Abstract

Efficient high-power operation of an erbium-ytterbium co-doped fiber laser cladding-pumped by two spatially-multiplexed and polarization combined 975 nm diode-stacks is reported. Up to 188 W of continuous-wave output at 1.57 µm was generated with a beam-quality factor (M 2) of 1.9 and an overall slope efficiency with respect to launched pump power of 41% (and 43% for output powers <120W). Tunable operation was demonstrated by use of an external cavity containing a diffraction grating and a maximum output power of 108 W at 1538 nm was generated for a launched pump power of ~336 W. The operating wavelength was tunable from 1531 to 1571 nm, with >100W output power over a tuning range of 36 nm from 1532 nm to 1568 nm.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Levoshkin, A. Petrov, and J. E. Montagne, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:Er:glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 185, 399–405 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Nilsson, S.-U. Alam, J.A. Alvarez-Chavez, P.W. Turner, A.A. Clarkson, and A.B. Grudinin, “High-power and Tunable operation of Erbium-ytterbium co-doped cladding-pumped fibre lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 987–994 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D.C. Brown and H.J. Hoffman, “Thermal, Stress, and Thermo-Optic Effects in High Average Power Double-Clad Silica Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207–217 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J.K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D.J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, “A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 227, 159–163 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Laroche, P. Jander, W.A. Clarkson, J.K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and Y. Jeong, “High power cladding-pumped tunable Er,Yb-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40, 855–856 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Jeong, C. Alegria, J.K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M.R. Mokhtar, and J. Nillson, “A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth Erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756–758 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. G. Vienne, J.E. Caplen, L. Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D.N. Pane, “Fabrication and characterization of Yb3+:Er3+ phosphosilicate fibers for lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1990–2001 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (2)

M. Laroche, P. Jander, W.A. Clarkson, J.K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and Y. Jeong, “High power cladding-pumped tunable Er,Yb-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40, 855–856 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Jeong, C. Alegria, J.K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M.R. Mokhtar, and J. Nillson, “A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth Erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

J. Nilsson, S.-U. Alam, J.A. Alvarez-Chavez, P.W. Turner, A.A. Clarkson, and A.B. Grudinin, “High-power and Tunable operation of Erbium-ytterbium co-doped cladding-pumped fibre lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 987–994 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D.J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, “A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 227, 159–163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

D.C. Brown and H.J. Hoffman, “Thermal, Stress, and Thermo-Optic Effects in High Average Power Double-Clad Silica Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207–217 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. Levoshkin, A. Petrov, and J. E. Montagne, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:Er:glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 185, 399–405 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Alam, S.-U.

J. Nilsson, S.-U. Alam, J.A. Alvarez-Chavez, P.W. Turner, A.A. Clarkson, and A.B. Grudinin, “High-power and Tunable operation of Erbium-ytterbium co-doped cladding-pumped fibre lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 987–994 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alegria, C.

J. Jeong, C. Alegria, J.K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M.R. Mokhtar, and J. Nillson, “A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth Erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Chavez, J.A.

J. Nilsson, S.-U. Alam, J.A. Alvarez-Chavez, P.W. Turner, A.A. Clarkson, and A.B. Grudinin, “High-power and Tunable operation of Erbium-ytterbium co-doped cladding-pumped fibre lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 987–994 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D.C.

D.C. Brown and H.J. Hoffman, “Thermal, Stress, and Thermo-Optic Effects in High Average Power Double-Clad Silica Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207–217 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Caplen, J.E.

Clarkson, A.A.

J. Nilsson, S.-U. Alam, J.A. Alvarez-Chavez, P.W. Turner, A.A. Clarkson, and A.B. Grudinin, “High-power and Tunable operation of Erbium-ytterbium co-doped cladding-pumped fibre lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 987–994 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W.A.

M. Laroche, P. Jander, W.A. Clarkson, J.K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and Y. Jeong, “High power cladding-pumped tunable Er,Yb-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40, 855–856 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Codemard, C.

J. Jeong, C. Alegria, J.K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M.R. Mokhtar, and J. Nillson, “A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth Erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Fu, L.

J. Jeong, C. Alegria, J.K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M.R. Mokhtar, and J. Nillson, “A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth Erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A.B.

J. Nilsson, S.-U. Alam, J.A. Alvarez-Chavez, P.W. Turner, A.A. Clarkson, and A.B. Grudinin, “High-power and Tunable operation of Erbium-ytterbium co-doped cladding-pumped fibre lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 987–994 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, H.J.

