Abstract

Thermal load in Nd3+ doped vanadate crystals with and without laser action at 1.34 µm is investigated. Excited state absorption contributes significantly to a fractional thermal loading as well as quantum defect.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Di lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Jun Liao, Jing-Liang He, Hui Liu, Hui-Tian Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159–3161 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 58, 373–379 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, and J. W. Erler, “Stimulated-emission cross section at 1064 and 1342nm in Nd:YVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4907–4911 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Hamish Ogilvy, Michael J. Withford, Peter Dekker, and James A. Piper, “Efficient diode double-endpumped Nd:YVO4 laser opelating at 1342 nm,” Opt. Exp. 11, 2411–2415 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-19-2411
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Minassian and M. J. Damzen, “20 W bounce geometry diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser system at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 230, 191–195 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Fornasiero, S. Kuck, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. Part2: YVO4, GdVO4, Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B. 67, 549–553 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Justin L. Blows, Takashige Omatsu, Judith Dawes, Helen Pask, and Mitsuhiro Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Justin L. Blows, Judith M. Dawes, and Takashige Omatsu, “Thermal lensing measurements in line-focus end-pumped neodymium yttrium aluminium garnet using holographic lateral shearing interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2901–2906 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. CASIX web site, http://www.casix.com/product/Laser_Crystal_NdYVO4.htm
  11. Hong Yuan Shen, Xian Lin Meng, Ge Zhang, Jian Jie Qin, Wen Liu, Li Zhu, Cheng Hui Huang, Lin Xiong Huang, and Ming Wei, “Sellmeier’s equation and the expression of the thermal refractive-index coefficient for a Nd0.007Gd0.993VO4 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 43, 955–960 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517–5522 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J. -P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and nergy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. CASTECH web site, http://www.castech-us.com/ndgdvo4.htm
  16. Takayo Ogawa, Yoshiharu Urata, Satoshi Wada, Koichi Onodera, Hiroshi Machida, Hideaki Sagae, Mikio Higuchi, and Kohei Kodaira, “Efficient laser performance of Nd:GdVO4 crystas grown by the floating method,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2333–2335 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. L. Dexter “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836–850 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5134–5137 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (3)

Takayo Ogawa, Yoshiharu Urata, Satoshi Wada, Koichi Onodera, Hiroshi Machida, Hideaki Sagae, Mikio Higuchi, and Kohei Kodaira, “Efficient laser performance of Nd:GdVO4 crystas grown by the floating method,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2333–2335 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jun Liao, Jing-Liang He, Hui Liu, Hui-Tian Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hamish Ogilvy, Michael J. Withford, Peter Dekker, and James A. Piper, “Efficient diode double-endpumped Nd:YVO4 laser opelating at 1342 nm,” Opt. Exp. 11, 2411–2415 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-19-2411
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. Di lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5134–5137 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J. -P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and nergy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornasiero, S. Kuck, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. Part2: YVO4, GdVO4, Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B. 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Justin L. Blows, Takashige Omatsu, Judith Dawes, Helen Pask, and Mitsuhiro Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Justin L. Blows, Judith M. Dawes, and Takashige Omatsu, “Thermal lensing measurements in line-focus end-pumped neodymium yttrium aluminium garnet using holographic lateral shearing interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2901–2906 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517–5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, and J. W. Erler, “Stimulated-emission cross section at 1064 and 1342nm in Nd:YVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4907–4911 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

D. L. Dexter “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, and J. W. Erler, “Stimulated-emission cross section at 1064 and 1342nm in Nd:YVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4907–4911 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Blows, Justin L.

Justin L. Blows, Takashige Omatsu, Judith Dawes, Helen Pask, and Mitsuhiro Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Justin L. Blows, Judith M. Dawes, and Takashige Omatsu, “Thermal lensing measurements in line-focus end-pumped neodymium yttrium aluminium garnet using holographic lateral shearing interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2901–2906 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kuck, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. Part2: YVO4, GdVO4, Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B. 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Damzen, M. J.

A. Minassian and M. J. Damzen, “20 W bounce geometry diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser system at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 230, 191–195 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, Judith

Justin L. Blows, Takashige Omatsu, Judith Dawes, Helen Pask, and Mitsuhiro Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, Judith M.

