Abstract

A C- plus L-band fiber ring laser with wide wavelength tunability and single-longitudinal-mode oscillation is proposed and demonstrated experimentally. A saturable-absorber-based autotracking filter, consisted of an unpumped erbium-doped fiber (EDF) and an optical reflected mirror (ORM), is employed to provide fine mode restriction and guarantee the single-frequency operation. Output power of >2.1 dBm, power stability of ≤0.02 dB, wavelength variation of ≤0.01 nm and side-mode suppression ratio (SMSR) of >31 dB/0.05 nm have been experimentally demonstrated for this single-frequency fiber laser over an operating range of 1550 to 1608 nm.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

Chien-Hung Yeh and Sien Chi, "A broadband fiber ring laser technique with stable and tunable signal-frequency operation: erratum," Opt. Express 13, 6668-6668 (2005)
https://www.osapublishing.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-13-17-6668

References

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  1. C. C. Lee, Y. K. Chen, and S. K. Liaw, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a passive multiple-ring cavity and its application for video transmission,” Opt. Lett. 23, 358–360 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. M. Sova, K. Chang-Seok, J. U. Kang, and J. B. Khurgin, “Tunable dual-/spl lambda/fiber ring laser based on 2/sup nd/order Sagnac-Lyot fiber filter,” in IEEE CLEO 2002 Tech. Dig. 1, 2002, pp. 444–445.
  4. K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” in IEEE LEOS ’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp. 708–709.
  5. K. K. Chow, C. Shu, M. W. K. Mak, and H. K. Tsang, “Widely tunable wavelength converter using a double-ring fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1445–1447 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. LaRochelle, “Erbiumdoped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITUgrid using periodic filters,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications EOCC’98 1, 1998, pp. 153–154.
  7. Y. Cheng, J. T. Kringlebotn, and D. N. Payne, “Stable single-frequency traveling- wave fiber loop laser with integral saturable-absorber-based tracking narrow-band filter,” Opt. Lett. 20, 875–877 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE, J. Feinberg, “40-nm-Wide Tunable Fiber Ring Laser With Single-Mode Operation Using a Highly Stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable C-plus-L Band Fiber Ring Laser Based on Hybrid Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 650–651 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable S-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. H. Yeh, K. H. Lai, Y. J. Huang, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “Hybrid L-Band Optical Fiber Amplifier Module with Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers and Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 5357–5358 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (2)

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable C-plus-L Band Fiber Ring Laser Based on Hybrid Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 650–651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, K. H. Lai, Y. J. Huang, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “Hybrid L-Band Optical Fiber Amplifier Module with Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers and Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 5357–5358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable S-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

R. M. Sova, K. Chang-Seok, J. U. Kang, and J. B. Khurgin, “Tunable dual-/spl lambda/fiber ring laser based on 2/sup nd/order Sagnac-Lyot fiber filter,” in IEEE CLEO 2002 Tech. Dig. 1, 2002, pp. 444–445.

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, M. W. K. Mak, and H. K. Tsang, “Widely tunable wavelength converter using a double-ring fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1445–1447 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE, J. Feinberg, “40-nm-Wide Tunable Fiber Ring Laser With Single-Mode Operation Using a Highly Stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE, J. Feinberg, “40-nm-Wide Tunable Fiber Ring Laser With Single-Mode Operation Using a Highly Stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. LaRochelle, “Erbiumdoped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITUgrid using periodic filters,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications EOCC’98 1, 1998, pp. 153–154.

C. C. Lee, Y. K. Chen, and S. K. Liaw, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a passive multiple-ring cavity and its application for video transmission,” Opt. Lett. 23, 358–360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Bellemare, A.

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. LaRochelle, “Erbiumdoped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITUgrid using periodic filters,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications EOCC’98 1, 1998, pp. 153–154.

Chang-Seok, K.

R. M. Sova, K. Chang-Seok, J. U. Kang, and J. B. Khurgin, “Tunable dual-/spl lambda/fiber ring laser based on 2/sup nd/order Sagnac-Lyot fiber filter,” in IEEE CLEO 2002 Tech. Dig. 1, 2002, pp. 444–445.

Chen, C. Y.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable C-plus-L Band Fiber Ring Laser Based on Hybrid Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 650–651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. K.

Cheng, Y.

Chi, S.

C. H. Yeh, K. H. Lai, Y. J. Huang, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “Hybrid L-Band Optical Fiber Amplifier Module with Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers and Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 5357–5358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable C-plus-L Band Fiber Ring Laser Based on Hybrid Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 650–651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable S-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chow, K. K.

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, M. W. K. Mak, and H. K. Tsang, “Widely tunable wavelength converter using a double-ring fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1445–1447 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Clements, W. R. L.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J.

K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” in IEEE LEOS ’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp. 708–709.

Feinberg, J.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE, J. Feinberg, “40-nm-Wide Tunable Fiber Ring Laser With Single-Mode Operation Using a Highly Stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Havstad, S. A.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE, J. Feinberg, “40-nm-Wide Tunable Fiber Ring Laser With Single-Mode Operation Using a Highly Stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. J.

C. H. Yeh, K. H. Lai, Y. J. Huang, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “Hybrid L-Band Optical Fiber Amplifier Module with Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers and Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 5357–5358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. U.

