Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel method for multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser by using fiber Bragg gratings written in few-mode side-hole fiber with an elliptical core. The split resonance peaks can be made to oscillate simultaneously by properly adjusting the polarization state due to the high birefringence of the fiber with the elliptical core. The number of lasing wavelengths can thus be switched using the polarization controller. This multi-wavelength laser has the advantages of low cost, novel and simple configuration.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. (1)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, "Photosensitivity in optical fibers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125-157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (4)

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, "Enhanced UV photosensitivity in boron codoped germanosilicate fibres," Electron. Lett. 29, 45-47(1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, and K. Hotate, �??Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser using intracavity etalon and cooled by liquid nitrogen,�?? Electron. Lett. 32, 1298-1299 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror," Electron. Lett. 36, 1609-1610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, H. Ding, and K.T.Chan, "Erbium-doped Fiber Lasers for Dual wavelength Operation," Electron. Lett. 33, 52-53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. Shu, S. Jiang, and D. Huang, "Fiber Grating Sagnac Loop and Its Multiwavelength Laser Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980-982 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, �??24-line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459-1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, �??Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60-62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Das and J. W. Y. Lit, "L-band multiwavelength fiber laser using an elliptical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 606-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Q. Mao and J. W. Y. Lit, "Switchable Multiwavelength Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Cascaded Fiber Grating Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 612-614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Hernandez-Cordero, V. A. Kozlov, A. L. G. Carter, and T. F. Morse, "Fiber laser polarization tuning using a Bragg grating in a Hi-Bi fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 941-943 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Sun, J. Qiu, and D. Huang, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers exploiting polarization hole burning," Opt. Commun. 182, 193-197 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

oton. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Zhao, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Wavelength-switched optical pulse generation in a fiber ring laser with a Fabry-Perot semiconductor modulator and a sampled fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 191-193 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

K. H. Wanser, K. F.Voss, and A. D. Kersey, "Novel fiber devices and sensors based on multimode fiber Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 2360, 265-268 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Kreger, S. Calvert, and E. Udd, "High pressure sensing using fiber bragg gratings written in birefringent side hole fiber," in Optical Fiber Sensor Conference 2002, Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.,USA, 355-358 (2002).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The refractive index profile of the fabricated few-mode fiber

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The cross-section of few-mode side-hole fiber with an elliptical core.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Configuration of the multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output spectra of the multi-wavelength fiber laser using FMFG written in side-hole fiber with an elliptical core at different settings of the PC. (a)–(c) wavelength switching, (d)–(f) simultaneous oscillation of the split resonance peaks.

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