Abstract

The propagation behaviors, which include the carrier-envelope phase, the area evolution and the solitary pulse number of few-cycle pulses in a dense two-level medium, are investigated based on full-wave Maxwell-Bloch equations by taking Lorentz local field correction (LFC) into account. Several novel features are found: the difference of the carrier-envelope phase between the cases with and without LFC can go up to π at some location; although the area of ultrashort solitary pulses is lager than 2π, the area of the effective Rabi frequency, which equals to that the Rabi frequency pluses the product of the strength of the near dipole-dipole (NDD) interaction and the polarization, is consistent with the standard area theorem and keeps 2π; the large area pulse penetrating into the medium produces several solitary pulses as usual, but the number of solitary pulses changes at certain condition.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2004 (4)

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, and Z.Z. Xu, “Propagation of an attosecond pulse in a dense two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, S.Q. Jin, and Z.Z. Xu, “Formation of higher spectral components in a two-level medium driven by two-color ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 015801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, S.Q. Jin, X.L. Feng, and Z.Z. Xu, “Coherent control of spectra effects with chirped femtosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Comm. 236, 151–157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133006 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

T. Serényi, C. Benedek, and M.G. Benedict, “Femtosecond light pulses in GaAs, third harmonic generation by carrier wave Rabi flopping,” Fortschr. Phys. 51, 226–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O.G. Calderón, M.A. Antón, and F. Carreño, “Near dipole-dipole effects in a V-type medium with vacuum induced coherence,” Eur. Phys. J. D 25, 77–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

O.D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, and M. Wegener, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.G. Paulus, F. Grashon, H. Walther, P. Vllloresl, M. Nlsoll, S. Staglra, E. Prlorl, and S. De Sllvestrl, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

R. M. Potvliege, N.J. Kylstra, and C.J. Joachain, “Photon emission by He+ in intense ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 33, L743–L748 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

V.P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, “Formation of optical subcycle pulses and full Maxwell-Bloch solitary waves by coherent propagation effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 544–547 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V.P. Kalosha, M. Müller, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of solid-state laser mode locking by coherent semiconductor quantum-well absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 323 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

J.K. Ranka, R.W. Schirmer, and A.L. Gaeta, “Coherent spectroscopic effects in the propagation of ultrashort pulses through a two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R36–R39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Miloševic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1837–1840 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Müller, V. P. Kalosha, and J. Herrmann, “Intracavity self-induced transparency of a multilevel absorber,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1372–1381 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Hughes, “Breakdown of the area theorem: carrier-wave Rabi flopping of femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3363–3366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

1995 (7)

W. Miklaszewski, “Near-resonant propagation of the light pulse in a homogenerously broadened two-level medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1909–1917 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A.E. Kaplan and P.L. Shkolnikov, “Electromagnetic “Bubbles” and shock waves: unipolar, non oscillating EM solitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2316–2319 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kinrot and Y. Prior, “Nonlinear interaction of propagating short pulses in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4996–5007 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N.J. Wang and H. Rabitz, “Near dipole-dipole effects in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 5029–5031 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Scalora and C.M. Bowden, “Propagation effects and ultrafast optical switching in dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4048–4056 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stingel, M. Lenzner, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-10-fs mirror-dispersion-controlled Ti: sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 602 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R.W. Ziolkowski, J.M. Arnold, and D.M. Gogny, “Ultrafast pulse interaction with tow-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 3082–3094 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

C.M. Bowden and J.P. Dowling, “Near-dipole-dipole effects in dense media: generalized Maxwell-Bloch equations,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 1247–1251 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.P. Dowling and C.M. Bowden, “Near dipole-dipole effects in lasing without inversion: an enhancement of gain and absorptionless index of refraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1421–1424 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

M.E. Crenshaw, M. Scalora, and C.M. Bowden, “Ultrafast intrinsic optical switching in a dense medium of two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 911–914 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

C.M. Bowden, A. Postan, and R. Inguva, “Invariant pulse propagation and self-phase modulation in dense media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1081–1084 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M.G. Benedict, V.A. Malyshev, E.D. Trfonov, and A.I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: local-field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845–3853 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

