Abstract

For the first time to our knowledge, the laser performance of Yb3+, Na+-codoped CaF2 single crystals was demonstrated. Self-Q-switched laser operation at 1050nm was observed for 976 nm diode pumping at room temperature. On 5 W of incident power, the repetition rate and width of the self-Q-switched pulses reached 28 kHz and 1.5 μs, respectively. A maximal slope efficiency of 20.3% and minimal threshold absorbed pump power of 30 mW were respectively achieved with different output couplers, showing the promising application of Yb3+, Na+-codoped CaF2 crystals as compact and efficient solid-state lasers.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. Petit, J.L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, �??CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,�?? Appl. Phys. B 78, 681-684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chem Phys. Lett. (1)

L. B. Su, J. Xu, H. J. Li, L. Wen, Y. Q. Zhu, Z. W. Zhao, Y. J. Dong, G. Q. Zhou, and J. L. Si, �??Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,�?? Chem. Phys. Lett. 406, 254-258 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Dong, P. Z. Deng, Y. P. Liu, Y. H. Zhang, G. S. Huang, F. X. Gan, �??Performance of the Self-Q-Switched Cr,Yb:YAG Laser,�?? Chin. Phys. Lett. 19, 342-344 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

L.D. Deloach, S.A. Payne, L.L. Chase, L.K. Smith, W.L. Kway, and W.F. Krupke, �??Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S.A. Payne, L.K. Smith, L.D. Deloach, W.L. Kway, J.B. Tassano, and W.F. Krupke, �??Laser, optical, and thermomechanical properties of Yb-doped fluorapatite,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 170-179 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Selected Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. F. Krupke, �??Ytterbium solid-state lasers�??the first decade,�?? IEEE J. Selected Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287-1296 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Gellermann, A. Muller, and D. Wandt, �??Formation, optical properties, and laser operation of F2 �?? centers in LiF,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 61, 1297-1303 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, �??Electron�??phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+,�?? J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886-4892 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Crystal Growth (2)

L. B. Su, J. Xu, H. J. Li, L. Wen, W. Q. Yang, Z. W. Zhao, J. L. Si, Y. J. Dong, and G. Q. Zhou, �??Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,�?? J. Crystal Growth 277, 264-268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Z. Zhou, �??Growth of high quality large Nd: YAG crystals by Temperature Gradient Technique (TGT),�?? J Crystal Growth 78, 31-35 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, 2003 (1)

D.F. de Sousa, N. Martynyuk, V. Peters, K. Lunstedt, K. Rademaker, K. Petermann, and S. Basun, �??Quenching behavior of highly doped Yb:YAG and YbAG,�?? Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, 2003. CLEO/Europe. 2003 Conference on 22-27 June 2003, Pages: 337.

Opt. Coumm. (1)

V. A. Arkhangelskaya, A. A. Fedorov, and P. P. Feofilov, �??Tunable room-temperature laser action of colour centres in MeF2-Na,�?? Opt. Coumm. 28, 87-90 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. (1)

E. Loh, �??Ultraviolet-Absorption Spectra of Europium and Ytterbium in Alkaline Earth Fluorides,�??Phys. Rev. 184, 348-352 (1969).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Structure of the cavity: F, focus lens (f = 18mm); M1,dichroic mirror; M2 (R = 100 mm), concave mirror; lens M3, output mirror (OC).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

A sequence of self-Q-switched laser pulses from LD-pumped Yb, Na:CaF2 crystal.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The repetition rate and width of self-Q-switched laser pulses versus incident pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Room temperature absorption spectrum of Yb3+, Na+:CaF2 crystal.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Average output power versus absorbed pump power for different output couplers with transmission of 1% and 2%, respectively.

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