Abstract

Well-faceted ZnO fibers with periodic junction-prisms were synthesized using conventional chemical vapor deposition. The characterization of the fibers by optical and fluorescence microscopy showed that the outer facets of the crystalline fibers provide excellent mirror-like surfaces for guiding light propagation along the fiber stem as well as the periodic junction-prisms. The structure-related optical properties can be fully explained by a microstructural model. The proposed model explains as the decrease in luminance at the junction-prisms is caused by refraction and total or partial reflection of light. The model also explains the luminance enhancement at the junction-prisms is related to waveguiding of the green emission of the ZnO fibers. Further integration of the ZnO junction-prisms into microdevices should provide the microscale modulation for light with different wavelengths, and could be potentially used for enhanced light-illumination arrays.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

J. Johnson, H. J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, R. D. Schaller, P. Yang, R. J. Saykally, �??Single gallium nitride nanowire lasers,�?? Nat. Mater. 1, 106-110. (2002).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

L. Manna, D. J. Milliron, A. Meisel, E. C. Scher, A. P. Alivisatos, �??Controlled growth of tetrapod-branched inorganic nanocrystals,�?? Nat. Mater. 2, 382-385 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature

Z. Yao, H. Postma, L. Balents, C. Dekker, �??Carbon nanotube intramolecular junctions,�?? Nature 402, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Peng, L. Manna, W. D. Yang, J. Wickham, E. C. Scher, A. Kadavanich, A. P. Alivisatos, �??Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals,�?? Nature 404, 59-61 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Jin, , Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, C. A. Mirkin, �??Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,�?? Nature 425, 487-490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science

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[CrossRef]

A. P. Alivisatos, �??Semiconductor Clusters, Nanocrystals, and Quantum Dots,�?? Science 271, 933-937 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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