F.A. Hopf, C.M. Bowden, and W.H. Louisell, “Mirrorless optical bistability with the use of the local-field correction,” Phys. Rev. A 29, 2591–2596 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

G. Mur, “Absorbing boundary conditions for the finite-difference approximation of the time-domain electromagnetic-field equations,” IEEE Trans. Electronmagn. Compat. EMC-23, 377–382 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

R. Friedberg, S.R. Hartmann, and J.T. Manassah, “Frequency shifts in emission and absorption by resonant systems of two-level atoms,” Phys. Rep. C7, 101–179 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

R.K. Bullough and F. Ahmad, “Exact solutions of the self-induced transparency equations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 330–333 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

S.L. McCall and E.L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. 183, 457–485 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

S.L. McCall and E.L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency by pulsed coherent light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 908–911 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

K.S. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 14, 302–307 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, F.

R.K. Bullough and F. Ahmad, “Exact solutions of the self-induced transparency equations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 330–333 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen and J.H. Eberly, “theorem” in Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms, (Wiley, New York, 1975).

Antoine, P.

A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Miloševic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1837–1840 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Antón, M.A.

O.G. Calderón, M.A. Antón, and F. Carreño, “Near dipole-dipole effects in a V-type medium with vacuum induced coherence,” Eur. Phys. J. D 25, 77–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, J.M.

R.W. Ziolkowski, J.M. Arnold, and D.M. Gogny, “Ultrafast pulse interaction with tow-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 3082–3094 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Z.Y. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Optical pulse compression to 5 fs at a 1-MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedek, C.

T. Serényi, C. Benedek, and M.G. Benedict, “Femtosecond light pulses in GaAs, third harmonic generation by carrier wave Rabi flopping,” Fortschr. Phys. 51, 226–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Benedict, M.G.

T. Serényi, C. Benedek, and M.G. Benedict, “Femtosecond light pulses in GaAs, third harmonic generation by carrier wave Rabi flopping,” Fortschr. Phys. 51, 226–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M.G. Benedict, V.A. Malyshev, E.D. Trfonov, and A.I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: local-field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845–3853 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowden, C.M.

M.E. Crenshaw, K.U. Sullivan, and C.M. Bowden, “Local field effects in multicomponent media,” Opt. Express 1, 152–159 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Scalora and C.M. Bowden, “Propagation effects and ultrafast optical switching in dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4048–4056 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.M. Bowden and J.P. Dowling, “Near-dipole-dipole effects in dense media: generalized Maxwell-Bloch equations,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 1247–1251 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.P. Dowling and C.M. Bowden, “Near dipole-dipole effects in lasing without inversion: an enhancement of gain and absorptionless index of refraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1421–1424 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.E. Crenshaw, M. Scalora, and C.M. Bowden, “Ultrafast intrinsic optical switching in a dense medium of two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 911–914 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.M. Bowden, A. Postan, and R. Inguva, “Invariant pulse propagation and self-phase modulation in dense media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1081–1084 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F.A. Hopf, C.M. Bowden, and W.H. Louisell, “Mirrorless optical bistability with the use of the local-field correction,” Phys. Rev. A 29, 2591–2596 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bullough, R.K.

R.K. Bullough and F. Ahmad, “Exact solutions of the self-induced transparency equations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 330–333 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Calderón, O.G.

O.G. Calderón, M.A. Antón, and F. Carreño, “Near dipole-dipole effects in a V-type medium with vacuum induced coherence,” Eur. Phys. J. D 25, 77–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carreño, F.

O.G. Calderón, M.A. Antón, and F. Carreño, “Near dipole-dipole effects in a V-type medium with vacuum induced coherence,” Eur. Phys. J. D 25, 77–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Crenshaw, M.E.

M.E. Crenshaw, K.U. Sullivan, and C.M. Bowden, “Local field effects in multicomponent media,” Opt. Express 1, 152–159 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.E. Crenshaw, M. Scalora, and C.M. Bowden, “Ultrafast intrinsic optical switching in a dense medium of two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 911–914 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Bohan, A.

A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Miloševic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1837–1840 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De Sllvestrl, S.

