Abstract

An S-band (1470 to 1520 nm) fiber laser scheme, which uses multiple fiber Bragg grating (FBG) elements as feedback elements on each passive branch, is proposed and described for in-service fault identification in passive optical networks (PONs). By tuning a wavelength selective filter located within the laser cavity over a gain bandwidth, the fiber-fault of each branch can be monitored without affecting the in-service channels. In our experiment, an S-band four-branch monitoring tree-structured PON system is demonstrated and investigated experimentally.

©2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. I. Sankawa, “Fault location technique for in-service branched optical fiber networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 766–1768 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  2. Y. Koyamada, T. K. Horiguchi, and S. Furukawa, “Recent progress in OTDR technologies for maintaining optical fiber networks,” in Tech. Dig., IOOC’95 (Hong Kong, 1995), FA1-4.
  3. C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, J. Song, and D. Lam, “A practical passive surveillance scheme for optical amplified passive branched optical networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 526–528 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).
  5. A. D. Kersey and W. W. Morey, “Multi-element Bragg-grating based fiber-laser strain sensor,” Electron. Lett. 29, 964–966 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable s-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1532–1534 (2003).
  7. C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chan, and S. Chi, “S-band gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using optical feedback method,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 90–92 (2004).
    [Crossref]

2004 (1)

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chan, and S. Chi, “S-band gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using optical feedback method,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 90–92 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable s-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1532–1534 (2003).

1999 (1)

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).

1997 (1)

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, J. Song, and D. Lam, “A practical passive surveillance scheme for optical amplified passive branched optical networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 526–528 (1997).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

A. D. Kersey and W. W. Morey, “Multi-element Bragg-grating based fiber-laser strain sensor,” Electron. Lett. 29, 964–966 (1993).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

I. Sankawa, “Fault location technique for in-service branched optical fiber networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 766–1768 (1990).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. Y.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chan, and S. Chi, “S-band gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using optical feedback method,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 90–92 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. K.

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, J. Song, and D. Lam, “A practical passive surveillance scheme for optical amplified passive branched optical networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 526–528 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. K.

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, J. Song, and D. Lam, “A practical passive surveillance scheme for optical amplified passive branched optical networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 526–528 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chi, S.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chan, and S. Chi, “S-band gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using optical feedback method,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 90–92 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable s-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1532–1534 (2003).

Furukawa, S.

Y. Koyamada, T. K. Horiguchi, and S. Furukawa, “Recent progress in OTDR technologies for maintaining optical fiber networks,” in Tech. Dig., IOOC’95 (Hong Kong, 1995), FA1-4.

Ho, K. P.

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).

Horiguchi, T. K.

Y. Koyamada, T. K. Horiguchi, and S. Furukawa, “Recent progress in OTDR technologies for maintaining optical fiber networks,” in Tech. Dig., IOOC’95 (Hong Kong, 1995), FA1-4.

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey and W. W. Morey, “Multi-element Bragg-grating based fiber-laser strain sensor,” Electron. Lett. 29, 964–966 (1993).
[Crossref]

Koyamada, Y.

Y. Koyamada, T. K. Horiguchi, and S. Furukawa, “Recent progress in OTDR technologies for maintaining optical fiber networks,” in Tech. Dig., IOOC’95 (Hong Kong, 1995), FA1-4.

Lam, D.

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, J. Song, and D. Lam, “A practical passive surveillance scheme for optical amplified passive branched optical networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 526–528 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. C.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chan, and S. Chi, “S-band gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using optical feedback method,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 90–92 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable s-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1532–1534 (2003).

Morey, W. W.

A. D. Kersey and W. W. Morey, “Multi-element Bragg-grating based fiber-laser strain sensor,” Electron. Lett. 29, 964–966 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sankawa, I.

I. Sankawa, “Fault location technique for in-service branched optical fiber networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 766–1768 (1990).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, J. Song, and D. Lam, “A practical passive surveillance scheme for optical amplified passive branched optical networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 526–528 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tong, F.

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, J. Song, and D. Lam, “A practical passive surveillance scheme for optical amplified passive branched optical networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 526–528 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yeh, C. H.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chan, and S. Chi, “S-band gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using optical feedback method,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 90–92 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable s-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1532–1534 (2003).

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. D. Kersey and W. W. Morey, “Multi-element Bragg-grating based fiber-laser strain sensor,” Electron. Lett. 29, 964–966 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

I. Sankawa, “Fault location technique for in-service branched optical fiber networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 766–1768 (1990).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (4)

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, J. Song, and D. Lam, “A practical passive surveillance scheme for optical amplified passive branched optical networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 526–528 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. K. Chen, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable s-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1532–1534 (2003).

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chan, and S. Chi, “S-band gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber amplifier by using optical feedback method,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 90–92 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

Y. Koyamada, T. K. Horiguchi, and S. Furukawa, “Recent progress in OTDR technologies for maintaining optical fiber networks,” in Tech. Dig., IOOC’95 (Hong Kong, 1995), FA1-4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup of the proposed S-band EDF laser scheme for monitoring the fiber-fault in passive optical networks.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Laser output at four different lasing wavelengths corresponding to the four FBG wavelengths.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. The ASE spectrum of the S-band EDFA.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Two output lasing wavelengths of λ1 and λ4, while the fiber fault occurs at the passive branch “2” and “3”.

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