D.C. Brown and H.J. Hoffman, “Thermal, Stress, and Thermo-Optic Effects in High Average Power Double-Clad Silica Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207–217 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

J. Jeong, C. Alegria, J.K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M.R. Mokhtar, and J. Nillson, “A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth Erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jander, P.

M. Laroche, P. Jander, W.A. Clarkson, J.K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and Y. Jeong, “High power cladding-pumped tunable Er,Yb-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40, 855–856 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, J.

J. Jeong, C. Alegria, J.K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M.R. Mokhtar, and J. Nillson, “A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth Erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

M. Laroche, P. Jander, W.A. Clarkson, J.K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and Y. Jeong, “High power cladding-pumped tunable Er,Yb-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40, 855–856 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D.J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, “A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 227, 159–163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laroche, M.

M. Laroche, P. Jander, W.A. Clarkson, J.K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and Y. Jeong, “High power cladding-pumped tunable Er,Yb-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40, 855–856 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Levoshkin, A.

A. Levoshkin, A. Petrov, and J. E. Montagne, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:Er:glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 185, 399–405 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Minelly, J. D.

Mokhtar, M.R.

J. Jeong, C. Alegria, J.K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M.R. Mokhtar, and J. Nillson, “A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth Erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Montagne, J. E.

A. Levoshkin, A. Petrov, and J. E. Montagne, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:Er:glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 185, 399–405 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nillson, J.

J. Jeong, C. Alegria, J.K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M.R. Mokhtar, and J. Nillson, “A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth Erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

M. Laroche, P. Jander, W.A. Clarkson, J.K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and Y. Jeong, “High power cladding-pumped tunable Er,Yb-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40, 855–856 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsson, S.-U. Alam, J.A. Alvarez-Chavez, P.W. Turner, A.A. Clarkson, and A.B. Grudinin, “High-power and Tunable operation of Erbium-ytterbium co-doped cladding-pumped fibre lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 987–994 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D.J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, “A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 227, 159–163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Vienne, J.E. Caplen, L. Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D.N. Pane, “Fabrication and characterization of Yb3+:Er3+ phosphosilicate fibers for lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1990–2001 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pane, D.N.

Petrov, A.

A. Levoshkin, A. Petrov, and J. E. Montagne, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:Er:glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 185, 399–405 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D.J.

J.K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D.J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, “A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 227, 159–163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J.K.

M. Laroche, P. Jander, W.A. Clarkson, J.K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and Y. Jeong, “High power cladding-pumped tunable Er,Yb-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40, 855–856 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Jeong, C. Alegria, J.K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M.R. Mokhtar, and J. Nillson, “A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth Erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D.J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, “A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 227, 159–163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P.W.

J. Nilsson, S.-U. Alam, J.A. Alvarez-Chavez, P.W. Turner, A.A. Clarkson, and A.B. Grudinin, “High-power and Tunable operation of Erbium-ytterbium co-doped cladding-pumped fibre lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 987–994 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vienne, G. G.

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Laroche, P. Jander, W.A. Clarkson, J.K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and Y. Jeong, “High power cladding-pumped tunable Er,Yb-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40, 855–856 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. Nilsson, S.-U. Alam, J.A. Alvarez-Chavez, P.W. Turner, A.A. Clarkson, and A.B. Grudinin, “High-power and Tunable operation of Erbium-ytterbium co-doped cladding-pumped fibre lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 987–994 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D.C. Brown and H.J. Hoffman, “Thermal, Stress, and Thermo-Optic Effects in High Average Power Double-Clad Silica Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207–217 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Jeong, C. Alegria, J.K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M.R. Mokhtar, and J. Nillson, “A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth Erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J.K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D.J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, “A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 227, 159–163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Levoshkin, A. Petrov, and J. E. Montagne, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:Er:glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 185, 399–405 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of cladding pumped Er,Yb:fiber laser: (a) free-running configuration; (b) external cavity of the tunable fibre laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output power versus launched pump power for free-running Er,Yb fiber laser with an external cavity.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power versus launched pump power with no external cavity.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Tunable Er,Yb fiber laser output power versus operating wavelength for a 2 m fiber. Inset: Output power of the tunable Er,Yb fiber laser at 1538 nm versus launched pump power.

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