G.G. Paulus, F. Grashon, H. Walther, P. Vllloresl, M. Nlsoll, S. Staglra, E. Prlorl, and S. De Sllvestrl, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dowling, J.P.

C.M. Bowden and J.P. Dowling, “Near-dipole-dipole effects in dense media: generalized Maxwell-Bloch equations,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 1247–1251 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.P. Dowling and C.M. Bowden, “Near dipole-dipole effects in lasing without inversion: an enhancement of gain and absorptionless index of refraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1421–1424 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eberly, J.H.

L. Allen and J.H. Eberly, “theorem” in Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms, (Wiley, New York, 1975).

Feng, X.L.

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, S.Q. Jin, X.L. Feng, and Z.Z. Xu, “Coherent control of spectra effects with chirped femtosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Comm. 236, 151–157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Friedberg, R.

R. Friedberg, S.R. Hartmann, and J.T. Manassah, “Frequency shifts in emission and absorption by resonant systems of two-level atoms,” Phys. Rep. C7, 101–179 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A.L.

J.K. Ranka, R.W. Schirmer, and A.L. Gaeta, “Coherent spectroscopic effects in the propagation of ultrashort pulses through a two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R36–R39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gogny, D.M.

R.W. Ziolkowski, J.M. Arnold, and D.M. Gogny, “Ultrafast pulse interaction with tow-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 3082–3094 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gohle, C.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, S.Q.

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, and Z.Z. Xu, “Propagation of an attosecond pulse in a dense two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, S.Q. Jin, and Z.Z. Xu, “Formation of higher spectral components in a two-level medium driven by two-color ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 015801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, S.Q. Jin, X.L. Feng, and Z.Z. Xu, “Coherent control of spectra effects with chirped femtosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Comm. 236, 151–157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goullelmakls, E.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grashon, F.

G.G. Paulus, F. Grashon, H. Walther, P. Vllloresl, M. Nlsoll, S. Staglra, E. Prlorl, and S. De Sllvestrl, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gross, B.

Hahn, E.L.

S.L. McCall and E.L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. 183, 457–485 (1969).
[CrossRef]

S.L. McCall and E.L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency by pulsed coherent light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 908–911 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T.W.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartmann, S.R.

R. Friedberg, S.R. Hartmann, and J.T. Manassah, “Frequency shifts in emission and absorption by resonant systems of two-level atoms,” Phys. Rep. C7, 101–179 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

V.P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, “Formation of optical subcycle pulses and full Maxwell-Bloch solitary waves by coherent propagation effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 544–547 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V.P. Kalosha, M. Müller, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of solid-state laser mode locking by coherent semiconductor quantum-well absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 323 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Müller, V. P. Kalosha, and J. Herrmann, “Intracavity self-induced transparency of a multilevel absorber,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1372–1381 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hopf, F.A.

F.A. Hopf, C.M. Bowden, and W.H. Louisell, “Mirrorless optical bistability with the use of the local-field correction,” Phys. Rev. A 29, 2591–2596 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, S.

S. Hughes, “Breakdown of the area theorem: carrier-wave Rabi flopping of femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3363–3366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Inguva, R.

Jackson, J.D.

J.D. Jackson, “relation”, in Classical Electrodynamics, 2nd ed. (Wiley New York, 1975).

Jarque, E.C.

Jin, S.Q.

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, S.Q. Jin, and Z.Z. Xu, “Formation of higher spectral components in a two-level medium driven by two-color ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 015801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, S.Q. Jin, X.L. Feng, and Z.Z. Xu, “Coherent control of spectra effects with chirped femtosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Comm. 236, 151–157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Joachain, C.J.

R. M. Potvliege, N.J. Kylstra, and C.J. Joachain, “Photon emission by He+ in intense ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 33, L743–L748 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kalosha, V. P.

M. Müller, V. P. Kalosha, and J. Herrmann, “Intracavity self-induced transparency of a multilevel absorber,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1372–1381 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kalosha, V.P.

V.P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, “Formation of optical subcycle pulses and full Maxwell-Bloch solitary waves by coherent propagation effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 544–547 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V.P. Kalosha, M. Müller, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of solid-state laser mode locking by coherent semiconductor quantum-well absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 323 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, A.E.

