Abstract

We propose a new all-optical signal processing technique to enhance the performance of a return-to-zero optical receiver, which is based on nonlinear temporal pulse broadening and flattening in a normal dispersion fiber and subsequent slicing of the pulse temporal waveform. The potential of the method is demonstrated by application to timing jitter-and noise-limited transmission at 40Gbit/s.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and K. Bertilsson, “Soliton interaction penalty reduction by receiver filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1042–1044 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Suzuki, H. Toda, A. H. Liang, and A. Hasegawa, “Improvement of amplitude and phase margins in an RZ optical receiver using Kerr nonlinearity in normal dispersion fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1248–1250 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Suzuki and H. Toda, “Q-factor improvement in a jitter limited optical RZ system using nonlinearity of normal dispersion fiber placed at receiver,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Paper WH3 (2001).
  4. S. Boscolo and S. K. Turitsyn, “All-optical nonlinear pulse processing based on normal dispersion-fiber enhanced nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1912–1914 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, “Nonlinear picosecond-pulse propagating through optical fibers with positive group velocity dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910–913 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses chirped by self-phase modulation in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139–149 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Boscolo, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical passive quasi-regeneration in transoceanic 40Gbit/s return-to-zero transmission systems with strong dispersion management,” Opt. Commun. 205, 277–280 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. Marcuse, “RMS width of pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 17–21 (1992).
    [Crossref]

2004 (1)

S. Boscolo and S. K. Turitsyn, “All-optical nonlinear pulse processing based on normal dispersion-fiber enhanced nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1912–1914 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. Boscolo, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical passive quasi-regeneration in transoceanic 40Gbit/s return-to-zero transmission systems with strong dispersion management,” Opt. Commun. 205, 277–280 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

M. Suzuki, H. Toda, A. H. Liang, and A. Hasegawa, “Improvement of amplitude and phase margins in an RZ optical receiver using Kerr nonlinearity in normal dispersion fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1248–1250 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and K. Bertilsson, “Soliton interaction penalty reduction by receiver filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1042–1044 (1998).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

D. Marcuse, “RMS width of pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 17–21 (1992).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

1981 (1)

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, “Nonlinear picosecond-pulse propagating through optical fibers with positive group velocity dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910–913 (1981).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P. A.

B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and K. Bertilsson, “Soliton interaction penalty reduction by receiver filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1042–1044 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bakhshi, B.

B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and K. Bertilsson, “Soliton interaction penalty reduction by receiver filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1042–1044 (1998).
[Crossref]

Balant, A. C.

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, “Nonlinear picosecond-pulse propagating through optical fibers with positive group velocity dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910–913 (1981).
[Crossref]

Bertilsson, K.

B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and K. Bertilsson, “Soliton interaction penalty reduction by receiver filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1042–1044 (1998).
[Crossref]

Blow, K. J.

S. Boscolo, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical passive quasi-regeneration in transoceanic 40Gbit/s return-to-zero transmission systems with strong dispersion management,” Opt. Commun. 205, 277–280 (2002).
[Crossref]

Boscolo, S.

S. Boscolo and S. K. Turitsyn, “All-optical nonlinear pulse processing based on normal dispersion-fiber enhanced nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1912–1914 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Boscolo, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical passive quasi-regeneration in transoceanic 40Gbit/s return-to-zero transmission systems with strong dispersion management,” Opt. Commun. 205, 277–280 (2002).
[Crossref]

Grischkowsky, D.

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, “Nonlinear picosecond-pulse propagating through optical fibers with positive group velocity dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910–913 (1981).
[Crossref]

Hasegawa, A.

M. Suzuki, H. Toda, A. H. Liang, and A. Hasegawa, “Improvement of amplitude and phase margins in an RZ optical receiver using Kerr nonlinearity in normal dispersion fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1248–1250 (2001).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and K. Bertilsson, “Soliton interaction penalty reduction by receiver filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1042–1044 (1998).
[Crossref]

Liang, A. H.