R. M. Sova, K. Chang-Seok, J. U. Kang, and J. B. Khurgin, “Tunable dual-/spl lambda/fiber ring laser based on 2/sup nd/order Sagnac-Lyot fiber filter,” in IEEE CLEO 2002 Tech. Dig. 1, 2002, pp. 444–445.

Khurgin, J. B.

R. M. Sova, K. Chang-Seok, J. U. Kang, and J. B. Khurgin, “Tunable dual-/spl lambda/fiber ring laser based on 2/sup nd/order Sagnac-Lyot fiber filter,” in IEEE CLEO 2002 Tech. Dig. 1, 2002, pp. 444–445.

Kringlebotn, J. T.

Lai, K. H.

C. H. Yeh, K. H. Lai, Y. J. Huang, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “Hybrid L-Band Optical Fiber Amplifier Module with Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers and Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 5357–5358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. LaRochelle, “Erbiumdoped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITUgrid using periodic filters,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications EOCC’98 1, 1998, pp. 153–154.

Lee, C. C.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable C-plus-L Band Fiber Ring Laser Based on Hybrid Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 650–651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, K. H. Lai, Y. J. Huang, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “Hybrid L-Band Optical Fiber Amplifier Module with Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers and Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 5357–5358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable S-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Lee, Y. K. Chen, and S. K. Liaw, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a passive multiple-ring cavity and its application for video transmission,” Opt. Lett. 23, 358–360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lemieux, J.-F.

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. LaRochelle, “Erbiumdoped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITUgrid using periodic filters,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications EOCC’98 1, 1998, pp. 153–154.

Liaw, S. K.

Lit, J. W. Y.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mak, M. W. K.

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, M. W. K. Mak, and H. K. Tsang, “Widely tunable wavelength converter using a double-ring fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1445–1447 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Namkyoo, P.

K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” in IEEE LEOS ’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp. 708–709.

Nishihara, M.

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Sanders, S.

K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” in IEEE LEOS ’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp. 708–709.

Schinn, G. W.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, M. W. K. Mak, and H. K. Tsang, “Widely tunable wavelength converter using a double-ring fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1445–1447 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE, J. Feinberg, “40-nm-Wide Tunable Fiber Ring Laser With Single-Mode Operation Using a Highly Stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sova, R. M.

R. M. Sova, K. Chang-Seok, J. U. Kang, and J. B. Khurgin, “Tunable dual-/spl lambda/fiber ring laser based on 2/sup nd/order Sagnac-Lyot fiber filter,” in IEEE CLEO 2002 Tech. Dig. 1, 2002, pp. 444–445.

Starodubov, D.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE, J. Feinberg, “40-nm-Wide Tunable Fiber Ring Laser With Single-Mode Operation Using a Highly Stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tetu, M.

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. LaRochelle, “Erbiumdoped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITUgrid using periodic filters,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications EOCC’98 1, 1998, pp. 153–154.

Tsang, H. K.

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, M. W. K. Mak, and H. K. Tsang, “Widely tunable wavelength converter using a double-ring fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1445–1447 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” in IEEE LEOS ’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp. 708–709.

Willner, A. E.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE, J. Feinberg, “40-nm-Wide Tunable Fiber Ring Laser With Single-Mode Operation Using a Highly Stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Y.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE, J. Feinberg, “40-nm-Wide Tunable Fiber Ring Laser With Single-Mode Operation Using a Highly Stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable C-plus-L Band Fiber Ring Laser Based on Hybrid Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 650–651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, K. H. Lai, Y. J. Huang, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “Hybrid L-Band Optical Fiber Amplifier Module with Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers and Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 5357–5358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable S-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yue, C. Y.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE CLEO 2002 Tech. Dig. (1)

R. M. Sova, K. Chang-Seok, J. U. Kang, and J. B. Khurgin, “Tunable dual-/spl lambda/fiber ring laser based on 2/sup nd/order Sagnac-Lyot fiber filter,” in IEEE CLEO 2002 Tech. Dig. 1, 2002, pp. 444–445.

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A tunable S-band erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, M. W. K. Mak, and H. K. Tsang, “Widely tunable wavelength converter using a double-ring fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1445–1447 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE, J. Feinberg, “40-nm-Wide Tunable Fiber Ring Laser With Single-Mode Operation Using a Highly Stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. App. Phys. (2)

C. H. Yeh, K. H. Lai, Y. J. Huang, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “Hybrid L-Band Optical Fiber Amplifier Module with Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers and Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 5357–5358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable C-plus-L Band Fiber Ring Laser Based on Hybrid Amplifier,” Jpn. J. App. Phys. 43, 650–651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications EOCC’98 (1)

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. LaRochelle, “Erbiumdoped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITUgrid using periodic filters,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications EOCC’98 1, 1998, pp. 153–154.

Other (1)

K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” in IEEE LEOS ’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp. 708–709.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for the proposed stable and wavelength-tunable single-frequency fiber ring laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Optical spectra of the ASE for the hybrid amplifier, first SOA stage and second EDFA stage, respectively. (b) Output spectra of this proposed fiber laser over the wavelengths from 1542 to 1618 nm when 1-m-long unpumped EDF is used.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The output power and SMSR of the proposed fiber ring laser versus tuning wavelengths in the operation range from 1542 to 1618 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The self-homodyne spectra of the proposed and conventional ring lasers operated at 1570.25 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The output power fluctuation (≤0.02 dB) and the wavelength variation (≤0.01 nm) of the single-frequency fiber ring laser at a wavelength of 1570.25 nm.

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