A.E. Kaplan and P.L. Shkolnikov, “Electromagnetic “Bubbles” and shock waves: unipolar, non oscillating EM solitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2316–2319 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kinrot, O.

O. Kinrot and Y. Prior, “Nonlinear interaction of propagating short pulses in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4996–5007 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stingel, M. Lenzner, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-10-fs mirror-dispersion-controlled Ti: sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 602 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kylstra, N.J.

R. M. Potvliege, N.J. Kylstra, and C.J. Joachain, “Photon emission by He+ in intense ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 33, L743–L748 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133006 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Louisell, W.H.

F.A. Hopf, C.M. Bowden, and W.H. Louisell, “Mirrorless optical bistability with the use of the local-field correction,” Phys. Rev. A 29, 2591–2596 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Malyshev, V.

Malyshev, V.A.

M.G. Benedict, V.A. Malyshev, E.D. Trfonov, and A.I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: local-field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845–3853 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manassah, J.T.

J.T. Manassah and B. Gross, “The dynamical Lorentz shift in an extended optically dense superradiant amplifier,” Opt. Express 1, 141–151 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Friedberg, S.R. Hartmann, and J.T. Manassah, “Frequency shifts in emission and absorption by resonant systems of two-level atoms,” Phys. Rep. C7, 101–179 (1973).
[CrossRef]

McCall, S.L.

S.L. McCall and E.L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. 183, 457–485 (1969).
[CrossRef]

S.L. McCall and E.L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency by pulsed coherent light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 908–911 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Miklaszewski, W.

Miloševic, D. B.

A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Miloševic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1837–1840 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mücke, O.D.

O.D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, and M. Wegener, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müller, M.

V.P. Kalosha, M. Müller, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of solid-state laser mode locking by coherent semiconductor quantum-well absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 323 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Müller, V. P. Kalosha, and J. Herrmann, “Intracavity self-induced transparency of a multilevel absorber,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1372–1381 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mur, G.

G. Mur, “Absorbing boundary conditions for the finite-difference approximation of the time-domain electromagnetic-field equations,” IEEE Trans. Electronmagn. Compat. EMC-23, 377–382 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nlsoll, M.

G.G. Paulus, F. Grashon, H. Walther, P. Vllloresl, M. Nlsoll, S. Staglra, E. Prlorl, and S. De Sllvestrl, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paulus, G.G.

G.G. Paulus, F. Grashon, H. Walther, P. Vllloresl, M. Nlsoll, S. Staglra, E. Prlorl, and S. De Sllvestrl, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piraux, B.

A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Miloševic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1837–1840 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Postan, A.

Potvliege, R. M.

R. M. Potvliege, N.J. Kylstra, and C.J. Joachain, “Photon emission by He+ in intense ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 33, L743–L748 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prior, Y.

O. Kinrot and Y. Prior, “Nonlinear interaction of propagating short pulses in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4996–5007 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prlorl, E.

G.G. Paulus, F. Grashon, H. Walther, P. Vllloresl, M. Nlsoll, S. Staglra, E. Prlorl, and S. De Sllvestrl, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Rabitz, H.

N.J. Wang and H. Rabitz, “Near dipole-dipole effects in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 5029–5031 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranka, J.K.

J.K. Ranka, R.W. Schirmer, and A.L. Gaeta, “Coherent spectroscopic effects in the propagation of ultrashort pulses through a two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R36–R39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scalora, M.

M. Scalora and C.M. Bowden, “Propagation effects and ultrafast optical switching in dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4048–4056 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.E. Crenshaw, M. Scalora, and C.M. Bowden, “Ultrafast intrinsic optical switching in a dense medium of two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 911–914 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schirmer, R.W.

J.K. Ranka, R.W. Schirmer, and A.L. Gaeta, “Coherent spectroscopic effects in the propagation of ultrashort pulses through a two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R36–R39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scrlnzl, A.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serényi, T.

T. Serényi, C. Benedek, and M.G. Benedict, “Femtosecond light pulses in GaAs, third harmonic generation by carrier wave Rabi flopping,” Fortschr. Phys. 51, 226–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shkolnikov, P.L.

