor doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2715–2717 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Barbosa, L.C.

L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N.F.

N.F. Borrelli, D.W. Hall, H.J. Holland, and D.W. Smith, “Quantum confinement effects of semiconducting microscrystallites in glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399–5409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Brito-Cruz, C.H.

L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Burt, M. G.

D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, and R. J. Manning, “Below-band-gap third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-size semiconductor crystallites,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200–1203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cesar, C. L.

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, C. L. Cesar, O. L. Alves, and F. Galembeck, “Quantum size effects on CdTexS1-x semiconductor doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2715–2717 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cesar, C.L.

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C.L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination processes in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3256–3258 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, and R. J. Manning, “Below-band-gap third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-size semiconductor crystallites,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200–1203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Craievich, A.F.

L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Creekmore, S.

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, C. H. B.

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C.L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination processes in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3256–3258 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Oliveira, C. R. M.

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Oliveira, C.R.M.

L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
[CrossRef]

de Paula, A. M.

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Paula, A.M.

L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Degiorgio, V.

G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, and D. Ricard, “Nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Phys. 47, 447–510 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Duarte, A. S.

A. S. Duarte, H. L. Fragnito, and E. Palange, “Light induced permanent modifications of the nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor doped glasses,” Solid State Commun. 100, 463–466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Efros, A. L.

A. L. Efros and A. L. Efros, “Interband absorption of light in a semiconductor sphere,” Sov. Semicond. 16, 772–775 (1982).

A. L. Efros and A. L. Efros, “Interband absorption of light in a semiconductor sphere,” Sov. Semicond. 16, 772–775 (1982).

Fedorov, A. V.

A. V. Fedorov, A. V. Baranv, and K. Inoue, “Two-photon transitions in systems with semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 8627–8632 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fragnito, H. L.

A. S. Duarte, H. L. Fragnito, and E. Palange, “Light induced permanent modifications of the nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor doped glasses,” Solid State Commun. 100, 463–466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Galembeck, F.

J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, C. L. Cesar, O. L. Alves, and F. Galembeck, “Quantum size effects on CdTexS1-x semiconductor doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2715–2717 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gerdova, I.

I. Gerdova and A Hache, “Third-order non-linear spectroscopy of CdSe and CdSe/ZnS core shell quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 246, 205–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hache, A

I. Gerdova and A Hache, “Third-order non-linear spectroscopy of CdSe and CdSe/ZnS core shell quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 246, 205–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

R. A. Negres, J. M. Hales, A. Kobyakov, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Experiment and analysis of two-photon absorption spectroscopy using a white-light continuum probe,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1205–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D.C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electron nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hales, J. M.

R. A. Negres, J. M. Hales, A. Kobyakov, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Experiment and analysis of two-photon absorption spectroscopy using a white-light continuum probe,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1205–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D.W.

N.F. Borrelli, D.W. Hall, H.J. Holland, and D.W. Smith, “Quantum confinement effects of semiconducting microscrystallites in glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399–5409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Holland, H.J.

N.F. Borrelli, D.W. Hall, H.J. Holland, and D.W. Smith, “Quantum confinement effects of semiconducting microscrystallites in glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399–5409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y. Z.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hutchings, D.C.

D.C. Hutchings and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nondegenerate two-photon absorption in zinc blende semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2065–2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D.C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electron nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

A. V. Fedorov, A. V. Baranv, and K. Inoue, “Two-photon transitions in systems with semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 8627–8632 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jung, S. S.

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kang, K. I.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. H.

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kobyakov, A.

R. A. Negres, J. M. Hales, A. Kobyakov, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Experiment and analysis of two-photon absorption spectroscopy using a white-light continuum probe,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1205–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koch, S. W.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L. C.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, and R. J. Manning, “Below-band-gap third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-size semiconductor crystallites,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200–1203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marotti, R.E.

L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McGinnis, B. P.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Medeiros Neto, J. A.

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, C. L. Cesar, O. L. Alves, and F. Galembeck, “Quantum size effects on CdTexS1-x semiconductor doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2715–2717 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Menezes, E. A.

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mott, A.

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Namkung, M.

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Negres, R. A.

R. A. Negres, J. M. Hales, A. Kobyakov, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Experiment and analysis of two-photon absorption spectroscopy using a white-light continuum probe,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1205–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Neves, A. A. R.

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C.L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination processes in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3256–3258 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Padilha, L. A.

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C.L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination processes in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3256–3258 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Palange, E.

A. S. Duarte, H. L. Fragnito, and E. Palange, “Light induced permanent modifications of the nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor doped glasses,” Solid State Commun. 100, 463–466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Plentz Filho, F. O.

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Qu, L.

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reynoso, V.C.S.

L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ricard, D.

G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, and D. Ricard, “Nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Phys. 47, 447–510 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rios, J. M. M.

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Risbud, H.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sandalphon,

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Seo, J. T.

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sercel, P.C.

P.C. Sercel and K.J. Vahala, “Analytical formalism for determining quantum-wire and quantum-dot band-structure in the multiband envelop-function approximation,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 3690–3710 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D.C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electron nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D.W.

N.F. Borrelli, D.W. Hall, H.J. Holland, and D.W. Smith, “Quantum confinement effects of semiconducting microscrystallites in glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399–5409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Soileau, M. J.

