Abstract

A difference frequency generation scheme that is potentially applicable to self-stabilization of the carrier-envelope-offset phase is demonstrated for the first time with a fiber-laser-based system. By taking advantage of the unique dispersion of the photonic-crystal-fibers, short pulses at 615 nm can be efficiently and selectively generated with low noise via Cherenkov-radiation in a 23-mm-PCF with a mode-locked Yb-fiber laser. Difference frequency generation between the 615-nm pulses and the 1030-nm output pulses from the Yb-fiber amplifier produces pulses at ~1530 nm, which can be readily amplified by Er-doped-fiber amplifiers. This scheme may provide a new route to a fiber-laser-based CEO-phase-stabilized source.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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Appl. Phys. B

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, �??Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,�?? Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, �??Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a micro structured fiber,�?? Appl. Phys. B 77, 269-277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, �??Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, �??Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,�?? Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, �??Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency syntheses,�?? Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup: PBS, polarizing beam splitter; DM, dichroic mirror; SMF, single-mode-fiber; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) The optical spectrum of the mode-locked Yb-fiber laser; inset: the autocorrelation trace of the pulses; (b) The CR wavelength depends on the ZDWLs of the PCFs, the contribution of nonlinearity to phase-matching condition pushes the CR to a shorter wavelength as the peak power of the seeding pulse increases; (c) Optical spectrum after the 23-mm PCF, strong CR component is selectively generated at 615 nm; (d) Optical spectrum of the DF at ~1530 nm.

Equations (2)

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Δ κ = β s ( ω ) β c ( ω ) = β ( ω 0 ) + ( ω ω 0 ) ν s + γ P 0 k = 0 β k ( ω ω 0 ) k k !
= γ P 0 β 2 ( ω ω 0 ) 2 2 β 3 ( ω ω 0 ) 3 6 = 0

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