Justin L. Blows, Judith M. Dawes, and Takashige Omatsu, “Thermal lensing measurements in line-focus end-pumped neodymium yttrium aluminium garnet using holographic lateral shearing interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2901–2906 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, Peter

Hamish Ogilvy, Michael J. Withford, Peter Dekker, and James A. Piper, “Efficient diode double-endpumped Nd:YVO4 laser opelating at 1342 nm,” Opt. Exp. 11, 2411–2415 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-19-2411
[CrossRef]

DeShazer, L. G.

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517–5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Dexter, D. L.

D. L. Dexter “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Di lieto, A.

A. Di lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Du, Chenlin

Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Erler, J. W.

A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, and J. W. Erler, “Stimulated-emission cross section at 1064 and 1342nm in Nd:YVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4907–4911 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, and J. W. Erler, “Stimulated-emission cross section at 1064 and 1342nm in Nd:YVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4907–4911 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Fornasiero, L.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kuck, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. Part2: YVO4, GdVO4, Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B. 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guo, M.

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5134–5137 (2000).
[CrossRef]

He, Jing-Liang

Jun Liao, Jing-Liang He, Hui Liu, Hui-Tian Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Higuchi, Mikio

Huber, G.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kuck, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. Part2: YVO4, GdVO4, Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B. 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J. -P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and nergy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hui Huang, Cheng

Jensen, T.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kuck, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. Part2: YVO4, GdVO4, Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B. 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J. -P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and nergy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H. D.

H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jie Qin, Jian

Kodaira, Kohei

Kuck, S.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kuck, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. Part2: YVO4, GdVO4, Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B. 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Jun

Jun Liao, Jing-Liang He, Hui Liu, Hui-Tian Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lin Meng, Xian

Liu, Hui

Jun Liao, Jing-Liang He, Hui Liu, Hui-Tian Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Wen

Liu, X. S.

H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lomheim, T. S.

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517–5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Lu, G. W.

H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Machida, Hiroshi

Magni, V.

A. Di lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X. L.

H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5134–5137 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Meng, Xianlin

Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J. -P.

Meyn, J.-P

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Minassian, A.

A. Minassian and M. J. Damzen, “20 W bounce geometry diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser system at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 230, 191–195 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ming, N. B.

Jun Liao, Jing-Liang He, Hui Liu, Hui-Tian Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Minguzzi, P.

A. Di lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Takayo

Ogilvy, Hamish

Hamish Ogilvy, Michael J. Withford, Peter Dekker, and James A. Piper, “Efficient diode double-endpumped Nd:YVO4 laser opelating at 1342 nm,” Opt. Exp. 11, 2411–2415 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-19-2411
[CrossRef]

Omatsu, Takashige

Justin L. Blows, Judith M. Dawes, and Takashige Omatsu, “Thermal lensing measurements in line-focus end-pumped neodymium yttrium aluminium garnet using holographic lateral shearing interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2901–2906 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Justin L. Blows, Takashige Omatsu, Judith Dawes, Helen Pask, and Mitsuhiro Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Onodera, Koichi

Ostroumov, V.

Ostroumov, V.G.

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pask, Helen

Justin L. Blows, Takashige Omatsu, Judith Dawes, Helen Pask, and Mitsuhiro Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Piper, James A.

Hamish Ogilvy, Michael J. Withford, Peter Dekker, and James A. Piper, “Efficient diode double-endpumped Nd:YVO4 laser opelating at 1342 nm,” Opt. Exp. 11, 2411–2415 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-19-2411
[CrossRef]

Piratsu, A.

A. Di lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qin, Lianjie

Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sagae, Hideaki

Sanguinetti, S.

A. Di lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Zongshu

Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tateda, Mitsuhiro

Justin L. Blows, Takashige Omatsu, Judith Dawes, Helen Pask, and Mitsuhiro Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, A. W.

A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, and J. W. Erler, “Stimulated-emission cross section at 1064 and 1342nm in Nd:YVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4907–4911 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Urata, Yoshiharu

Wada, Satoshi

Wang, Hui-Tian

Jun Liao, Jing-Liang He, Hui Liu, Hui-Tian Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5134–5137 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Zhengping

Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Ming

Withford, Michael J.