A.E. Kaplan and P.L. Shkolnikov, “Electromagnetic “Bubbles” and shock waves: unipolar, non oscillating EM solitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2316–2319 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, X.H.

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, S.Q. Jin, X.L. Feng, and Z.Z. Xu, “Coherent control of spectra effects with chirped femtosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Comm. 236, 151–157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, and Z.Z. Xu, “Propagation of an attosecond pulse in a dense two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, S.Q. Jin, and Z.Z. Xu, “Formation of higher spectral components in a two-level medium driven by two-color ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 015801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

Staglra, S.

G.G. Paulus, F. Grashon, H. Walther, P. Vllloresl, M. Nlsoll, S. Staglra, E. Prlorl, and S. De Sllvestrl, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stingel, A.

Sullivan, K.U.

Szipöcs, R.

Taflove, A.

A. Taflove, “cΔt≤ Δz”, in Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 1st ed. (Artech House, Boston London, 1995).

Trfonov, E.D.

M.G. Benedict, V.A. Malyshev, E.D. Trfonov, and A.I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: local-field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845–3853 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tritschler, T.

O.D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, and M. Wegener, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ulberacker, M.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vllloresl, P.

G.G. Paulus, F. Grashon, H. Walther, P. Vllloresl, M. Nlsoll, S. Staglra, E. Prlorl, and S. De Sllvestrl, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

G.G. Paulus, F. Grashon, H. Walther, P. Vllloresl, M. Nlsoll, S. Staglra, E. Prlorl, and S. De Sllvestrl, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, N.J.

N.J. Wang and H. Rabitz, “Near dipole-dipole effects in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 5029–5031 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

O.D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, and M. Wegener, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, Z.Y.

Wiersma, D. A.

Xu, Z.Z.

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, S.Q. Jin, X.L. Feng, and Z.Z. Xu, “Coherent control of spectra effects with chirped femtosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Comm. 236, 151–157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, and Z.Z. Xu, “Propagation of an attosecond pulse in a dense two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, S.Q. Jin, and Z.Z. Xu, “Formation of higher spectral components in a two-level medium driven by two-color ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 015801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V.S.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, W.F.

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, S.Q. Jin, X.L. Feng, and Z.Z. Xu, “Coherent control of spectra effects with chirped femtosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Comm. 236, 151–157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, and Z.Z. Xu, “Propagation of an attosecond pulse in a dense two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yee, K.S.

K.S. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 14, 302–307 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Zaitsev, A.I.

M.G. Benedict, V.A. Malyshev, E.D. Trfonov, and A.I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: local-field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845–3853 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ziolkowski, R.W.

R.W. Ziolkowski, J.M. Arnold, and D.M. Gogny, “Ultrafast pulse interaction with tow-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 3082–3094 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

O.G. Calderón, M.A. Antón, and F. Carreño, “Near dipole-dipole effects in a V-type medium with vacuum induced coherence,” Eur. Phys. J. D 25, 77–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fortschr. Phys. (1)

T. Serényi, C. Benedek, and M.G. Benedict, “Femtosecond light pulses in GaAs, third harmonic generation by carrier wave Rabi flopping,” Fortschr. Phys. 51, 226–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

K.S. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 14, 302–307 (1966).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Electronmagn. Compat. (1)

G. Mur, “Absorbing boundary conditions for the finite-difference approximation of the time-domain electromagnetic-field equations,” IEEE Trans. Electronmagn. Compat. EMC-23, 377–382 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

J. Phys. B (1)

R. M. Potvliege, N.J. Kylstra, and C.J. Joachain, “Photon emission by He+ in intense ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 33, L743–L748 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

G.G. Paulus, F. Grashon, H. Walther, P. Vllloresl, M. Nlsoll, S. Staglra, E. Prlorl, and S. De Sllvestrl, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Ulberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goullelmakls, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrlnzl, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Comm. (1)

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, S.Q. Jin, X.L. Feng, and Z.Z. Xu, “Coherent control of spectra effects with chirped femtosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Comm. 236, 151–157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rep. (1)

R. Friedberg, S.R. Hartmann, and J.T. Manassah, “Frequency shifts in emission and absorption by resonant systems of two-level atoms,” Phys. Rep. C7, 101–179 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

