Abstract

An improved integral imaging process is proposed that can display a depth-enhanced three-dimensional (3D) image by using two parallel-layered display devices. With the use of layered display devices, it is possible to construct 3D images on several depth planes and increase the depth remarkably. In addition, the translucent problem between 3D images was resolved for the first time to the author’s knowledge by a time-multiplexing method. The proposed method was proven and compared with the conventional one by preliminary experiments.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. G. Lippmann, �??La photographie integrale,�?? C. R. Acad, Sci. 146, 446-451 (1908).
  2. F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, and I. Yuyama, �??Real-time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography,�?? Appl. Opt. 36, 1598-1603 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Okoshi, �??Optimum design and depth resolution of lens-sheet and projection-type three-dimensional displays,�?? Appl. Opt. 10, 2284-2291 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, �??Three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,�?? The 2001 Stereoscopic Displays and Applications Conference, Photonics West, Proc. SPIE 4297, 187-195 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J.-H. Park, H.-R. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Kim, J. Hong, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, �??Depth-enhanced three-dimensional-two-dimensional convertible display based on modified integral imaging,�?? Opt. Lett. 29, 2734-2736 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, �??Wide-viewing-angle integral three-dimensional imaging system by curving a screen and a lens array,�?? Appl. Opt. 44, 546-552 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S.-H. Shin and B. Javidi, �??Speckle reduced three-dimensional volume holographic display using integral imaging,�?? Appl. Opt. 41, 2644-2649 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Frauel and B. Javidi, �??Digital three-dimensional image correlation by use of computer-reconstructed integral imaging,�?? Appl. Opt. 41, 5488-5496 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, and S. Y. Kung, �??Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1814-1821 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Naemura, T. Yoshida, and H. Harashima, �??3-D computer graphics based on integral photography,�?? Opt. Express 8, 255-262 (2001), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-8-4-255">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-8-4-255</a>.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Hong, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, and B. Lee, �??Elemental image correction in integral imaging for three-dimensional display,�?? Proceedings of 2004 IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS 2004) (2004), paper ML6, pp. 116-117.
  12. B. Lee, S. Jung, S.-W. Min, and J.-H. Park, �??Three-dimensional display by use of integral photography with dynamically variable image planes,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 1481-1482 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Lee, S.-W. Min, and B. Javidi, �??Theoretical analysis for three-dimensional integral imaging systems with double devices,�?? Appl. Opt. 41, 4856-4865 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S.-W. Min, B. Javidi, and B. Lee, �??Enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging system by use of double display devices,�?? Appl. Opt. 42, 4186-4195 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Jung, J. Hong, J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, �??Depth-enhanced integral-imaging 3D display using different optical path lengths by polarization devices or mirror barrier array,�?? J. Soc. Inf. Display 12, 461-467 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (7)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Soc. Inf. Display (1)

S. Jung, J. Hong, J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, �??Depth-enhanced integral-imaging 3D display using different optical path lengths by polarization devices or mirror barrier array,�?? J. Soc. Inf. Display 12, 461-467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. 2004 LEOS Annual Meeting (1)

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, and B. Lee, �??Elemental image correction in integral imaging for three-dimensional display,�?? Proceedings of 2004 IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS 2004) (2004), paper ML6, pp. 116-117.

Proc. SPIE (1)

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, �??Three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,�?? The 2001 Stereoscopic Displays and Applications Conference, Photonics West, Proc. SPIE 4297, 187-195 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sci. (1)

G. Lippmann, �??La photographie integrale,�?? C. R. Acad, Sci. 146, 446-451 (1908).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Basic principle of conventional InIm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Principles of the proposed method (a) with two real CDPs and (b) real and virtual CDPs.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Interference between the integrated images.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Principle of the time-multiplexing method for real CDPs in (a) rear image phase and (b) front image phase.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Principle of the time-multiplexing method for real and virtual CDPs in (a) rear image phase and (b) front image phase.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Elemental images used in rear image phase to integrate (a) the mask of front image and (b) the rear image.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Elemental images used in front image phase to integrate (a) the front image and (b) the white screen.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Experimental results of the proposed method observed at (a) left viewpoint, (b) center viewpoint, and (c) right viewpoint.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Integrated images by the conventional InIm method (a) focused at 118.8mm and (b) focused at -74.8mm.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Integrated image on multiple CDPs without the time-multiplexing method.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

1 a + 1 b = 1 f ,
1 a 1 + 1 b 1 = 1 f ,
1 a 2 + 1 b 2 = 1 f .

Metrics