Hamish Ogilvy, Michael J. Withford, Peter Dekker, and James A. Piper, “Efficient diode double-endpumped Nd:YVO4 laser opelating at 1342 nm,” Opt. Exp. 11, 2411–2415 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-19-2411
[CrossRef]

Xia, H. R.

H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5134–5137 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xiong Huang, Lin

Xu, Bingchao

Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Guibao

Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Xinguang

Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yuan Shen, Hong

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Ge

Zhang, H. J.

H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5134–5137 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W. Q.

H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5134–5137 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Li

Hong Yuan Shen, Xian Lin Meng, Ge Zhang, Jian Jie Qin, Wen Liu, Li Zhu, Cheng Hui Huang, Lin Xiong Huang, and Ming Wei, “Sellmeier’s equation and the expression of the thermal refractive-index coefficient for a Nd0.007Gd0.993VO4 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 43, 955–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. N.

Jun Liao, Jing-Liang He, Hui Liu, Hui-Tian Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

Jun Liao, Jing-Liang He, Hui Liu, Hui-Tian Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Di lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Piratsu, S. Sanguinetti, and V. Magni, “A 7-W diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 cw laser at 1.34 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 463–466 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (2)

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B. 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornasiero, S. Kuck, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. Part2: YVO4, GdVO4, Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B. 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Jun Liao, Jing-Liang He, Hui Liu, Hui-Tian Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

Justin L. Blows, Takashige Omatsu, Judith Dawes, Helen Pask, and Mitsuhiro Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (5)

Justin L. Blows, Judith M. Dawes, and Takashige Omatsu, “Thermal lensing measurements in line-focus end-pumped neodymium yttrium aluminium garnet using holographic lateral shearing interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2901–2906 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, and J. W. Erler, “Stimulated-emission cross section at 1064 and 1342nm in Nd:YVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4907–4911 (1977).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5134–5137 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517–5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Xia, H. D. Jiang, W. Q. Zheng, G. W. Lu, X. L. Meng, H. J. Zhang, X. S. Liu, L. Zhu, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical parameters and luminescent properties of Nd:GdVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4433–4436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. L. Dexter “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Minassian and M. J. Damzen, “20 W bounce geometry diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser system at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 230, 191–195 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chenlin Du, Lianjie Qin, Xianlin Meng, Guibao Xu, Zhengping Wang, Xinguang Xu, Li Zhu, Bingchao Xu, and Zongshu Shao, “High-power Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 µm end-pumped by laser-diode-array,” Opt. Commun. 212, 177–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp. (1)

Hamish Ogilvy, Michael J. Withford, Peter Dekker, and James A. Piper, “Efficient diode double-endpumped Nd:YVO4 laser opelating at 1342 nm,” Opt. Exp. 11, 2411–2415 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-19-2411
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

CASTECH web site, http://www.castech-us.com/ndgdvo4.htm

CASIX web site, http://www.casix.com/product/Laser_Crystal_NdYVO4.htm

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of laser system

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser output power

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup for thermal lens measurement.;L1 and L2 are lenses with a focal length of 300 mm. And they form an imaging optics, and produce an image of a crystal face onto a CCD camera. The distance between the crystal and L1 is 300 mm. The distance between L2 and a CCD camera is 300 mm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Fringes (a) with and (b) without lasing at 8 W of absorbed power

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Thermal lens power of (a) Nd:YVO4 and (b) Nd:GdVO4 crystal as a function of absorbed power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Laser output of Nd:YVO4 crystal with different cavity length

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Fluorescence spectrum in visible region with 8 W absorbed power (Nd:YVO4)

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Fluorescence intensity which correspond to 4G7/24I11/2 radiative transition as a function of absorbed power (Nd:YVO4)

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Fluorescence lifetime as a function of Nd ions concentration

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

D = 2 a 2 k ,
β = 1 τ f 1 τ rad 1 τ f .
η non = 1 η q ( 1 β ) λ p λ f ,
N u η q P pump c ( σ e + σ ESA ) N l ,
η lasing = 1 c σ e N u P pump N l λ p λ l = 1 η q ( λ p λ l ) · σ e σ e + σ ESA ,
α = η lasing η non = 1 η q ( λ p λ l ) · σ e σ e + σ ESA 1 η q ( 1 β ) λ p λ f .

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