M. Suzuki, H. Toda, A. H. Liang, and A. Hasegawa, “Improvement of amplitude and phase margins in an RZ optical receiver using Kerr nonlinearity in normal dispersion fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1248–1250 (2001).
[Crossref]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, “RMS width of pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 17–21 (1992).
[Crossref]

Nakatsuka, H.

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, “Nonlinear picosecond-pulse propagating through optical fibers with positive group velocity dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910–913 (1981).
[Crossref]

Shank, C. V.

Stolen, R. H.

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, H. Toda, A. H. Liang, and A. Hasegawa, “Improvement of amplitude and phase margins in an RZ optical receiver using Kerr nonlinearity in normal dispersion fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1248–1250 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Suzuki and H. Toda, “Q-factor improvement in a jitter limited optical RZ system using nonlinearity of normal dispersion fiber placed at receiver,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Paper WH3 (2001).

Toda, H.

M. Suzuki, H. Toda, A. H. Liang, and A. Hasegawa, “Improvement of amplitude and phase margins in an RZ optical receiver using Kerr nonlinearity in normal dispersion fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1248–1250 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Suzuki and H. Toda, “Q-factor improvement in a jitter limited optical RZ system using nonlinearity of normal dispersion fiber placed at receiver,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Paper WH3 (2001).

Tomlinson, W. J.

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. Boscolo and S. K. Turitsyn, “All-optical nonlinear pulse processing based on normal dispersion-fiber enhanced nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1912–1914 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Boscolo, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical passive quasi-regeneration in transoceanic 40Gbit/s return-to-zero transmission systems with strong dispersion management,” Opt. Commun. 205, 277–280 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and K. Bertilsson, “Soliton interaction penalty reduction by receiver filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1042–1044 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Suzuki, H. Toda, A. H. Liang, and A. Hasegawa, “Improvement of amplitude and phase margins in an RZ optical receiver using Kerr nonlinearity in normal dispersion fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1248–1250 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Boscolo and S. K. Turitsyn, “All-optical nonlinear pulse processing based on normal dispersion-fiber enhanced nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1912–1914 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. Marcuse, “RMS width of pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 17–21 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Boscolo, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical passive quasi-regeneration in transoceanic 40Gbit/s return-to-zero transmission systems with strong dispersion management,” Opt. Commun. 205, 277–280 (2002).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, “Nonlinear picosecond-pulse propagating through optical fibers with positive group velocity dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910–913 (1981).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

M. Suzuki and H. Toda, “Q-factor improvement in a jitter limited optical RZ system using nonlinearity of normal dispersion fiber placed at receiver,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Paper WH3 (2001).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schemes of the proposed RZ optical receiver.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Amplitude modulator transfer function.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Q-factor versus cut-off frequency of the electrical filter and bandwidth of the optical filter for timing jitter-limited transmission. Top, conventional receiver; bottom, NDF-processed receiver (left) and proposed pulse processor-enhanced receiver (right).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Eye-diagrams in the receiver for timing jitter-limited transmission.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Q-factor versus cut-off frequency of the electrical filter and bandwidth of the optical filter for noise-limited transmission. Left, conventional receiver; right, proposed pulse processor-enhanced receiver.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Eye-diagrams in the receiver for noise-limited transmission.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Q-factor penalty versus shift from the sampling time for which the Q is maximal.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Timing jitter reduction factor versus modulation depth parameter x and parameter m.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Q-factor versus gain of the amplifier.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Q-factor improvement in the proposed receiver over that in the conventional receiver versus duty cycle of the received pulses. Insets: detected signal eye-diagrams.

Equations (3)

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f ( t ) = x + ( 1 x ) cos 2 m ( π ( t t 0 ) T ) , m = 1,2 ,
Δ t = [ 1 N i = 1 N ( T i t ) 2 ] 1 / 2 ,
t i = T / 2 T / 2 d t t P i ( t ) T / 2 T / 2 d t P i ( t ) , T i = t i P i P tot , t = 1 N i = 1 N T i .

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