Stryland, E. W. Van

R. A. Negres, J. M. Hales, A. Kobyakov, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Experiment and analysis of two-photon absorption spectroscopy using a white-light continuum probe,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1205–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D.C. Hutchings and E. W. Van Stryland, “Nondegenerate two-photon absorption in zinc blende semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2065–2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D.C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electron nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. W. Van Stryland, M. A. Woodall, H. Vanherzeele, and M. J. Soileau, “Energy band-gap dependence of 2-photon absorption,” Opt. Lett. 10, 490–492 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Temple, D

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K.J.

P.C. Sercel and K.J. Vahala, “Analytical formalism for determining quantum-wire and quantum-dot band-structure in the multiband envelop-function approximation,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 3690–3710 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Vanherzeele, H.

Wang, A.

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Woodall, M. A.

Yang, Q.

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, W.

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Phys. (1)

G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, and D. Ricard, “Nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Phys. 47, 447–510 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C.L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination processes in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3256–3258 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, C. L. Cesar, O. L. Alves, and F. Galembeck, “Quantum size effects on CdTexS1-x semiconductor doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2715–2717 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. R. M. de Oliveira, A. M. de Paula, F. O. Plentz Filho, J. A. Medeiros Neto, L. C. Barbosa, O. L. Alves, E. A. Menezes, J. M. M. Rios, H. L. Fragnito, C. H. B. Cruz, and C. L. Cesar, “Probing of the quantum dot size distribution in CdTe-doped-glasses by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 439–441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, J. M. Hales, A. Kobyakov, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Experiment and analysis of two-photon absorption spectroscopy using a white-light continuum probe,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1205–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D.C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electron nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N.F. Borrelli, D.W. Hall, H.J. Holland, and D.W. Smith, “Quantum confinement effects of semiconducting microscrystallites in glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399–5409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

L.C. Barbosa, V.C.S. Reynoso, A.M. de Paula, C.R.M. de Oliveira, O.L. Alves, A.F. Craievich, R.E. Marotti, C.H. Brito-Cruz, and C.L. Cesar, “CdTe quantum dots by melt heat treatment in borosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 219, 205–211 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

I. Gerdova and A Hache, “Third-order non-linear spectroscopy of CdSe and CdSe/ZnS core shell quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 246, 205–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. E (1)

J. T. Seo, Q. Yang, S. Creekmore, D Temple, L. Qu, W. Yu, A. Wang, X. Peng, A. Mott, M. Namkung, S. S. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of cadmium chalcogenide nanomaterials,” Phys. E 17, 101–103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, and H. Risbud, “Confinement-induced valence-band mixing in CdS quantum dots observed by twophoton spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465–3468 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Fedorov, A. V. Baranv, and K. Inoue, “Two-photon transitions in systems with semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 8627–8632 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P.C. Sercel and K.J. Vahala, “Analytical formalism for determining quantum-wire and quantum-dot band-structure in the multiband envelop-function approximation,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 3690–3710 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, and R. J. Manning, “Below-band-gap third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-size semiconductor crystallites,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200–1203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solid State Commun. (1)

A. S. Duarte, H. L. Fragnito, and E. Palange, “Light induced permanent modifications of the nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor doped glasses,” Solid State Commun. 100, 463–466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Semicond. (1)

A. L. Efros and A. L. Efros, “Interband absorption of light in a semiconductor sphere,” Sov. Semicond. 16, 772–775 (1982).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Linear absorption spectra for CdTe-600 and CdTe-570. The linear absorption for CdTe-750 is shown in the inset.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Degenerate and nondegenerate 2PA spectra for CdTe-750 for three different pump photon energies. For the degenerate Z-scan data ω1 = ω2. The lines following the experimental data are calculated from theory, and the dotted line is the theory for degenerate 2PA in bulk CdTe.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Degenerate and nondegenerate 2PA spectra for CdTe-600 for three different pump photon energies. For the degenerate Z-scan data ω1 = ω2. The lines following the experimental data are calculated from theory.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Comparison of the nondegenerate 2PA spectra for the three different samples normalized by the fill fraction of each sample and by the Maxwell-Garnet local field correction

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

W nd ( 2 ) = 2 π ħ i , f M f , i nd 2 δ ( E f E i ħ ω 2 ħ ω 1 ) ,
M f , i nd = a H 2 f , a H 1 a , i E a E i ħ ω 1 i ħ γ + H 1 f , a H 2 a , i E a E i ħ ω 2 i ħ γ ,
β ND = N ρ x 1 x 2 2 ( k 2 E g 5 F ND ( 2 ) + Q 2 E g 3 Φ ND ( 2 ) ) ,
Φ ND ( 2 ) = j = 1 3 i ( 2 l i + 1 ) δ ( E i c E i h j ħ ω 1 ħ ω 2 ) ,
F ND ( 2 ) = 1 R 2 j = 1 3 i , f T i , f c . h j ND ( l f δ l f , l i + 1 + l i δ l f , l i 1 ) ξ f 2 ξ i 2 ( ξ f 2 ξ i 2 ) 2 δ ( E f c E i h j ħ ω 1 ħ ω 2 ) ,
T i , f c , h j ND = 1 m c E g E i c E f c + ħ ω 1 i ħ γ + 1 m c E g E i c E f c + ħ ω 2 i ħ γ +
1 m h j E g E i h j E f h j + ħ ω 1 + i ħ γ + 1 m h j E g E i h j E f h j + ħ ω 2 + i ħ γ 2 ,

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