S.L. McCall and E.L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. 183, 457–485 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (11)

M. Müller, V. P. Kalosha, and J. Herrmann, “Intracavity self-induced transparency of a multilevel absorber,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1372–1381 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R.W. Ziolkowski, J.M. Arnold, and D.M. Gogny, “Ultrafast pulse interaction with tow-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 3082–3094 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, W.F. Yang, and Z.Z. Xu, “Propagation of an attosecond pulse in a dense two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X.H. Song, S.Q. Gong, S.Q. Jin, and Z.Z. Xu, “Formation of higher spectral components in a two-level medium driven by two-color ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 015801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.M. Bowden and J.P. Dowling, “Near-dipole-dipole effects in dense media: generalized Maxwell-Bloch equations,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 1247–1251 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.A. Hopf, C.M. Bowden, and W.H. Louisell, “Mirrorless optical bistability with the use of the local-field correction,” Phys. Rev. A 29, 2591–2596 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J.K. Ranka, R.W. Schirmer, and A.L. Gaeta, “Coherent spectroscopic effects in the propagation of ultrashort pulses through a two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R36–R39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M.G. Benedict, V.A. Malyshev, E.D. Trfonov, and A.I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: local-field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845–3853 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Scalora and C.M. Bowden, “Propagation effects and ultrafast optical switching in dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4048–4056 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kinrot and Y. Prior, “Nonlinear interaction of propagating short pulses in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4996–5007 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N.J. Wang and H. Rabitz, “Near dipole-dipole effects in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 5029–5031 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (10)

S.L. McCall and E.L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency by pulsed coherent light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 908–911 (1967).
[CrossRef]

M.E. Crenshaw, M. Scalora, and C.M. Bowden, “Ultrafast intrinsic optical switching in a dense medium of two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 911–914 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.P. Dowling and C.M. Bowden, “Near dipole-dipole effects in lasing without inversion: an enhancement of gain and absorptionless index of refraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1421–1424 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O.D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, and M. Wegener, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133006 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Miloševic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1837–1840 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V.P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, “Formation of optical subcycle pulses and full Maxwell-Bloch solitary waves by coherent propagation effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 544–547 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Hughes, “Breakdown of the area theorem: carrier-wave Rabi flopping of femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3363–3366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A.E. Kaplan and P.L. Shkolnikov, “Electromagnetic “Bubbles” and shock waves: unipolar, non oscillating EM solitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2316–2319 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R.K. Bullough and F. Ahmad, “Exact solutions of the self-induced transparency equations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 330–333 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

L. Allen and J.H. Eberly, “theorem” in Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms, (Wiley, New York, 1975).

J.D. Jackson, “relation”, in Classical Electrodynamics, 2nd ed. (Wiley New York, 1975).

A. Taflove, “cΔt≤ Δz”, in Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 1st ed. (Artech House, Boston London, 1995).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Absolute phases and areas of three cases: (a) without LFC; (b) with LFC and (c) Ω+∈ u with LFC.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Variation in the difference of Φ CE with medium zone length L.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Areas of Ω and Ωeff at z=130μ m. (a)-(c) for ∈ =0.1 fs-1, Ω 0=1.4 fs-1; (d-f) for ∈ =0.4 fs-1, Ω 0=1.8 fs-1. (a) and (d) for Ω in the case without LFC; (b) and (e) for Ω with LFC; (c) and (f) for Ωeff with LFC.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Change in the number of solitary pulses in the two cases: (a) without LFC and (b) with LFC for ∈ =2/3 fs-1, Ω 0=5 fs-1.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Change in the number of solitary pulses in the two cases: (a) without LFC and (b) with LFC for ∈ =2/3 fs-1, Ω 0=4.3 fs-1.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E L = E + P 3 ε 0 ,
t H y = 1 μ 0 z E x ,
t E x = 1 ε 0 z H y 1 ε 0 t P x ,
t u = ω 0 v γ 1 u ,
t v = ω 0 u + 2 ( Ω + u ) w γ 1 v ,
t w = 2 ( Ω + u ) v γ 2 ( w w 0 ) ,

Metrics